About Samuel McCorkle
Samuel and Sarah joined the tide of emigrants from Pennsylvania to Virginia.
They lived at Beverly Manor, Augusta County, Virginia; Cow Pasture near the headwaters of the James River. Samuel's will was proved December 16, 1788, Augusta County, Virginia.
b. circa 1720, d. 1788
Event-Misc*: The McCorkle line can be traced and documented to Samuel McCorkle and Sarah (Buchanan ?). Samuel, or his parents, came to Augusta Co., Virginia from their original settlement in the Derry and Paxtang region of Lancaster (now Dauplin) Co., Pennsylvania. According to William Henry Egle, Notes and Queries, Relating to Pennsylvania (pub: 1895), this area was first settled in about 1713 by Scot-Irish Presbyterians. Samuel McCorkle and John Montgomery from the north of Ireland settled in Paxtang prior to 1735. Derry Church (originally Spring Creek) was built in 1720 at a site 14 miles east of Harrisburg and Paxtang Church (originally called Fishing Creek) was located about 3 miles east of Harrisburg. The Rev. John Roan's Congregation of Derry, Paxtang and Mt. Joy (1745-1775) includes Samuel and Alexander McCorkle, as well as, several Mongomerys and Alexanders.
By the late 1740s, a group of the Pennsylvania McCorkles had moved down the Great Valley to the Staunton area of Augusta Co., Virginia. They purchased land from William Beverly in an area known as Beverly Manor. In 1732, Beverly petitioned the Colonial Council, "I could get a number of people from Pennnsylvania to settle on the Shenandoah if I could obtain land there". While the government at Williamsburg and the Church of England did not relish the idea of Presbyterians in Virginia, they did like the barrier to the Indians that these settlers provided. When Beverly surveyed the land in 1736 he noted that some people from Pennsylvania were already settled there. In fact, Beverly and a James McCorkle engaged in a lawsuit since Jamesl was already living on the surveyed tract. The court ruled that Jamesl could stay after he paid nominal sum to Beverly. Some early male McCorkles mentioned in Lyman Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia are: Alexander, James, Robert, Patrick, William, Benjamin, Samuel and John.
From Beverly Manor, some McCorkles moved south down the valley to Rockbridge & Montgomery Co., Virginia and to South Carolina. In about 1790, some of the South Carolina clan moved north into and around Bourbon and Fayette Co., Kentucky. Later, some of these McCorkles moved on to Miami Co., Ohio.
In about 1800, Samuel and John, sons of Samuel and Sarah, moved from Augusta Co., Virginia to Green Co., Kentucky. Samuel then purchased land in Gallia Co. (now Lawrence), Ohio where he was joined by another brother Robert. John was killed while traveling to the new property and Sam moved back to Green Co. Lydia, the widow of John soon moved to the Ray/Clay Co. area of Missouri. Samuel died in Green Co. and Robert died in Lawrence Co.
The foremost McCorkle researcher, the Rev. Louis McCorkle, sorts the early McCorkles as follows:
"The First Three" (may have been the sons of Alexander McCorquodale),
1.James, b.c. 1700 in Argyll Co. Scotland. Landed in Philadelphia and settled in the forks of the Brandywine River in 1729. His wife was Jane and they had seven sons and one daughter.
2.William, also landed in Philadelphia, about 1730 and moved to the Valley of Virginia.
3.Samuel, settled in Paxtany c. 1737, and married an Alexander.
"The Next Generation",
James and Robert of Waxhaw Settlement, South Carolina were almost certainly brothers, probably
the brothers of Samuel and probably the sons of James or William, above.
Alexander, of Lexington, Virginia, b.c. 1720 Ulster, Ireland. Said to be the son of William, above and
probably the borther of James, Robert and Samuel.
Samuel, b.c. 1720, of Augusta, Virginia.
This points to Wiliam (2) as the father of Samuel of Augusta, but as far as I can tell, this is just a guess. Other researchers of the McCorkle line have made this connection, but I have never seen any proof of this at all. It is fairly certain that the Pennsylvania McCorkles came from Argyll, Scotland and some, probably via Ulster, Ireland. Others have guessed James as Samuel's father.
From History of Rockbridge Co., VA, by Oren Morton, Pub., 1920
There are branches of McCorkles in USA, England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany & Denmark.
The McCorkle coat of arms:
Crest: A stag, standing at gaze, attired gules,(i.e. red horns)
Arms: A demi-stag, gules, naissant out of a fesse tortille,(i.e. springing out of a twisted band)
Motto: Vivat Rex!(i.e. Long Live the King)
Development of McCorkle name:
Oldest found: Thorgisl, in the Thorgisl Saga, abt. 700 A.D.
