Sayyidi Zayd bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen - 1er Emam Shi'ite Zaidi

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628 - Zayd bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen, *

Persian: زيد بن علي Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen, *
Also Known As: "Zayd ash-Shaheed", "Zaid ash-shaheed"
Birthdate: (45)
Birthplace: Medina, Saudi Arabia
Death: Died in Al-Kufah, An-Najaf, Iraq
Cause of death: Martyred
Place of Burial: Al-Kufah, Iraq
Immediate Family:

Son of Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin and Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Husband of <private>; No Name (1) Zayd bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen and No Name (2) Zauja-e-Zayd bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen
Father of Muhammad Abu Ja'afar bin Zayd bin Ali; Hasan bin Zayd bin Ali; Yahya bin Zayd bin Ali; 'Isa bin Zayd bin Ali; Ali bin Zayd bin Ali and 1 other
Brother of Maulana Imaam Muhammad al-Baaqir bin Imaam 'Ali e Zain ul-'Abideen; 'Abdullah bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen; Ismail @ Yi-Si-Ma-Ai-Le Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen; al-Qaasim bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen; Mir Emad and 4 others
Half brother of Husain al-Asghar bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen; Ali bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen; Mar'ashi and other al-Hussaini Seyyids; 'Umar al-Ashraf bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen; Mirza Ibrahim Ali Baig and 12 others

Occupation: AMIR
Managed by: Kazi Zulkader Siddiqui
Last Updated:

About Sayyidi Zayd bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen - 1er Emam Shi'ite Zaidi

Progenitor of Zaydi Shi'ism (Zaydi Imamate)

1st Shia Zaydi Imaam


  • Wilaadat (Birth): 75 AH (695 AD)
  • Wafaat (Death): 1st Safar 122 AH (9th January 740 AD)

Although he fought bravely, Zayd was killed in battle on the 2nd of Safar in 120 or 122 AH (740 AD) at the age of forty-two by Yusuf ibn 'Amr ath-Thaqafi (the Umayyad governor). His son, Yahya, took his body from the field and buried him away from the city near the river bank, causing the water to flow over it. However, the grave was discovered and, under Yusuf's orders, the body was exhumed, Zayd's head was cut off and sent to Hisham in Syria. In the month of Safar, 121 AH, Hisham had the sacred body of this descendant of the Prophet placed on the gallows entirely naked. For four years the sacred body remained on the gallows. Thereafter, when Walid Ibn Yazid ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan became caliph in 126 AH, he ordered that the skeleton be taken down from the gallows, burnt, and the ashes scattered to the wind.

There are two shrines for Zayd, One is in Kufa, Iraq, the other is in Karak, Jordan. The shrine in Jordan is believed to be the final resting place of the head of Zayd ibn ‘Ali ibn Al-Husayn

All schools of Islam Sunnis and Shias, regard Zayd Ibn Ali as a righteous martyr (Shaheed) against what was regarded as the corrupt leadership of an unjust Caliph. It is even reported that Mujtahid Imam Abu Hanifa, founder of the largest school of Sunni jurisprudence, gave financial support to Zayd's revolt and called on others to join Zayd's rebellion.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zayd_ibn_Ali


37eme generation

Madar Djoun [Zeinat ol Sadat - Bibi Khanum] descend de sa branche)


He is the son of Alī ibn Husayn "Zayn al-Abidīn". And Emam Jaffar Sadeq's uncle.

Ibn Qutaybah in his book “al-Ma‘ārif” republished in 1934 from Egypt writes (at page-73) that one of wives of 4th Shia Imam belonged to Sindh and she was mother of Zayd ibn Ali.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir narrated: "The Holy Prophet put his sacred hand on Husayn bin Ali's back and said: 'O Husayn, it will not be long until a man will be born among your descendants. He will be called Zaid; he will be killed as a martyr. On the day of resurrection, he and his companions will enter heaven, setting their feet on the necks of the people.

Ibn Katheer wrote in his book the Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah that "in the year 56 AH Muawiyah called on the people including those within the outlying territories to pledge allegiance to his son, Yazeed, to be his heir to the Caliphate after him. Almost all the subjects offered their allegiance, with the exception of Abdur Rahman ibn Abu Bakr (the son of Abu Bakr), Abdullah ibn Umar (the son of Umar), Husain ibn Ali (the son of Ali), Abdullah ibn Az-Zubair (the maternal grandson of Abu Bakr) and Abdullah ibn Abbas (Ali's cousin). Because of this Muawiyah passed through al-Madinah on his way back from Makkah upon completion of his Umrah Pilgrimage where he summoned each one of the five aforementioned individuals and threatened them. The speaker who addressed Muawiyah sharply with the greatest firmness amongst them was Abdurrahman ibn Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq, while Abdullah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab was the most soft spoken amongst them.


All schools of Islam, Sunnis and Shias, regard Zayd Ibn Ali as a righteous martyr (Shaheed) against what was regarded as the corrupt leadership of an unjust Caliph. It is even reported that Mujtahid Imam Abu Hanifa, founder of the largest school of Sunni jurisprudence, gave financial support to Zayd's revolt and called on others to join Zayd's rebellion. Zayd's rebellion inspired other revolts by members of his clan, especially in the Hejaz, the most famous among these being the revolt of Imam Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya al-Mahdi against the Abbasids in 762.

Zaydis believe that he was a rightful Caliph and their sect is named after him.

It is believed that from him originated the derogatory word for Imami Shi'ites, Rafida.

[ Rafida, also transliterated as Rafidah, is an Arabic word (collective plural Arabic: الرافضة‎, translit. ar-Rāfiḍa‎; multiple plural Arabic: روافض‎, translit. Rawāfiḍ‎; singular Arabic: رافضي‎, translit. Rāfiḍī‎) meaning "rejectors", "rejectionists", "those who reject" or "those who refuse". The word is derived from the Arabic consonantal root ر ف ض, which as a verb means "to reject". The non-collective singular form is رافضي rāfiḍī "one who rejects". This is an Islamic term which refers to those who, in the opinion of the person using the term, reject legitimate Islamic authority and leadership. Those being called rafida generally consider it to be a pejorative appellation, a negative affect, and an abusive nickname.

The term is used contemporarily in a derogatory manner by Sunni Muslims, especially Salafis, who refer to Shia Muslims as such because Shia Muslims do not recognize Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman as the legitimate successors of Muhammad, and hold Ali to be the rightful first successor. ]

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Sayyidi Zayd bin Imaam Ali-e-Zainul Abideen - 1er Emam Shi'ite Zaidi's Timeline

695
695
Medina, Saudi Arabia
740
January 9, 740
Age 45
Al-Kufah, An-Najaf, Iraq
January 9, 740
Age 45
Al-Kufah, Iraq
????
????
????
Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Medina, Saudi Arabia