Samuel Wolf Oppenheimer

Is your surname Oppenheimer?

Research the Oppenheimer family

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Samuel Wolf Oppenheimer

Birthplace: Rheinpfalz, RP, Germany
Death: May 03, 1703 (72)
Vienna, Austria
Place of Burial: Vienna
Immediate Family:

Son of Simon Wolf Oppenheim and Edel Oppenheim
Husband of Lea Oppenheimer and Sandela Sentille Gentille Oppenheimer
Father of Daniel Moses Oppenheimer; Mendel Menachem Emanuel Oppenheimer; Simon Wolf Oppenheimer; Frumet Guggenheim; Lea Drachen and 1 other
Brother of Sara Sarlan Brilin; Loeb Moshe Schneur Oppenheim and Abraham Oppenheim, Zur Kanne

Occupation: Court Jew, banker, Hoffaktor in Wien, Prêteur, Kaiserlicher Oberhoffactor
Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:

About Samuel Wolf Oppenheimer

Samuel Oppenheimer (born June 21, 1630, Rheinpfalz, Frankfurt or Heidelberg? - May 3, 1703, Vienna) was a banker, imperial court factor, diplomat, and military supplier for the Holy Roman Emperor. He enjoyed special favor of Emperor Leopold I, to whom he advanced considerable sums of money for the Great Turkish War. Prince Eugene of Savoy brought him a large number of valuable Hebrew manuscripts from Turkey, which became the nucleus of the famous David Oppenheimer Library, now comprised in the Bodleian Library at Oxford.

Although the Jews had been recently expelled from Vienna in 1670, the emperor permitted Oppenheimer to settle there, together with his "Gesinde", his followers, who included a number of Jewish families. He even received the privilege of building a mansion in the heart of Vienna. He was appointed "Oberfaktor" and court Jew at the recommendation of Margrave Ludwig of Baden, the imperial general in Hungary, to whom he had advanced 100,000 gulden for war expenses. He also enabled Prince Eugene to provide medical attendance for the army during the Turkish war. About the year 1700, a riot broke out and houses were sacked and property looted. As a result, one man was hanged for sacking Oppenheimer's house and others were imprisoned for participating in the disturbance.

During the Eisenmenger controversy, Oppenheimer took steps to suppress the former's "Entdecktes Judenthum", spending large sums of money to win the court and the Jesuits to the side of the Jews. As a result, an imperial edict was issued forbidding the circulation of Eisenmenger's work. Oppenheimer was employed also by the emperor in political missions which were often of a delicate nature.


Bibliography: L. A. Frankl, Wiener Epitaphien, p. xiv.;

Heinrich Grätz, Gesch. x. 308, 347, 428, 431;

Johann Jakob Schudt, Jüdische Merckwürdigkeiten, i. 351, 428;

Joseph Ritter von Wertheimer, Die Juden in Oesterreich vom Standpunkte der Geschichte, p. 133;

Gerson Wolf, Geschichte der Juden in Wien, 1876;

Constant von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich s.v.

"Die Inschriften des Alten Judenfriedhofes in Wien"

Band II- by Dr. Bernhard Wachstein-NO. 700 page 6

view all 12

Samuel Wolf Oppenheimer's Timeline

June 21, 1630
Rheinpfalz, RP, Germany
Worms ?, Rheinland Pfalz, Deutschland (Germany)
Heidelberg, Germany
Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Frankfurt am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen
May 3, 1703
Age 72
Vienna, Austria
May 3, 1703
Age 72
Frankfurt am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Germany