Sir John Peyton, MP, 1st Baronet Peyton of Isleham

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John Peyton

Birthplace: Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
Death: Died in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England, (Present UK)
Place of Burial: Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Peyton, MP and Elizabeth Peyton
Husband of Alice Peyton (Osborne)
Father of Alice Peyton; Sir Edward Peyton, 2nd Baronet Peyton of Isleham; Marianna Brent; Frances Hobart; Thomas Peyton and 8 others
Brother of Mary Balam; Robert Peyton, Sir; Winifred Osbourne; Francis Hagar and Richard Peyton

Occupation: Sheriff of Cambridgeshire, M.P.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir John Peyton, MP, 1st Baronet Peyton of Isleham

Sir John Peyton, 1st Baronet

Sir John Peyton, 1st Baronet (1561 – December 1616) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1593 and 1611.

Peyton was the eldest surviving son of Robert Peyton of Isleham and his wife Elizabeth Rich, daughter of Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich of Rochford Hall and Leigh's Priory, Essex. He was a Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for the Isle of Ely from about 1584. He succeeded to the family estates on the death of his father in 1590. From about 1591 he was a JP for Cambridgeshire. In 1593, he was elected Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire. He was High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire from 1593 to 1594. He became Deputy Lieutenant in 1596 and was knighted on 1 November 1596. In 1604 he was elected again as MP for Cambridgeshire.[1] He was created baronet on 22 May 1611.[2]

Peyton died at the age of 56 and was buried at Isleham on 19 December 1616.[2]

Peyton married Alice Osborne, daughter of Sir Edward Osborne, Lord Mayor of London, of St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1580 and had six sons and five daughters. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Edward.[2]



  • Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt.1
  • M, #128281, b. circa 1560, d. circa December 1616
  • Last Edited=3 May 2015
  • Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt. was born circa 1560.2 He was the son of Robert Peyton and Elizabeth Rich.2 He married Alice Osborne, daughter of Sir Edward Osborne and Anne Hewett, on 9 June 1580 at St. Dionis Backchurch, Fenchurch Street, London, England.2 He died circa December 1616.2
  • He was created 1st Baronet Peyton, of Isleham, co. Cambridge in 1611.
  • Children of Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt. and Alice Osborne
    • Sir Edward Peyton, 2nd Bt.+
    • Ann Peyton+1 d. c Sep 1640
    • Elizabeth Peyton+3
    • Frances Peyton+4
    • Alice Peyton+5
  • Citations
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume I, page 2. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume I, page 15.
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 445. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume I, page 13.
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume I, page 138.
  • From:


  • PEYTON, Sir John (c.1561-1616), of Peyton Hall, Isleham, Cambs.
  • b. c.1561,1 2nd but 1st surv. s. of Robert Peyton II† of Isleham and Elizabeth, da. of Richard Rich†, 1st Bar. Rich of Rochford Hall and Leez Priory, Essex, lord chan. 1547-51. m. 29 June 1580, Alice (d.1626), da. of Sir Edward Osborne† of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Clothworker, gov. of Levant Co. 1581-92 and ld. mayor of London 1583-4, 7s. (2 d.v.p.) 7da. (1 d.v.p.)2 suc. fa. 1590; kntd. 1 Nov. 1596;3 cr. bt. 22 May 1611.4 d. 19 Dec. 1616. sig. John Peyton.
  • Offices Held
    • J.p. I. of Ely, Cambs. c.1584-at least 1609,5 Cambs. 1591-?d.;6 sheriff, Cambs. and Hunts. 1593-4, 1604-5;7 commr. subsidy, Cambs. 1593, ?1608, Cambridge ?1608,8 sewers, Gt. Fens 1594-at least 1609;9 dep. lt. Cambs. 1596-at least 1598, 1602-at least 1605,10 collector, Privy Seal loans 1597-8,11 commr. musters, 1601,12 inquiry, manorial boundaries, Cambs. and I. of Ely 1602,13 ?aid, Cambs. 1609,14 to find the lands and goods of Edward, Lord Vaux 1612.15
  • Until the later thirteenth century the Peytons were based in southern Suffolk, but the marriage of Thomas Peyton in 1484 to a Cambridgeshire heiress saw the family establish their principal seat at Isleham, just across Suffolk’s western border. By 1518 the family had estates in four counties, but it was in Cambridgeshire that it assumed prominence in local government. Robert Peyton I† served twice as sheriff and was returned to Parliament for Cambridgeshire at least once, while his eldest son, Robert Peyton II, occupied the shrievalty three times and twice represented the county at Westminster. The family’s status in the county reflected its wealth: before 1620 its annual income from holdings in Cambridgeshire and properties straddling the Suffolk border amounted to around £1,200.16 The family thus provided a tempting prospect for Henry VIII’s avaricious lord chancellor, Richard, Lord Rich, who married off one of his daughters to Robert Peyton II sometime before 1550.
  • Peyton should not be confused with his Doddington cousins (Sir) John Peyton I†, governor of Jersey, and the latter’s son John. The second of the three sons of Robert Peyton II and his wife Elizabeth Rich, Peyton was born in about 1561 and became heir apparent on the death in 1577 of his unmarried elder brother. In 1580 he wed the 17-year-old daughter of a wealthy London alderman. The match doubtless produced a large dowry, which was topped up by a cash bequest amounting to £100 from the estate of his wife’s late godfather, Sir William Hewett. Within a few years of attaining his majority Peyton was admitted to the Isle of Ely bench, and following his father’s death in 1590 he was appointed a magistrate for Cambridgeshire and served as sheriff. In 1593 he resumed the family’s electoral representation of the county after a lengthy interlude, and in October 1596 he was added to the list of the county’s deputy lieutenants, probably at the instigation of his uncle, the lord lieutenant, Roger, 2nd Lord North (Sir Roger North†). It was presumably North, a privy councillor and treasurer of the Household, whose influence obtained for Peyton a knighthood a few days later. During the later 1590s North favoured his nephew, one of the wealthiest landowners in Cambridgeshire, by endeavouring to transfer his contributions towards the cost of raising military forces to the alien merchant Sir Horatio Palavicino, a newcomer to the county.17
  • Peyton was elected senior knight for Cambridgeshire in February 1604, but his seat was placed in jeopardy after he was pricked as sheriff for the second time in November 1604. However, by the time the House voted to confirm him in his place, on 23 Jan. 1606, his term of office had already expired.18 As a fenland landowner, Peyton’s principal concern at Westminster was with legislation concerned with fen drainage, which he opposed. He was accordingly named, either in person or as a knight for Cambridgeshire, to bill committees on fen drainage (12 May 1604; 4 Mar. 1606; 15 Apr. 1606; 26 Mar. 1610), the avoidance of lawsuits connected with the fens (21 May 1606), the execution of sewer commissions (12 June 1607) and the relief of the projector Thomas Lovell (2 July 1604), who, having spent £12,000 on draining fenland in Lincolnshire, had been denied his share of the spoils by the fenmen.19 On 8 May 1606 he attempted unsuccessfully to attach a proviso to a drainage bill after the bill was reported from committee, a move which should probably be regarded as a wrecking tactic.20 During the second reading debate on a measure to authorize the draining of 300,000 acres in the Isle of Ely (27 Apr. 1607) Peyton and the Member for Cambridge, Robert Wallis, presented ‘some reasons and petitions ... against the bill’.21 Peyton may have been in the forefront of the campaign to obstruct this piece of legislation, both inside and outside Parliament, as a manuscript of around 1606/7 in the Barrington papers reveals that several landowners and commoners who petitioned against fen drainage entrusted copies of a particular certificate to Peyton.22 When a further drainage measure was laid before the House in 1610 Peyton, belatedly delivering his maiden speech, opposed it (26 March).
