About Sir James Lawrence, 5th Squire of Ashton
- b. 1428, d. 1490
- Father Robert Lawrence b. c 1391, d. 3 Apr 1450
- Mother Amphilis Longford
- 5th Squire of Ashton
Major Life Events
James Lawrence was born in 1428 in England.2
- first Cecily Boteler.3
- second Eleanor de Welles, daughter of Lionell de Welles and Joan de Waterton, and dowager baroness of Hoos and Hastings.4 James died in 1490 in England.2
Children of James and Cecily Boteler
- Thomas Lawrence b. c 1466, d. c 1504
- John Lawrence d. 1514
- Robert Lawrence
- Agnes Lawrence
- James Lawrence
Children of James and Eleanor de Welles
- Jane Lawrence
- Alianor Lawrence
James was also known as [Sir] James Lawrence.
Sir James Lawrence was the fifth Squire of Ashton and perhaps the wealthiest of the gentry of Lancashire. He owned the Manors of Ashton, Stodday, Heysham, Middleton, Carnforth, Scotforth, and Crag House along with other farms in Bolton, Forton, Sketon, and Overton and burgages in Lancaster. These properties were said to have yielded £6000 per annum.3
James was 22 when his father died in 1450.2
On 1454 there was received for the Earl of Richmond £13 6s. 8d. for two parts of the rents of Ashton and Carnforth. The farmer's name is not given, but it would be James Lawrence. James Lawrence of Ashton demised to William Patchet for eleven years the Ox Pasture in Carnforth, on which he was to erect a water mill, at a rent of 20s.5
Sir James Lawrence was knighted by Lord Stanley at Haddonfield during the wars in Scotland in 1482.6 A History of Lancaster Golf Club states that James fought against the Scots at Hutton Field in 1482.
In 1484, a dispute began between the Lawence and Lumley families as to the advowson of the church at Warton. Sir James asserted that the avowson of the Church of Warton was attached to the land called Saltacre and claimed the partonage of the Church. A fourth part of the advowson was included in the Clifton estates in 1532, no doubt in the right of Lawrence.7 On 6 March 1489/90 Robert Lawrence his son was instituted.8
At his death in 1490, Sir James held burgages in Lancaster the rent being included in the 20 marks paid to the duchy by the community. This part of the inheritance was divided among several heirs. John Butler of Rawcliffe held of the king in socage in 1543; his heirs - Rishton and Standish of Duxbury held in free burgage; Henry Halsall held of the king in socage in 1574, but the Molyneux heirs in 1548 and 1623 were said to hold in free burgage. Richard Skillicorne was another Lawrence heir. His male ancestor, Adam, had held messuages, etc., in Lancaster in 1371.9
Sir James also held land in Scotforth by knight's service,10 the manor of Middleton by rent of 1d.,11 the manor of Overton of the king as duke in socage by the rent of one rose,12 the manor of Forton of the king as duke by rendering a grain of pepper yearly,13 the manor of Heysham of the king as Duke of Lancaster by service of a grain of pepper yearly,14 and held lands in Bolton by rent of 2d.15 He also held a manor of Skerton by 2d. rent to which Thomas Rigmaiden and Richard Skillicorn seem to have suceeded.16 and three messuages, etc., in Warton which John Rigmaiden held afterwards.17
He held the manor of Ellel with appurtenances, known as Crag House, of the king by rent of 1/2d. and through the Skillicornes, Evan Haughton seems to have been the responsible tenant in 1608. (Richard Skillecorne died in 1534 holding "Lawrence lands" in Ellel of the king in socage by 1/2d. rent.)18 Additionally James held the manor of Carnforth with messuages, lands, etc., of the king in socage paying 4d. yearly. Another inquiry also indicates he held lands by knight's service.5 He held a moiety of the manor of Carleton of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster in socage by 1d. rent.19
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 52.
- [S172] Schuyler Lawrence, Communication to NEHGS.
