Roger Giffard, Esq.

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Roger Giffard, Esq.

Also Known As: "Roger Gifford"
Birthplace: Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Place of Burial: All Saints Parish Church, Middle Clayton, Oxford, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Giffard, Esq of Twyford and Agnes Winslow
Husband of Mary Gifford
Father of Sir George Gifford, MP; William (2) Giffard; Ralph Gifford, MP; John Giffard; Nicholas Gifford and 2 others
Brother of Thomas Giffard, of Twyford; William Giffard, of Cowley; John Gifford; Robert Gifford and Edmund Gifford
Half brother of Eleanor Ashfield; Alles Giffard; Margaret Porter; Eleanor (Giffard) Samwell and Isabel Giffard

Last Updated:

About Roger Giffard, Esq.

  • Roger Giffard
  • M, b. 1463, d. 23 January 1543
  • Father John Giffard, Esq. b. 1431, d. b 23 Sep 1506
  • Mother Agnes Winslow d. 1506
  • Roger Giffard was born in 1463 at Middle Claydon, Begbroke, Oxfordshire, England. He married Mary Nanseglos, daughter of William Nanseglos and Lucy, circa 1490. Roger Giffard died on 23 January 1543 at England.
  • Family Mary Nanseglos b. c 1466, d. a 1542
  • Child
    • Nicholas Giffard+ b. c 1508
  • From:


  • The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 75 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, New England Historic Genealogical Society
  • Pg.130
  • 11. SIR JOHN GIFFORD LE BOEF (Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born about 1270, was living 30 Mr. 1328, when his son was called John Giffard the Younger of Twyford in the inquisition post mortem of Sir Thomas de Gardinis, but appears to have died shortly thereafter (Calendar of Inquisitions port Mortem, vol. 7, Edward III, page 107). He married about 1300-1 ALEXANDRA DE GARDINIS, daughter of Sir Thomas of Oxfordshire, a descendant of the baronial house of Arsic. She was dead in 1328, when her son John was the heir of his grandfather, Sir Thomas de Gardinis.
  • On 24 June 1301 John, son of John Giffard le Boef, was summond from Devonshire to the muster at Berwick on Tweed, to perform military service against the Scots (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 1, page 632). His lands at Helidon are mentioned 23 Aug. 1312 (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1307-1313, page 548). He was imprisoned at Aylesbury, 7 June 1314, for a trespass of vert and venison in the Royal Forest (ib., 1313-1318, page 58). On 28 Sept. 1315 he was knight of the
  • Pg.131
  • shire for co. Bucks (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 2, page 918), and in 1316 he was certified as lord of the vills of Twyford, Charndon, and Pounden in co. Bucks (ib.). He held the Twyford lands (i.e., two part) of Ralph Pipard (Feudal Aids, vol. 1, page 109). In Oxfordshire he held lands in Begbrooke (ib., vol. 4, page 30) and also lands in Astwell. On 26 Mar. 1316 he appears as commissioner to raise soldiers for the Scotch War (Parliamentary Writs, vol. 2, page 918), and on 5 Aug 1316 his orders to select footmen in co. Bucks for the Scotch War were countermanded (Calendar of Fine Rolls, vol. 2, page 297). On 30 May 1322 John Giffard of Tywford, Knight, was summond from Oxfordshire to the Great Council at Westminster (Parliamentary Writs, Vol. 2, page 918). On 20 June 1322 John Gifford, a knight or baneret of co. Beds and co. Bucks, was returned as ill and unable to serve in person against the Scots (ib.), and on 24 June 1322 John Gifford le Boef, man at arms, was summoned from Northamptonshire to serve against the Scots (ib.). On 31 Oct. 1322 he was returned as a man at arms between the ages of 16 and 60 years, and was called a knight accustomed to arms but gouty and incapable of acting (ib.). In 1325 John, son of Osbert Giffard (9, i), sued him to recover lands in Accott, Devonshire, which Osbert formerly held. Children:
    • 12. i. JOHN, b. in 1301 (Calendar of Inquisitions port Mortem, vol. 6).
