Rt. Hon James Ramsay MacDonald

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Rt. Hon James Ramsay MacDonald

Death: November 05, 1937 (71) (James Ramsay MacDonald died of heart-failure on a cruise in the Atlantic on 5th November, 1937.)
Immediate Family:

Son of John MacDonald and Ann MacDonald
Husband of Margaret Ethel MacDonald
Partner of Lady Margaret Sackville
Father of Alister Gladstone MacDonald; Malcolm John MacDonald; Ishbel Allan Ridgley / Peterkin; David Ramsay MacDonald; Dr Joan Margaret MacKinnon and 1 other

Managed by: Lord Kelvin, William Thomson
Last Updated:

About Rt. Hon James Ramsay MacDonald

James Ramsay MacDonald, PC, FRS, was a British Labour politician who served two separate terms as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He rose from humble origins to become the first ever British Labour Prime Minister in 1924. His first government lasted nine months. Labour returned to power in 1929 but was soon overwhelmed by the crisis of the Great Depression, which split the Labour government. In 1931, he formed a National Government in which a majority of MPs were from the Conservatives. As a result, he was expelled from the Labour Party, which accused him of "betrayal".

He remained Prime Minister of the National Government from 1931 to 1935; during this time his health rapidly deteriorated and he became increasingly ineffective as a leader. He stood down as Prime Minister in 1935 but stayed in the Cabinet as Lord President of the Council until retiring from the government in 1937 and dying, still an MP, later that year.

Born into poverty in Lossiemouth on the north-east coast of Scotland, MacDonald was the illegitimate child of a servant girl and a farm labourer.

The history of James Ramsay MacDonald https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/james-ramsay-macdonald

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Rt. Hon James Ramsay MacDonald's Timeline

October 12, 1866
May 18, 1898
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
August 17, 1901
Lossiemouth, Moray, Scotland, United Kingdom
May 2, 1903
July 4, 1904
April 28, 1908
December 7, 1910
November 5, 1937
Age 71