Samuel Fitz Randolph

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Samuel Fitz Randolph

Birthdate: (86)
Birthplace: Piscataway Township, Middlesex, New Jersey, Colonial America
Death: February 25, 1825 (86)
Salem, Harrison County, West Virginia, United States
Place of Burial: Salem, Harrison County, West Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Jonathan Fitzrandolph; Jonathan Fitz-Randolph; Mary FitzRandolph and Mary Bonham
Husband of Margaret Fitz Randolph and Margaret Fitzrandolph (Fitzrandolph)
Father of David Fitz Randolph; Mary Hill; Jesse Fitz Randolph; David A. Fitz Randolph; Rulanah Bonnell (Fitz Randolph) and 5 others
Brother of Abel Fitz-Randolph; Malachi Fitz-Randolph; Keziah Dunham; Jonathan James Fitz Randolph; Lawrence Fitz-Randolph and 5 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Samuel Fitz Randolph

A Patriot of the American Revolution for NEW JERSEY with the rank of Captain. DAR Ancestor #: A040292.


City of Salem - Harrison County, West Virginia by Dorothy Davis (1996)

The following was commissioned by The Salem Area Chamber of Commerce for Homecoming'96. The challenge posed to Dorothy was to create a history of our city in 2000 words or less! What follows was her response. The late Mrs. Davis was a noted area historian. She wrote " The History of Harrison County"


or so Samuel Fitz Randolph may have thought when he met up with Widow Swearingen in Southwestern Pennsylvania in the late 1780's and was offered a deed for 400 acres of land her husband John had registered in Clarksburg in 1781. Randolph bought the deed, really a " pig in the poke ". Randolph, from New Jersey, had never ventured into the state of Virginia, let alone Harrison County, where the land lay. Across the Pennsylvania border from Woodbridgetown, where Randolph lived, was a group of settlers newly arrived from New Jersey and members of the Seventh Day Baptist Church. Randolph belonged to the denomination. Some of the settlers kept coming to tell him that they were dissatisfied with their land on White Day Creek in Monongalia County. They wanted to push on to new territory.


Randolph told them, "I have a deed for 400 acres you can take with you to find the land in the headwaters of the Monongahela River. " The settlers decided to start out. The chance the would-be settlers took was greater than their innocence let them know. No one before the Battle of Fallen Timbers in Ohio in 1795 would try to live beyond the West Fork River of the Monongahela River System. Forts protected people east of the river, but west of the river was Indian territory. Chance saved the settlers who were at the site they named "New Salem" in 1791. After the Indian menace ended in 1795 on Tenmile Creek, a tributary of the West Fork River, an Indian told the settlers that his people could have wiped out the people in New Salem, but refrained from the slaughter for one reason: the settlers wore jackets, pantaloons and hats which told the Indians that they were from Pennsylvania or New Jersey. The Indians hated the Virginians who wore hunting shirts and coon-skin caps. Indians called the Virginians "Long Knives" and killed all of them they could. But the settlers were glad to have eight members of the Virginia Militia stationed in the blockhouse they had built during the winters of 1792-93 and 1793-94. Samuel Fitz Randolph followed the settlers to New Salem in 1793 and immediately set about to have the town incorporated by the Virginia Assembly in 1794. As soon as settlers could leave the protection of the blockhouse, the population of the settlement dwindled because people moved to farms that stretched in an arc through the territory that would eventually be Doddridge County and Ritchie County.


