Sir Henry Cholmeley, Kt., MP

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Henry Cholmeley, Kt., MP

Birthdate: (60)
Birthplace: Whitby, North Yorkshire, England
Death: January 1616 (59)
York, Yorkshire, England (Hunting accident)
Place of Burial: York, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Richard Cholmeley, Kt., MP and Lady Catherine Clifford
Husband of Margaret Cholmeley
Father of Sir Richard Cholmley, MP, of Whitby, Yorks.; Barbara Belasyse; Dorothy Bushell; Mary Fairfax; Margaret Conyers and 5 others
Brother of Katherine Dutton
Half brother of Margaret Constable; John Scrope; Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton; George Scrope; Edward Scrope and 14 others

Occupation: Subsidy collector,Y/shire,Forester in fee-Pickering Forest, JP
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Henry Cholmeley, Kt., MP

Family and Education

  • b. 1556, only son of Sir Richard Cholmley† of Whitby by his 2nd wife Catherine, daughter of Henry, 1st Earl of Cumberland, widow of John, 8th Lord Scrope of Bolton.
  • Educ. Hart Hall, Oxford by 1568; Jesus, Camb. 1573; Caius, Cambridge, fellow commoner 18 Aug. 1573, aged 17; L. Inn 1577.
  • m. Margaret, daughter of Sir William Babthorpe of Babthorpe, Yorkshire, 3 sons, 9 daughtgers,
  • succeeds half-brother 1586.
  • Knighted April 1603.[1]

Offices Held

  • Subsidy collector, Yorkshire 27 and 31 year of Elizabeth's reign;
  • forester in fee, Pickering forest, duchy of Lancaster by 1586;
  • Justice of the Peace for Yorkshire, North Riding, by 1599.[2]

Biography

Through his mother, Cholmley was connected with two of the most influential north country families, the Cliffords and the Scropes. In all probability he owed his election as knight of the shire for Westmorland to the hereditary sheriff of that county, his cousin the 3rd Earl of Cumberland, who ‘loved him dearly’, ‘frequented much his company’ and helped to ruin him. Cholmley is not mentioned by name in the extant parliamentary journals. However, as knight of the shire, he may have served on committees concerned with enclosures (5 Nov.), the poor law (5, 22 Nov.), armour and weapons (8 Nov.), penal laws (8 Nov.), monopolies (10 Nov.) and the subsidy (15 Nov.).[3]

During his early years Cholmley lived with his mother at Roxby, moving to Whitby, the main family seat, on the death without issue of his half-brother Francis in 1586. His succession to the considerable Cholmley estate was challenged by Marmaduke Cholmley of Bransby, son and heir of Roger, the second son of Sir Richard by his first marriage. When the ‘long and chargeable’ suit was finally decided in Henry Cholmley’s favour he made a generous settlement on Marmaduke and Marmaduke’s heirs. This may have contributed to his subsequent financial difficulties, as much as his friendship with his cousin Cumberland and his own extravagance. At any rate by 1600 he had begun to dispose of his personal estates, and was trying to discover ‘by the lawyers’ invention’ a way to break the entail on the remainder. Finally, with much land sold, and debts increasing, he turned over what was left to his eldest son Richard, and retired to York with his wife and family.[4]

Though Cholmley himself conformed to the established church, many of his family did not. His mother was a Catholic and his wife was a recusant, imprisoned for over a year. Cholmley himself, though a j.p., was widely accused of sheltering other Catholics, priests as well as tenants; on the other hand he was thought responsible for naming over 20 recusants in the Whitby area in 1604. A tall, corpulent man in his later years, Cholmley died intestate at York following a hunting accident and was buried at St. John’s, York, 13 Jan. 1616.[5]

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603

Author: B.D.

Notes

  • This biography is largely based upon Sir Hugh Cholmley, Mems. (1787).
  • 1. Clay, Dugdale’s Vis. York. ii. 249; Vis. York. ed. Foster, 220.
  • 2. CSP Dom. 1595-7, p. 5; 1598-1601, p. 363; N. Riding Rec. Soc. n.s. i. 222.
  • 3. D’Ewes, 552, 553, 555, 557, 561.
  • 4. Wards 9/85/465-6; VCH Yorks. N. Riding, ii. 20, 470, 496, 519.
  • 5. CSP Dom. 1598-1601, p. 188; York. Arch. Jnl. xxxvii. 25; APC, xxiv. 313-14; York Wills (Yorks. Arch. Soc. rec. ser. xxxii), 154.

---

  • 'Sir Henry Cholmondley1
  • 'M, b. circa 1549, d. 1614
  • Father Sir Richard Cholmeley2 b. c 1513
  • Mother Catherine Clifford2 b. 1517, d. 1598
  • ' Sir Henry Cholmondley was born circa 1549 at of Whitby, Yorkshire, England.1 He married Margaret Babthorpe, daughter of Sir William Babthorpe and Barbara Constable, circa 1579.1 Sir Henry Cholmondley died in 1614.1 He was buried on 13 January 1615 at St. John's, York, Yorkshire, England.3
  • 'Family Margaret Babthorpe b. c 1553
  • Child
    • Barbara Cholmondley+1 d. 28 Feb 1619
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 264.
  • 2.[S11576] A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland, by John Burke, Esq. and John Bernard Burke, Esq., p. 113.
  • 3.[S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, SLC Archives.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p3496.htm#i105006
  • ______________________
  • 'Sir Henry Cholmeley1
  • M, #129412
  • Last Edited=15 Sep 2004
  • ' Sir Henry Cholmeley lived at Whitby, Yorkshire, England.1
  • 'Child of Sir Henry Cholmeley and Margaret Babthorpe
    • 1.Barbara Cholmeley+1
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 89. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p12942.htm#i129412
  • ______________
  • 'Sir Henry Cholmeley1
  • M, #435635
  • Last Edited=29 May 2010
  • ' Sir Henry Cholmeley lived at Roxby, Yorkshire, England.1
  • Child of Sir Henry Cholmeley
    • 1.Mary Cholmeley+1 d. 8 Jan 1650
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1373. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p43564.htm#i435635
  • _________

Links

 

Henry Cholmley (died 1616)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Henry Cholmley of Roxby in Whitby Strand (1556 - 1616), was an English Member of Parliament.

He was the only son of Sir Richard Cholmley of Whitby, Yorkshire. He was educated at Hart Hall, Oxford (by 1568), Jesus College, Cambridge (1573) and Caius College, Cambridge, where he was a fellow commoner in 1573, after which he studied law at Lincoln's Inn in 1577. On the death of his half-brother in 1596 he inherited the family seat at Whitby.

He was elected a Member (MP) of the Parliament of England for Westmorland in 1597. He was knighted in 1603.

His wife, Margaret Babthorpe (daughter of Sir William Babthorpe (himself the son of Sir William Babthorpe) and Barbara Constable (herself a daughter of Sir Robert Constable), whom he married in about 1575, was a matrilineal descendant of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, and the mitochondrial DNA descent through which the remains of Richard III of England were identified in 2013 passes through her and their daughter Barbara Cholmley (c. 1575 - 28 February 1619), who married Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg. Though his wife was a devout Roman Catholic, the couple converted to Protestantism in 1603.[1]

Sir Henry and his wife had three sons and nine daughters. He was succeeded by his son Richard. Source : Wikipedia

 

History of Parliament Online


 
 

CHOLMLEY, Henry (1556-1616), of Whitby, Yorks.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981 Available from Boydell and Brewer (Source:

WESTMORLAND

1597

Family and Education

b. 1556, o.s. of Sir Richard Cholmley† of Whitby by his 2nd w. Catherine, da. of Henry, 1st Earl of Cumberland, wid. of John, 8th Lord Scrope of Bolton. educ. Hart Hall, Oxf. by 1568; Jesus, Camb. 1573; Caius, Camb., fellow commoner 18 Aug. 1573, aged 17; L. Inn 1577. m. Margaret, da. of Sir William Babthorpe of Babthorpe, Yorks., 3s. 9da. suc. half-bro. 1586. Kntd. Apr. 1603.1

Offices Held

Subsidy collector, Yorks. 27 and 31 Eliz.; forester in fee, Pickering forest, duchy of Lancaster by 1586; j.p. Yorks. (N. Riding) by 1599.2

Biography

Through his mother, Cholmley was connected with two of the most influential north country families, the Cliffords and the Scropes. In all probability he owed his election as knight of the shire for Westmorland to the hereditary sheriff of that county, his cousin the 3rd Earl of Cumberland, who ‘loved him dearly’, ‘frequented much his company’ and helped to ruin him. Cholmley is not mentioned by name in the extant parliamentary journals. However, as knight of the shire, he may have served on committees concerned with enclosures (5 Nov.), the poor law (5, 22 Nov.), armour and weapons (8 Nov.), penal laws (8 Nov.), monopolies (10 Nov.) and the subsidy (15 Nov.).3

During his early years Cholmley lived with his mother at Roxby, moving to Whitby, the main family seat, on the death without issue of his half-brother Francis in 1586. His succession to the considerable Cholmley estate was challenged by Marmaduke Cholmley of Bransby, son and heir of Roger, the second son of Sir Richard by his first marriage. When the ‘long and chargeable’ suit was finally decided in Henry Cholmley’s favour he made a generous settlement on Marmaduke and Marmaduke’s heirs. This may have contributed to his subsequent financial difficulties, as much as his friendship with his cousin Cumberland and his own extravagance. At any rate by 1600 he had begun to dispose of his personal estates, and was trying to discover ‘by the lawyers’ invention’ a way to break the entail on the remainder. Finally, with much land sold, and debts increasing, he turned over what was left to his eldest son Richard, and retired to York with his wife and family.4

Though Cholmley himself conformed to the established church, many of his family did not. His mother was a Catholic and his wife was a recusant, imprisoned for over a year. Cholmley himself, though a j.p., was widely accused of sheltering other Catholics, priests as well as tenants; on the other hand he was thought responsible for naming over 20 recusants in the Whitby area in 1604. A tall, corpulent man in his later years, Cholmley died intestate at York following a hunting accident and was buried at St. John’s, York, 13 Jan. 1616.5

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603

Author: B.D.

Notes

This biography is largely based upon Sir Hugh Cholmley, Mems. (1787). 1. Clay, Dugdale’s Vis. York. ii. 249; Vis. York. ed. Foster, 220. 2. CSP Dom. 1595-7, p. 5; 1598-1601, p. 363; N. Riding Rec. Soc. n.s. i. 222. 3. D’Ewes, 552, 553, 555, 557, 561. 4. Wards 9/85/465-6; VCH Yorks. N. Riding, ii. 20, 470, 496, 519. 5. CSP Dom. 1598-1601, p. 188; York. Arch. Jnl. xxxvii. 25; APC, xxiv. 313-14; York Wills (Yorks. Arch. Soc. rec. ser. xxxii), 154.


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Sir Henry Cholmeley, Kt., MP's Timeline

1556
1556
Whitby, North Yorkshire, England
1580
October 1580
Age 24
Whitby, Yorkshire , England
1581
1581
Age 25
Whitby, Yorkshire, England
1587
April 15, 1587
Age 31
Pickering, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
1590
1590
Age 34
Yorkshire, UK
1593
1593
Age 37
Grandmount, Whitby, Roxby, England
1616
January 13, 1616
Age 60
York, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
January 1616
Age 60
York, Yorkshire, England
????