Robert I d’Estouteville

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Robert I d'Estouteville, Sire d'Estouteville, Lord of Cottingham

Also Known As: "Robert Stoutrvilla", "Grandbois", "Grand de Bord", "Guerin-de-Boeuf", "Grondeboe", "Grondeboef", "Front-de-Boeuf"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Estouteville Ecalles, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France
Death: after circa 1106
Prison in England (probably starvation)
Place of Burial: Valmont, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France
Immediate Family:

Husband of Jeanne de Tallebot
Father of Mauricette d'Estouteville; Robert lI d'Estouteville and Henri d'Estouteville
Brother of Amaurie ou Maurice d'Estouteville and Private

Occupation: Governor of Ambrieres Castle, Sieur, d'Estouteville, Chevalier, Crusader
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Robert I d’Estouteville

Medieval France Encyclopedia

ESTOUTEVILLE

The Estoutevilles were a great seigneurial family whose senior line was based at Vallemont in the Caux district of eastern Normandy. They claimed descent from a legendary Viking ancestor, Stoot (or Estout) the Dane. Robert I d’Estouteville participated in the Norman conquest of England, and his several sons by a second, Saxon, wife produced the English Stutevill families.

The main line of the Estoutevilles, in Normandy, survived until the 18th century, being loyal to the French crown after royal acquisition of Normandy in 1204. Jean II, lord of Estouteville, was captured by the English at Agincourt in 1415 and lost his lands in the subsequent English conquest of Normandy. His elder son, Louis, however, profited from the French reconquest and regained the family lands, while Jean’s younger son, Guillaume (1403–1483), held several bishoprics and abbacies, became archbishop of Rouen and a cardinal, and was a major figure at the papal court for several decades.

The family produced prominent cadet lines, the most important being the lords of Torcy, descended from Estout, a younger son of Jean I, lord of Estouteville (d.1259). Estout’s son, Jean, married the daughter of a constable of France and sired a large and influential family. Their oldest son, Colart (a diminutive of Nicolas), had a military career that spanned half a century (1364–1415), and he became a royal chamberlain and councilor as well as serving fourteen years as seneschal of Toulouse. Among the younger sons were Thomas, bishop of Beauvais; Guillaume, bishop of Évreux and then Auxerre; Jean, lord of Charlesmesnil, a prominent member of the Marmouset party at the French court under Charles VI; Estout, abbot of Cérisy; and Jeannet the younger, lord of Villebon and a member of the royal household. A large number of adult Estoutevilles were active in public life toward the end of the 14th century, but many of them died in the period 1396–1416 and the family never again enjoyed so much influence.

John Bell Henneman, Jr. ________________________________________________________________________________ Resources

Cawley, Charles. “NORMANDY ARQUES, AUMÂLE, CAUX, ROUEN, EU.” Medieval Lands, 10 Oct. 2019, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/''.

De La Chesnaye Des Bois, Aubert, and Jacques Badier. Dictionary of the Nobility: Containing the Genealogies, the History and the Chronology of the Noble Families of France. Vol. 7, A Paris, , 1863. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5424928x/f265.item.texteImage''

De La Morandière, Gabriel. History of the House of Estouteville in Normandy. A Paris, 1903. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5608689r/f118.item.texteImage.zoom''

“Family Tree of Alain Foullon.” Geneanet, https://en.geneanet.org/profil/foullon''.

Hermantrude. “Elmore and Its Derivations.” Notes and Queries, vol. 6, 1 Nov. 1870, pp. 231–290., https://books.google.com/books?id=YC217MX35oIC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false''.

Pattou, Etienne. “Estouteville.” Racines Et Histoire, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN''.

