Roxana, Princess of Bactria
|Death:||Died in Macedonia|
|Cause of death:||murdered by Cassander|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Roxana, Princess of Bactria
Alexander the Great and RoxaneRoxana (In Persian, Rauxnaka, meaning "little star") sometimes Roxane, was a Bactrian noble and a wife of Alexander the Great. She was born earlier than the year 343 BC, though the precise date remains uncertain.
She was the daughter of a Bactrian named Oxyartes of Balkh in Bactria (then Persian Achaemenid Empire, now northern Afghanistan, eastern Iran, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan), and married Alexander at the age of 16 after he visited the fortress of Sogdian Rock. Balkh was the last of the Persian Empire's provinces to fall to Alexander. Ancient sources describe Alexander's professed love for Roxana. She accompanied him on his campaign in India in 326 BC. She bore him a posthumous son called Alexander IV Aegus, after Alexander's sudden death at Babylon in 323 BC.
After Alexander's death, Roxana and her son became victims of the political intrigues of the collapse of the Alexandrian empire. Roxana murdered Alexander's other widow, Stateira II, as well as either Stateira's sister Drypteis (Pl. Alex. 77.4) or Parysatis II (Alexander's third wife). Roxana and her son were protected by Alexander's mother, Olympias, in Macedonia, but her assassination in 316 BC allowed Cassander to seek kingship. Since Alexander IV Aegus was the legitimate heir to the Alexandrian empire, Cassander ordered him and Roxana assassinated around 310 BC.
 See also Balkh Alexander IV Aegus Alexandre et Roxane, opera, by Mozart  References
Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Roxana". Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Livius.org: Roxane by Jona Lendering Wiki Classical Dictionary: Roxane, daughter of Oxyartes Roxana from Charles Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1867)  Historical Novels Roxana is one of the main characters in The Romance of Alexander and Roxana by Marshall Monroe Kirkman, 1909, reprinted 2010, ISBN 978-1-160-01995-8. Roxana appears as one of the characters in A Conspiracy of Women by Aubrey Menen, 1965. Roxana appears as one of the minor characters in Persian Boy by Mary Renault, 1972, ISBN 0-394-48191-7. Renault uses the spelling Roxane. Roxana appears as one of the characters in Funeral Games by Mary Renault, 1981, ISBN 0-394-52068-8. Renault uses the spelling Roxane. Roxana appears as one of the characters in Alexander: The Ends of the Earth by Valerio Massimo Manfredi, 2002, ISBN 978-0-7434-3438-6. Roxana is the main character in Roxana Romance by A. J. Cave, 2008, Hardcover ISBN 978-0-9802061-0-4, eBook ISBN 978-0-9802061-1-1.
Roxana de Bactriana n. Princesa del Reino de Bactria situado al nor este del actual Afganistán. y sur de Uzbekistán - casó con Alejandro III -Magno siendo reina del Imperio Macedónico