was the cry of a string of petitions from Salem to the Virginia Assembly from 1800 to 1830. When the Assembly paid no heed, a Congressman in 1810 tried to move the construction of the National road south to bring it through Harrison County. That failed too. Finally on March 19, 1831, the Virginia Assembly authorized a turnpike to be built from Romney to Parkersburg. As chief engineer for the Northwestern Turnpike, the state of Virginia hired Claudius Crozet, a French officer of artillery under Napoleon. Crozet surveyed the road to run through Salem because the route would be shorter than other routes suggested. In June 1840 the first daily stagecoach arrived at the Randolph tavern near where the blockhouse had stood. Harrison Hursey, who lived in Salem, began blowing the stage horn at the edge of town and rattled to a stop at the door of the Randolph tavern. Hands reached for the reins of the horses and led the animals to the stage barn at the corner of East Main Street and Terrace Avenue. Other hands carried the mailbags inside the tavern and dumped the contents onto the floor from which people grabbed the letters that belonged to them. Best of all, the stage brought the news heard at stops all along the way and at the tollgates which stood at the end of every 20 miles of the road to collect fees from all wagons and coaches and from the drovers who conducted great herds of beef cattle, sheep and hogs to the East.


A History of the Seventh Day Baptists in West Virginia

Corliss Fitz Randolph

Printed for the Author by


Plainneld, New Jersey


SAMUEL FITZ RANDOLPH was born in October, 1738.

His great-grandfather, Edward Fitz Randolph, came to America from Nottinghamshire, England, after the middle of the first half of the seventeenth century, and settled at Scituate, Plymouth Colony (now Massachusetts), where he married, May 10, 1637, Elisabeth Blossom, daughter of Thomas Blossom, the first deacon of the church in Plymouth. In the spring of 1639, in company with many of his neighbours, Edward removed to Barnstable, Plymouth Colony, where his several children were born. In 1669, he removed to Piscataway, East Jersey.

His son Thomas, was born at Barnstable, August 16, 1659; and on November 23, 1686, Thomas married Elisabeth Manning of Piscataway.

Thomas and Elisabeth's son Jonathan, was born at Piscataway, January 12, 1692, or 1693. In the year 1717, Jonathan married Mary , of Piscataway.

Thomas and Elisabeth's son David, was born in Piscataway, January 1, 1690 or 1691. David married Sarah Molleson, of Piscataway, in 1712.

Samuel Fitz Randolph, son of Jonathan and Mary Fitz Randolph, married Margaret, the daughter of David and Sarah (Molleson) Fitz Randolph, March 25, 1761. Margaret was born in November, 1739.

Samuel and Margaret were members of the Piscataway Seventh Day Baptist Church, as their respective parents had been before them, as were also their grandparents, Thomas and Elisabeth Fitz Randolph.

Samuel enlisted as a soldier in the War of the Revolution, where he served as an ensign in the Second Regiment of Sussex County, New Jersey. His commission reads as follows : — "



Whereas, It hath been certified to His Excellency, William Livingston, Esquire, Governor and Commander-in-chief of this State, that you have been duly chosen by the Company of Militia in the County of Sussex, (being the Company in the Second Regiment of the said County, whereof Aaron Hankinson, Esqr., is Colonel) to be ensign of the said Company; you therefore are to take the said Company of Militia into your charge and care as ensign thereof, and duly to exercise both officers and soldiers of the said company in arms ; and as they are hereby directed to obey you as their Ensign, you are likewise to obey and follow such orders and directions, from time to time, as you shall receive from your Colonel or other, your superior officer or officers; and for your so doing, this shall be your commission.

In Testimony Whereof The GREAT SEAL of the said State is hereunto affixed: "

Witness WILLIAM LIVINGSTON, Esquire, Governor, Captain-General and Commander-in-chief in and over the State of New Jersey and Territories thereunto belonging, Chancellor and Ordinary in the same, at Haddonfield, the Sixteenth Day of May in the Year of our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-seven. [L. s.] "WIL: LIVINGSTON." "

By His Excellency's Command, "


Some years after the close of the Revolution, Samuel Fitz Randolph in company with his family removed to southwestern Pennsylvania, where he and his wife both became constituent members of the Woodbridgetown Church.

Subsequently, they removed to western Virginia, where he established the village of New Salem. Here they became members of the New Salem Church, and remained so until their death.