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Additional Curator's Notes by Maria:

There were at least five generations of d'Estouteville men named Robert. In order to keep the generations straight the roman numerals, I through V have been added to the names. These men did not use such numbers. They used toponyms and titles to clarify who each Robert was. Those Roberts numbered by this curator are:

  • Robert "Estout Le Danois" d'Estouteville, numbered i
  • Robert le Grandbois d'Estouteville, Baron of Cottingham, numbered II
  • Robert d'Estouteville III, Lord of Cottingham, numbered III
  • Robert de Stuteville IV, Sheriff of Yorkshire, Lord of Cottingham, numbered IV
  • Robert de Stuteville, V

Hopefully, this will prevent mis-merging the generations without the need to lock profiles. Maria Edmonds-Zediker, Volunteer Curator, Nov. 25, 2014

==================

Alternate spellings that are accepted

  • de Estoteville
  • d'Estouteville
  • d'Estoutevielle
  • de Stuteville
  • Estoteville, but not until post-Norman era
  • Stuteville, but not until post-Norman era

Robert I Granbois was one of the knights accompanying William the Conqueror in the Norman conquest of England in 1066. Governor of the Castle of Ambriegravères 1056. He was a witness to a confirmation charter of William son of Fulk de Querneville at the Abbey of Saint-Evroult before 1089, He took the Cross in 1097 and was the companion of Robert III Courteheuse, Duke of Normandy in the battle of Tichebray, of 1106.

J.R. Planché, Somerset Herald, The Conqueror and His Companions (Tinsley Brothers, London 1874

reproduced in: http://genealogy.patp.us/conq/index.shm'').

2 http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo''.

The primary source for the existence of this person is difficult to track down. His story (and that of his family), apparently from the Battle Abbey Roll and some accounts of Norman lineages (note: although it looks impressive, the Battle Abbey Roll is a rather discredited source) is related at:

http://www.1066.co.nz/library/battle_abbey_roll2/chap00.ht''

Estuteuille: This name, which is included in Wace's account of the Conqueror's companions, appears a second time on the Roll as Front-de-Boeuf.

"The Sire d'Estoteville of the Roman de Rou was in all probability Robert, surnamed Frontdeboeuf, Granteboef, or, according to the French antiquaries, Grandbois; but whether he was of Estouteville-sur-Cailly or Estouteville-sur-Mer may be an open question. There was a knightly family deriving its name from the former, one of whom, Nicholas, great-great-grandson of Robert, married Gunnor de Gant, the daughter of Hugh IV. de Gournay, in the twelfth century, and received with her in dower the manors of Beddingfield and Kimberley in Norfolk, which remained for many generations in the family. This Estouteville was formerly a mouvance or dependency on the fief of La Ferte-en-Brai, of which the Gournays were the lords, and it is therefore likely that Robert d'Estouteville followed Hugh II de Gournay to England in the invading army.

"Some 10 or 11 years previous to the Conquest, he was governor of the Castle of Ambrieres, and stoutly defended it against Geoffrey Martel until relieved by the approach of Duke William. He could therefore not have been very young even at that time—say between 20 and 30—and in 1066 he would have been between 30 and 40. Of his exploits at Senlac we hear nothing, and his name does not appear in Domesday, so we are ignorant of the reward, if any, which he received for his services. The latest mention of him is by Orderic, who records him as a witness to a confirmation charter of the Dean of Evreux to the Abbey of Ouche before the year 1089."—J. R. Planche.

Dugdale asserts that he was taken prisoner at the battle of Tinchebrai in 1106, when he would have been nearly eighty years of age; but evidently confuses him with his son of the same name. Of this second Robert, Orderic speaks "as a brave and powerful baron, who was a strong partisan of the Duke" (Robert Courtheuse), "and superintended his troops and fortresses in the Pays de Caux."

He also says (817) that d'Estouteville was slain fighting against Henry I. at Tinchebrai, and not, as other authorities aver, sent over to England to suffer the doom of life-long captivity. In either case, the whole of his possessions—which apparently included Roger de Moubray's former barony—were forfeited, and granted to the King's favorite, Nigel de Albini.

His wife Erneburga, a Yorkshire heiress, whose father, Hugh, the son of Baldric, had been a great Saxon thane, brought him, three sons,; Robert III.; Osmund, who died at Joppa in Palestine; and Patrick (omitted by Dugdale), to whom he gave the lordship of Skipwith in the East Riding.

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Robert I d’Estouteville's Timeline

1040
1040
Estouteville Ecalles, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France
1040
Estouteville-Écalles, Upper Normandy, France
1063
1063
Age 23
1075
1075
Age 35
1106
1106
Age 66
Prison in England
????
Valmont, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France