Samuel Taylor

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Samuel Taylor

Birthdate: (82)
Birthplace: probably at the farm called Holland in the parish of Firth, Orkney, Scotland
Death: November 17, 1894 (82)
St Clements, Manitoba, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of James Taylor in Holland, stonemason and Margaret Olay
Husband of Nancy McKay
Father of William McKay Taylor; Reverend James Taylor; Jane Taylor; Mary Taylor; Robert Taylor and 3 others
Brother of Isabella Taylor
Half brother of James Goudie; Margaret Taylor; Private John Taylor, RM; William Taylor of Midgarth; <private> Taylor and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Samuel Taylor


Hudson's Bay Company Servant: Carpentar and Stonemason at Moose Factory, 1836-57. He retired to Red River Settlement in 1857 and remained there until he died in 1894

Samuel Taylor is the only known son of James Taylor, tenant farmer at Holland in the Orkney parish of Firth, in Scotland, and his second wife, Margaret Olay (Margaret Olay had previously been married to a man named Joseph Goudie, with whom she had a son named James Goudie). In a letter written in 1907, Samuel's son James refers to his paternal grandmother as Margaret Oliver, the Widow Goudie. James believed that his father was born on 22 December 1812 [Orkney Library and Archives, 44 Junction Road, Kirkwall,Orkney, Letter written by James Taylor on 27 December 1907, which is addressed to his cousin, David Rendall, Midgarth, Rendall, Orkney, reference D1/695] but his baptism was registered at Firth in January 1812 and, in view of this, it seems much more likely that he was born in 1811. Possibly, therefore, he was born on 27 December 1811 [Registrar General for Scotland, New Register House, Edinburgh, Baptisms at Firth, 1732-1819, reference OPR.17/1].

Service with the Hudson's Bay Company

Samuel Taylor was a carpentar and stonemason who took up service with the Hudson's Bay Company doing canadianhistory According to his son James, Samuel entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company at Kirkwall on 14 February 1836, in the office of Edward Clouston, and set sail from Stromness on 23 June 1836, on board the ship Prince Albert, which was under the command of Captain Henry Baker [Orkney Library and Archives, 44 Junction Road, Kirkwall,Orkney, Letter written by James Taylor on 27 December 1907, which is addressed to his cousin, David Rendall, Midgarth, Rendall, Orkney, reference D1/695].

Moose Factory, 1836-57

Samuel Taylor arrived at Moose Factory in Ontario, Canada, on 2 September 1836. The Atlantic crossing had taken 72 days. He kept at diary while he was employed there. He noted in his diary of February 1853 that his wife, Nancy McKay, had been issued the sewing that she was paid to do for the company [Myra Rutherdale and Katie Pickles, Contact Zones: Aboriginal and Settler Women in Canada's Colonial Past (UBC Press, 2005), page 25 & Notes 52 & 53 on page 44. Note 52 states Jane Hariott identified her parents as Samuel Taylor (Scot) and Nancy McKay (Half Breed) and cites Jane Hariott script affidavit, RG 15, vol. 1321, series D-11-8-a, LAC. Note 53 cites Samuel Taylor's Journal, pp. 11 and 21, Miscellaneous Diaries, Microfilm, R2.47, Saskatchewan Archives Board (SAB)]

The Red River Settlement, 1857-94

It was around 1857 that Samuel Taylor (1812-1894), an HBC Stonemason from the Orkneys, arrived in Mapleton to begin building the stone church at Mapleton. Sam Taylor wrote in his journal: "On December 1861, Sunday 1st, the Church of St Clements was opened for divine worship by Lord Bishop of Rupertsland and Mr Hunter. The church was full of people from up above and down below. Indeed, many had to go home as it was rather cold that evening." [Saskatchewan Archives Board (SAB) Miscellaneous Diaries, Microfilm, R2.47]

Death and Burial

Samuel Taylor died at St. Clements, Manitoba, Canada, on 17 November 1894, and is buried there in St. Andrew's Churchyard, 3 St Andrews Rd. St. Andrews, Manitoba, Canada. Postal Code: R1A2Y1 For the inscription on his memorial stone see [Find A Grave doing canadianhistory]


Samuel Taylor bought property on Taylor Avenue in Selkirk, and built a house on the south-east corner of Eveline Street, which still stands.Taylor Avenue was named after him Red River Ancestry


According to the Canadian History Directory, Samuel Taylor married Nancy McKay at Moose Factory, James Bay, Saskatchewan, Canada, on 2 February 1847. Nancy was born at Ruperts House in Saskatchewan, Canada, on 11 May 1831. She was the daughter of William McKay and his wife Mary Bunn Taylor Genealogy, 1835-49


Samuel Taylor, and his wife, Nancy Bunn, had eight children whose names are known:

(1) William McKay Taylor,who was probably named after his maternal grandfather

(2) Reverend James Taylor, who was probably named after his paternal grandfather

(3) Jane Taylor

(4) Mary Taylor

(5) Robert Taylor

(6) Ann Elizabeth Frances Taylor

(7) Louisa Taylor

(8) John Taylor.

Biographical Accounts

  1. Red River Ancestry: Samuel Taylor
  2. doing canadianhistory

view all 12

Samuel Taylor's Timeline

December 22, 1811
Orkney, Scotland
January 1, 1812
Parish of Firth, Orkney, Scotland
April 6, 1848
Age 36
Rivière Rupert
April 2, 1850
Age 38
Moose Factory, Ontario, Canada
August 28, 1852
Age 40
Moose Factory, Ontario, Canada
March 13, 1854
Age 42
Moose Factory, Saskatchewan, Canada
September 2, 1856
Age 44
Saskatchewan, Canada
January 11, 1859
Age 47
Manitoba, Canada
November 28, 1861
Age 49
Manitoba, Canada
December 19, 1863
Age 51
Manitoba, Canada