    • ii. EDMUND (?), a knight, who, with John Giffard of Twyford, comitted trespass at Grendon, 4 Nov. 1347 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1345-1348), and was probably of Stanlak in Oxfordshire in 1361 (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1360-1364, p. 194).
  • 12. SIR JOHN GIFFARD, (Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born in 1301, died on the Sunday next after the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul,(*) 43 Edward III [1368/9] (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 232). He married first LUCY DE MORTEYN, who was living 8 Mar. 1361, daughter of Sir John and sister of Master Edmund de Morteyn, D. C. L., the King's excheator for Ireland, canon of York, and King's clerk; and secondly ALICE ---- , who was living 30 July 1379 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1377-1381, page 323.
  • From his maternal grandfather, Sir Thomas de Gardinis, he inherited large estates, namely, the manorial estates at Somerton and Fringsford and the Coggs lands in Oxfordshire, which, with the messuage at Leisdon, co Kent, came down from the Arsic family, and the manor of Ixning, which came from the De la Haye family. His father died about 1330, and he inherited the Giffard lands. On 22 July 1334 he was styled Sir John Giffard, when he witnessed an enrollment grant (Calendar Close Rolls, 1333-1337, page 326). On 26 Mar. 1338 he was to array in co. Bucks 10 men at arms, 20 armed
  • Pg.132
  • men, and 40 archers for the French War (ib., 1334-1341, p. 55). In 1340 he had licence to build an oratory in his house at Twyford (Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire), in the same year he was assessor of taxes in Oxfordshire (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1340-1343, pag 25), and he served frequently on commissions of ayer and terminer with William de Shreshull, the famous judge (ib., 1340-1343, pages 87, 554, 582, 583). He was one of the knights who accompanied Edward III to France, and he was in the King's division at the Battle of Crecy, 1346 (Wrottesley's Crecy and Calais). He appears to have had a brother Edmund, with whom he committed a trespass at Grendon, 4 Nov. 1347 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1345-1348). In 1349, 1351, and 1361 he was commissioner of the peace in co. Bucks (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1350-1354), on 14 Mar. 1360 he was one of the commissioners of array in co. Bucks, for the French War, and in 1368, with Reynold de Grey of Ruthyn, he was again commissioner of array (ib., 1364-1367, page 431). Children by first wife:
    • i. JOHN, living 23 Dec. 1360; d. s.p. before 11 Mar. 1368/9. (Vide infra, 13.)
    • 13. ii. THOMAS, b. about 1345 (REGISTER, Vol. 74, p. 232).
    • iii. RICHARD (probably son of No. 12), m. JOAN ---- , and with her levied a fine on the manor of Helidon, 7 Richard II [1383-4].
  • 13. SIR THOMAS GIFFARD (Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Knight, born about 1345, died 25 Sept. 1394 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 233). He married first, about 1361, ELIZABETH DE MISSENDEN, who died about 1367; secondly, before 4 Jan. 1367/8, MARGERY ---- (ib., vol. 74, page 231), who was living 22 Aug. 1374; and thirdly, before 6 July 1383, SYBIL ---- , who married again, had a daughter Eleanor (born about 1406) by her second husband, and died 26 FEb. 1428/9.
