Saint Oliver Plunkett

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Oliver Plunkett

Birthplace: Oldcastle, County Meath, Ireland
Death: July 01, 1681 (55)
Tyburn, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom) (hanged, drawn and quartered)
Place of Burial: London Borough of Camden, Greater London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Cap. John Plunkett of Loughcrew and Thomasina Plunkett

Occupation: Primat d'Irlande- saints et saintes de Dieu (12 October 1975), archevêque d'Armagh
Managed by: Private User
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About Saint Oliver Plunkett Saint Oliver Plunkett (alternative spelling Plunket) (1629 – 1 July 1681) was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland. He maintained his duties in Ireland in the face of English persecution and was eventually arrested and tried for treason. He was brought from a prison cell in Dublin Castle to face trial in Dundalk, during which he made no objection to the all-Protestant jury. The prosecution witnesses were themselves wanted men and afraid to turn up in court, so the trial soon collapsed. Because of a common belief that no jury in Ireland would ever convict him, irrespective of its makeup, Archbishop Plunkett was then transferred to face trial in Westminster Hall, London. His trial has often been described as a travesty of justice as he was again denied defending counsel, time to assemble his defence witnesses and he was also frustrated in his attempts to obtain the criminal records of those who were to give evidence against him. His servant James McKenna and a relative John Plunkett had travelled back to Ireland and failed within the time available to bring back witnesses and evidence for the defence. During the trial Archbishop Plunkett had disputed the right of the court to try him in England and he also drew attention to the criminal past of the witnesses, but all to no avail. Lord Chief Justice Pemberton addressing these complaints said to the accused, "Look you, Mr. Plunket, it is in vain for you to talk and make this discourse here now..."[1] and later on again, “Look you Mr Plunket, don't mis-spend your own time; for the more you trifle in these things, the less time you will have for your defence"[2]. In passing judgement the Chief Justice said: “You have done as much as you could to dishonour God in this case; for the bottom of your treason was your setting up your false religion, than which there is not any thing more displeasing to God, or more pernicious to mankind in the world.”[3]. The jury returned within fifteen minutes with a guilty verdict and Archbishop Plunkett replied: “Deo Gratias” (Latin for "Thanks be to God"). He was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 1 July 1681, and became the last Roman Catholic martyr to die in England. Oliver Plunkett was beatified in 1920 and canonised in 1975, the first new Irish saint for almost seven hundred years.

Here's something else which may be of interest to you regarding St. Oliver Plunkett, Jr. Enjoy!

“St. Oliver Plunkett, Jr. (1625 - 1681) As Archbishop of Armagh -- the chief bishop of Ireland -- Oliver Plunkett, took advantage of any opportunity to restore strength, unity, and good order to the persecuted Church in Ireland. ‘We must follow the example of sailors at sea. When the wind is favourable, they unfurl all their canvas and skim swiftly across the ocean under full sail; but when it turns against them, they lower their sails and take shelter in some little port.’” “365 Saints: Mystics, Martyrs, and Miracle Workers. Ecstatic Ascetics and Brides of Christ. A 1998 Calendar of The Lives and Writings of the Saints.” Thomas J. Craughwell. Workman Publishing Company. New York: 1997.

Saint Oliver Plunkett of Loughcrew

Dernier martyr catholique de Grande-Bretagne, béatifié le 23 mai 1920, canonisé le 12 octobre 1975.

Archevêque-primat d'Irlande, il doit exercer son apostolat dans la clandestinité mais finit par être arrêté, et, après un procès truqué, est condamné pour trahison à être "hanged, drawn & quartered": la victime est d'abord pendue, mais pas suffisamment longtemps pour en mourir: détachée, on lui ouvre le ventre pour en sortir les entrailles qui sont posées sur un brasier; après la mort, le corps est découpé en 4 morceaux qui sont exposés en différents lieux publics.

His head was brought to Rome, and from there to Armagh and (eventually ?) to Drogheda where, since June 29, 1921, it has rested in Saint Peter's Church. It was, at a time, at Monastery of St Catherine of Siena, Dominican nuns, foundation by Mother Catherine Plunkett (a relative of St Oliver Plunkett) in 1722.

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Saint Oliver Plunkett's Timeline

November 1, 1625
Oldcastle, County Meath, Ireland
July 1, 1681
Age 55
Tyburn, Middlesex, England
Greater London, England