Rudolph d'Arles, roi de Bourgogne
|Also Known As:||"(Le Fainean) (King of the Two Bourgognes)", "Rudolph the Sluggard"|
|Death:||Died in Arles - d.s.p.|
|Place of Burial:||France|
Son of Conrad "the Peaceful", king of Burgundy and Matilda of France
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Rudolph III, King of Burgundy
Rudolf or Rudolph
Rudolph III of Burgundy
Rudolf III of Burgundy (called Rudolf der Faule in German, and Rodolphe le Fainéant meaning sluggard or do-nothing or - le Pieux the Pious in French) (993 – September 6, 1032) was the last King of an independent Burgundy. He was the son of Conrad, King of Burgundy and the last male member of the Burgundian group of the Elder Welfs family.
Rudolf's reign was marked with turbulence. Unable to placate the increasingly powerful nobility, he also had to deal with encroachments of power on the part of Otto-William, Count of Besançon until 995, and duke of Burgundy thereafter, as well as Henry II, king of Germany. Henry succeeded in forcing Rudolf to name him as his successor in 1016. When Henry died, the new king, Conrad II, also forced Rudolf to make him his heir. Rudolf died in 1032, at the age of thirty-nine, with no surviving issue; Conrad claimed the Kingdom of Burgundy and incorporated it as a third kingdom alongside Germany and Italy within the Holy Roman Empire. Sources
Gwatkin, H.M., Whitney, J.P. (ed) et al. The Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III. Cambridge University Press, 1926.
Rudolph III, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne (1)
M, #150564, d. 1032
Last Edited=15 Jul 2005
Rudolph III, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne was the son of Conrad, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne. (1)
He died in 1032. (1)
Rudolph III, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne also went by the nick-name of Rudolf 'the Sluggard' (?). (1) He succeeded to the title of Roi Rudolph III de Jurane Bourgogne in 993. (1)
Forrás / Source:
- 6. RUDOLF (-5/6 Sep 1032, bur Lausanne Cathedral). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Rodulfum II et sororem suam Gepam matrem imperatricis Gisile" as children of "Conradus rex Burgundie" and his wife Mathilde. "Rodulfus rex et Mathildis soror eius" are named as children of "Mathilde…filia…Gerberga" in the Continuator of Flodoard. He succeeded his father in 993 as RUDOLF III King of Burgundy. Wishing to create a nobility without dynastic aspirations, he created an ecclesiastical aristocracy, investing the Archbishop of Tarentasia with the county of Tarentasia in 996, the Bishop of Lausanne with the county of Vaud, the Bishop of Sion with the county of Valais in 999, and the Archbishop of Vienne with the county of Vienne in 1023. Rudolf III King of Burgundy donated property to Vienne Saint-Maurice, at the request of "Irmengarda regina, Burkardo Lugdunensi archiepiscopo fratre suo, nec non Burchardo Viennensi archiepiscopo", by charter dated 1 Aug 1011. Herimannus records the death in 1032 of "Roudolfus, ignavus Burgundiæ regulus" and succession of Emperor Konrad II to the kingdom of Burgundy. On his death, he bequeathed the kingdom of Burgundy to Emperor Konrad II, husband of his niece Gisela of Swabia, although this was challenged by another nephew Eudes II Comte de Blois. m firstly (before 12 Jan 994) AGELTRUDA, daughter of --- (-[21 Mar 1008/18 Feb 1011]). "Rudulfus rex" names "coniugis nostre Agildrudis" in a charter dated 12 Jan 994. "Rodolfus rex" jointly with "Agiltrude regina coniuge nostra" transferred property by charter dated 6 Jun 1009. Stasser suggests that she was Ageltruda di Capua, daughter of Pandolf I "Capiferreus/Ironhead" Prince of Capua & his wife Aloara ---. He bases this hypothesis firstly on onomastics, highlighting that the name Ageltruda is found only among the Lombard families, and secondly on the possibility that the marriage was arranged by Emperor Otto II during his Italian expedition in 981. "Rodolfus…rex" made a donation "pro redemptione anime…coniugis nostre Agiltrudis" by charter dated 18 Feb 1011. m secondly ([24 Apr/28 Jul] 1011) as her second husband, ERMENGARDE, widow of ---, daughter of --- (-25 or 27 Aug after 1057). "Rodolfus…rex" gave "sponsæ meæ Irmingardi" the town and county of Vienne by charter dated 24 Apr 1011. "Rodolfus…rex" names "Irmingarda regina coniuge nostra" in a charter dated 28 Jul 1011. The Chronicon Hugonis names "Ermengardis" as wife of "Rodulfus rex", specifying that she was childless, but does not give her origin. The fact that this was her second marriage is confirmed by Thietmar, who records that "King