Historical records matching Samuel F. Phillips, U.S. Solicitor General
About Samuel F. Phillips, U.S. Solicitor General
Samuel Field Phillips (February 18, 1824 - November 18, 1903) was a civil rights pioneer, lawyer, politician, and U.S. Solicitor General (1872–1885). He took part in the landmark civil rights case, Plessy v. Ferguson.
Samuel Phillips was born in New York City. His father, James Phillips, was a British mathematician. When Samuel was about two years of age his father became the first professor of mathematics at the newly formed University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) and the family moved to Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Samuel Phillips graduated from UNC with highest honors in 1841, earning a master’s degree three years later. He began his own law practice in North Carolina and joined the UNC law department as a tutor before embarking on a career in politics, beginning with his election as a Whig to the North Carolina General Assemblies of 1852 and 1854. Phillips served on North Carolina's state court of claims in 1861, and as state auditor from 1862-1864.
Phillips had been an opponent of secession and during the U.S. Civil War he became a member of the "Peace Party" of newspaper publisher William Woods Holden (1818–1892), whose 1863 "peace meetings" across North Carolina urged the state to stop fighting the Civil War.
In 1864, Phillips was re-elected to the General Assembly, serving as Speaker of the House in 1866. He was a member of the first "Reconstruction Convention," and joined the Republican Party, which earned him much condemnation as a "scalawag." He fought for the expansion of legal rights for African-Americans, triumphing in granting freedmen the right to testify in cases in which they were parties.
In 1866 Phillips left politics to return to the private practice of law. In the Fall of 1867 he moved his family to Raleigh, North Carolina, where he became North Carolina's Supreme Court Reporter. He returned to politics in 1870.
In 1871, Phillips served another term in the North Carolina House of Representatives. In 1872, Phillips was appointed the second U.S. Solicitor General by President Ulysses S. Grant, serving in this position from November 1872 to May 1885. During Phillips’s twelve and one-half years as solicitor general, he served under four presidents: Grant, Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur. Phillips argued the constitutionality of the 1871 Enforcement Act and advocated upholding a conviction of several Ku Klux Klan members who assaulted a black man for voting in a congressional election. Citing Article I of the U.S. Constitution, he set a precedent used in the 1960s to validate the expansion of federal control over the election process.
Phillips was part of the team who argued the Civil Rights Cases of 1883, using both the Civil Rights Act of 1875 and the 13th and 14th Amendments as a defense. As part of the legal counsel representing Homer Plessy in the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson case, he argued that the “separate-but-equal” doctrine was nothing less than a disparagement of African-Americans on the basis of color, much like slavery.
After serving as Solicitor General, he went on to become a member of the U.S. and Venezuela Mixed Claims Commissions of 1888 and 1891. Phillips returned to private law practice in Washington, D.C. until 1901.
Phillips married Frances R. Lucas (1831–1883), on December 3, 1849, at Chapel Hill. They had 10 children. In 1889 Phillips married Sarah Maury; she died in 1902. They had no children.
Samuel Phillips died on November 18, 1903, aged 79, in Washington, D.C. His body was later moved to Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
-------------------------------------------------- Birth: Feb. 18, 1824 Harlem New York County (Manhattan) New York, USA Death: Nov. 18, 1903
Son of Reverend James Phillips and Judith Middagh Vermeule Phillips.
Married to Frances Raines Lucas around 1849.
Samuel and Frances were the parents of: Kate Stone Phillips Susan Meade Phillips Cornelia Phillips) Dr John Leighton Phillips Elinor Swain Phillips Elizabeth Phillips Powers(1864-1926) Charles Phillips Frances Phillips(1866-unk) James Phillips(1868-unk) Gertrude Phillips Daniel
Married to Sarah Maury(1826-1902 DC) on November 6, 1889.
1850 United States Federal Census Name: Samuel F Phillips Age: 25 Birth Year: abt 1825 Birthplace: North Carolina Home in 1850: District 1, Orange, North Carolina Gender: Male Family Number: 173 Household Members: Name Age Charles Phillips 27 Laura Phillips 23 Julia Phillips 1 Samuel F Phillips 25 Frances Phillips 20
1860 United States Federal Census Name: S F Phillips Age in 1860: 36 Birth Year: abt 1824 Birthplace: North Carolina Home in 1860: South Side of the NC RR, Orange, North Carolina Gender: Male Post Office: Durhamsville Household Members: Name Age S F Phillips 36 Frances Phillips 29 Cornelia Phillips 4 John Phillips 1
1870 United States Federal Census Name: Samuel Phillips Age in 1870: 46 Birth Year: abt 1824 Birthplace: New York Home in 1870: Raleigh East Ward, Wake, North Carolina Race: White Gender: Male Post Office: Raleigh Household Members: Name Age Samuel Phillips 46 Francis Phillips 39 Cornelia Phillips 14 John Phillips 11 Elena Phillips 9 Elizabeth Phillips 6 Francis Phillips 4 James Phillips 2 Sarah Broewell 18
1900 United States Federal Census Name: Samuel F Phillips Age: 76 Birth Date: Feb 1824 Birthplace: New York Home in 1900: Washington, Washington, District of Columbia Race: White Gender: Male Relation to Head of House: Head Marital Status: Married Spouse's Name: Sarah M Phillips Marriage Year: 1889 Years Married: 11 Father's Birthplace: England Mother's Birthplace: New Jersey Occupation: View on Image Neighbors: View others on page Household Members: Name Age Samuel F Phillips 76 Sarah M Phillips 72 Mary T Mcneir 45 [niece] Gertrude Phillips 29 [daughter] Elizabeth Israel 38 [niece] Bessie Taylor 17 [c maid] Emma Taylor 22 [cook]
Directory of Deceased American Physicians, 1804-1929 Name: John Leighton Phillips Birth Date: 1859 Death Date: 23 May 1916 Death Place: Takoma Park, MD Type Practice: Allopath Practice Specialities: US Army, 1882, Ancon, CZ Canal Zone, Oct 20, 1911, Sep 20, 1913, Takoma Park, MD, Aug 29, 1914, Sep 20, 1915 Practice Dates Places: US Army, 1882, Ancon, CZ Canal Zone, Oct 20, 1911, Sep 20, 1913, Takoma Park, MD, Aug 29, 1914, Sep 20, 1915 Hospital: Ancon Hospital, CZ Medical School: Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, 1882, (G) JAMA Citation: 66:1792 Cause of Death: suicide, gunshot; (M)
Spouse: Frances Raines Lucas Phillips (1831 - 1883) Children: Kate Stone Phillips (1851 - 1855)* Susan Meade Phillips (1853 - 1855)* Cornelia Phillips (1856 - 1888)* John Leighton Phillips (1858 - 1916)* Elinor Swain Phillips (1861 - 1944)* Charles Phillips (1865 - 1866)* Gertrude Phillips Daniel (1870 - 1945)*
- Calculated relationship
Burial: Old Chapel Hill Cemetery Chapel Hill Orange County North Carolina, USA Plot: Secrtion 1
Created by: 4losthistory Record added: May 31, 2010 Find A Grave Memorial# 53088130