About SUGREEVA VANARA, THE KING OF MONKEYS.
THE KING, of the monkeys, he is dethroned by his evil brother Bali due to a misunderstanding when both fight a water buffalo together and Sugreeva accidentally leaves Bali trapped in a cave, thinking he is dead. Bali then defeats Sugreeva and bansishes him to the forest. Rama and Lakshmana form an alliance with Sugreeva and help him regain his throne and defeat Bali. In return, Sugreeva pledges his monkey The story of Sugriva is part of the Ramayana and, in an abbreviated version, is also present in the Mahabharata. Sugriva and Vali have a disagreement Rama Meets Sugreeva Vali ruled the kingdom of Kishkindha; his subjects were the vanaras, or monkeys. Tara was his wife. One day, a raging demon by the name of Maayaavi came to the gates of the capital and challenged Vali to a fight. Vali accepted the challenge, but when he sallied forth, the demon fled in terror into a deep cave. Vali entered the cave in pursuit of the demon, telling Sugriva to wait outside. When Vali did not return, and upon hearing demonic shouts in the cave and seeing blood oozing from its mouth, Sugriva concluded that his brother had been killed. With a heavy heart, Sugriva rolled a boulder to seal the cave's opening, returned to Kishkindha, and assumed kingship over the vanaras. Vali, however, ultimately prevailed in his combat with the demon and returned home. Seeing Sugriva acting as king, he concluded that his brother had betrayed him. Though Sugriva humbly attempted to explain himself, Vali would not listen. As a result, Sugriva was ostracized from the kingdom, Vali forcibly took Sugriva's main wife, Rumā, and the brothers became bitter enemies. Sugriva then goes on to live on Rishyamukh as its the only place on earth that Vali cannot tread on. Vali was previously cursed by Sage Matang and hence cannot lay a foot on this piece of land. Doing so would cause his death. Sugriva makes an alliance with Rama
Rama and Lakshmana Meet Sugriva at Matanga’s Hermitage In exile, Sugriva made the acquaintance of Rama, the Avatar of Vishnu, who was on a quest to rescue his wife Sita from the demon Ravana, king of the Rakshasas. Rama promised Sugriva that he would kill Vali and would reinstate Sugriva as the king of the monkeys. Sugriva, in turn, promised to help Rama with his quest. Rama kills Vali; Sugriva takes over the vaanara kingdom
Killing of Vali Monkey Together, Sugriva and Rama went to seek out Vali. While Rama stood back, Sugriva shouted a challenge, and dared him to battle. The brothers rushed at each other, fighting with trees and stones, with fists, nails and teeth. They were evenly matched and indistinguishable to the observer, until Sugriva's counsellor Hanuman stepped forward and placed a garland of flowers around Sugriva's neck. It was then that Rama emerged with his bow and drove an arrow through Vali's heart. When Vali had expired, Sugriva reclaimed the monkey kingdom, took back Vali's (and his former) wife, Rumā, and took over Vali's main wife, Tara, who became empress, and her son by Vali, Angada, who became crown prince. Tara convinces Sugriva to help Rama to conquer Lanka and to rescue Sita
Tara and Sugriva with Lakshmana. When Rama decided to move against Lanka, he was angered because Sugriva spent his time carousing and seemed to forget his pledge to help Rama. Rama's brother, Lakshmana, was about to destroy the monkey kingdom and kill Sugriva. It was only after the diplomatic intervention of Tara that Lakshmana was pacified. Then through Tara's efforts Sugriva and Rama were reconciled. Sugriva sent his trusted advisor Hanuman to determine Sita's whereabouts. Hanuman's finding was that Ravana was holding Sita captive in his island fortress of Lanka Then Sugriva placed his army of monkeys at Rama's disposal. The army crossed into Lanka by means of a specially erected bridge and laid siege to Ravana's citadel. After some hard fighting, the monkeys prevailed over the demons, Rama slew Ravana, and Sita was liberated. During the battle, Sugriva almost came to a violent death when he decided to take on the Rakshasa Kumbhakarna, a brother of Ravana. Seeing the demon in the middle of the fray, Sugriva attacked him with the trunk of a sala tree. The tree, however, merely broke over the demon's head. Kumbhakarna then seized Sugriva and dragged him off, and no doubt would have killed him but for the timely intervention of Rama's brother Lakshmana. Sugriva and his fight with Lava & Kusha
Sugreeva fight with Ravana On Lakshmana’s request and after Guru Vasistha’s approval Rama plans to do Ashvamedha Yagya. At this auspicious occasion he calls Sugriva along with Angada, Nala, Neela, Jambavantha and Hanuman to come to Ayodhya. Rama greets and hugs Sugriva, Jambavantha and others on their arrival to Ayodhya. The Yagya horse was captured by Lava and Kusha brothers. In the Rama’s army the news spreads that two muni kumara’s has captured the Yagya’s horse. Shatrughana walks and fights with Lava and he was defeated by Lava. Then Lakshamana comes and he was also defeated by Lava. Then Bharata asks Rama to give him the permission to go to set horse free from both muni Kumara. Sugriva and Hanumana also request Rama to permit them to go along with Bharata in the battle. Lava and Kusha defeat Bharata and Sugriva and take Hanumana as a prisoner. Hanumana was the only servant to Rama that knew that Lava and Kush were the sons of his master & Sita and thus allowed himself to be imprisoned by his master's sons. Sugreev and Baali were two brothers. Baali was elder and Sugreev was younger. Their mortal father's name was RIKSH RAAJ. Otherwise Baali was Indra's son, and Sugreev was SOORYA's son.