  • Peyton’s interests were not exclusively confined to fen drainage. Like his cousin the 3rd Lord Rich (Robert Rich†), for whom he acted as a trustee,23 he was confident of his own election to grace,24 and probably sympathized with puritan attempts at the beginning of James’s reign to reform the Church. On 19 Apr. 1604 he was appointed to the committee to identify areas of discussion for the impending conference with the Lords over religion, and on 4 June 1604 he was nominated to the committee to consider two bills against ecclesiastical pluralism. During the course of the following three sessions he was appointed to attend a joint conference with the Lords to consider grievances against the Church (10 Apr. 1606), and to bill committees regarding canons unconfirmed by Parliament (11 Dec. 1606) and ecclesiastical leases (25 Apr. 1610). This last-named measure was notable as a puritan attempt to limit the landed interests of the clergy, and as such was condemned by the bishop of Rochester as ‘squint-eyed’.25 Peyton exhibited no recorded enthusiasm for any other issues of national importance, such as purveyance, wardship and the Great Contract, but was appointed to a joint conference concerning the Union on 14 Apr. 1604, and to the committee for debating the bill establishing commissioners from both kingdoms (29 Nov. 1606), in preparation for a further conference with the Lords.26
  • Peyton’s inclusion on the committee for the bill to assure a jointure for the wife of Martin Calthorpe (27 Apr. 1604) was undoubtedly prompted by a desire to protect the interests of his Kentish cousins, the Peytons of Knowlton, to whom the Calthorpes were related by marriage.27 The concerns of this junior branch of his family may also help explain Peyton’s later appointment to the committee to consider a bill regarding a dispute over a Leicestershire manor between All Souls’ College, Oxford, and Sir William Smith*, one of whose daughters had married a Calthorpe (29 Apr. 1607).28 Peyton’s own interests presumably influenced his appointment to the committee for the bill to confirm the grant of Soham manor to Sir Roger Aston* on 13 Dec. 1606, as Soham lay sandwiched between his properties of Isleham and Wicken.29 The reasons for Peyton’s nominations to bill committees concerned with Sir Thomas Jermyn* (9 May 1604) and Sir Robert Drury (27 Mar. 1610) have not been ascertained, but both Jermyn and Drury resided in west Suffolk, close to Peyton’s manor of Great Bradley.30 Peyton’s nomination to two committees relating to Norfolk landowners, Edward Downes and Christopher le Grys (2 and 15 May 1604), suggests that he had interests in these measures which have not been traced.31 Peyton’s other appointments were concerned with restoring in blood the children of John Littleton (11 June 1604); the removal of weirs and other obstructions in navigable rivers (23 June 1604); the naturalization of the 18th earl of Mar (11 June 1604) and the physician Peter Baro and his wife (6 Dec. 1606); flooding in western England (3 Mar. 1607); the petitions of London’s armourers and gunmakers (6 May 1607); the lands of Sir John Wentworth† of Gosfield, Essex (21 Mar. 1610) and Sir George Booth of Dunham Massey, Cheshire (24 Mar. 1610); Southampton’s charter (29 May 1607); and hawking (29 Mar. 1610). On 9 Mar. 1610 Peyton was also appointed to the privileges committee in order to debate the Bridgnorth by-election.32
  • Peyton was among the first purchasers of the newly created title of baronet in 1611, but whether he could really afford the honour is questionable. Giving evidence in Chancery in 1652, Peyton’s grandson, Thomas Peyton, alleged that in 1616 Peyton’s son son Sir Edward inherited an insupportable burden of debt.33 If true this would explain why Sir Edward began to sell off the family estates within a few years of entering into his inheritance and why Peyton himself, in his will of 20 Nov. 1615, chose to limit the wearing of blacks at his funeral to his immediate family and household servants. He hoped that his friends would not object to this arrangement, as he could not pay for them all to wear funeral garb, and ‘if one have and another have not there will be unkindness and exceptions against it’. Peyton’s decision to appoint his 19-year-old unmarried daughter Susan as his executrix also hints at financial difficulties, as presumably he feared that if he made Sir Edward his executor Susan would not get the full dowry to which she was entitled.
  • The cause of Peyton’s financial problems is unknown, but university fees for three sons and dowries for five daughters, coupled with the extravagance of a baronetcy, are likely to have been contributory factors. Whatever the reason for the family’s declining fortunes, Peyton’s decision to deny Sir Edward the right to execute his will and to prevent him from exercising any say in the choice of husband for Susan - a duty which was fixed on Lord Rich instead - may have opened up a rift between father and son. Shortly before his death, Peyton appended a codicil to his will, in which he spitefully ordered Sir Edward to pay the £120 ‘which he oweth me for the board and diet of his first wife’.34
  • In the final eight years of his life Peyton was invariably prevented from travelling far from Isleham owing to ill health.35 Following his death in December 1616 he was buried, in accordance with his wishes, in the south chapel of Isleham church, ‘where many of mine ancestors lie and are entombed’. A monument to Peyton, sporting Corinthian columns and ‘big achievements flanked by allegorical figures’,36 was subsequently erected, presumably by a forgiving Sir Edward. Soon after Peyton’s death, the Crown recorded an outstanding debt of £40 against his estate in connection with his second term as sheriff.37 Peyton’s widow announced her belief that she had been elected to grace in the will drawn up shortly before she died in 1626.38 Sir Edward went on to represent Cambridgeshire in all but one of the parliaments of the 1620s.
  • From:


  • Sir John Peyton
  • Birth: unknown Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
  • Death: Dec., 1616 Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
  • Knight of Isleham, Cambridgeshire, Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, Knight of the Sire for Cambridgeshire.
  • 2nd but oldest surviving son of Sir Robert Peyton and Elizabeth Rich. Grandson of Sir Robert Peyton and Frances Hasilden.
  • Husband of Alice Osborne, daughter of sir Edward Osborne of St Denys, London, clothworker and Sheriff of London, by Anne Hewitt, daughter of William of Kent. They were married 29 June 1580 at St Denys at London, and had seven sons and seven daughters; Sir Edward, John, Robert, Roger, William, Thomas, Nicholas, Anne, Alice, Elizabeth, Mary, Mary 2nd, Frances and Susan.
  • John was created Baronet by King James I on 22 May 1611.
  • They were buried at Isleham with portrait figures but without inscription.
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • Robert Peyton (1523 - 1590)
  • Elizabeth Rich Peyton (1525 - 1591)
  • Spouse:
  • Alice Osborne Peyton (1563 - 1626)
  • Children:
    • Edward Peyton (1578 - 1656)*
  • Burial: St Andrew Churchyard, Isleham, East Cambridgeshire District, Cambridgeshire, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 105681150
  • From:


  • Robert Peyton, Esq., Sheriff of Cambridgeshire & Huntingdonshire1,2,3
  • M, #95343, b. circa 1523, d. 19 October 1590
  • Father Sir Robert Peyton, Sheriff of Cambridgeshire & Huntingdonshire1,4,5 b. c 1498, d. 1 Aug 1550
  • Mother Frances Hasilden1,4,5 b. c 1500, d. 18 Mar 1582
  • Robert Peyton, Esq., Sheriff of Cambridgeshire & Huntingdonshire was born circa 1523 at of Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England; Age 27 in 1550.1,2,3 He married Elizabeth Rich, daughter of Sir Richard Rich, 1st Lord Rich, Lord Chancellor of England, Speaker of the House of Commons and Elizabeth Jenkes, before 1557; They had 2 sons (Robert; & Sir John) and 3 daughters (Mary, wife of Charles Balam, Esq., & of Sir Richard Cox; Frances, wife of John Haggar, Esq; & Winifred, wife of Edward Osborne, Esq., of Samuel Harflete, Esq., & of Richard Homeby, Esq.)1,2,3 Robert Peyton, Esq., Sheriff of Cambridgeshire & Huntingdonshire died on 19 October 1590 at London, Middlesex, England; Buried in the south chapel of the church at Isleham, Cambridgeshire.1,2,3 His estate was probated on 19 November 1590.2,3
  • Family Elizabeth Rich b. c 1527, d. 17 Oct 1591
  • Citations
  • [S15] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, p. 660.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 355-356.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 369.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 355.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 368-369.
  • From:


  • Born: ABT 1587
  • Father: James CALTHORPE (Sir)
  • Mother: Barbara BACON
  • Married: Edward PEYTON (Sir) (b. ABT 1581 - d. 1656) (son of John Peyton and Alice Osborn) (w. of Martha Livesay - m.3 Dorothy Ball) 6 Jun 1614
  • Children:
    • 1. Thomas PEYTON (b. 29 Mar 1617 - d. 12 Oct 1683) (m. Elizabeth Yelverton)
    • 2. Jane PEYTON
    • 3. James PEYTON
    • 4. William PEYTON
  • From: CALTHORPE2


