General Sam Houston

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General Sam Houston's Geni Profile

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General Samuel Rutherford Houston, of the Texas Army, Won Battle of San Jacinto, Statesman, soldier

Also Known As: "Sam"
Birthdate: (70)
Birthplace: Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, United States
Death: July 26, 1863 (70)
Huntsville, Walker County, Texas, United States (Pneumonia)
Place of Burial: Huntsville, Walker County, Texas, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Maj. Samuel Houston and Elizabeth Blair Paxton
Husband of Diana Rogers and Margaret Lea Moffette Houston
Ex-husband of Eliza Houston
Father of Samuel William Houston, Jr.; Nancy Elizabeth Houston; Margaret Lea Williams; Mary William Morrow; Antoinette Power Bringhurst and 3 others
Brother of Paxton Houston; Robert Houston; James Houston and Christopher Houston

Occupation: General of the Texas Army, Won Battle of San Jacinto, Statesman, soldier, politican, lawyer, Gov. of Texas, General, U.S. Army.
Managed by: Robert Maurice Leahy
Last Updated:

About General Sam Houston

Sam Houston lived twice among the Cherokees, who first nicknamed him "The Raven,' then, during a low point in his life, "Big Drunk." He had a Cherokee wife and she is buried at Fort Gibson National Cemetery, Fort Gibson, Muskogee County' Oklahoma.

Distinguishing himself in combat under General Andrew Jackson, young Houston acquired an important patron. He was elected to two terms in Congress and two terms as governor of Tennessee. Texas declared independence from Mexico on Houston's 43rd birthday, March 2, 1836. At the age of 47, Houston married Margaret Lea, a 21 year old preacher's daughter who bore him eight children and persuaded him to be baptized. At the creek where Houston was baptized, the preacher announced that his sins were washed away. Houston replied, "God help the fishes!" "Old Sam Houston" was the first elected president of the Texas Republic in 1836. When Texas became a state in 1846 he served in the US Senate as Governor.

General Houston won independence for Texas with a victory at San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. Within 18 minutes, 639 Mexican soldiers were killed an 730 captured. Only 8 Texans were killed and around 30 wounded including Houston.

Sam Houston married Eliza Allen in Gallatin on January 22nd 1829. They were married for approximately 7 years - although a problem on their wedding night caused an irreparable split. Upon their divorce - both remarried. Sam married a woman from Mobile, Alabama and Eliza married a man from Mobile. Their new spouses had been married to each other.


Samuel Houston, known as Sam Houston (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863), was a 19th-century American statesman, politician, and soldier. He was born in Timber Ridge in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, of Scots-Irish descent. Houston became a key figure in the history of Texas and was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as a governor of the state. He refused to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union, and resigned as governor. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the Civil War.

His earlier life included migration to Tennessee from Virginia, time spent with the Cherokee Nation (into which he later was adopted as a citizen and took a wife), military service in the War of 1812, and successful participation in Tennessee politics. Houston is the only person in U.S. history to have been the governor of two different states (although other men had served as governors of more than one American territory).

In 1827 Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee as a Jacksonian. In 1829 Houston resigned as Governor and relocated to Arkansas Territory. Shortly afterwards he relocated to Coahuila y Tejas, then a Mexican state, and became a leader of the Texas Revolution.

Sam Houston supported annexation by the United States. In 1832 Houston was involved in an altercation with a U.S. Congressman, followed by a high-profile trial. The city of Houston is named after him. Houston's reputation was honored after his death: posthumous commemoration has included a memorial museum, a U.S. Army base, a national forest, a historical park, a university, and the largest free-standing statue of an American.

THE Sam Houston.

Sam Houston biography and descendants genealogy available at the Sam Houston Memorial Museum website:

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General Sam Houston's Timeline

March 2, 1793
Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia, United States
Age 49
Huntsville, Walker, Texas
September 6, 1846
Age 53
Ravenhill, Walker, Texas
Age 54
Huntsville, Walker, Texas
Age 56
Huntsville, Walker, Texas
Age 58
Huntsville Walker County Texas
June 21, 1854
Age 61
Independence, TX, United States