Sir Richard Molyneux, Knight, of Sefton

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Richard Molyneux, Knight

Also Known As: "Richard Molineaux", "Richard Molyneux VI", "Richard Mullins IV"
Birthplace: Sefton, West Derby, Lancashire, England (United Kingdom)
Death: September 23, 1459
Blore Heath, Lancashire, England (Battle of Blore Heath)
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Richard Molyneux, 6th Earl of Sefton and Joan Molyneux
Husband of Elizabeth de Stanley and Jane
Father of Ellen Molyneux; Sir Thomas Molyneux; Eleanor Molyneux; James Molyneux, Rector of Sefton; Johanna Molyneux and 2 others
Brother of Robert Molyneux, of Altcar; Edmund Molyneux; Elizabeth Southworth; Sir Thomas Molyneux, of Haughton; Joan Preston and 4 others
Half brother of Margaret Molyneux; Anna Nevill; Katherine de Radcliffe; Piers Legh, III; Blanche De Legh and 1 other

Occupation: Lord of Sefton
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Sir Richard Molyneux, Knight, of Sefton

This profile seems to be based on this data:

Richard MOLYNEUX ([Lord of Sephton)

   * BIRTH: ABT 1422, Of,Sefton,Lancashire,England
   * DEATH: 23 SEP 1459, ,Blore Heath,Lancashire,England 

Father: Richard MOLYNEUX

Mother: Joan (Hagdon) HAYDOCK

Family 1: Elizabeth STANLEY

  1. Margaret MOLYNEUX
  2. Ellen MOLYNEUX
  3. Johanna MOLYNEUX
  4. Thomas MOLYNEUX
  5. James MOLYNEUX 

Family 2: Jane MOLYNEUX

  • In 1274 land in SANDHILL belonged to Thomas Baldwin and Maud his wife, (fn. 190) Nearly a century later, in 1340, Roger Bubbe granted the manor, probably for a term of years, to Elias de Godele and Ela his wife, (fn. 191) and in 1366 Roger Bubbe, or a son of the same name, settled the manor on himself and Alice his wife, with reversion if they died childless to John son of John Crosse and his heirs, and further contingent remainders to Clementia and Alice sisters of John, and to William Coker. (fn. 192) 'No further mention can be found of Sandhill until 1507, when Richard Moleyns died seised of the manor held of Robert Bulkeley, and left a son and heir William. (fn. 193) The latter was succeeded by a son Henry, who was holding Sandhill in 1562, (fn. 194) and apparently left it to two daughters or granddaughters, Anne wife of John Somers and Joan wife of Robert Waterton, to whom it belonged in 1612.
  • From: 'Parishes: Fordingbridge', A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 567-577. URL: Date accessed: 08 June 2013.
  • ____________________

The Battle of Blore Heath was one of the first major battles in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought on 23 September 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire, two miles east of the town of Market Drayton in Shropshire, England.

After the First Battle of St Albans in 1455, an uneasy peace held in England. Attempts at reconciliation between the houses of Lancaster and York enjoyed but marginal success. However, both sides became increasingly wary of each other and by 1459 were actively recruiting armed supporters. Queen Margaret of Anjou continued to raise support for King Henry VI amongst noblemen, distributing an emblem of a silver swan to knights and squires enlisted by her personally,[7] whilst the Yorkist command under the Duke of York was finding plenty of anti-royal support despite the severe punishment for raising arms against the king.

The Yorkist force based at Middleham Castle in Yorkshire (led by the Earl of Salisbury) needed to link up with the main Yorkist army at Ludlow Castle in Shropshire. As Salisbury marched south-west through the Midlands the queen ordered Lord Audley to intercept them.[8]

Audley chose the barren heathland of Blore Heath to set up an ambush.[9] On the morning of 23 September 1459 (Saint Thecla's day), a force of some 10,000 men took up a defensive position behind a 'great hedge' on the south-western edge of Blore Heath facing the direction of Newcastle-under-Lyme to the north-east, the direction from which Salisbury was approaching.

Yorkist scouts spotted Lancastrian banners over the top of a hedge and immediately warned Salisbury. As they emerged from the woodland, the Yorkist force of some 5,000 men realized that a much larger enemy force was awaiting their arrival. Salisbury, instead of disbanding or withdrawing his army,[10] immediately arranged his troops into battle order, just out of range of the Lancastrian archers. To secure his right flank, he arranged the supply wagons in a defensive laager, a circular formation to provide cover to the men. Fearing a rout, Yorkist soldiers are reported to have kissed the ground beneath them, supposing that this would be the ground on which they would meet their deaths.

The two armies were separated by about 300 metres on the barren heathland. A steep-sided, wide and fast-flowing brook ran between them. The brook made Audley's position seemingly impenetrable.

Initially, both leaders sought unsuccessfully to parley in an attempt to avoid bloodshed. In keeping with many late medieval battles, the conflict opened with an archery duel between the longbows of both armies. At Blore Heath, this proved inconclusive because of the distance between the two sides.

Salisbury, aware that any attack across the brook would be suicidal, employed a ruse to encourage the enemy to attack him. He withdrew some of his middle-order just far enough that the Lancastrians believed them to be retreating. The Lancastrians launched a cavalry charge. After they had committed themselves, Salisbury ordered his men to turn back and catch the Lancastrians as they attempted to cross the brook. It is possible that the order for this Lancastrian charge was not given by Audley but it had the effect of turning the balance in favour of Salisbury. The charge resulted in heavy casualties for the Lancastrians.

The Lancastrians withdrew, and then made a second assault, possibly attempting to rescue casualties. This second attack was more successful with many Lancastrians crossing the brook. This led to a period of intense fighting in which Audley himself was killed,[10] possibly by Sir Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley.

The death of Audley meant that Lancastrian command fell to the second-in-command, Lord Dudley, who ordered an attack on foot with some 4,000 men. As this attack also failed, some 500 Lancastrians joined the enemy and began attacking their own side. At this point, all remaining Lancastrian resistance collapsed and the Yorkists had only to advance to complete the rout.

The rout continued through the night, with the Yorkists pursuing the fleeing enemy for miles across the countryside.

At least 2,000 Lancastrians were killed,[6] with the Yorkists losing nearly 1,000.[11]

Salisbury was concerned that Lancastrian reinforcements were in the vicinity and was keen to press on southwards towards Ludlow. He made his camp on a hillside by Market Drayton that later took the name Salisbury Hill. He employed a local friar to remain on Blore Heath throughout the night and to periodically discharge a cannon in order to deceive any Lancastrians nearby into believing that the fight was continuing.

Audley is buried in Darley Abbey in Derbyshire. A cross was erected at Blore Heath after the battle to mark the spot where Audley was slain. [12] It was replaced with a stone cross in 1765.[13] Audley's Cross stands on Blore Heath to this day.

The battle was commemorated by a re-enactment each year in September at Blore Heath until 2009. (Wikipedia)

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Sir Richard Molyneux, Knight, of Sefton's Timeline

Sefton, West Derby, Lancashire, England
of Sefton,Lancashire,England
of Sefton,Lancashire,England
of Sefton,Lancashire,England
Sephton, Lancashire, England
September 23, 1459
Age 39
Blore Heath, Lancashire, England
Age 39