Samuel died, February 25, 1825 ; and Margaret, February 29, 1832.

Samuel and Margaret had the following children: —

Mary, born October 16, 1761 ; Sarah, born November 8, 1763; Elisabeth, born May 13, 1766; Jesse, born May 21, 1768; David, born June 23, 1770; Rhulanah, born March 13, 1773; Jonathan, born March 20, 1775; Margaret, born February 4, 1777; Nancy, born February 19, 1781.

Mary married James Hill, November 14, 1795. She and her family removed to Ohio.

Sarah married, first, Daniel Sharpneck, and upon his death, John Rice. Her home was in south-western Pennsylvania, not far from the former home of her father, in Fayette County.

Elisabeth married William Brand, and with her husband, went to Ohio.

Jesse married, first, Delilah LaForge, and upon her death, Elisabeth Gillis. His daughter Elisabeth became the wife of Rev. Samuel D. Davis, and is the mother of Rev. Boothe C. Davis and Rev. Samuel H. Davis. Jesse's son John LaForge, was the father of Rev. Gideon Henry F. Randolph, and the grandfather of Rev. Experience F. Randolph (now Rev. Perie R. Burdick).

David, upon his marriage, removed to Ohio, where he and his father owned a farm, jointly, probably not far from Cincinnati.

Rhulanah married John Bonnell.

Jonathan married Mary Davis, the daughter of William ("Greenbrier Billy") Davis and Elisabeth Davis. Jonathan's son William was the father of Rev. Lewis F. Randolph, and the grandfather of Rev. William L. Burdick.

Margaret married Clayton, and removed to Ohio.

Nancy married Stephen Davis.

All of Samuel's children, except as stated otherwise, made their homes at or near New Salem after they were married.


Samuel Fitz Randolph

Samuel Fitz Randolph was born October 1738 in Piscataway, NJ and died February 25, 1825 in New Salem, Virginia (now West Virginia) On March 25, 1761 the Reverend Jonathan Dunham, pastor of the Seventh Day Baptist Church in Piscataway, NJ, married Samuel and his cousin Margaret Fitz Randolph.

We know these facts about Samuel:

He was an officer in the War of the Revolution, mustering in on May 16, 1777 as an Ensign in the Company of Militia, Second Regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey.

His descendents are entitled to membership in DAR/SAR.

He purchased 300 acres of land in Yellow Creek, Armstrong Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania April 16, 1785

He moved to Fayette County, PA between Nov 21, 1785 and Nov 26, 1790

He purchased over 800 acres of land Nov 21, 1795 from Robert Martin

He purchased 256 acres of land in Harrison County, WV (where the present town of Salem was laid out) on Nov 26, 1790 from Catherine Swearingen for the sum of 132 pounds, 10 shillings, 5 pence Virginia money

He moved to Salem after May 10, 1792

Children of Samuel and Margaret, all born in Piscataway, NJ:

1. Mary Fitz Randolph, born October 16, 1761, married James Hill in 1795

2. Sarah Fitz Randolph, born November 8, 1763, married 1) Daniel Sharpneck, 2) John Rice, 3) George Murdock

3. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph, born May 13, 1766, married William Brand

4. Jesse Fitz Randolph, born May 21, 1768, married 1) Delilah LaForge, 2) Elizabeth Gillis

5. David Fitz Randolph, born June 23, 1770, married 1) Mary Richardson

6. Rhulanah Fitz Randolph, born March 13, 1773, married John Bonnell

7. Jonathan Fitz Randolph, born May 20, 1775, married Mary Davis in 1798

8. Margaret Fitz Randolph, born February 4, 1777, married William Clayton in 1798

9. Nancy Fitz Randolph, born February 19, 1781, married Stephen C. Davis

Last Will and Testament: Dated 11 June 1822, Harrison Co, Virginia (Now West Virginia). Witnesses: William B. Davis, William Davis, John Sutton. Will B3, p 219 Clarksburg, Harrison Co 26301, copy, attest s/ Harley A. Wolfe, Clerk by Betty Jane Law, dep. clerk.