  • From an inquisition taken at Oxford 23 Dec., 34 Edward III [1360] (ib.), it appears that Thomas Giffard had an elder brother, John, who was living at that date, but who must had died s.p. before 11 Mar., 43 Edward III [1368/9], as Thomas Giffard, aged twenty-five years and more, was then found to be the heir of his father (ib., vol. 74, page 232). On 23 Dec. 1360 Thomas's father, John settled upon himself and his wife Lucy, for the term of their lives, his manors of Somerton and Feringford, in Oxfordshire, with 30s. rent in Cogges, Oxfordshire, with remainder to their son Thomas and his issue, and then rent to Thomas and Elizabeth de Missenden and their issue, which otherwise ought to revert to John eldest son of the said John (ib., vol. 74, page 231). On 22 Aug. 1374 Sir Thomas Giffard, with his wife Margery, enfeoffed Nicholas Twyford of London, goldsmith, with a moiety of the manor of Ixning, co. Suffolk (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1370-1374, page 477). Two inquisitions post mortem show
  • Pg.133
  • holdings of Sir Thomas Giffard, Knight, at the time of his death, in Kent and in Oxfordshire respectively, and give Roger Giffard, aged twenty-six (or twenty-seven) years and more as his son and heir (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 232.) Child by first wife:
    • 14. i. ROGER, b. about 1367.
  • Children by second or third wife:
    • ii. JOHN, d. s.p.
    • iii. THOMAS, d. s.p.
    • iv. WILLIAM, d. s.p.
  • 14. ROGER GIFFARD, (Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born about 1367, died 14 Apr. 1409, He married first, before 6 July 1383, JOAN DE BEREFORD, who died s.p., daughter of Sir Baldwin, Knight; secondly, not later than 1399, ELIZABETH ----: and thirdly, not later than 1407, ISABEL STRETELE, apparently of the family of Stretley of Creslow, co. Bucks. (REGISTER, vol. 74, pages 233-234.) She married secondly John Stokes of Twyford.
  • On 21 July 1395 a licence was given to Roger Giffard to grant the manor of Somerton, in Oxfordshire, to Sybil, late wife of Thomas Giffard, for life, with remainder to the said Roger in fee (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1391-1396, page 608; cf. REGISTER, Vol. 74, page 234). The inquisitions post mortem given in REGISTER, vol 74, pages 233-234, show that Roger Giffard, at his death, held lands at Leisdon, co. Kent, at Twyford, co. Bucks, at Cogges, Bekbroke, and Newynton, co. Oxford, and at Helydon, co. Northampton, and that Thomas Giffard, aged one year and more in 1409 was his son and heir. The inquisition taken at Northampton in 1409 shows that the manor of Helydon had been settled on Roger Gifford and his second wife, Elizabeth, and their issue, and that the heir of Roger and Elizabeth was Katherine, aged ten years and more in 1409. Child by second wife:
    • i. KATHERINE, b. about 1399; m. SIR THOMAS BILLING, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of England.(*)
  • Child by third wife:
    • 15. ii. THOMAS, b. at Fringford, co. Oxford, 1408.
  • Pg.134
  • 15. THOMAS GIFFARD (Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born at Fringford, co. Oxford, in 1408, died 29 May 1469. He married ELEANOR VAUX, daughter of William, Esq., ancestor of the Lords Vaux of Harrowden, co. Northampton.
