Saladin Yusuf ibn Ayyub

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Records for al-Malik al-Nāṣir Salāḥ al-Dīn Abu 'l-Muzaffer Yūsuf I ibn Aiyūb ibn Shahdi al-Takrīt

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al-Malik al-Nāṣir Salāḥ al-Dīn Abu 'l-Muzaffer Yūsuf I ibn Aiyūb ibn Shahdi al-Takrīt

Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب
Also Known As: "al-Malik al-Nāṣir Salāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf I", "Kurdish: سه لاحه دین ئه یوبی Selah'edînê Eyubî; Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎"
Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: Tikrit, Iraq
Death: March 04, 1193 (51-59)
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic
Immediate Family:

Son of Nad̲j̲m al-Dīn Aiyūb bin al-ʿādil, Atabeg al-Ajdakan, Emir of Maiyāfāriḳīn
Husband of ʿIṣmat ad-Dīn Khātūn bint Mu'in ad-Din Unur and unknown first wife of Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb
Father of Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din; Al-Malik Al-Aziz Osman bin Salahadin Yusuf; Ghiyath-el-di al-Zahir; al-Aziz and az-Zahir
Brother of al-Malik al-Adil Sayf al-Din Abu-Bakr ibn Ayyūb; Sitt Ash-Sham and Nur al-Din Shahanshah

Occupation: Ruler of Egypt, Syria and Iraq
Managed by: Private User
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About Saladin Yusuf ibn Ayyub

Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎, Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb, Kurdish: سه‌لاحه‌دین ئه‌یوبی, Selah'edînê Eyubî) (c. 1138 – March 4, 1193), better known in the Western world as Saladin, was an Arabized Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founded the Ayyubid dynasty. He led Muslim and Arab opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Kurdistan, Hejaz, and Yemen.

Under his personal leadership, his forces defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin, leading the way to his re-capture of Palestine, which had been seized from the Fatimid Egyptians by the Crusaders 88 years earlier. Though the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem would continue to exist for a period, its defeat at Hattin marked a turning point in its conflict with the Muslims and Arabs. As such, Saladin is a prominent figure in Kurdish, Arab, and Muslim culture. Saladin was a strict adherent of Sunni Islam His chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accounts of the Siege of Kerak, and despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders, he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart; rather than becoming a hated figure in Europe, he became a celebrated example of the principles of chivalry.

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