He and Margaret were married by Rev. Jonathan Dunham, Seventh Day Baptist Church, Piscataway Twp (now New Market), NJ.

15 May 1777 - Samuel enlisted in the Revolutionary War as Ensign, Com. of Militia, 2nd Reg., County of Sussex NJ under the command of Col. Aaron Hankinson, Captain William Johnson's Company.

16 April 1785 - Purchased 300 acres of land, Yellow Creek, Armstrong Twp., Westmoreland Co. PA.

08 Nov 1789 - Transferred membership from Piscataway to Woodbridgetown, Fayatte Co. PA Seventh Day Baptist Church, where they were constituent members.

21 Nov 1785 / 26 Nov 1790 - Moved to Fayette Co. PA.

21 Nov 1795 - Purchased over 800 acres of land from Robert Martin.

26 Nov 1790 - Purchased 256 acres in Harrison Co West Virginia (Salem) from Catherine Swearington for 132 pounds, 10 shillings, 5 pence Virginia money.

After 10 May 1792 - Joined a migration of the Piscataway andShrewsbury NJ SDB Churches in establishing the village and SDB Church of New Salem VA, now Salem, West Virginia. They settled on land previously purchased by Samuel Fitz Randolph.

05 Sept 1803 - Executed deed of lot #26 for New Salem SDB Church.

1. "Seventh Day Baptists in West Virginia" by Corliss Fitz Randolph - 1905, pp 52, 442

2. New Jersey Archives, First Series, Vol XXIII, p 645. William Nelson et al. Patterson: The Press Printing and Pub. Co. - 1900.

3. "Dr. John LaForge Fitz Randolph of Salem West Virginia" (unpublished) by Rev. John Fitz Randolph - 1939, pg. 3.

4. "Fitz Randolph Traditions" by Lewis V. Fitz Randolph - 1907 Sect 1, LL Ch 1.

5. "Edward Fitz Randolph Branch Lines, Allied Families and Norman Ancestry" by Oris H. Fitz Randolph - 1976, p 5.

6. Grave Markers - Seventh Day Baptist Cemetery, Salem, Harrison Co. WV.

7. Copy of the Commission of Samuel as Ensign in the Revolutionary War.

8. Certified copy of Samuel's Revolutionary War service from Adjutant General James I. Bowers, Trenton, State of New Jersey - 29 October 1942.

  • _________________

About Fitz Randolph, Samuel

Married: 25 MAR 1761 in by Rev. Jonathan Dunham, pastor S.D. Baptist Church,Piscataway Twp. N.J

Title: The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 112

Abbrev: DAR Volume 112 Page: Page #46

Note: Miss Cretah Octa Fitz Randolph

Text: Miss Cretah Octa Fitz Randolph.

DAR ID Number: 111141

Born in Harrison County, W. Va.

Descendant of Ensign Samuel Fitz Randolph, as follows:

  • 1. Charles A. Fitz Randolph (b. 1866) m. 1889 AltheaDavis (b. 1866).
  • 2. Fenton Fitz Randolph (1838-72) m. Emily Kennedy (1838-71).
  • 3. Peter J. Fitz Randolph (1802-83) m. Maria McVicar (1809-66).
  • 4. Jonathan Fitz Randolph (1775-1858) m. Mary Davis (1782-1862).
  • 5. Samuel Fitz Randolph m. 1761 Margaret Fitz Randolph (1739-1832).

Samuel Fitz Randolph (1738-1825) served as ensign in the 2nd regiment,Sussex County, New Jersey militia. He was born in Piscataway, N. J.; died in New Salem, Va.

Quality: 3

Title:The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 109

Abbrev: DAR Volume 109 Page: Page #235

Text: Mrs. Candace Lowther Davis. DAR ID Number: 108773

Born in New Milton, W. Va.

