Robert Were Fox the Younger FRS

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Robert Were Fox the Younger FRS's Geni Profile

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Robert Were Fox, FRS

Birthdate: (88)
Birthplace: Falmouth, Cornwall, , England
Death: July 25, 1877 (88)
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Were Fox and Elizabeth Fox
Husband of Maria Fox
Father of Anna Maria Fox; Barclay Fox; Caroline Fox and Charles Fox
Brother of George Philip Fox; Joshua Fox; Alfred Fox; Caroline Mariana Tuckett; Charles Fox and 4 others

Managed by: Jonathan Evans
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Robert Were Fox the Younger FRS

The Fox family of Falmouth, Cornwall, UK were very influential in the development of the town of Falmouth in the 19th Century and of the Cornish Industrial Revolution[1]. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many of them were members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Caroline's and Barclay's Journals

Caroline and Barclay Fox kept remarkable journals, which were published in the 1970s and provide historical and literary biographical sources for mid-nineteenth century Britain. Caroline's Journal was originally published in 1881, when it was a “surprise best-seller”. A new selection from the 1882 edition by Wendy Monk was published in 1972.

Caroline Fox kept her Journal from 1835 to 1871 [3]. Barclay Fox kept his Journal from 1832 to 1854 (but with few entries after 1844)[4]. Barclay's journal was published in a scholarly but accessible edition by Raymond L. Brett in 1979, reprinted with additional material in 2008.

Science and technology


Caroline and Barclay's father and uncle were both scientists. Their father, Robert Were Fox, was an FRS with interests in mineralogy, metallurgy and geomagnetism. He was a live wire in the British Association. He invented an improved version of the Dipping Needle Deflector, a navigational aid for polar explorers.

Charles Fox

Their uncle, Charles Fox also published scientific papers and ran an innovative Iron Foundry.

Fox family and the BAAS

The Fox family descended from R W Fox the Elder had a long engagement with the British Association for the Advancement of Science (now called the British Science Association), founded in 1831.

In August 1835, Barclay Fox, aged 19, recorded in his Journal his visit to Dublin, for the BAAS Annual Meeting in Dublin, with his father, Robert Were Fox the younger and his uncle, Charles Fox. R W Fox read a paper to the Physics section and demonstrated his instrument [7]. In 1836, Barclay Fox records a large family visit to Bristol, at the time of the BAAS Annual Meeting in 1836 [8]. His younger sister, Caroline was in the party and attended the Physicssection.

In 1837, the family made a tour of the North of England, and this included the BAAS Annual Meeting in Liverpool [10]. Caroline was also present at this event.

In 1841, Barclay attended the Annual Meeting held at Plymouth, with his two sisters and became a life member.

Caroline Fox also attended the 1857 Annual meeting, in Dublin. Her father read a paper on the temperature in mines in the Geological Section [14].

In August, 1884, Barclay and Caroline's older sister, Anna Maria visited Canada and the USA, with her nephew, Howard Fox, to attend the British Association meeting in Montreal and the meeting of the BAAS with the American Association in Philadelphia.

At the British Association's Annual Meeting held in Nottingham in September 1893, Howard Fox read a paper to the Geology Section "The radiolarian cherts of Cornwall".


Robert, Charles and their brother, Alfred, were deeply engaged in exotic botany and horticulture. They founded the gardens at Trebah, Glendurgan (now a National Trust property), Penjerrick and Rosehill, in Falmouth, all currently open to the public and containing mature specimens on exotic plants and trees.


George Croker Fox (1784–1850), Robert Were Fox FRS and Alfred Fox assembled excellent collections of minerals, which are now in the British Museum (Natural History), given by Arthur Russell. Edward Fox (1749–1817), merchant, of Wadebridge, supplied the great collector Philip Rashleigh with mineral specimens.

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Robert Were Fox the Younger FRS's Timeline

April 26, 1789
Falmouth, Cornwall, , England
February 21, 1816
Age 26
Falmouth, Cornwall, , England
September 6, 1817
Age 28
Falmouth, Cornwall, , England
May 24, 1819
Age 30
Falmouth, Cornwall, , England
Age 30
Falmouth, Cornwall, , England
Age 61
Falmouth, Cornwall, England
July 25, 1877
Age 88