Professor Salomon Sulzer

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Professor Salomon Sulzer

Birthdate: (85)
Birthplace: Hohenems, Dornbirn District, Vorarlberg, Austria
Death: Died in Vienna, Austria
Cause of death: pneumonia
Place of Burial: TOR 1 - 5b -1-1
Immediate Family:

Son of Josef Jakob Sulzer and Fanny Sulzer
Husband of Fanny Francisca Sulzer
Father of Marie v. Belart; Hermann Hirsch Sulzer; Hermine Gute Sulzer; Julius Jakob Sulzer; Henriette Hendel Biacchi and 10 others
Brother of Jakob Sulzer; Amalie Sulzer and Henriette Fraenkel

Occupation: Oberkantor der IKG
Managed by: Peter Rohel (c)
Last Updated:

About Professor Salomon Sulzer

Salomon Sulzer (Hebrew: סלומון זולצר‎, March 30, 1804, Hohenems, Vorarlberg - January 17, 1890, Vienna) was an Austrian hazzan (cantor) and composer. His family, which prior to 1813 bore the name of Levi, removed to Hohenems from Sulz in 1748. He was educated for the cantorate, studying first under the cantors of Endingen (Switzerland) and Karlsruhe, with whom he traveled extensively, and later under Salomon Eichberg, cantor at Hohenems and Düsseldorf. In 1820 Sulzer was appointed cantor at Hohenems, where he modernized the ritual, and introduced a choir. At the instance of Rabbi Mannheimer of Vienna he was called to the Austrian capital as chief cantor in 1826. There he reorganized the song service of the synagogue, retaining the traditional chants and melodies, but harmonizing them in accordance with modern views. Sulzer's "Shir Tziyyon" (2 vols., Vienna, 1840-1865) established models for the various sections of the musical service—the recitative of the cantor, the choral of the choir, and the responses of the congregation—and it contained music for Sabbaths, festivals, weddings, and funerals which has been introduced into nearly all the synagogues of the world. In the compilation of this work he was assisted by some of the best musical composers of Vienna. Sulzer published also a small volume of songs for the Sabbath-school, entitled "Duda'im"; and a number of separate compositions, both secular and sacred. His responses are tuneful, and though more melodious than the choral chant of the Catholic Church, show a strong resemblance to it. In all his compositions strict attention is paid to the Hebrew text; and a scrupulous adherence to syntactic construction is observed throughout. The collection "Zwanzig Gesänge für den Israelitischen Gottesdienst" (Vienna, 1892) was printed posthumously. In his "Denkschrift an die Wiener Cultusgemeinde" he sums up his ideas on the profession of cantor. Sulzer, who was widely famed as a singer and as an interpreter of Schubert, was a professor at the imperial conservatorium of Vienna, a knight of the Order of Francis Joseph I and a maestro of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia in Rome. Universally recognized as the regenerator of synagogal music, he has been called the "father of the modern cantorate". the Jewish Museum Hohenems ( houses a documentation of Sulzer's career in its permanent exhibition and an extensive genealogy on

buried in agrave of & 29 individuals see also on Bauer page

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Professor Salomon Sulzer's Timeline

March 30, 1804
Hohenems, Dornbirn District, Vorarlberg, Austria
April 14, 1828
Age 24
Wien, Österreich
June 3, 1829
Age 25
Wien, Österreich
Age 25
Wien, Österreich
August 21, 1831
Age 27
Wien, Österreich
September 24, 1832
Age 28
Wien, Österreich
March 24, 1834
Age 29
Wien, Österreich
May 19, 1835
Age 31
Wien, Österreich
June 30, 1836
Age 32
Vienna, Austria
February 16, 1839
Age 34
Wien, Österreich