Wife of Earl W. Davis.

Descendant of Ensign Samuel Fitz Randolph, as follows: [p.235]

  • 1. Johnston J. Lowther (b. 1837) m. 1861 Rachel Fitz Randolph (1838-97).
  • 2. Jepthah Fitz Randolph(1814-78) m. 1836 Deborah Sutton (1813-1901).
  • 3. Jonathan Fitz Randolph (1778-1858) m. Mary Davis (1778-1862).
  • 4. Samuel Fitz Randolph m. 1781 Margaret Fitz Randolph.

Samuel Fitz Randolph (1738-1825) in 1777 served as ensign in the 2nd regiment, Sussex County, New Jersey militia, under Col. Aaron Hankinson.He was born in New Jersey; died in Salem, W. Va.

Quality: 3

from DAR records:

Mrs. Ruby Fitz-Randolph Davis.

DAR ID Number: 115228

Born in New Salem, W. Va.

Wife of Ernest O. Davis.

Descendant of Ensign Samuel Fitz Randolph and of Col. William Lowther, as follows:

  • 1. G. W. Fitz-Randolph (b. 1844) m. 1867 Similde Jane Lowther (b. 1843).
  • 2. Jeptha Fitz-Randolph (1814-79) m.1836 Deborah Sutton (1813-1901); Jesse M. Lowther (1809- 55) m. 1836 Lucinda Hall (1816-98).
  • 3. Jonathan Fitz-Randolph (1775-1858) m. Mary Davis (1782-1862); Elias Lowther (1776-1845) m . Rebecca Coburn (b. 1779).
  • 4. Samuel Fitz Randolph m. 1761 Margaret Fitz Randolph (1739-1832); William Lowther m. 1763 Sudna Hughes.

Samuel Fitz Randolph (1738-1825) in 1777 served as ensign in the 2nd regiment, Sussex County , New Jersey militia under Col. Aaron Hankinson. He was born in New Jersey; died in Salem, W . Va.

Also No. 103849.

William Lowther (1742-1814) was the first justice of the peace of Harrison County, Va., a mem ber of the General Assembly and colonel of militia. He was born and died in Virginia.

Also No. 109753.

Deed holder of the land that Salem, Harrison,WV now resides.

Married: 1761 in Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ, USA to his first cousin Margaret Fitz Randolph Samuel enlisted in the Revolutionary War 16 May 1777 as an Ensign, in the Com. of Militia, 2nd Regiment, from Sussex Co,NY under the command of Col Aaron Hankinson

From the West VirginiaCyclopedia

Samuel Fitz Randolph purchased the property on which the village was founded in 1790. Mr. Randolph has started with a caravan of pioneer settlers from Salem, NJ, who crossed the mountains in 1789 and made their first stop at Woodbridgetown, PA. Mr. Randolph, a number of Davises, some Maxsons, and others came on to what is now Salem, after a year and one-half trek from the seacoast.

15 Feb. 1796. Samuel & Margaret FITZ RANDOLPH of Harrison co., VA, sold to Ann DAVISSON, widow of Hezekiah DAVISSON, of Harrison co., VA, for 6 pounds, lot no. 12 in Salem. (Harrison co., WV Deed Book 2,p. 444.) 13 Jan 1796. Samuel & Margaret FITZ RANDOLPH, of Harrison co.,VA grant to the heirs of Jacob DAVIS, Elder, deceased, of same, for one pound, fifteen shillings and nine pence, lots: 6, 7, 2, 13 and 29 in New Salem. (Harrison co., WV Deed Book 2, p. 293.) [Samuel & Margaret sold on 13 Feb 1796, p. 300, Lots 20, 22, 23, 2 and 3 in New Salem to Zebulon MAXSON for 1 pound, 11 shillings & 3 pence; p. 316 to William DAVIS, jr. for 4 shillings, lot17.] from: Ritchie County, West Virginia History submit.y=9&ct=1700&clx=PrvRec