Rudolf's wife" commended to Emperor Heinrich II her two sons, stepsons of her husband, at a meeting at Strasbourg in 1016 but does not name them, read together with the charter dated 1019 in which "Ermengarda regina et filii mei Ugo et Willelmus" are named. The problem with identifying Ermengarde´s first husband as Rotbald [III] Comte de Provence is discussed fully in the documents BURGUNDY KINGDOM NOBILITY and PROVENCE. "Rodulfus rex" names "Irmingarda coniuge mea" in a charter dated 14 Jan 1029. A possible indication of her origin is provided by the charter of "Ermengart regina" dated 1033 for the soul of "Rodulfi regis" under which she donated land "in pago Genevense" to Cluny, although it is impossible to confirm any relationship with the families of the Counts of Geneva whose earliest attested male progenitor is Gerold Count of Geneva who, if related to Ermengarde, would have belonged to a subsequent generation. "Ermengardis regina" donated property "…loco sepulturo patris mei [et]…in villa Jalzinium" to Saint-André-de-Bas at Vienne "pro redemptione animis senioris mei Radulfi regis" by an undated charter. "Ermengarda vidua regina, uxor quondam Rodulfi regis" made a donation by charter dated 20 Sep 1057. The necrology of Savigny records the death "VIII Kal Sep" of "Ermengardis regina Vienne que dedit Tallueriensem". The Aymari Rivalli De Allobrogibus records the death "VI Kal Sep" of "Ermengarda uxor Rodulphi regis" and her burial at Vienne. Mistress (1): ---. The name of King Rudolf's mistress is not known. King Rudolf had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):
- a) HUGUES (-31 Aug 1038). The Gesta Episcoponum Lausannensium records the death "II Kal Sep" of "Hugo Lausannnensis episcopus, filius regis Rodulfi", specifying that he was elected Bishop of Lausanne in 1019, held the post for 19 years, and was buried next to his father in Lausanne Cathedral. The Catalogi Abbatum Sancti Eugendi Iurensis names "Rudolfi regis Teutonum et in partibus Galliarum…per Burchardum fratrum suum archiepiscopum et per filium Hugonem Gebennensem episcopus et alium Hugonem Gebennensem episcopum et Rotbertum comitem Gebennensem" with the date 1020. The cartulary of Notre-Dame de Lausanne records the death "II Kal Sep" of "Hugo Lausannensis episcopus filius regis Rodulfi" after holding the bishopric for 19 years. The necrology of Lausanne records the death 31 Aug of "dns Hugo episcopus Laus. filius regis Rodulphi".
- Father: CONRAD, son of RUDOLF II King of Upper Burgundy & his wife Bertha of Swabia ([922/25]-Vienne 19 Oct 993, bur Vienne, cathédrale Saint-Maurice).
- m firstly ADELANE, daughter of --- ([935/40]-[23 Mar 963/). Rudolf III's Stepmother
- Rudolf III's Mother: MATHILDE de France, daughter of LOUIS IV "d'Outremer" King of the Franks & his wife Gerberga of Germany (end-943-26/27 Jan [981/992], bur Vienne, cathédrale Saint-Maurice).
- Mistress (1): ([965/70]) ALDIUD, wife of ANSELM, daughter of ---. Rudolf III's Stepmother
- King Conrad I & his first wife had two children: Rudolf III's Stepsiblings
- 1. CONRAD [Cuno] (-after 10 Aug 966).
- 2. GISELA ([955/60]-21 Jul 1007). ... m (before 972) HEINRICH II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria, son of HEINRICH I Duke of Bavaria [Germany] & his wife Judith of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger] (951-Gandersheim 28 Aug 995, bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).
- King Conrad I & his second wife had four children: Rudolf III's Siblings
- 3. MATHILDE . ... Carutti identifies the husband of Mathilde as Hugo [IX] Graf von Egisheim, but he cites no primary source on which this hypothesis is based. m --- [de Genève], son of ---.
- 4. BERTHE de Bourgogne ([964/965]-16 Jan after 1010). ... m firstly ([978/80]) EUDES I Comte de Blois, son of THIBAUT I "le Tricheur" Comte de Blois & his wife Luitgardis de Vermandois (-995). m secondly ([late 996/early 997], divorced Sep 1001) as his second wife, ROBERT II King of France, son of HUGUES Capet King of France & his wife Adelais d’Aquitaine (Orléans ([27 Mar] 972-Château de Melun 20 Jul 1031, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).
- 5. GERBERGA (-7 Jul 1018). ... m firstly HERMANN [I] Graf von Werl, son of [HEINRICH Graf im Lerigau & his wife ---] (-[985/86]). m secondly () HERMANN [von Schwaben], son of KONRAD Duke of Swabia & his wife Richlint of Germany (-2/3 May 1003).
- 6. RUDOLF (-5/6 Sep 1032, bur Lausanne Cathedral). (Rudolf III himself)
- King Conrad I had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): Rudolf III's Stepbrother
- 7. BURCHARD ([965/70]-22 Jun 1030 or 1031). ...