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Saul Adler

Hebrew: שאול אדלר
Birthdate: (70)
Birthplace: Kareličy, Hrodna Province, Belarus
Death: January 25, 1966 (70)
Jerusalem, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Mr. Adler
Brother of Solomon Adler

Occupation: Professor of parasiltology
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Saul Adler

Saul Adler FRS (Hebrew: שאול אדלר) (born 17 May 1895; died - 25 January 1966) was an Israeli expert on Parasitology.

Early life

Adler was born in 1895 in Kerelits (Karelichy), then in the Russian Empire, now in Belarus. In 1900, he and his family moved to England and they settled in Leeds. He studied at University of Leeds and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

One of his brothers was Solomon Adler, the economist.


From 1917 until 1920, Adler served in the Royal Army Medical Corps, attaining the rank of Captain, serving in the Middle East, where he developed his first taste into research into tropical medicine, which he commenced studying after his military service, initially in Liverpool. In 1921, Adler went to Sierra Leone to conduct research into Malaria.

In 1924, Chaim Weizmann offered him a job in Jerusalem to develop the new Institute of Microbiology. Later that year, he emigrated to Mandate Palestine and started working in Hadassah Hospital, becoming director of the department of parasitology in 1927. In 1924, he become Assistant Professor of the Department of Parasitology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, serving as Professor from 1928 to 1955.

In 1930, in conjunction with Israel Aharoni, Adler had three golden hamsters brought back from Syria and successfully bred them as laboratory animals. Every domestic hamster that exists today is descended from the three brought back from Syria.


  • University of Leeds, MB, ChB, Leeds, 1917;
  • Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, DTM, Liverpool, 1920;
  • MRCP 1937;
  • FRCP 1958.


  • In 1933, Chalmers Medal Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, (London).
  • In 1944, elected Chairman of Free Faculty of Medicine of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
  • In 1947, received Order of the British Empire (OBE)
  • In 1957, awarded the Israel Prize, for medicine.
  • In 1957, elected Fellow of the Royal Society (London). He was the first Israeli citizen to be elected.
  • In 1965, awarded Honorary doctorate from the University of Leeds.
  • Awarded the Order of the Phoenix, (Greece).
  • He also received the Tchernichovsky Prize for exemplary translation, for his translation of The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin.


  • He helped find the cure for malaria.
  • A street in Jerusalem is named after him.
  • A room in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem was built in his honour.
  • His portraint appeared on a stamp in Israel in 1995.
  • He proposed that Charles Darwin's 'mystery illness' was Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis). Although this diagnosis has now been disproved, this proposal did much to excite interest in Darwin's chronic ill health.


Saul Adler died in Jerusalem on the 25th January 1966. His funeral was attended by the President of Israel.

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Saul Adler's Timeline

May 17, 1895
Kareličy, Hrodna Province, Belarus
January 25, 1966
Age 70
Jerusalem, Israel