- [S79] Kenan Lawrence, Manuscript, History of The Lawrence Family in England, Virginia, and North Carolina with Historical Sketches and Genealogical Outlines of The Lawrence Family in Connecticut, Maryland and South Carolina, 9 July 1964 Virginia State Archives.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 168.
- [S173] Schuyler Lawrence, The Lawrences: Squires of Ashton, Lancs.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 155.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 158.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 39.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 56.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 73.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 62.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 107.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 113.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 134.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 61.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 163.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VIII, page 99.
- [S272] William Farrer and J. Brownbill editors Victoria History of Lancastershire, Volume VII, page 229.
- James Lawrence1
- M, #56075
- Father Sir Robert Lawrence
- Mother Amphilbus Longford1
- James Lawrence was born at of Ashton Hall, Lancashire, England.1 He married Cecily Boteler.1
- Family Cecily Boteler
- [S35] Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford, Families Directly Descended, p. 92.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1866.htm#i56075
- Cecily BUTLER
- Born: ABT 1423
- Died: ABT 1455
- Father: John BUTLER of Warrington (Sir Knight)
- Mother: Isabel HARRINGTON
- Married: James LAWRENCE of Standish (b. 1428 - d. 1490) (son of Robert Lawrence and Amphilia Longford) (m.2 Eleanor De Welles) Ashton Hall, Lancashire, England
- 1. Thomas LAWRENCE of Ashton (Sir) (b. 1470 - d. 1540)
- 2. John LAWRENCE (Esq.)
- 3. Robert LAWRENCE (Rev.)
- 4. James LAWRENCE
- 5. Agnes LAWRENCE
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BUTLER4.htm#Cecily BUTLER1
- A genealogical memoir of the family of John Lawrence, of Watertown, 1636; with brief notices of others of the name in England and America (1847)
- It is, however, to one ROBERT LAWRENCE, of Lancashire, we are to look for the first individual of the name whose family and circumstances entitle him to be considered the Ancestor of the Lawrences of England. Born, probably, as early as A. D. 1150, he accompanied his sovereign, Richard Coeur de Lion, to the war of the Crusades, in the Holy Land, and so distinguished himself in the siege of Acre that he was knighted Sir Robert of Ashton Hall, and obtained for his arms, " Arg. a cross raguly Gu. " — A. D. 1191.
- Seized of Ashton Hall in Lancashire, his successors held this seat for many generations, and it has been said to have belonged, even of late, to some of Sir Robert's descendants. His son and immediate successor married a daughter of James Trafford, Esq., of Trafford, Lancashire, by whom he had a son and heir, James, who succeeded Sir Robert, his father.
- JAMES married Matilda de Washington, daughter of John Washington, of Washington, in 1252. She was an heiress, the only daughter. The son and successor of James Lawrence " living in the thirty-seventh year of Henry III. " by Matilda, was John, who married Margaret, daughter of Walter Chesford, whose son, named John, succeeding his father, married Elizabeth, daughter of --- Holt, of Stably, in Lancashire, and died A. D. 1360.
- Sir ROBERT, a knight, son and heir of John and Elizabeth Lawrence, married Margaret Holden, of Lancashire, by whom he had sons: first, Robert, ancestor of the Lawrences of Standish, Crich Grange and Sevenhampton ; second, Thomas; third, William; fourth, Edmund; — ancestors of other principal branches of the name in England.
- I. Sir ROBERT, son of Sir Robert and Margaret Lawrence, born before 1454, married Amphilbis, daughter of Edward Longford, Esq., of Longford, and had sons : first, James, a knight, styled " Sir James of Standish," to distinguish him from another of the name living at the time. He married Cecily, daughter of --- Boteler, Esq., of Lancashire, an heiress, and had issue, two sons and a daughter.
- Sir Thomas, first son of Sir James and Cecily Lawrence, married
- Eleanor, daughter of Lionel Lord Welles, and thus acquired estates in the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham and York. Sir John, a son by this marriage, the seventh knight in a direct line, is said to have possessed, in 1591, thirty-four manors; but being outlawed for crime, died without issue, an exile in France. Cecily, a daughter, married William Gerard, ancestor of the Bromley family of Gerards, to whom Ashton Hall and other estates passed, about 1600.
