|Death:||Died in Assyria|
|Occupation:||King of Assyria (859 BC-824 BC), koning van Assyrië|
|Managed by:||Flemming Allan Funch|
About Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria
Shalmaneser IIIFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (October 2012)
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2012)
Shalmaneser III Assyrian
Statue of Shalmaneser III at Istanbul Archaeological Museums Reign 859 BC – 824 BC Predecessor Ashurnasirpal II Successor Shamshi-Adad V Father Ashurnasirpal II
Shalmaneser III (Šulmānu-ašarēdu, "the god Shulmanu is pre-eminent") was king of Assyria (859 BC – 824 BC), and son of the previous ruler, Ashurnasirpal II.
His long reign was a constant series of campaigns against the eastern tribes, the Babylonians, the nations of Mesopotamia and Syria, as well as Kizzuwadna and Urartu. His armies penetrated to Lake Van and the Taurus Mountains; the Hittites of Carchemish were compelled to pay tribute, and the kingdoms of Hamath and Aram Damascus were subdued.
Contents [hide] 1 Reign 1.1 Against Israel 1.2 Against Tibareni 2 Significance to the Bible 3 Construction and the Black Obelisk 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links
 Reign Kurkh stela of Shalmaneser that commemorates the battle of Carcar.In 853 BC a coalition which was formed by the kingdoms of Egypt, Hamath, Arvad, the Ammonites, "Ahab of Israel" and other neighboring states, under the leadership of king Hadadezer of Damascus, fought the Assyrian king at Battle of Qarqar. However, the Assyrian king persevered in his attempts to subjugate Israel and Syria. Other battles soon followed in 849 BC and 846 BC.
 Against Israel Jehu bows before Shalmaneser III.In 842 BC, Shalmaneser campaigned against Hadadezer's successor Hazael, forcing him to take refuge within the walls of his capital. While Shalmaneser was unable to capture Damascus, he devastated its territory, and Jehu of Israel (whose ambassadors are represented on the Black Obelisk now in the British Museum), together with the Phoenician cities, prudently sent tribute to him in 841 BC. Babylonia had already been conquered as far as the marshes of the Chaldaeans in the south, and the Babylonian king put to death. It was the Assyrian king who defeated the Western coalition at Qarqar.
 Against TibareniIn 836 BC, Shalmaneser sent an expedition against the Tibareni (Tabal) which was followed by one against Cappadocia, and in 832 BC came another campaign against Urartu. In the following year, age required the king to hand over the command of his armies to the Tartan (turtānu commander-in-chief) Dayyan-Assur, and six years later, Nineveh and other cities revolted against him under his rebel son Assur-danin-pal. Civil war continued for two years; but the rebellion was at last crushed by Shamshi-Adad V, another son of Shalmaneser. Shalmaneser died soon afterwards.
 Significance to the BibleHis reign is significant to the Bible (See: Hebrew Bible / Old Testament) because two of his monuments name Biblical figures. The Black Obelisk names Jehu son of Omri and the Kurkh Monolith names king Ahab in reference to the Battle of Karkar.
 Construction and the Black Obelisk Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III in the British Museum.He had built a palace at Calah, and left several editions of the royal annals recording his military campaigns, the last of which is engraved on the Black Obelisk from Calah.
The Black Obelisk is a significant artifact from his reign. It is a black limestone, bas-relief sculpture from Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), in northern Iraq. It is the most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, and is historically significant because it displays the earliest ancient depiction of an Israelite. On the top and the bottom of the reliefs there is a long cuneiform inscription recording the annals of Shalmaneser III. It lists the military campaigns which the king and his commander-in-chief headed every year, until the thirty-first year of reign. Some features might suggest that the work had been commissioned by the commander-in-chief, Dayyan-Assur.
The second register from the top includes the earliest surviving picture of an Israelite: the Biblical Jehu, king of Israel. Jehu severed Israel’s alliances with Phoenicia and Judah, and became subject to Assyria. It describes how Jehu brought or sent his tribute in or around 841 BC. The caption above the scene, written in Assyrian cuneiform, can be translated:
"The tribute of Jehu, son of Omri: I received from him silver, gold, a golden bowl, a golden vase with pointed bottom, golden tumblers, golden buckets, tin, a staff for a king [and] spears."
It was erected as a public monument in 825 BC at a time of civil war. It was discovered by archaeologist Sir Austen Henry Layard in 1846.
 See alsoList of artifacts significant to the Bible Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III Short chronology timeline  References1.^ "Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser II". Mcadams.posc.mu.edu. http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Assyria/Inscra01.html. Retrieved 26 October 2012.  Sources1911 Encyclopædia Britannica  External links Media related to Shalmaneser III at Wikimedia Commons
Gates of Shalmanser III and Assunasirpal. Bronze Reliefs from the Gates of Shalmaneser King of Assyria Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III Babylonian and Assyrian Literature. Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III Preceded by Ashurnasirpal II King of Assyria 859–824 BC Succeeded by Shamshi-Adad V Persondata Name Shalmaneser Iii Alternative names Short description Date of birth Place of birth Date of death Place of death Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shalmaneser_III&oldid=519939283" View page ratingsRate this page Rate this page Page ratings What's this?Current average ratings. Trustworthy
I am highly knowledgeable about this topic (optional) I have a relevant college/university degreeIt is part of my professionIt is a deep personal passionThe source of my knowledge is not listed here I would like to help improve Wikipedia, send me an e-mail (optional) We will send you a confirmation e-mail. We will not share your e-mail address with outside parties as per our feedback privacy statement.Submit ratings
Saved successfullyYour ratings have not been submitted yetYour ratings have expiredPlease reevaluate this page and submit new ratings. An error has occurred. Please try again later. Thanks! Your ratings have been saved.Do you want to create an account?An account will help you track your edits, get involved in discussions, and be a part of the community.Create an accountorLog inMaybe later Thanks! Your ratings have been saved.Did you know that you can edit this page?Edit this pageMaybe later Categories: Assyrian kings823 BC deathsHidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2012All articles lacking in-text citationsArticles needing additional references from October 2012All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from June 2007Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009Persondata templates without short description parameterNavigation menuPersonal tools Create accountLog inNamespaces ArticleTalkVariantsViews ReadEditView historyActions Search
Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia InteractionHelp About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia ToolboxWhat links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationCite this pageRate this page Print/exportCreate a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languagesالعربية Català Česky Deutsch Español Esperanto Euskara Français 한국어 Bahasa Indonesia Italiano Magyar Nederlands 日本語 Norsk (bokmål) Occitan Polski Português Română Slovenčina Српски / srpski Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Suomi Svenska Türkçe Tiếng Việt 中文 This page was last modified on 26 October 2012 at 12:53.
Contact us http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shalmaneser_III
About Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria (عربي)
About Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria (עברית)
О Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria (русский)