  • he was aged one year and more in 1409, after his father's death, and on 21 October of the same year the King's kinsman, William, Lord Roos of Hamlak, was granted custody of the young heir (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1408-1413, page 114; cf. REGISTER, vol. 74, page 234). Lord de Roos died in 1414, and on 3 May 1415 custody of the heir was granted to Thomas, Duke of Clarence (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1413-1416, p. 321), who was killed in the Battle of Beauge in 1420. In Trinity Term, 1415, Thomas Giffard by William Rodesburgh, his guardian, bought suit against John Stokes and Isabel his wife (who was Thomas Giffard's mother), to recover the manor of Helydon, under the settlement made 8 Mar 1361 by Sir John Giffard, Knight, great-grandfather of Thomas (ib., 1358-1361, page 571), and it was agreed that Thomas should recover his seisin of this manor. (Cf. REGISTER, vol. 74, page 267.) In 1429 Thomas was holding the manor of Helydon and also the Somerton lands. He proved his age on 14 Jan. 1429/30, Sybil, the widow of his grandfather, Sir Thomas Giffard, having died 26 Feb. 1428/9, and it was shown that he was born and baptized at Fringford and was aged twenty-one years on 29 Dec. 1429. The manor of Fringford came to him after the death of Sybil. (Ib., vol. 74, pages 234, 235.) On 5 Feb. 1429/30 he and his step-father, John Stokes, gave bond for L200 to Thomas Chaumbre, Esq., William Vaux, Esq., and Thomas Tresham, to permit Eleanor, daughter of William Vaux, Esq. deceased, to have sufficient estate for her life in the manors of Astwell and Helydon in Northamptonshire and in certain lands, etc., in Astwell and Helydon and in Water Stratford, co. Bucks- apparently a marriage settlement. (Ib., vol. 74, pages 267-268.) In 1434 Thomas Giffard was one of those who were required to take oath not to maintain lawbreakers (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1429-1436, page 397), and in 1439 he was commissioned to investigate the escapes of felons in co. Bucks (ib., 1436-1441, page 269). he appears to have been a Yorkist, as he began to hold local offices in Bucks upon the victory of Edward IV at Towton in 1461. He was a commissioner of peace and array in Bucks in 1460-1464 and 1466 (ib., 1461-1467, page 560). At his death he held Twyford. John Gifford, Esq., aged thirty-eight years and more, was found, by an inquisition taken at Dadyngton, co. Oxford, in Oct. 1469, to be his son and heir (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 235). Children:
    • 16. i. JOHN, born about 1431.
    • ii. ELIZABETH, m. ---- MOORE, Esq., according to a Visitatation pedigree.
  • Pg.135
  • 16 JOHN GIFFORD (Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osberne de Bolebec), of Twyford, co. Bucks, Esq., born about 1431, died before 23 Sept. 1506. He married (according to the pedigree in Heralds' College entered by his great-grandson, Thomas Giffard of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks) first ALLES ---- ; and secondly AGNES WINSLOWE, daughter of Thomas of Begbroke, co. Oxford.(*)
  • In 1479 and 1483 he was commissioner of the peace. He appears to have adhered to Richard III. He was high sheriff of co. Bucks in 1497 (Lipscombe's History of Buckinghamshire, vol. 1, pag xvi). On 24 Nov. 1487 he granted his lands in Fringford, co. Oxford, to his son Thomas and his (Thomas's) wife Joan and their heirs (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 235(T)), and on 23 Sept. 22 Henry VII [1506], his son Thomas received licence to enter, without proof of age, upon the lands of his father, John Gifford of Twyford, a tenant in chief (Calendar of Patent Rolls). Children by first wife:
    • ii. ISABEL, m. JOHN ARDERNE of Cottisford, co. Oxford, Gent.
    • iii. ALLES, m. THOMAS PERWICKE of Leicester.
    • iv. MARGARET, m. WILLIAM PORTER, of Compton.
  • Children by second wife:
    • 17. v. THOMAS, living in 12 Edward IV [1472-3].
    • 18. iv. ROGER, b. about 1463.
    • vii. WILLIAM, m. ---- VACHELL. Child: 1. Anna, heiress, m. (1) Vincent Curzon of Waterperry, co. Oxford; m. (2) Edward [Windsor], brother of Lord Windsor.
    • viii. JOHN.
    • ix. EDMUND.
    • x. ROBERT, mentioned 2 Dec. 1542 in a codicil to the will of his brother Roger.
    • i. THOMAS, of Twyford, Esq., the testator of 1550 (ib., vol. 74, page 270), b. about 1481 (he is described on 10 Nov. 1511 as aged thirty years and more); d. 25 Nov. 1550; m. MARY STAVELEY, dau. and heiress of William of Bignell, co. Oxford, Esq., whose whife was a daughter of Sir John Francis, Knight. Children: 1. John, the testator of 1572 Iib., vol. 74, p. 272), "utter barrister" of the Middle Temple, London, under twenty-two on 2 Nov. 1550; d. between 8 Aug. and 23 Oct. 1572. 2. Ursula, d. at Twyford
  • Pg.136
  • 7 Dec. 1558; m. Thomas Wayneman (or Wenman) of Carswell and Witney, co. Oxford, s. of Richard, Esq., of Carswell, and Anna (Bushe); for issue see Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 5, p. 179; they were ancestors of the Viscounts Wenman. 4. Mary, not mentioned in her father's will (but see P. C. C.l, Fettiplace, 4).