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 45
  • Peyton, Edward (1588?-1657) by Sidney Lee
  • PEYTON, Sir EDWARD (1588?–1657), parliamentarian, was eldest son and heir of Sir John Peyton of Isleham, Cambridgeshire, by his wife Alice, daughter of Sir Edward Osborne [q. v.] The father was M.P. for Cambridgeshire in 1592 and 1604, and high sheriff of the county in 1593 and 1604. He was knighted in 1596, and was eleventh on the list of eighteen on whom the dignity of baronet was first conferred on 22 May 1611. He died at Isleham on 19 Dec. 1616, and was buried beneath an elaborate monument in the church there. Edward was educated at Bury school and at Cambridge. On his marriage in 1604 his father gave him the manor of Great Bradley, Suffolk. On 4 Feb. 1610–11 he was knighted at Whitehall, and on 16 Aug. 1611 was admitted to Gray's Inn. He succeeded to the baronetcy and to the family estates at Isleham on his father's death in 1616. .... etc.
  • Peyton died intestate in 1657. He was described as ‘of Wicken’ in the letters of administration issued on 1 July to his widow Dorothy.
  • Peyton was thrice married: first, in 1604, at Streatham, to Martha, daughter of Robert Livesay of Tooting; she died in 1613. His second wife was Jane, daughter of Sir James Calthorpe, and widow of Sir Edmund Thimelthorpe. His third wife, whom he married in December 1638 at St. James's, Clerkenwell, is said to have been Dorothy, daughter of Edward Bale of Stockwell, although in the license her surname is given as Minshawe (Bishop of London's Marriage Licences, Harl. Soc. p. 239). After Peyton's death she married Edward Low, vicar of Brighton, and she was buried at Brighton on 10 April 1681. By each wife Peyton had issue. His eldest son John, by his first marriage (1607–1693), was third baronet. The second son, Edward, was appointed lieutenant-colonel of horse by the parliamentary general, Basil Feilding, earl of Denbigh, on 23 March 1643–4 (State Papers, 1644, p. 66). His eldest daughter, Amy, was wife of Henry Lawrence [q. v.], president of Cromwell's council of state.
  • Robert (d. 1685), eldest son of Thomas (1617–1683), eldest child of Sir Edward's second marriage, who owned the estate of Wicken, emigrated to Virginia and settled in Mathews county, where he named his residence Isleham, after the old estate of the family. Robert was father of five sons, and the Virginian Isleham remained in the hands of his descendants till 1830. The baronetcy of right descended to Robert's sons, but the title was, until 1815, borne by the descendants of Robert's younger brother Charles, of Grimston, Norfolk.
  • [Notes kindly furnished by Miss Bertha Porter; Wood's Athenæ Oxon., ed. Bliss, iii. 320–1; Waters's Chesters of Chicheley, pp. 238 seq.; Herald and Genealogist, vi. 63 seq.]
  • From:,_Edward_(1588%3F-1657)_(DNB00)


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 45
  • Peyton, Thomas no contributor recorded
  • PEYTON, THOMAS (1595–1626), poet, said to have been born at Royston, Cambridgeshire, in 1595, was probably a younger son of Sir John Peyton of Isleham, and brother of Sir Edward Peyton [q. v.], but his name does not figure in the genealogies. After being educated at Royston he proceeded to Cambridge, and in 1613 was admitted a student of Lincoln's Inn. Of a studious and religious temperament, he produced in London in 1620 the first part of a poem entitled ‘The Glasse of Time in the First Age, divinely handled by Thomas Peyton of Lincolnes Inne, gent.’ The volume opens with addresses in verse to King James, Prince Charles, Lord-chancellor Bacon, and the ‘Reader.’ The poem consists of 168 stanzas, of varying lengths, in heroic verse. It relates the story of man's fall, as told in the Bible. There are many classical allusions and digressions into contemporary religious topics. Peyton writes as a champion of the established church, and a warm opponent of the puritans. In 1623 he continued the work in a second volume entitled ‘The Glasse of Time in the Second Age,’ and brought the scriptural narrative to Noah's entrance into the ark. A further continuation was promised, but was never written. Some of the episodes in Peyton's poem—notably his descriptions of Paradise and of Lucifer—very faintly suggest some masterly passages on the same subject in Milton's ‘Paradise Lost,’ but the resemblances are not close enough to render it probable that Milton was acquainted with his predecessor's efforts (cf. North American Review, October 1860). Copies of Peyton's two volumes are in the British Museum. A reprint appeared at New York in 1886. Peyton died in 1626.
  • [Peyton's Glasse of Time, with introduction, New York, 1886.]
  • From:,_Thomas_(DNB00)


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Sir John Peyton, MP, 1st Baronet Peyton of Isleham's Timeline

Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
Age 18
Isleham Estate, Cambridge, England
Age 26
Iselham, Cambridge, England
Age 30
August 3, 1592
Age 32
April 16, 1595
Age 35
July 16, 1596
Age 36
June 21, 1599
Age 39
Age 44
Member of Parliament