Please read the details of Birth of Baali and Sugreev -
How these two brothers were born is an interesting story. On the peak of Sumeru Parvat there is Brahmaa's court - in 100 Yojan wide area. Once Brahmaa Jee was doing Tapasyaa, two drops of tears fell from His eyes. Brahmaa Jee took them in His hand wiped His hand with His body. Later when He shook His hand one drop fell on the ground. A Vaanar was born from that drop. He said to Vaanar - "You stay on the peak of this mountain. After some time it will be good to you."
The Vaanar went away and started living there on fruits and flowers. He used to offer flowers to Brahmaa Jee daily. Thus a long time passed. One day Riksh Raaj got thirsty so he looked for a pond, and as he bent down to drink water, he saw his shadow in that water. He thought "Who is this my enemy here? I will kill him." And he jumped into the water. But when he came out he found himself changed into a beautiful woman.
By chance both Soorya and Indra were passing from there. Both saw that beautiful woman, and had a desire to have her. Indra's semen got ejaculated and fell on the head of the woman, so a Vaanar was born from that. Because he was born from her hair, he was called Baali (Baal means hair in Hindi); while Sun's semen got ejaculated and fell on her neck, so another Vaanar was born from there and was called Sugreev (Su means good, and Greev means neck in Hindi).
Indra gave a qualitative gold necklace to Baali and Soorya appointed Hanumaan in the service of Sugreev. After this that woman again became Riksh Raaj. Thus Riksh Raaj was both their mother as well as mortal father. After some time Riksh Raaj went to Brahmaa Jee. Brahmaa Jee asked him to live in Kishkindhaa Nagaree and sent a messenger with him to appoint his elder son as the king of that Nagaree. Vaanar were already living there. So all started living there. Baali was appointed the king of Vaanar. After some time Riksh Raaj died. First Online: January 01, 2006 Page Last Updated: June 30, 2012
Brothers Vali and Sugreeva are the royal apes of Kishkindha forest. However, Vali has denied the younger brother his fair share after a misunderstanding, and has banished the younger brother from the kingdom.
Meanwhile, brothers Rama and Laxmana are searching for Sita.
Friendship of Rama and Sugreeva
On their long search, Rama and Laxmana reached Rishyamukha mountains. Sugreeva spotted them, and impressed by their royal appearance sent his assistant monkey Maruti (a.k.a. Hanuman), to befriend them. Rama was equally eager to meet Sugreeva. Maruti then took them to Sugreeva's forest court.
Rama Meets Sugreeva Painting by Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi, 1912
Apparently, Sugreeva had preserved the ornaments Sita threw at him, as a symbol of identity, when Rawana was carrying her away through air. Listening to Rama's story, Sugreeva showed the ornaments to Rama, which he instantly recognized as his wife's. Rama's grief was great at the sight of lost Sita's jewelry. Sugreeva promised him all help to find out Sita's whereabouts. Rama in return promised to kill the usurper Vali and get back Sugreeva's lost kingdom.
Killing of Vali
With Rama's assistance Sugreeva was able to challenge Vali in combat. Finally, the arrow shot from a distance by Rama killed the powerful warrior monkey, Vali.
Killing of Vali Monkey Painting by Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi
It is said that Rama could not identify who was Vali and Sugreeva! The artist has shown a garland around Sugreeva's shoulder that Rama might have used to distinguish who is his friend and who was Vali.