Roger James, III

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Roger James, III

Birthdate: (47)
Birthplace: St Botolph's Parish, , London, England
Death: March 23, 1637 (47)
Reigate, Surrey, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Roger James, II and Sarah Cleyborne
Brother of Sarah James; John James and Margaret Bysshe
Half brother of Col. William C. Claiborne; Katherine Claiborne; Blanche Claiborne; Thomas Clayborne and Sara Clayborne

Managed by: Scott David Hibbard
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Roger James, III

Sir Roger James (1589 - 1636)[1] was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1625.

James was descended from a family of Dutch brewers named van Haestricht who took the surname James after they settled in London in about 1540.[2] He was knighted at Royston on 21 March 1613.[3] He acquired the rectory manor of Reigate in 1614. In 1625, he was elected Member of Parliament for Reigate.[2]

James died at the age of about 47.[1]

James married Margaret Aucher, daughter of Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, Kent. His son Roger was also later MP for Regiate.[2]


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  • JAMES, Sir Roger (1589-1636), of Reigate, Surr.
  • Family and Education
  • b. 23 Aug. 1589, 1st s. of Roger James, brewer, of Lower Thames Street, London and Upminster, Essex and Sarah, da. of John Smith, merchant, of London. m. 30 Jan. 1611, Margaret (d. Apr. 1662), da. of Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, Kent, 2s. (1 d.v.p.) 3da. (1 d.v.p.). suc. fa. 1596;1 kntd. 12 Mar. 1613.2 d. 26 Mar. 1636.3
  • Offices Held
  • J.p. Surr. 1620-5, 1634-d;4 commr. subsidy, 1622, 1624.5
  • Gent. of the privy chamber extraordinary by d.6
  • Biography
  • James’s grandfather was born near Utrecht and migrated to London in or about 1540, perhaps in the train of Anne of Cleves. He changed his named from Van Haestricht, became a prosperous brewer, and was possessed of extensive properties in London and the home counties by the time of his death in 1592. His father, also a brewer, purchased the manor of Upminster in Essex in 1596.7 James was still under-age when his father died later that year. His wardship was purchased by his maternal grandfather for £43.8
  • James retained some links with the London commercial world; in 1615 he recommended one Richard Turner as a potential employee for the East India Company,9 but he seems to have been primarily intent on establishing himself as a country gentleman. In 1611 he married a sister of Sir Anthony Aucher* and received a grant of arms.10 Two years later he secured a knighthood and settled at Reigate, where he purchased the rectory manor in 1614 and rented the castle from the earl of Nottingham (Charles Howard†).11 He was added to the Surrey bench in 1620. Four years later his property in Surrey and London was said to be worth £500 p.a.12
  • It was perhaps to finance his purchase of property at Reigate that James entered into a contract with the scrivener and money broker Thomas Frith to sell the manor of Upminster. However, Frith went bankrupt in 1614 with a substantial part of the purchase money unpaid. James, together with his brother-in-law Aucher, who had also sold property to Frith, sued Frith in Chancery and obtained a decree restoring his rights to the manor, whereupon Frith committed suicide. In 1621 a group of Frith’s former clients, who had lost money as a result of the bankruptcy, promoted a bill in Parliament to sell the scrivener’s lands and divide the proceeds between them. Given a first reading on 18 Apr., it sought to reverse the result of James’s Chancery suit and so led to the introduction of a cross bill to confirm the decree. The original bill was committed on 28 May but no further proceedings are recorded. James and Aucher were subsequently forced to resort to Chancery again in order to prosecute Frith’s widow.13
  • In early 1622 James was summoned before the Privy Council for failing to contribute to the Palatinate Benevolence.14 In 1624 he was mentioned as being a surety for the debts of his brother-in-law Aucher in a parliamentary bill promoted by Aucher’s creditors, who were hoping to secure repayment by forcing the sale of James’ lands as well as those of Aucher. The bill was given two readings and committed on 7 Apr., but though the committee met at least once there is no evidence of any further proceedings.15
  • It was perhaps in order to prevent a revival of the 1624 bill that James sought election in 1625. He was returned for Reigate in 1625, probably with the aid of the earl of Nottingham’s widow, who possessed a moiety of the manor as part of her jointure. He was named to a single committee, to consider a bill for the naturalization of Sir Daniel Deligne, of Harlaxton Lincolnshire (11 August). Deligne had been born in Frankfurt but was of Walloon ancestry, and he had married the daughter of Erasmus de la Fountaine, whose widow had been a party to James’s suit against Frith.16
  • James was removed from the Surrey bench in late 1625 or early 1626. By 1628 he had established his title to Upminster manor, which he was finally able to sell. He was restored to the Surrey bench in 1634 and, possibly around the same time, obtained appointment as a gentleman of the privy chamber in extraordinary. He made his will on 24 Mar. 1636 and died two days later. His only surviving son succeeded him at Reigate and sat four times for the borough between 1661 and 1689.17
    • Ref Volumes: 1604-1629
    • Authors: Alan Davidson / Ben Coates
  • Notes
  • 1. C142/249/49; Morant, Essex, i. 109; Misc. Gen. et Her. (ser. 4), v. 105-6.
  • 2. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 153.
  • 3. C142/541/106.
  • 4. C231/4, f. 103; 231/5, p. 136; T. Rymer, Foedera, viii. pt. 2, p. 16; C193/13/2.
  • 5. C212/22/21, 23.
  • 6. LC3/1, unfol.
  • 7.LCC Survey of London, xv. 62; PROB 11/89, f. 37; VCH Essex, vii. 151.
  • 8. WARD 9/159, f. 46.
  • 9.CSP Col. E.I. 1513-1616, p. 429.
  • 10.Grantees of Arms ed. W.H. Rylands (Harl. Soc. lxvi), 136.
  • 11.VCH Surr. iii. 232, 239.
  • 12. Harl. 6847, ff. 35v-6.
  • 13. C2/Jas.I/A3/15; J.P. Feil, ‘James Shirley’s Years of Service’, Rev. Eng. Stud. n.s. viii. 413; CD 1621, iv. 380-1; v. 331; CJ, i. 598b, 628a; Nicholas, Procs. 1621, i. 363.
  • 14. SP14/127/80.
  • 15. Harl. 6847, ff. 35v-6; CJ, i. 757a; ‘Nicholas 1624’, f. 111; C.R. Kyle, ‘Attendance Lists’, PPE 1604-48 ed. Kyle, 199.
  • 16.Procs. 1625, p. 457; Lincs. Peds. (Harl. Soc. l), 293; Letters of Denization and Acts of Naturalization for Aliens in Eng. and Ire. ed. W.A. Shaw (Huguenot Soc. of London xviii), 41.
  • 17.VCH Essex, vii. 151; PROB 11/173, f. 72.
  • From:
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  • A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, by J. and ... (1838)
  • Pg. 27
    • Aucher, of Bishopsbourne
  • Pg. 28
  • The son and successor,
  • Anthony Aucher, esq. of Bishopsbourne, or Bourne, married two wives, but had issue only by the second, Margaret, daughter of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York, viz. two sons and as many daughters,
    • Anthony, his heir.
    • Edwin, of Willesborough, who m. Mary, daughter of John Gibbon, and by her, who d. in 1679, had a numerous issue. His son, the Rev. John Aucher, D.D. prebendary of Canterbury, died in 1701.
    • Elizabeth, m. first, to Sir William Hammond, knt. of Sts. Albans Court, in Kents, ancestor of the poet Hammond, and of the present William Osmund Hammand, esq. of St. Albans Court (see BURKE'S History of the Commoners). She wedded secondly, in 1624, the Venerable Walter Balcanqual, Dean of Rochester.
    • Margaret, m. to Sir Robert James, knt.
  • He died 13th January 1609-10, and was succeeded by his son,
  • Sir Anthony Aucher, knt. of Bourne, who served as sheriff of Kent in 12 James I. He m. Hester, daughter and co-heir of Peter Collet, of London, and dying in July 1637, was succeeded by his son, ....
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  • The visitation of Kent : taken in the years 1619-1621 by John Philipot, Rouge Dragon, Marshal and Deputy to William Camden, Clarenceux (1898)
  • Pg.180
    • Aucher. Pg.180-181
  • Pg.181
  • Edwardus Aucher de Borne [Bishopsbourne] co' Cont. Ar. = Mabilla filia Tho: Wrothe Miitus.; ch: Antonius (m. _ Berham & Margareta Sandis), Eliza (m. Will'mi Louelace).
  • Antonius Aucher de Borne p'dict Ar. = . . . . filia Rob'ti Berham s.p.; = Margareta filia Edwini Sandis Archie'pi Ebor.; ch: Margareta (m. Rogeri James), Eliza (m. Willo. Hamon), Antonius (m. Hester Collett), Edwinus (m. Maria Gibbon) Aucher.
  • __________________________
  • Roger James (c 1620 - 25 July 1700) was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1661 and 1690.
  • James was the son of Sir Roger James, of Reigate, Surrey and his wife Margaret Aucher, daughter of Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, Kent. He was admitted at Clare College, Cambridge on 13 July 1637 and was admitted at Inner Temple in 1639.[1] He was an elder of the Reigate classis in 1647 and studied at Leyden in 1648. In 1659 he became J.P. for Surrey and was a commissioner for militia in March 1660. In April 1660 he stood for parliament at Gatton where he was involved in a double return and did not sit before the election was declared void. He was commissioner for oyer and terminer on the Home circuit in July 1660, commissioner for sewers for Surrey and Kent in August 1660 and commissioner for assessment for Surrey from August 1660.[2]
  • In 1661, James was elected Member of Parliament for Reigate in the Cavalier Parliament. He was commissioner for recusants in 1675 and commissioner for the rebuilding of Southwark in 1677. He was re-elected MP for Reigate in the two elections of 1679. In 1680 he was removed from the commission of the peace when exclusionist justices were purged. He also suspended his role as commissioner for assessment for Surrey until 1689. He was elected again for as MP for Reigate in 1689. He was reinstated as J.P. in 1690. In 1695 he stood unsuccessfully at Reigate.[2]
  • James died at the age of about 80 and was buried privately at Reigate late at night as he had requested.[2]
  • James married his cousin Elizabeth Aucher, daughter of Sir Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, by 1649 and had two sons and two daughters.[2]
  • From:
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  • JAMES, Roger (c.1620-1700), of Reigate, Surr.
  • b. c.1620, o.s. of Sir Roger James† of Reigate by Margaret, da. of Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, Kent. educ. Clare, Camb. 1637; I. Temple 1638; Leyden 1648. m. by 1649, his cos. Elizabeth, da. of Sir Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne, 2s. (1 d.v.p.) 2da. suc. fa. 1636.1
  • From:
  • ____________________________
  • 'Aucher1'
  • Families covered: Aucher of Bishopsbourne (Bourne), Aucher of Losenham, Aucher of Otterden
  • BEB1841 reports that "The family of Aucher, eminent in ancient times in the counties of Essex, Kent, Sussex, and Nottingham, "derived" (we quote Hasted) from Ealcher or Aucher, the first Earl of Kent".
  • Jacob (James) Aucher of Otterden (d 06.01.1508) - continued above
  • m. Alice Hills (dau of Thomas Hills of Eggarton, m2. James Hardres of Hardres)
    • 1. Sir Anthony Aucher of Otterden, Bishopsbourne & Hautsborne (d 1557)
    • m. Affra Cornwallis (d 1557, dau of William Cornwallis of Norfolk)
      • A. John Aucher of Otterden
      • m. Ann Kellaway (dau of Sir William Kellaway)
        • i. Joan Aucher
        • m. Sir Humphrey Gilbert
          • a.+ issue - John, Otho
      • B. Edward Aucher of Bishopsbourne
      • m. Mabel Wrothe (dau of Sir Thomas (sb Robert?) Wrothe)
        • i. Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne or Bourne
        • m1. (sp) _ Berham (Dau of Robert Berham)
        • m2. Margaret Sandys (dau of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York)
          • a. Sir Anthony Aucher of Bourne, Sheriff of Kent (d 07.1637)
          • m. Hester Collet (dau/coheir of Peter Collet of London)
            • (1) Sir Anthony Aucher, 1st Bart of Bourne (b c1614, d 05.1692)
            • m1. Elizabeth Hatton (d 1648, dau of Robert Hatton)
              • (A)+ issue (dvp)
            • m2. Elzabeth Hewitt (dau of Sir Thomas Hewitt)
              • (B) Sir Anthony Aucher, 2nd Bart of of Bourne (d 1694)
              • (C) Sir Hewitt Aucher, 3rd Bart of of Bourne (d um 1726)
              • (D) Elizabeth Aucher
              • m. John Corbett 'of Bourn Place'
                • (i) Catharine Corbett
                • m. Stephen Beckingham
                  • (a) Rev. John Charles Beckingham of Bishopsbourne
                    • ((1)) Louisa Beckingham
                    • m. (1802) Edward Taylor of Bifrons
                • (ii) Elizabeth Corbett (dsp)
                • m. Thomas Dinward
                • (iii) Frances Corbett
                • m. Sir William Hardres, Bart of Hardres (dsp 31.08.1764)
                • (iv) Antonina Corbett
                • m. Ignatius Geoghegan
                • (v) Margaret Hannah Corbett
                • m. William Hougham of Barton Court
                  • (a) William Hougham of Barton Court (dsp 1828)
                  • (b Catharine Hougham
                  • m. Rev. Richard Sandys
              • (E) Hester Aucher
              • m. Ralph Blomer (prebendary of Canterbury)
                • (i) Anne Blomer
                • m. James Teale
                  • (a) Isaac M. Teale
                  • (b) Mary Teale
                  • m. Sir Charles Shipley (Major General)
                • (ii)+ other issue
            • (2) Hester Aucher
            • m. Edmond Bowyer (son of Benjamin of Camberwell)
          • b. Edwin Aucher of Willesborough
          • m. Mary Gibbon (d 1679, dau of John Gibbon of Bourne)
            • (1)+ issue (a 1619) - Anthony, Margaret, Hester, Elizabeth
            • (5)+ other issue including John (d 1701, prebendary of Canterbury)
          • c. Elizabeth Aucher
          • m1. Sir William Hammond of St. Albans Court (d 1615)
          • m2. (1624) Walter Balcanqual (Dean of ROchester)
          • d. Margaret Aucher
          • m. Sir Roger James
          • e. Hester Aucher probably of this generation
          • m. Richard Sandys of Downe Hall (Colonel)
        • ii. Elizabeth Aucher
        • m. Sir William Lovelace of Bethersden (d 1629)
      • C. William Aucher of Nonnington (dsp, 4th son)
      • m. Alice Monins (dau of Edward Monins or Monninges)
      • D.+ other issue - Thomas (dsp), Susannah
    • 2. Susan Aucher
    • m. James Aucher
  • Main source(s): BEB1841 (Aucher of Bishopsbourne) with some support from Visitation (Kent, 1574 & 1619, Aucher)
  • From:
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Roger James, III's Timeline

August 31, 1589
St Botolph's Parish, , London, England
March 23, 1637
Age 47
Reigate, Surrey, England