Then: Thurkell, Thurkill, Thorkill, Thorquil, (Thurgesius in Latin), Torquil, Thorquil-dale, MacTorquil-dale, Mac Korkill-dale, McCorkindale, McCorquindall, McCorkuodell, McCorquedill, McCorkell, McCorkel, McCorkle.
Anderson's History of the Scottish Nation says:
Mac Toruil (the son of Torquil), Mac Corkle, the surname of a Highland sept, was founded by Torquil, a prince of Denmark under Kenneth the Great. Kenneth was in Ireland assisting Alpin, King of the Scots, against the Picts. Torquil, a Danish prince, was rewarded with land near Loch Awe, by Kenneth, for preforming a hazardous mission. Mac Torquil is still used in some places in the Highlands and is one of the oldest names in County Argyle. The last lineal descendant is dead. In the great invasion of North Ireland, the family moved to Derry.1
Birth*: circa 1720, It is difficult to estimate a birth date for Samuel. He owned land in Augusta by Feb 27, 1749, but he was not named as a processioner, a job usually reserved for more mature & experienced men. He seems to have been married by 1752. So I am going to guess 1720, but he could have been somewhat older.
Event-Misc: between 1734 and 1749, Orange Co., VA, Road Orders: There are no McCorkles recorded in the Road Orders for Orange Co., VA, the parent county of Augusta.3
Event-Misc: 1745, Augusta Co., VA, 1st court session held. Although was officiall formed in 1738, no legal proceedings were held until 1745.4
Event-Misc: 27 February 1749, Augusta Co., VA, Deed: William Beverley to William Currey, 360 acres Beverley Manor. Corner tract first surveyed for James Bell, now in
possession of Andrew Cowin. Corner William Nutt. Tract surveyed for
Adam Thompson, now belonging to Robert McClenachan. Corner Samuel
McCorkall's land. Corner to James Moody; Cowin's line. Teste: Arthur
Hamilton, John Linn, George Anderson. (Dlw note. The deed for Samuel McCorkle's property is not extant. This is the first mention of Samuel's property in Augusta records.)4
Marriage*: circa 1752, Principal=Sarah Buchanan5
Event-Misc: 15 August 1753, Augusta Co., VA, Road Order: Ordered that the following persons with their Titheables Vizt. Robert Young, Thomas King, John Campbell, James Peiry, John Bigham, William Ledgerwood, Samuel McCorkle, James Caldwell, Andrew & Thomas Scot, Alexander Wright, James Miller, David Stewart, John Black, Nathan Gilliland, John Henderson, Robert McClenahan, Robert Beckenridge, John Cuningham and Major Scot work on the road wherof John Henderson is Overseer.6
Will*: 1 September 1785, Augusta Co., VA, Abstract. 1st September, 1785. Samuel (mark) McCorkles will, planter--To wife, Sarah executrix with Patrick Buchanan; to son, John; to daughter, Mary; to daughter, Martha Callesone; to son, Samuel; to son, Robert; to daughter, Sarah Chapman, and her first son; to daughter, Elizabeth McCorkle; to grandsons, Samuel and Wm. McCorkle. Teste: John Wallace, Mary Buchanan, Jno. Heizer. 16th December, 1788, proved by Wallace and Hizer. Executors qualify.2
Death*: 1788, Augusta Co., VA1,2
Probate: 16 December 1788, Augusta Co., VA, Will proved by John Wallace and Jno. Hizer. Executors qualify.2
Probate: 16 February 1789, Augusta Co., VA, Estate appraised.2
Marriage*: circa 1752, Principal=Sarah Buchanan5
Sarah Buchanan b. c 1735, d. bt 16 Feb 1789 - 17 Sep 1793
John McCorkle+ b. 22 Nov 1753, d. 6 May 1814
Samuel McCorkle+ b. 25 Feb 1759, d. bt 28 Mar 1840 - 20 Apr 1840
Robert McCorkle+ b. 6 Mar 1760, d. 10 Mar 1833
Andrew McCorkle+7 b. c 1762, d. c 1783
Elizabeth McCorkle b. c 1765
Martha McCorkle b. b 1770
Sarah McCorkle+ b. c 1771, d. bt Jun 1840 - Apr 1840
Mary McCorkle b. b 1776
Samuel McCorkle's Timeline
August 23, 1726
Argyllshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
December 22, 1753
Augusta County, Province of Virginia
February 25, 1759
Augusta County, Virginia
March 6, 1760
Staunton, Augusta Co., VA
Augusta Co. VA