Sir John Stawell, KB, MP

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Sir John Stawell, KB, MP

Birthdate:
Death: February 21, 1662 (61)
Place of Burial: Cothelstone, Somerset, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir John Stawel, Kt. and Elizabeth Griffin
Husband of Elizabeth Stawell
Father of Ralph Stawell,1st Baron Stawell of Somerton and Col George Stawell

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir John Stawell, KB, MP

  • STAWELL, Sir John (1600-62), of Cothelstone, Som.
  • Family and Education
  • b. 29 Aug. 1600, 2nd but o. surv. s. of Sir John Stawell of Cothelstone by Elizabeth, da. of George, 11th Lord Audley. educ. Queen’s, Oxf. 1616. m. 9 Dec. 1617, Elizabeth (d.1657), da. and h. of Sir Edward Hext of Low Ham, wid. of Sir Joseph Killigrew of Lothbury, London, 9s. (6 d.v.p.) 2da. suc. fa. 1604; KB 1 Feb. 1626.1
  • Offices Held
    • J.p. Som. 1621-46, July 1660-d., dep. lt. c.1625-?46, July 1660-d., sheriff 1628-9, commr. for array 1642, oyer and terminer, Western circuit July 1660, sewers, Som. Aug., Dec. 1660, assessment Aug 1660-d.2
    • Col. of horse (royalist) 1642-6; gov. Taunton 1643-4.3
  • Biography
  • Stawell’s ancestors had been seated at Cothelstone since the 12th century, and first represented the county in 1420. Stawell inherited property in Somerset and Devon valued at £6,000 p.a. An adherent of the Poulett faction before the Civil War, he was the most conspicuous opponent of Parliament in the county. ‘Taken notice of to be a lofty, proud man’, he was denied the benefit of the Exeter articles. His estate was sold, and he was imprisoned in the Tower till 1653. On his release he was ordered not to leave London and granted a pension of £6 a week. Waste on his property was terminated by order of the Convention, though the proviso offered on his behalf to the indemnity bill was rejected. He was again returned as knight of the shire in 1661. Lord Wharton marked him as a friend to be managed by Sir Richard Onslow, but he left no trace on the records of the Cavalier Parliament. He died on 21 Feb. 1662, and was buried with great pomp at Cothelstone.4
  • Ref Volumes: 1660-1690
  • Author: Irene Cassidy
  • Notes
  • 1. G. D. Stawell, Quantock Fam. 79-83, 100.
  • 2. T. G. Barnes, Som. 316, 317; CJ, ii. 708, 745.
  • 3. Stawell, 92; Bellum Civile (Som. Rec. Soc. xviii), 7, 48.
  • 4. Collinson, Som. iii. 249-53; Stawell, 82-102; Barnes, 36; Keeler, Long Parl. 349-50; D. Underdown, Som. in the Civil War, 128, 159-60; CSP Dom. 1652-3, p. 351; Cal. Comm. Comp. 1428; CJ, viii. 14, 84; Bowman diary, ff. 60v.-61.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/st...
  • --------------------
  • STAWELL or STOWELL, Sir JOHN (1599–1662), royalist, born between February and October 1599, was second but eldest surviving son of Sir John Stawell of Cotholstone, Somerset, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of George Touchet, earl of Castlehaven, who afterwards married Sir Thomas Griffin of Dingley, Northamptonshire. The family had long been settled in Somerset, and the elder Sir John had been created K.B. at the coronation of James I. A relative, Sir Edward Stawell, distinguished himself at the battle of Cheriton Wood on 29 March 1644 (Gardiner, Civil War, i. 325–6). .... etc.
  • Meanwhile his estates had been sold, and various judgments given against him for actions during the war, involving the payment of 7,000l. damages. His wife and children were allowed a fifth of his estate, amounting to 500l. a year, for their support, and Stawell himself received a pension of 6l. a week. He frequently petitioned against the illegality of these proceedings, but no attention was paid to them, and parliament passed an act confirming the purchasers of his estates in their possession. Stawell remained in the Tower until May 1660, but in March his pension, which had been discontinued, was renewed, and after the Restoration he received back his estates in full. He was re- turned to parliament as knight of the shire for Somerset on 1 April 1661, and died, aged 62, at Nether Ham, Somerset, on 21 Feb. 1661–2. He was buried on 23 April in Cotholstone parish church.
  • By his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Hext (d. 1624), and widow of Sir Joseph Killigrew, whom he married before 1623, he had, besides other issue, a son Ralph, who, in consideration of his father's services, was on 15 Jan. 1682–3 created Baron Stawell of Somerton, Somerset. The barony became extinct on the death of Ralph's grandson Edward, fourth baron, in 1735.
