Samuel Eliot, III

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Samuel Eliot, III

Birthplace: Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA
Death: September 14, 1898 (76)
Beverly, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States (Myoenoditis)
Place of Burial: Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of William Hayward Eliot and Margaret Boies Eliot
Husband of Emily Marshall Eliot
Father of William Samuel Eliot; Emily Marshall Morison and George Otis Eliot
Brother of William Prescott Eliot and Margaret Bradford Eliot

Occupation: Author, educator, gentleman
Managed by: Scott Christopher Swingle
Last Updated:

About Samuel Eliot, III

Samuel Eliot (December 22, 1821 – September 14, 1898) was a historian, educator, and public-minded citizen of Boston, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut.


Eliot was born in Boston, the son of William Havard Eliot (1796 - 1831) and Margaret Boies (Bradford) Eliot, and the grandson of banker Samuel Eliot. His father built the Tremont House, participated in the musical life of the city, had variants of his names including Hayward, Harvard, Havard, Howard, and Elliott, and died suddenly in 1831 while campaigning for mayor. His mother was a daughter of Alden Bradford and granddaughter of Harrison Gray Otis. Charles Eliot Norton was Eliot's cousin.

Eliot graduated first in the class of 1839 at Harvard College and, after two years in a counting house in Boston, toured for four years in Europe in the early 1840s. During the decade following his return, he devoted himself to writing. However, on June 7, 1853, Eliot married Emily Marshall Otis (1832-1906) of Boston, and his writing career gradually drew to a close. Their daughter, Emily Marshall Eliot Morison, was the mother of noted historian Samuel Eliot Morison (1887–1976).

In 1856, Eliot became professor of history and political science at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, and then served as Trinity's president from 1860-1864. In 1864 Eliot returned to Boston, though he continued to teach classes at Trinity until 1874. At Harvard, he was an overseer from 1866 to 1872 and a lecturer in history from 1870-1873. He also served from 1868-1872 as president of the American Social Science Association. From 1872-1876 he served as headmaster of the Boston Girls' High and Normal School, and from 1878-1880 as superintendent of Boston Public Schools, later serving from 1885-1888 on the Boston School Committee.

Eliot was a trustee of Massachusetts General Hospital and of the Massachusetts School for the Feeble-Minded, and for 26 years a member and president of the board of trustees of the Perkins Institute for the Blind. He was also active as a trustee, director, etc., for Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the Boston Athenaeum, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Massachusetts Bible Society, and the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Eliot died of heart trouble on September 14, 1898 at Beverly Farms, Massachusetts, and is buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery. Selected works

  • Translations from the Spanish Poet José Zorilla, (1846).
  • Passages from the History of Liberty, (1847).
  • The Liberty of Rome, (2 volumes, 1849) which was revised to form Part I of the History of Liberty: Part I, The Ancient Romans; Part II, The Early Christians, (4 volumes, 1853).
  • Manual of United States History: From 1492 to 1850, (1856).
  • Manual of the United States: From 1492 to 1872, (1874).
  • Poetry for Children, (1879).
  • Selections from American Authors: A Reading Book for School and Home, (1879).
  • The Arabian Nights' Entertainments: Six Stories, (1880).

  • Title The New England Historical & Genealogical Register and Antiquarian Journal, Volume 23
  • Volumes 1055-1056 of American periodical series, 1800-1850
  • Contributor New England Historic Genealogical Society
  • Publisher S.G. Drake, 1869
  • Original from Princeton University
  • Digitized Jan 28, 2009

Page 339

8. William-Havard6 Eliot, m. 30 Nov., 1820, Margaret-Boies, dau. of Alden Bradford, who was b. 28 May, 1796. They had three children, viz.:

I Samuel,7 b. 22 Dec., 1821 ; m. Emily-Marshall, dau. of William Foster Otis, 1 June, 1853 (b. 13 March, 1832), and had:

William-Samuel,' b. 16 March, 1854.

Emily-Marshall,' b. 14 Feb., 1857.

George Otis, b. 2 Sept., 1861; d. 11 March, 1864.

II. William-Prescott,7 b. 2 July, 1826; m. Eleanor, dau. of Harvey Chapin, 17 Aug., 1855, and had:

Amory,' b. 26 May, 1856.

George,' b. 8 Dec., 1865. m. Margaret-Bradford," b. 25 Dec., 1830.

William-H. Eliot was active in developing the musical tastes and resources of Boston. He built the Tremont House, then far in advance of hotels here or abroad, and in other ways showed a strong public spirit. He was a representative, and at the moment of his untimely death, 1 Dec., 1831, was a candidate for the Mayoralty, which he would undoubtedly have received. His widow d. 31 Oct., 1864.

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Samuel Eliot, III's Timeline

December 22, 1821
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA
March 16, 1854
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States
February 14, 1857
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
September 2, 1861
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States
September 14, 1898
Age 76
Beverly, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States
Age 76
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States