Sir John Baird of Newbyth

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Sir John Baird of Newbyth

Birthplace: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
Death: April 27, 1698
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of James Baird of Little Fiddes and Bethia or Bathia Dempster
Husband of Margaret Hay and Margaret Hay
Father of Sir William Baird of Newbyth, Baronet; Margaret Baird; John Baird, primus; Margaret Baird; John Baird, secundus and 1 other
Brother of Sir Robert Baird 1st Baronet of Saughton Hall; Anne Ramsay; Bethia Baird, primus; Alexander Baird; Euphame Baird and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir John Baird of Newbyth


Advocate; Senator of the College of Justice, where he sat as Lord Newbyth

20 294

His Last Will and Testament

Confirmation was granted on 5 April 1699. [National Records of Scotland, Edinburgh Commissary Court, The Testament Testamentar of Sir John Baird of Newnaith [Newbyth], one of the senators of the College of Justice, [dwelling at Gilmertoun [Gilmerton]], reference CC8/8/80]

Biographical Summary from Senators of the College of Justice

Son of James Baird of Byth, and Bathia, daughter of Sir John Dempster of Pitliver, was admitted advocate on the 3d June 1647, and became a person of considerable eminence in his profession. Upon he Restoration of Charles II. he was created a knight baronet, and admitted an Ordinary Lord in the room of Sir George MacKenzie of Tarbet, superseded, and he was also nominated one of the Justice-Deputes,11th January 1667. He was chosen one of the commissioners appointed in 1670, to treat with those of England for the then projected union of the countries, but for which the public mind was not then prepared. Lord Newbyth was superseded in 1681, when a new commission was made out to the judges, in which his name, with that of two other senators, was omitted. He entered heartily into the Revolution, and was the first judge after Sir James Dalrymple, the President, in the new nomination then made. He died at Edinburgh, on the 27th of April 1698, in the 78th year of his age. Lord Newbyth collected the decisions of the Court from November 1664 to February 1667? and practiques frrom 1664 to 1681, with an appendix to 1690 the MSS. of which are preserved in the Advocates' Library. College of Justice: 391

Evidence from the National Records of Scotland


12 January 1667: Signature of the lands of Newbyth granted to Sir John Baird and his wife Margaret Hay. National Records of Scotland, Register of Signatures, boxed series, reference SIG1/8/37


3 October 1678: Contract of marriage, between William, eldest son of Sir John Baird of Newbyth, senator of the College of Justice, and Margaret Hay his spouse, and Mrs Helen Gilmore. National Records of Scotland, Papers of the Gilmour family of Craigmillar and Liberton, Midlothian, reference GD122/1/668


  1. Stirnet: Baird 02
  2. The Complete Baronetage. By G. E. Cockayne III: pp. 330

Biographical Summary by Wikipedia

"Sir John Baird of Newbyth (by East Linton), Lord Newbyth (1620–1698), was a Scottish advocate, judge, politician and diplomat. He served as Commissioner for Aberdeenshire in the Parliament of Scotland.

Baird was the son of James Baird of Byth in the same county, advocate, and for some time commissary of Edinburgh, and Bathia, daughter of Sir John Dempster of Pitliver, was admitted advocate on 3 June 1647. It must have been about the same year that he married Margaret, daughter of Sir William Hay of Linplum, by whom he had four children, three sons and one daughter, viz. John, born on 4 Oct. 1648; Margaret, born on 23 Dec. 1649; John, born on 23 Sept. 1652; and William, born on 12 Nov. 1654.

Baird appears to have been knighted by Charles II on his accession to the throne of Scotland in 1651, In the correspondence of the Earls of Ancram and Lothian (1616–67) we find him referred to as Sir .John, under date 1653. Thenceforward his name occurs with some frequency in that correspondence, and usually in such a connection as to suggest that he was regarded as a person of some weight and sagacity.

Like his father he belonged to the covenanting party, and was considered of sufficient consequence to be excluded from the operation of the Act of Indemnity passed by the parliament of Scotland in 1662, being then muleted in the sum of 2,400l. His eminence at the bar, however, could not be ignored, and in 1664 he was created an ordinary lord of session, assuming the title of Lord Newbyth.

In the Scottish parliaments of 1665 and 1667 he represented Aberdeenshire, and sat on the committee of taxation in the former, and on that of supply in the latter, parliament. He was not returned to the parliament of 1669. In that year a grant of the barony of Gilmertoun within the sheriffdom of Edinburgh, made in his favour by the crown in 1667, was ratified by the parliament.

In 1670 he was nominated one of the commissioners to negotiate the then projected treaty of union between Scotland and England. In 1680 his youngest and only surviving son, William, was created knight baronet. By reason of his opposition to the arbitrary measures of the government he was superseded in the office of lord of session in 1681, Sir Patrick Ogilvie of Boyne being appointed in his place. He acted as commissioner of the cess for the shire of Edinburgh in 1685, and also as commissioner of supply for the same county.

On the accession of the Prince of Orange he was re-appointed ordinary lord of session (1689), and retained his seat upon the bench until his death in 1698. In the Advocates' Library at Edinburgh are preserved certain papers in the handwriting of Lord Newbyth, being a collection of decisions ranging from 1664 to 1667, and a collection of practiques belonging to the period between 1664 and 1681."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'John Baird, Lord Newbyth', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 26 October 2012, 05:17 UTC, <,_Lord_Newbyth&...> [accessed 7 January 2013]

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Sir John Baird of Newbyth's Timeline

September 10, 1620
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
September 10, 1620
Gilmerton, near Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
October 4, 1648
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
December 23, 1649
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
September 23, 1652
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom)
November 12, 1654
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Kingdom of Scotland (not yet part of the United Kingdom
April 27, 1698
Age 77
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)