    • ii. ANNA, m. RICHARD SAMWELL, of Edgecote [co. Northampton], who is mentioned in the will fo his father-in-law, Thomas Gifford, in 1511.
    • iii. MARY, living in 1511; m. WILLIAM BECKE of Stow [? Stowe, co. Bucks].
  • 18. ROGER GIFFORD (John, Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osbern de Bolebec), of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks, Esq., the testator of 1538 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 269), born about 1463,(*) died 23 Jan. 1542/3 (ig., vol. 74, page 235). He married, about 1490, MARY NANSEGLOS, who was livin 8 Feb. 1543/4, daughter of William.(t)
  • On 24 Feb. 1524 [? 1523/4] he was commissioner of the peace in co. Bucks, and on 1 Apr. 1524 he was a collector of the subsidy for the French War (Letters Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII). In 1495 he leased the manor of Middle Claydon of the Verney family for ninety-nine years. In his will, dated 24 Sept. 1538, he mentions his wife Mary, his sons John (eldest son), George (second son), Rauffe (third son), William (fourth son), and Nycholas (youngest son), and provides for the occupation of the manor of Middle Claydon by his sons. Children:
    • i. JOHN, of Hillesden, co. Bucks, Esq., the testator of 1545 (REGISTER, vol. 74, p. 269), born about 1493; d. between 3 Dec. 1545 and 19 Nov. 1547; m. DOROTHY DANNETT, who survived him, dau. of Sir John of Dannett's Hall, Knight. Children: .... etc.
    • ii. SIR GEORGE, of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks, Knight, the testator
    • (*) The Visitation of Northamptonshire states that Roger Gifford of Middle Claydon was son of Thomas Gifford (17) of Twyford, co. Bucks, the testator of 1511; but the Harleian pedigree in the printed Visitation of Oxfordshire and also the pedigree of the Giffords of Middle Claydon in the Heralds' College make him the son of John (16) and Agnes Gifford and therefore a brother of Thomas (17). The latter statement is clearly the correct one. Thomas Gifford (17), in his will, dated 10 Oct. 1511, mentions only one son, Thomas, and his inquisition post mortem, of 10 Nov. 1511, shows that this Thomas, the heir, was then aged thirty years and more, and therefore was born about 1481. The inquisition post mortem of Roger Gifford of Middle Claydon, of 22 Nov. 1543, shows that John Giffard, Esq., his son and heir, was then aged fifty years and more and thereford was born about 1493. Thome (17) and Roger (18) were therefore contemporaries. Moreover, Thomas Gifford, son of Thomas (17), in his will, dated 2 Nov. 1550, calls Roger's sons, George, William, Ralph, and John, his cousins; and in Aug. 1538, in a complaint of injuries done to him by Roger Gifford and his sons, John, George, Ralph, William, and Nicholas, he calls them his kinsmen (Letters Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, vol. 12, part 2, pp. 96, 97).
    • (t) This is evidently William Nanseglos, of Redefan Manor, Shaldeford, co. Essex, Gent., the testator of 3 Feb. 1476 [?1476/7] (REGISTER, vol. 74, p. 279), whose daughter Mary was then under age. The statement that Roger Gifford's wife was Mary Nanseglos or Nansicles was made by Roger's grandson in the Heralds' pedigree of 1575.
    • (+) Cf. Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 5, p. 180.
    • Pg.137
    • of 1556 (ib., vol. 74, page 271), d. between 24 Dec. 1557 and 19 Jan. 1557/8; m. (1) CONSTANCE DYKE, dau. and coheiress of Henry of co. Sussex; m. (2) MARGARET BRADFIELD, who d about 19 May 1539 (when her husband wrote to Thomas Cromwell that she was considered to be beyond hope of recovery(*), dau. and coheiress of ---- Bradfield; m. (3) PHILIPPA (TRAPPES) SHAA, dau. of Robert Trappes of London, goldsmith, and widow of Edmund Shaa of London, haberdasher.(f) She m. (3) Richard Norton, Esq., whom she survived, made her will 1 Nov. 1593 (ib., vol. 74, p. 274), and died between 1 and 14 Nov. 1593. Sir George Gifford was very active as an assistant to Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, in the dissolution of the monasteries. In a codicil to his will, dated 24 Dec. 1557, he bequeathed to "my sister Frysewide Strelley, widow, gentlewoman of the Queen's Privy Chamber, a tankard of silver, parcel-gilt." Children: .... etc.
    • iii. RALPH, of Steeple-Claydon, co. Bucks, living 20 Nov. 1556; m. MARY CHAMBERLAIN, dau. of Sir Edward of Woodstock, co. Oxford, Knight. Children: .... etc.
    • iv. WILLIAM, probably d. young.
    • v. WILLIAM, of Thorpe-Mandeville, co. Northampton, d. between 2 Nov. 1550 and 20 Nov. 1556; m. ALICE FREEBODY, who is mentioned in the will of Sir George Gifford, 20 Nov. 1556, dau. and heiress of Hugh.
    • 19. vi. NICHOLAS, b. about 1508.
    • vii. JOAN (or JANE), living 24 Dec. 1557; m. (1) THOMAS CARTWRIGHT; m. (2) WILLIAM LAMBOURNE; m. (3) before 2 Dec. 1542 AMBROSE DAUNTESEY (DANCY).
    • viii. ALICE, m. after 20 Nov. 1556 THOMAS CARROLL, of Raunds, co. Northampton, Gent.
  • 19. NICHOLAS GIFFORD (Roger, John, Thomas, Roger, Sir Thomas, Sir John, Sir John le Boef, Sir John le Boef, Osbert, Elias, Elias, Elias, Osberne, Osbern de Bolebec), of St. James near Northampton, Gent., the testator of 1546 (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 270), born about 1508, died at Duston, co. Northampton 19 May 1546 (ib., vol. 74, page 236). He married before 1528, AGNES MAISTER (or MASTER), who died between 18 Aug. 1581 and 28 Mar. 1584, daughter of John of Sanwich, co. Kent, the testator of 1558 (ib., vol. 74, page 279), mayor of Sandwich, a warden of the Cinque Ports, and a member of Parliament (cf. REGISTER, vol. 71, pate 175). She is called Anne in the will of her husband and in his inquisition post mortem, and "sister Anne Gyffard" in the will of her brother-in-law, Sir George Gifford, in 1556. She is called Agnes in the will of her father, 24 Aug. 1558, and in her own will, 18 Aug. 1581, but in that part of her will relating to her lands
  • Pg.138
  • she states that she is commonly called Anne Gyfford (REGISTER, vol. 74, page 272). Children: .... etc.



  • Collections for a history of Staffordshire
    • CHART
  • Sir John Gifford of Twyford, co. Bucks, and of Hellidon, living 1304.; ch: Sir John Giffard del Beuf, 9 E. II.
    • Sir John Giffard del Beuf, 9 E. II. ; ch: Sir John, Nicholas., Sir Gilbert, Thomas Giffard.
      • Nicholas.
      • Sir Gilbert, occurs 47 E. III.
      • Thomas.
      • Sir John Giffard, 13 E. III and 24 E. III.; ch: Sir Thomas (14 R. II.), Richard (m. Joan __) Giffard.
        • Richard levied a fine of Hellidon, 7 R. II. = Joan.
        • Sir Thomas Giffard, 14 R. II. ; ch: Sir Thomas (17 R. II.) Giffard
          • Sir Thomas, 17 R. II.; ch: Roger (m. Elizabeth Seyton & Isabella de Stretele) Giffard.
            • Roger Giffard ob. 10 H. IV. = Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Seyton.; ch: Catharine (d. unm.); = Isabella de Stretele.; ch: Thomas (m. Eleanor __ ), Elizabeth, Katharine (m. Sir Thomas Billings), Mary (m. John Clopton) Giffard.
              • Thomas = Eleanor. ; ch: John (3 H. VIII.) Giffard.
                • John Giffard, 3 H. VII. ; ch: Thomas (ob. 3 H. VIII.), Roger Giffard.
                  • Roger Giffard. Giffards of St. James's Abbey, Duston.
                  • Thomas Giffard, ob. 3 H. VIII. Inqn.p.m. ; ch: Thomas (ob. 4 E. VI) Giffard.
                    • Thomas Giffard, ob. 4 E. VI. ; ch: Ursula (m. Sir Thomas Wenman) Giffard.
                      • Ursula, ob. 1 Eliz. = Sir Thomas Wenman of Carswell, co. Oxon, ob. 19 Eliz.
  • Sir Thomas Wenman was ancestor of the Viscounts Wenman, now extinct.
  • This pedigree, however, is not free from error, as will be seen from the notes which follow. Roger Giffard, who died in 10 H. VI, was grandson, not great-grandson, of Sir John Giffard, living temp. E. III, and Katharine who married Sir Thomas
  • Billings, was daughter and heir of Roger Giffard of Stanlake (see p. 64) .... etc.
  • This is a younger branch of the Giffards of Twyford. According to Baker's History of Northamptonshire, Nicholas Giffard, a son of Roger, who was a younger brother to Thomas Giffard of Twyford and Hellidon, obtained a grant in 37 H. VIII of the dissolved priory of St. James in Duston parish, and he gives this account of his descendants: ---
    • CHART
  • Roger Giffard of Middle Claydon, co. Bucks, armiger; ch: Nicholas (ob. 35 H. VIII) Giffard.
    • Nicholas, the grantee of St. James's Abbey, ob 35 H. VIII. ; ch: Roger (ob. 33 Eliz.) Giffard
      • Roger Giffard, ob. 33 Eliz., Inqn.p.m. ; ch: Francis (ob. 1 Charles) Giffard.
        • Francis Giffard, ob. 1 Charles, Inqn.p.m. ; ch: Thomas (of Crawley), Roger (ob.s.p.), Rev. Richard (ob. 1639) Giffard.
          • Thomas Giffard of Crawley, co. Bucks, sold St. James's Priory in 1637.
          • Roger, ob.s.p.
          • Rev. Richard Giffard, Rector of Gayton, ob. 1639. ; ch: Rev. Francis (living 1682) Giffard.
            • Rev. Francis Giffard, Vicar of Patteshull, living 1682. ; ch: Charles (aged 8 in 1682), John (aged 5 in 1682) Giffard.
  • The Nicholas of this pedigree could not have been the direct heir of Roger Giffard of Middle Claydon, for the inquisition taken
  • on the death of the latter on the 22nd November, 35 H. VIII (1543), states that his heir was his son John Giffard, armiger, who was aged fifty years and upwards. The inquisition also states that Roger by his will had given lands in Padbury to Mary, his wife, for her life, and that he held lands in Botyl Claydon. Roger had died on the 23rd January last.
  • In Middle Claydon church there still exists a brass to the memory of Roger Gifford and Mary, his wife, the former of whom died in 1542. This agrees with the inquisition, as the new year would not commence till the 25th March at that date.