  • [Many of Stawell's petitions were printed at the time—see Brit. Mus. Cat., s.v. ‘Stawell, Sir John;’ Lords' Journals, xi. 23, 137; Commons' Journals, vols. iv–vii. passim; Cal. Committee for Compounding, pp. 1425–30, 3280; Cal. State Papers, Dom.; Cal. Clarendon State Papers, ed. Macray; Hist. MSS. Comm. 5th Rep. App. and 7th Rep. App. passim; Official Returns of Members of Parliament; Clarendon's Hist. of the Rebellion, ed. Macray; S. R. Gardiner's Commonwealth and Protectorate, vol. i. (s.v. ‘Stowell’); Wood's Fasti Oxon. ii. 48; Visitations of Somerset (Harl. Soc.); Collinson's Somerset, vol. i. pp. xxxii, xxxviii, vol. iii. pp. 251, 431, 445; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714; R. B. Gardiner's Reg. Wadham Coll. Oxford, i. 153; Reg. Univ. Oxon. II. ii. 354; Burke's Extinct and G. E. C[okayne]'s Peerages.]
  • From: http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Stawell,_John_%28DNB00%29
  • __________
  • STAWELL, John (1600-1662), of Cothelstone, Som.
  • b. 29 Aug. 1600, 2nd but o. surv. s. of Sir John Stawell of Cothelstone and Elizabeth, da. of George, 11th Lord Audley; half-bro. of Sir Edward Griffin†. educ. Queen’s, Oxf. 1616, MA 1643, MD 1643.1 m. 9 Dec. 1617, Elizabeth (d.1657), da. and h. of (Sir) Edward Hext* of Low Ham, Som., wid. of Sir Joseph Killigrew* of Lothbury, London, 9s. (6 d.v.p.) 2da. d.v.p. suc. fa. 1604;2 cr. KB 1 Feb. 1626.3 d. 21 Feb. 1662.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/st...
  • ___________
  • Sir John Stawell or Stowell or Stovall (29 August 1600 – 21 February 1662) was an English Member of Parliament and Royalist governor of Taunton during the English Civil War.
  • The oldest surviving son of Sir John Stawell of Cothelstone in Somerset, Stawell was educated at Queen's College, Oxford. In 1625, he entered Parliament as member for Somerset, and was knighted (KB) at the coronation of Charles I early the following year. He was High Sheriff of Somerset in 1628, and was elected once more to represent the county in the Long Parliament of 1640. On the outbreak of the Civil War he declared for the King and was consequently disabled from sitting in Parliament in August 1642.
  • Sir John raised five regiments at his own expense for the Royal army, serving under Hertford in his campaign through the West Country, and after the capture of Taunton, he was the appointed its governor. When he was captured on the surrender of Exeter in 1646, he refused to take the covenant or to swear not to bear arms against Parliament in future, and was committed for trial on charges of high treason. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London and after many delays finally brought to trial in December 1650, but the High Court refused to sentence him and referred his case back to Parliament. His case was much discussed in Parliament but never settled, and he remained imprisoned for the entire Commonwealth period. (Clarendon in his History of the Rebellion recorded that Stawell was "in the first form of those who had made themselves obnoxious to parliament." His estates were seized and sold to meet claims of damages against him, but the proceedings were entirely arbitrary and probably illegal even under the new regime's own laws.) Released at the Restoration, his estates were restored and he was once more elected MP for Somerset in 1661, but died early the following year.
  • His son, Ralph (c. 1640–1689), was raised to the peerage as Baron Stawell in 1683, partly in recognition of Sir John's service to the Crown.
  • References
    • Dictionary of National Biography
    • "Stawell, John". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
    • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
    • Burke's Extinct Peerage (London: Henry Colburn & Richard Bentley, 1831) [1]
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Stawell
  • ___________________
  • Dictionary of national biography (1885) Vol. LIV.
  • https://archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati54stepuoft
  • https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati54stepuoft#page/120/mode...
  • STAWELL, or STOWELL, Sir JOHN (1599-1662, royalist, born between February and October 1599, was second but eldest surviving son of Sir John Stawell of Cotholstone, Somerset, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of George Touchet, earl of Castlehaven, who afterwards married Sir Thomas Griffin of Dingley, Northamptonshire. The family had long been settled in Somerset, and the elder Sir John had been created K.B. at the coronation of James I. ,,,, etc.

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Sir John Stawell, KB, MP's Timeline

1600
August 29, 1600
1641
1641
1662
February 21, 1662
Age 61
April 23, 1662
Age 61
Cothelstone, Somerset, England, United Kingdom
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