Rodelinde

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Rodelinde

Also Known As: "Rodalinda", "Rodelindis", "Roelindis", "Rolande"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Germany
Death: Died in Lombardy, Italy
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Hermanfried, king of the Thüringians and Amalaberga Queen of the Thuringii
Wife of Audoin, king of the Lombards
Mother of ... of the Lombards; Grasulf of Friuli and Alboin, King of the Lombards
Sister of Amalafrid of the Thüringians and Amalaberge Thuringen, van

Occupation: Queen of the Lombards, Princesse de Thüringe
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rodelinde

Ater the death of her Thüringian royal husband, she first fled with her mother Amalaberga to Ravenna, then went to Constantinople and was finally given by the Emperor in marriage to the Longobard King Audoin, Alboin's father, as his second wife.

From the Wikipedia page on Rodelinda:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodelinda_(6th_century)

Rodelinda was a Lombard queen who lived in the 6th century. She was the wife of king Audoin and mother of king Alboin.[1]

She was the first wife of Audoin, regent for the infant king of the Lombards Walthari from 540 to 546/547 and king in his own right from 546/547 to an uncertain date after 552, and gave him a son, his successor Alboin.[2]

When the marriage took place is unclear. the contemporary Procopius speaks of a marriage arrangement between Audoin and an unnamed sister of Amalafrid, a prince of mixed royal Ostrogothic and Thuringian stock. The bethrothment had been organized by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian at a date spanning from c.540 to 552, and this unnamed female may be the Rodelinda named by Paul the Deacon; but it has been objected by the Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire that it is not certain that the marriage Procopius speaks of eventually took place. A major difficulty added to this is that in 552 Alboin was already a warrior. The PLRE believes the marriage between Audoin and Rodelinda took place in the 530s.[2][3]

Other scholars instead tend to accept the identification, observing its importance in linking the Lombard kings with the bloodline of the Amali, the royal house of the Ostrogoths. Such a marriage would have made Audoin a legitimate heir to both the Ostrogothic and Thuringian thrones, the latter in particular as Audoin was already half-brother of the last king of the Thuringians, thus putting him in opposition to the Franks who had took over most of the Thuringian lands.[4][5]

Another explanation of Rodelinda's origins is given by István Boná: according to him she was probably a Bavarian princess, to be considered distinct from the Thuringian princess Audoin was engaged to later on.[6]

Notes

1.^ Jarnut 1995, p. 19

2.^ a b Martindale 1992, s.v. Audoin, pp. 152 – 153

3.^ Amory 2003, p. 462

4.^ Schutz 2001, p. 79

5.^ Curta 2001, p. 191

6.^ Boná 1976, p. 25

References

Amory, Patrick. People and Identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489 – 554. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-521-52635-3.

(French) Boná, István. A l'aube du Moyen Age: Gépides et Lombards dans le bassin des Carpates. Budapest: Corvina Press, 1974 [1976], ISBN 963-13-4494-0.

Curta, Florin. The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, c. 500 – 700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-521-80202-4.

(Italian) Jarnut, Jörg. Storia dei Longobardi. Turin: Einaudi, 1982 [1995], ISBN 88-06-13658-5.

Martindale, John R. (ed.), Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire - Volume III: A.D. 527 – 641, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, ISBN 978-0521201605.

Schutz, Herbert. Tools, Weapons and Ornaments: Germanic Material Culture in Pre-Carolingian Central Europe, 400 – 750. Leiden: Brill, 2001, ISBN 90-04-12298-2.

Om Rodelinde (Norsk)

Dronning Rodelinda fra Lombardia f, ca 510 død 587

Rodelinda var en langobard dronning som levde i det 6. århundre. Hun var gift med kong Audoin og mor til kong Alboin

Hun var den første kona til Audoin, som styrte for barnekongen av langobardene Walthari fra 540 til 546/547 og ble selv fra 546/547 til en usikker dato etter 552, De fikk sønnen Alboin

Procopius skriver om et arrangert ekteskap Audoin og en ikke navngitt søster av Amalafrid, en prins av som var blandet kongelig Ostrogothic og Thüringer slekt. Ekteskapet hadde blitt organisert av den bysantinske keiser Justinian på en dato som spenner fra ca. 540-552, og den ikke navngitte kvinnen kan bli den Rodelinda som er nevnt av Paul Deacon; Det er senere reist tvil om at det ekteskapet Procopius taler til slutt fant sted. fordi Alboin i 552 allerede var en kriger. PLRE mener ekteskapet mellom Audoin og Rodelinda fant sted i 530s

Andre forskere godtar identifiseringen av henne når de ser på betydningen i å knytte Lombard konger med blodslinjen med Amali, kongehuset av østgoterne. Et slikt ekteskap ville ha gjort Audoin en legitim arving til både Ostrogothic og Thüringer troner, spesielt om Audoin var halvbror av den siste kongen av Thüringen, og dermed setter ham i opposisjon til frankerne som hadde tatt over det meste av Thüringen

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodelinda_(6th_century)

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/THURINGIA.htm#Herminafreddied534

Etter at den kongelige ektemannen Thüringian døde,flyktet hun sammen med moren Amalaberga til Ravenna, deretter til Konstantinopel og ble til slutt gitt av keiseren i ekteskap til Longobard Kong Audoin, Alboins far, som hans andre kone.

Mangler kilde.

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Rodelinde's Timeline

495
495
Lombardy, Italy
510
510
Germany
520
520
Age 10
530
530
Age 20
Regnum Langobardorum, Pannonia Basin
587
August 13, 587
Age 77
Lombardy, Italy
????