  • Sargent genealogy : Hugh Sargent, of Courteenhall, Northamptonshire and his descendants in England (1895)
  • Pg.21
  • The family of Gifford is of high authority. They were seated at Honfleur, in Normandy, in the eighth century, — three centuries before the conquest of England by Duke William. At the battle of Hastings (1066) "Sire Rundolph de Gifford," was one of the Conqueror's standard-bearers. Walter Gifford, Earl of Buckingham, was a cousin of the Conqueror. In the reign of Henry II. (1154-89) Sir Peter Gifford married Alice, daughter of Sir Grey de Corbuchin. In the reign of Richard I. (1189-99) Sir Stephen Gifford was one of the barons accompanying the king (Richard Coeur de Lion) to the Holy Land, and was killed at the siege of Jerusalem ; and his son, Sir Stephen, was wounded there. Baron George Gifford was made Earl of Buckingham, and subsequently Duke of Buckingham. He married the Princess Maude Plantagenet, the king's cousin. George Gifford, Duke of Buckingham, son of the first George, Duke of Buckingham, was a favorite of Richard III., but being detected by him in the act of corresponding with the Earl of Richmond, afterwards Henry VII., he was attainted of high treason and beheaded by Richard's order, and his children deprived of their lands and titles, which Henry VII. found it convenient not to restore. George Gifford, son of George, Duke of Buckingham, continued the first line, and constantly solicited the crown and Parliament to restore him to his land and titles, but was always defeated. The family continued to press their claim before Parliament, but were never able to obtain a judgment.
    • Arms : gules, three lions, passant, in pale, argent.
  • Pg.22
  • John Gifford was in Twyford, in Buckinghamshire, in the fifteenth century. Roger Gifford, grandson of John, leased the manor of Middle Claydon in 1535; and his heirs leased it to Martin Lister, who surrendered it to Sir Edward Verney.
  • The line of descent from John Gifford to Margaret, who married Hugh Sargent, appears in the "Heralds' Visitation of Northamptonshire" in 1618-19. In the "Visitation" of 1681-82 the family is stated to be lineally descended from the ancient family of the name ; and the same arms are given as being the arms of Francis Gifford, son of Roger, who was brother of Margaret.
  • JOHN GIFFORD of Twyford, co. of Bucks. = ; ch: THOMAS (m. MARY ___ ) GIFFORD
    • THOMAS of Twyford, co. of Bucks. = MARY ___ ; ch ROGER (m. MARY ___ ), ANNA (m. RICHARD SAMWELL) GIFFORD.
      • ROGER of Middle Claydon, co. of Bucks, Esq.; d. about 1542. = MARY ___ ; ch: NICHOLAS (m. AGNES MASTERS) GIFFORD.
        • NICHOLAS of the Abbey of St. James, co. of Northampton, Bailiff, Gent.; d. 1546. = AGNES MASTERS, dau. of John of Sandwich, co. of Kent; d. about 1583.; ch: ROGER (m. AMY SAMWELL), MARGARET (m. HUGH SARGENT) GIFFORD.
          • MARGARET = HUGH SARGENT of Courteenhall, co. of Northampton.
          • ROGER of the Abbey of St. James, Gent.; d. 1591. = AMY SAMWELL dau. of Francis of Thorpe, co. of Northampton; d. about 1618.; ch: FRANCIS (m. JANE THROUGHTON) GIFFORD .... etc.
      • ANNA = RICHARD SAMWELL of Edgcote, co. of Northampton.


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Roger Giffard, Esq.'s Timeline

January 23, 1463
Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 29
Thorpe, Maudeville, Northamptonshire, England
Age 31
Middle Claydon,Buckingham,England
Age 39
Of, Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire, England
Age 40
Middle Claydon (Buckinghamshire) England
Age 44
Hillesden, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 49
Thorpe, Maudeville, Northamptonshire, England
Age 51
Thorpe, Maudeville, Northamptonshire, England
January 23, 1542
Age 79
Middle Claydon, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom