Sir Hugh du Plessis, Knight

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Sir Hugh du Plessis

Also Known As: "Placetes"
Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
Death: July 7, 1292 (51-59)
Hook Norton, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Jean du Plessis, de jure uxoris 7th Earl of Warwick and Chrétienne Du Plessis
Husband of Isabel Bisset; Joan Plessis and Millicent
Father of Christiane du Plessis, Baroness Segrave; Alice de Plessis; Dionisia du Plessis; Margaret Du Plessis and Hugh de Plessis, Baron

Occupation: Lord of Headington, Baron of Arundel
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Sir Hugh du Plessis, Knight

Held moiety of Combe Bisset

Hugh de Plessets, who, doing his homage in April, 1263, had livery of the manors of Oxenardton, Kedelinton, and Stuttesdon, co. Oxford, which were his mother's inheritance; the two former being holden of the king by barony, for which manors in the 48th Henry III [1264] he paid £100 for his relief.

This feudal lord m. Isabel, dau. of John de Riparius, and dying in 1291, was s. by his son, Hugh de Plessets.

[Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 439, Plessets, or Plessetis, Earl of Warwick, Baron Plessets]

Alt Birth: Abt 1236 Arundel Castle, Sussex, England 3

The Basset/de Plessis family (Lords from 1179 to at least 1215)

   * Thomas Basset sr, the son of Gilbert Basset and Edith (daughter of Robert D'Oilli and Edith de Greystock) held office as Sheriff of Oxfordshire in 1163-4. He given the Lordship of Headington in 1179 for military services rendered to Henry II, along with the Bullingdon hundred and the hundred without the North Gate of Oxford. He was also lord of the manors of Bicester, Wretchwick, and Stratton (all in the honour of Wallingford). He died by the end of 1182
   * Thomas Basset jr, son of Thomas sr, succeeded his father as Lord of the Manor of Headington in around 1182. He was also Lord of the Manor of Haseley and Governor of Oxford Castle, and held office as Sheriff of Oxfordshire. He held office as Sheriff of Oxfordshire in 1199. He was a member of the royal council and supported King John at Runnymede on 15 June 1215, and died in 1231. His heir was his daughter Philippa
   * Philippa Basset was wife to the Earl of Warwick, but married Richard Suard, who brought disaster to Headington. In 1234 Henry III’s brother, Earl Richard (Lord of the Manor of Beckley) was granted full licence to carry off the Headington houses to Beckley in compensation for the houses there that Suard had burnt down. He was banished by the king in 1239, and divorced by Philippa, who died in 1265
   * Hugh de Plessis, married to the youngest of Philippa’s daughters, bought out the one-third share in the Manor of Headington inherited by each of the other two and became sole Lord of the Manor. In 1280 his wife died, and he agreed to sell Headington back to the King in exchange for the Manor of Compton and £200

'Kidlington: Economic history', A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock (1990), pp. 194-203. URL: Date accessed: 04 September 2009. :

... In 1279 Hugh de Plessis had 2 ploughlands, and in 1301 the demesne comprised 116a. of arable, 21 a. of meadow, and 12 a. of pasture. (fn. 68) In 1337 the 2 ploughlands contained 146 a. of arable, scattered in the common fields, pasture called 'le Revegore', and 24 a. of meadow. (fn. 69) A demesne of comparable size was recorded in 1349 and 1379; in 1437 demesne land comprising 191 a. of arable, 60 a. of pasture, and 40 a. of meadow was reported. (fn. 70) In Thrupp in 1279 each of the three lords among whom the manor was divided held 3 yardlands in demesne. (fn. 71) In 1450 William de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, who had acquired almost the whole of the original manor, held 18 yard-lands, 40 a. of meadow, and 100 a. of pasture in Thrupp, (fn. 72) but that probably included the tenants' land. No demesne was recorded in 1553 when there were 30 ½ copyhold yardlands, but in 1606 Philip Babington held 180 a., presumably in demesne, in Thrupp and Kidlington. (fn. 73)

In 1279 the 41 villeins on Hugh de Plessis's manor paid money rents of 5s. a yardland and worked, were tallaged, and redeemed their sons at the lord's will. The 23 villeins in Thrupp held on similar terms, though at slightly higher money rents. (fn. 74) In 1301 the villeins on the de Plessis manor weeded for 2 days, mowed for 3 days, spread and made hay for 4 days, carried with their own carts for 2 days, reaped for 2 days with 2 men, cut down stubble for ½ day with one man, and ploughed for 3 days; they also carried wood at Christmas, and most of them owed 2 salt works at Martinmas. (fn. 75) The villeins owed similar hoeing, ploughing, mowing, haymaking, and carrying services in 1337; in addition they gave 100s. 'gyldegyft' at Michaelmas, and 8 cocks and 102 hens at Christmas. (fn. 76) No works were recorded in 1349, when the villeins paid 14s. for all services. (fn. 77) Services were being exacted from Oseney abbey's tenants as late as 1357 when a man was amerced for defaulting on his mowing, haymaking, and reaping services, (fn. 78) but much of the work on the abbey's land was done by paid labourers. In 1290-1 the abbey paid 3 ploughmen, a carter, a driver, a dairyman, a swineherd, 5 forkers (harvest workers), a boy to drive the plough when the ploughmen did their autumn works, and extra reapers and hoers. Customary work carried out by the tenants included building a dovecot. (fn. 79)

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Sir Hugh du Plessis, Knight's Timeline

Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
Age 26
Age 26
Kidlington, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
Age 26
Age 28
Codlington, Lancashire, England
Age 30
July 7, 1292
Age 55
Hook Norton, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England