Shambhu Nath Pandit

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Shambhu Nath Pandit

Birthdate: (47)
Birthplace: Varanasi(Kashi), India
Death: June 06, 1867 (43-51)
Kolkata, West Bengal, India (Carbuncle)
Immediate Family:

Son of Shiv Prasad Ghaugai
Husband of Haridasi Pandit and Swaroop Rani Pandit
Father of Radha Gobindo Pandit; Shankar Nath Pandit; Pran Nath Pandit; Saraswati Pandit; Mohini Pandit and 1 other
Brother of Pandit Ambar Nath Pandit

Occupation: High court Judge
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Shambhu Nath Pandit

Shambhu Nath is famous by the name Shambhu Nath Pandit. One of South Kolkata's main road in Bhowanipur area is named after him 'Shambhu Nath Pandit Street'. Also a major hospital of South Kolkata is named after him as Shambhu Nath Pandit Hospital.

Mr Pandit was the first Indian to be appointed as Judge of Calcutta (Kolkata) High Court in !863 and occupied that position till his death in 1867. It is said, he had two wives, one was Bengali and the second one a Kashmiri. We are decendents of the Kashmiri wife.

Mr Pandit was born in Calcitta in 1820 and breathed his last in 1867.

In 1861 he joined Diwani Adalat as a Record Keeper. He qualified as a lawyer in 1848. Pointed out defects in legal system to the government and some laws were ammended with his help. He taught law in Presidency College and became Senior Government Counsel.

Vinod Razdan

The late Hon'ble Sambhu Nath Pandit, son of Sadasiv Pandit, Kashmirian Brahman, was born in Calcutta in 1820. He was adopted by his uncle with the permission of his father Sadasiv, who was a Peshkar in the late Saddar Court.

As the climate of Calcutta did not suit the health of Shambhu Nath, he was sent to his maternal uncle at Lucknow, where he studied the Urdu and Persian languages. He was afterwards sent to Benaras to learn English. At the age of fourteen he returned to Calcutta, and was admitted into the Oriental Seminary, where he made a good progress in literature, but showed no signs of improvement in mathematics. He left school in 1841, and became an assistant to the Record Keeper of the late Saddar Court on Rs. 20 per mensem. Here, he used to eam something more by translating Persian and Bengali documents; for which qualification Messrs. Macleod and French entertained a good opinion of him. In 1845, ho was appointed a Decreejari Molinrir under Sir Robert Barlow, and gave every satisfaction in the discharge of his duties. He was the President of the Bhowanipur Brahma Samnj, and published a brochure "On the Being of God." In the year 1846, he edited and published "his notes and comments on Bacon's Essays," which Captain Richardson highly appreciated. The Government and the Saddar Judges approved his little work, " On the Law relating to the execution of Decrees." Shortly after, Sambhu Nath was » candidate for the post of Reader, but being disappointed in obtaining it, he made up his mind to join the Bar of the Saddar Court. Mr. Kirkpatrick, the then Registrar of that Court, gave him a good certificate for the purpose of enabling him to appear at the Pleadership Examination which he passed most successfully, and received the usual Sannad on the 16th November, 1848. Within a short time Sambhu Nath proved himself to be a distinguished criminal lawyer and his law articles in the Hindu Patriot pleased the Judges very much. The Hou'ble Mr. Bethune wrote to him on the 8th April, 1852 "informing him that the Calcutta School Book Society was about to reprint Pearson's Bdkyavali, and asking him to supply a few pages on law terms and subjects connected with courts of law, which would add rery much to the usefulness of the work. Sambhu Nath accordingly supplied the desideratum." The Government appointed him a Junior Government Pleader on the 28th March 1853, and shortly after "he was deputed by Government to Murshidabad to conduct the prosecution of Aman Ali Khan Bahadur and others, ministers and courtiers of His Highness the Nawab Nazim of Bengal charged with the murder of a slave." In the year 1855, he was appointed by Government "to the Cliair of Regulation Law in the Presidency College on a salary of Rs. 400 a month," which office he held for nearly two years, during which he published some parts of his law lectures. He succeeded Babu Rama Prasad Roy as Senior Government Pleader in the year 1861. Sometime after, the Chief Justice, the Hon'ble Sir Bernes Peacock, " wrote to him to enquire whether he was willing to take his seat on the Bench. In due course the Royal Letter Patent conferring the appointment on him came out accompanied by a private letter from Sir Charles Wood, the then Secretary of State for India. Sambhu Nath accepted the high office." He was highly distinguished for taking an active part with the Chief Justice " in settling the important law relating to the resumption of Lakhiraj lands." Sambhu Nath was always found upright in the administration of justice, and was liked by all classes of men. He was a strong advocate of female education, was the first to send his daughter to Mr. Bethune's School, and took great interest in the welfare of the institution. Sambhu Nath was very courteous and gentle in his habits, and possessed such a charitable disposition that he spent one-third of his income in distributing medicine to the poor aud maintaining a Urge number of orphans and poor boys at school. He was very fond of angling and no less a lover of other national sports.

Sambhu Nath, when only 42 years old, was attacked with a carbuncle and died on the 6th June, 1867, deeply regretted by the judges of the High Court, his friends and admirers. He left two sons, Pran Nath Pandit, M. A. R. L., and Bisvambhar Nath Pandit. The former passed his M. A. Examination in Sanskrit, and has received the title of Sarasvati, but the latter is still a student in the Sanskrit College. Pran Nath Sarasvati is now practising in the High Court as a Junior Pleader. Ho resides with his brother at there paternal house, situated at Bhowauipur, near Calcutta.

Excert from - "The modern history of Indian chief's, rajah's and Zamindars, by Lokhnatha Ghosh in 1881, (Page 410)

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Shambhu Nath Pandit's Timeline

1820
1820
Varanasi(Kashi), India
1840
1840
Age 20
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
1867
June 6, 1867
Age 47
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, West Bengal, India