FitzRandolph has been one of the prominent names in this part of the county for almost sixty years. This family are of English origin and of Revolutionary stock. Their ancestor, Edward FitzRandolph, came from Nottinghamshire, England, in 1630, and settled in the Massachusetts colony; and from there the family emigrated to New Jersey, and thence to West Virginia. The Randolphs , also, trace their ancestry to Thomas Blossom, a prominent deacon in the Pilgrim church at Plymouth. Edward FitzRandolph had a son, John, and this son (John) was the father of Samuel FitzRandolph, who was a member of the Continental army during the Revolution. And from Samuels son, Jesse, the Randolphs of this county come. Jesse F. Randolph migrated from New Jersey to what is now Salem, West Virginia, when this section of country was in its primitive wilderness, and the red man roamed the forest at will. Here his son, John F. Randolph, grew to manhood and married Miss Experience Brown; and on February 1, 1832, Asa F. Randolph, the progenitor of the Ritchie county family was born, of this union. Asa FitzRandolph married Miss Marvel Maxin, daughter of John Maxin (her mother being a sister of Ezekiel Bee), who was descended from a well-known Rhode Island family that emigrated from New Jersey to Salem with the Fitz Randolphs and the Bees· The marriage took place on October 1, 1851, and, shortly afterwards, they came to this county and settled on the divide between Otterslide and Bone creek; but after a two years residence here, they removed to Doddridge county, where Mr. Randolph opened a tannery, at New Milton; but in 1851, they returned to this vicinity and established a permanent home on the river below Berea, where he operated a tannery for a number of years: and where they reared their family. He and his wife were both strong advocates of education, and despite the many disadvantages that surrounded them, their children nearly all obtained good educations. They were both faithful communicants of the Seventh Day Baptist church, and he was a deacon in this church. Mrs. Randolph died on December 2, 1883; and seven years afterwards, he married Miss Mary H. Saunders, of Alfred, New York, and removed to that state, where he claimed his residence to the end of his earthly race. He died while on a visit to his old home at Berea, on September 3, 19 03, and was laid at rest by the wife of his youth in the Pine Grove cemetery, at Berea. He and his first wife were the parents of eleven children, two of whom died in infancy, and n ine grew to the years of maturity. Their early training developed in them a love for education, and all of them joined the ranks of the teacher, seven of them having taught in this county. Five were graduated from the Alfred University in New York; viz., Experience, California, who is now Mrs. Meathrell, of Berea; Virgil, and Alva, of New York, and Delvenus, of California . Experience, who was the late Mrs. Leon Burdick, of New York, was also graduated from the Alfred Theological Seminary. The other members of the family are: Mrs. Clev Jordan, and the late Mrs. Emza Coon, New York; the late Ellsworth. and Preston, of Berea. (See chapter LI for more extended account of Experience Randolph.)


Husband: Samuel Fitz Randolph

               Born: Oct-  -1738          in Piscataway, Middlesex Co, NJ  1
               Died: Feb-25-1825          in Salem, Harrison Co, (W)VA  1
             Buried:                      in Seventh Day Baptist Church Cemetery, Salem, Harrison Co, WV  1

Source: (1) Susie Davis Nicholson, Davis - The Settlers of Salem, West Virginia, Gordon Printing Co, Strasburg OH, 1979 (Revised & Enlarged) < >, p. 354.

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Samuel Fitz Randolph's Timeline

October 17, 1738
Piscataway Township, Middlesex, New Jersey, Colonial America
October 16, 1761
Age 22
Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States
Age 24
May 13, 1766
Age 27
Piscataway, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States
May 21, 1768
Age 29
Piscataway Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, Colonial America
June 23, 1770
Age 31
Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, USA
March 13, 1773
Age 34
Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States
May 20, 1775
Age 36
Piscataway, Middlesex County, New Jersey
Age 37