- Robert, second son of Sir Robert and Amphilbis Lawrence, married Margaret, daughter of John Lawrence, Esq., of Rixton, in Lancashire, by whom he had Sir Robert, who married a daughter of Thomas Stanley, Esq., and died in 1571. Also John, who commanded a wing of the English army under Lord Stanley at the battle of Flodden Field, and died without issue, aged thirty-eight years. William; a third son, born 1509, or before, married Isabel Molyneux, daughter of John Molyneux, of Chorley, in Lancashire, and held great estates — Sevenhampton, &c., in Gloucestershire, the manor of the Sea House, Somerset, &c. He had several children, of whom John, Doctor of Laws, was Archdeacon of Worcester, &c. Robert, born at Withington, 1521, married for his second wife Eleanor, daughter of John Stratford, of Farncot, by whom he had: first, William, who received from his father the estates of Shurdington. He married, and had Anthony, his heir, who also married, and had a son William, who died without issue, and the estates went to Littleton Lawrence, Esq., of Cricklade.
- Robert, second son of Robert and Eleanor Lawrence, died without issue, 1585. He was of Sevenhampton. Anthony, a third son, married a daughter of William Gradwell, Esq., of Gray's Inn, and had by her Anthony, his heir, a daughter Frances, or Elisabeth, who married William Rogers, Esq., of Sandiwell, and a son William. Anthony Lawrence, Esq., married Mary, daughter of Giles Broadway, Esq., and had two sons and three daughters. Robert Lawrence, Esq., was of Sevenhampton, and the second son, and married Mary, daughter of John Rogers, Esq., of Hazleton, and was the ancestor of " Walter Lawrence, Esq., said to be the last heir-male of the elder branch of the Shurdington family, who died in May, 1810," and likewise of John Lawrence, living unmarried, in 1806, aged 73 years, who was Rector of Sevenhampton.
- Nicholas, third son of Sir Robert and Amphilbis Lawrence, living in 1454, married, and had a son Littleton Lawrence, Esq., of Cricklade, who inherited estates under the will of William Lawrence, Esq., of Shurdington, which are still held by his descendants.
- The arms of this branch at Shurdington and Sevenhampton, &c., were : " Argent, a cross, raguly gu." Crest — " The tail or lower part of a fish erect and couped." Estates " in Gloucestershire." Seat, " Sandy-Well Park."
- II. THOMAS, second son of Sir Robert and Margaret Lawrence, was the father of Arthur Lawrence, Esq., who was seated at Prior's Court in Gloucestershire. This Arthur was ancestor of John Lawrence, Esq., of Delaford, in Iver, Bucks, and of Chelsea, Middlesex, who was created a baronet in 1628. He married Grisel, daughter of Jarvis Gibbon, Esq., in the county of Kent, and died in 1638.
- Sir John Lawrence of Chelsea, his son and successor, married, and had a son, Sir Thomas, who married, but had no issue, and was the last of this baronetcy, which was established in 1628, and became extinct in 1717. It is said that this person just named spent all his estate, and about 1700 emigrated to Maryland, in America.
- III. WILLIAM, third son of Sir Robert and Margaret above, born 1425, or before, fought under the Lancastrian banner at St. Albans, in 1455, where he fell, and was buried in the Abbey of St. Albans.
- IV. EDMUND, (the youngest of the four sons of Sir Robert Lawrence, who married Margaret Holden,) is said to have married a daughter of Miles de Stapleton, a descendant of the distinguished family of that name of Norman extraction, found in England, by which marriage he derived his title.
- Birth: Circa 1443 - Lancashire, England
- Parents: Thomas Lawrence, Mabilla Lawrence (born Redmain)
- Siblings: Edmund Lawrence, John Lawrence, Arthur Lawrence, Richard Lawrence, Robert Lawrence
Sir James Lawrence, 5th Squire of Ashton's Timeline
Thurnham, Lancashire, England
St. Albons, Hertfordshire, England
Saint Albans, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom