Sir Robert de Lathom, Knight

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Robert de Lathom, Knight

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Latham, Yorkshire, England
Death: Died in Knowsley, Lancashire, England, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert de Lathom, Lord and Amicia de Alfreton
Husband of Katherine de Lathom
Father of Robert de Lathom; Alice de Latham; Isabel Latham; Joan de Lathom; Sir Thomas de Lathom, I and 5 others
Brother of Cecilia de Culcheth; Richard de Lathom; Henry de Lathom and Thomas FitzLatham Latham
Half brother of Robert de Coudray/Russel

Occupation: Appointed Justice of Oyer and Terminer
Managed by: Bill
Last Updated:

About Sir Robert de Lathom, Knight

He was a Knight Of The Royal Garter. He was known historically as Sir Robert Latham, The Elder.

Knight fought against the Scots in 1291, and in 1309, and was Commissioner of Array in the expedition against Robert the Bruce in 1307. In 1310 he was appointed a Justice of Oyer and Terminer, and in 1324, he was one of the Knights summoned to meet the Peers in the great council held at Westmoreland. He had charter of free warren in the manors of Lathom and Roby in 1303. At an inquest post mortem held in 1325, it was found he died seized of one Knight's fee in Childwall, 1/4 of a Knight's fee in Parbold, and 3/4 of a Knight's fee in Wrightington, held by the duke of Manchester, by inheritance from Orme Magnus.

From Miscellanea Palatina, 1850:

Sir Robert de Lathom, son and heir of this knight by his wife Amicia, daughter and co-heir of Robert de Alfreton, of Alfreton. Nor. manton and Marnham, Avas in possession in 1291,^ as by summons of that date against the Scots, ^yas summoned to meet the peers in the Great Council at Westminster, 17 Edward II, 1324, and was deceased in 18 Edward II, when his Inquisition post mortem was taken. It names his eldest son Thomas, who was issue by Catherine, daughter and heir of Thomas de v/0\^\/V Knowslegh, his wife, who survived him. Hugh and Philip de Lathom, of Astbury, his younger sons, are identified by the former painted windows of Astbury Church, and will be reverted to hereafter.^

The Lancashire Pedigrees give to this Sir Robert a second son, Thomas, grantee of JMosltorough, and of lands in Raynforth, from his brother Sir Richard of Lathom in 1292, 20 Edward I, from whom the Lathoms formerly of Moshorough.

The Lathom estates acquired before the accession of this third Sir

Robert de Lathom, will be found in the Testa do Nevill, as follows : —

In Lancashire, i. The three Carucates of Lathom, held in thanage from the King, " dc antiquitate" (812).

II. Estates held from Grcdle, Baron of Manchester, in Childwall, Parbold, and Wrightington (791). In Flixton, Estone, Aspull, Turton, and Brochal (822, 823). In IMilafeshar 1 (823). For the last, see p. Gl.

III. Estates held from the Earl of Lincoln in Widues Fee, Knowsley, Iluyton, and Torbock (79(5).

The Inquisition after the death of Sir Robert de Lathom, mentioned above, is printed in the notes to the Whalley Coiichcr Book (p. 'i')-2), and goes into tuiautc details relative to the manors of Lathom and Knowsley,


Robert de Latham, died 1325; married Katherine de Knowselegh, daughter of Sir Thomas de Knowselegh. Robert died 1325. Robert de Latham, Knight fought against the Scots in 1291, and in 1309, and was Commissioner of Array in the expedition against Robert the Bruce in 1307. In 1310 he was appointed a Justice of Oyer and Terminer, and in 1324, he was one of the Knights summoned to meet the Peers in the great council held at Westmoreland. He had charter of free warren in the manors of Lathom and Roby in 1303. At an inquest post mortem held in 1325, it was found he died seized of one Knight's fee in Childwall, 1/4 of a Knight's fee in Parbold, and 3/4 of a Knight's fee in Wrightington, held by the duke of Manchester, by inheritance from Orme Magnus.

Biography

He fought against the Scots in 1291 and again in 1309. On 29 July 1304, King Edward I granted him right to hold a market (Friday) and fair at St. Wilfred's, Roby, Lancashire, as well as a market (Tuesday) and fair at Lathom, both 'to be held at the manor' . He was appointed Commissioner of Array in 1307 in the expedition against Bruce. In 1309, he entered into agreement with Sir Hugh de Eland for the marriage of their children: 'Agreement for marriage between John, son of Sir Hugh de Eland' and Alice daughter of Sir Robert de Lathum, providing for their ultimate possession of Sir Hugh's lands in Eland', Tankerlay and Rochdale. In 1310 he was appointed a Justice of Oyer and Terminer. He was one of the Knights summoned in 1324 to meet the Peers in a great council held at Westmoreland.

' Robert, Lord of Lathum ', witness (together with Lord William the Bottler, Robert, Lord of Holland and others) to agreement dated Fri. before Nativity St. John. Baptist. 26 Ed. son of Hen. [20 June 1298]: ' Agreement: William son. of Henry of Lee and William son of Henry of Clifton - W.L. grant to W.C. 30 ac. land in Clifton Marsh, as an improvement. Witn: Lord William the Bottler, Robert, Lord of Lathum, Robert, Lord of Holland, the Lord John Devias, the Lord Eustace of Cotesbek, Thomas Banastre, Adam of Midilton, Robert of Haydock, Gilbert of Syngleton, Robert of Condeclif John Banastre, Henry of Lee, John of Burton, clerk. Given at...., Fri. before Nativity St. John. Baptist. 26 Ed. son of Hen.' - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Clifton of Lytham, Deeds and Documents : Clifton-with-Salwick. Clifton Marsh, DDCL 1240[5]

' Lord Robert of Lathum ', witness (together with Lord John of Hodeliston and others] of a quitclaim of all services due from the manor of Barton , dated at Lancaster, the Monday before the feast of Tiberius and Valerianus, 32 Edward I [13 April 1304] - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Papers of the Kay Shuttleworth Family of Gawthorpe [DDKS 1 - DDKS 16], DDKS 1/4[5]

Charters for a market (Fri) and fair [vfm, Wilfrid (12 Oct)] at Roby, co. Lancs. granted 29 Jul 1304, by King Edward I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46) 'To be held at the manor'[6]

Charters for a market (Tues) and fair [vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun)] at Lathom, co. Lancs. granted 29 Jul 1304, by King Edward I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46) 'To be held at the manor'[6]

'Sir Robert de Lathum', entered into agreement dated 2 Ed II [1308-09] with Sir Hugh de Eland for the marriage of their children: ' Agreement for marriage between John, son of Sir Hugh de Eland' and Alice daughter of Sir Robert de Lathum, providing for their ultimate possession of Sir Hugh's lands in Eland', Tankerlay and Rochdale (Elland, Yk Tankersley, Yk Rochdale, Yk) ' - A2A, Nottinghamshire Archives: Savile of Rufford: Deeds and Estate Papers [DD/SR/13 - DD/SR/205], DD/SR/28/3/1[5]

Grant dated [reign of Edward II, i.e. 1307-1327]: ' Parties Names: Richard de Lathum. His brother Sui Robert de Lathum & Katerine his wife Grant of le [...] Rosheheye with Turnoinsholm-upon-Dogeles in Perbolde, formerly held [...] by Master Robert of Ryponne. [...] Wiln William of Stonedyst, Thomas of Longetre, John of Cleemale Henry of [...] Tunlegh, Henry of Wytton, John of de Cross, Robert of the Taldeforth, Richard of [...] Bresthone ' - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Stanley, Earls of Derby (of Knowsley) [DDK/100 - DDK/240], Deeds and Conveyances: BURSCOUGH, DDK/133/1[5]

' Robert de Lathum....knight', witness (with William de Dacre and others) to Grant by Richard de Loughteburgh to Henry fil. Thome de Chernok, of all his land in Longerudyngh in Chorlegh, which he had by grant from Richard del Haselhurst. Rent, 7 shillings, dated Boulton, Sat. the F. of St. Mary Magd. [22 July] 29 Edw.I [1301] - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Tatton of Cuerden, CO. LANCASTER. CHARNOCK, CHORLEY, ETC : DDTA 13[5]

' Robert de Lathum....knight', witness (with William de Dacre and others) to Lease by Adam fil. Henrici de Chernok to Gilbert de Bullyng, clerk, and his heirs, etc. for his life and for six years after his death, of four pieces of land with buildings in Chorlegh called, respectively, Le Merfeld, le Haukehurst, Haypughil and le Lungeridyng, all of which Robert, the said Adam's brother held for his life with common of pasture, quittance of pannage, etc. as is contained in the charters of Richard de Lughteburgh; rent, a grain of pepper at Midsummer, dated at Chorlegh, Fri. bef. Easter [9 Apr.] 9 Edw. II [1316] - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Tatton of Cuerden, CO. LANCASTER. CHARNOCK, CHORLEY, ETC : DDTA 26[5]

Lease by Richard de Lathum to Robert de Lathum, his brother, and his wife Katherine, dated 28 Oct 1320 - A2A, Manchester University, John Rylands Library: Rylands Charters [RYCH/1 - RYCH/1942], NORTHWICH, WINNINGTON, etc. (co. Chester), RYCH/872[5]

The Lathom estates acquired before the accession of this third Sir Robert de Lathom, will be found in the Testa de Nevill, as follows :— In Lancashire: I. The three Carucates of Lathom, held in thanage from the king "de antiquitate". II. Estates held from Gredle, Baron of Manchester, in Childwall, Parbold, and Wrightington (791). In Flixton, Estone, Aspull, Turton, and Brochal (822, 823). In Milafeshar (Aulasargh?) (823). III. Estates held from the Earl of Lincoln in Widnes Fee, Knowsley, Huyton, and Torbock (796).

Lord Robert of Lathum ', witness (together with Lord John of Hodeliston and others] of a quitclaim of all services due from the manor of Barton , dated at Lancaster, the Monday before the feast of Tiberius and Valerianus, 32 Edward I [13 April 1304] - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Papers of the Kay Shuttleworth Family of Gawthorpe [DDKS 1 - DDKS 16], DDKS 1/4[5]

Charters for a market (Fri) and fair [vfm, Wilfrid (12 Oct)] at Roby, co. Lancs. granted 29 Jul 1304, by King Edward I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46) 'To be held at the manor'[6]

Charters for a market (Tues) and fair [vfm, Barnabas (11 Jun)] at Lathom, co. Lancs. granted 29 Jul 1304, by King Edward I to Robert de Lathom (CChR, 1300–26, p. 46) 'To be held at the manor'[6]

'Sir Robert de Lathum', entered into agreement dated 2 Ed II [1308-09] with Sir Hugh de Eland for the marriage of their children: ' Agreement for marriage between John, son of Sir Hugh de Eland' and Alice daughter of Sir Robert de Lathum, providing for their ultimate possession of Sir Hugh's lands in Eland', Tankerlay and Rochdale (Elland, Yk Tankersley, Yk Rochdale, Yk) ' - A2A, Nottinghamshire Archives: Savile of Rufford: Deeds and Estate Papers [DD/SR/13 - DD/SR/205], DD/SR/28/3/1[5]

Grant dated [reign of Edward II, i.e. 1307-1327]: 'Parties Names: Richard de Lathum. His brother Sui Robert de Lathum & Katerine his wife Grant of le [...] Rosheheye with Turnoinsholm-upon-Dogeles in Perbolde, formerly held [...] by Master Robert of Ryponne. [...] Wiln William of Stonedyst, Thomas of Longetre, John of Cleemale Henry of [...] Tunlegh, Henry of Wytton, John of de Cross, Robert of the Taldeforth, Richard of [...] Bresthone' - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Stanley, Earls of Derby (of Knowsley) [DDK/100 - DDK/240], Deeds and Conveyances: BURSCOUGH, DDK/133/1[5]

'Robert de Lathum....knight', witness (with William de Dacre and others) to Grant by Richard de Loughteburgh to Henry fil. Thome de Chernok, of all his land in Longerudyngh in Chorlegh, which he had by grant from Richard del Haselhurst. Rent, 7 shillings, dated Boulton, Sat. the F. of St. Mary Magd. [22 July] 29 Edw.I [1301] - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Tatton of Cuerden, CO. LANCASTER. CHARNOCK, CHORLEY, ETC : DDTA 13[5]

'Robert de Lathum....knight', witness (with William de Dacre and others) to Lease by Adam fil. Henrici de Chernok to Gilbert de Bullyng, clerk, and his heirs, etc. for his life and for six years after his death, of four pieces of land with buildings in Chorlegh called, respectively, Le Merfeld, le Haukehurst, Haypughil and le Lungeridyng, all of which Robert, the said Adam's brother held for his life with common of pasture, quittance of pannage, etc. as is contained in the charters of Richard de Lughteburgh; rent, a grain of pepper at Midsummer, dated at Chorlegh, Fri. bef. Easter [9 Apr.] 9 Edw. II [1316] - A2A, Lancashire Record Office: Tatton of Cuerden, CO. LANCASTER. CHARNOCK, CHORLEY, ETC : DDTA 26[5]

Lease by Richard de Lathum to Robert de Lathum, his brother, and his wife Katherine, dated 28 Oct 1320 - A2A, Manchester University, John Rylands Library: Rylands Charters [RYCH/1 - RYCH/1942], NORTHWICH, WINNINGTON, etc. (co. Chester), RYCH/872[5]

He evidently d. in 1325 or before: the IPM of Sir Robert de Lathom stated to have been held in 1325.

The writ Diem clausit extremum was issued on 7 Mar. 1324–/5; Fine R. 124, m. 1. He made an agreement in 1322 as to boundaries with the prior of Burscough, by which it would appear that the present southern boundaries of Ormskirk were secured; 'the highest point of a place called Scarth' stood on the line. Burscough Reg. fol. 11. Two of his charters have been preserved by Towneley. One is a grant of land in Lathom to John son of Hanne and Alice his wife; and the other, of land in Lathom 'lying towards Wolmoor,' to Adam son of Richard son of Osbert; Towneley MSS. GG. nn. 2245, 1342. Kuerden mentions a grant to Robert the Tailor; iii, W. 30. See also Final Conci, 189–91; ii, 31, 47, 59; Assize R. 420, m. 1; R. 423, m. 2d.

Inquisition post mortem goes into minute details relative to the manors of Lathom and Knowsley (see Whalley Coucher Book, p. 552). At a post mortem inquest held at Knowsley Hall in 1325, it was found that Robert held title to the folowing lands: he had charter of free warren in the Lathom House and surrounds and the manor of Roby, one Knight's fee in Childwall, 1/4 Knight's fee in Parbold, and 3/4 Knight's fee in Wrightington held by the Duke of Manchester by inheritance from Orme Magnus. It was found that he had held the manor of Lathom as of the honour of West Derby by the service of 20s. and doing suit to the county every six weeks, and to the wapentake every three weeks. The account of Lathom states that the messuage was worth yearly, as in the fruits of the garden, 6s. 8d. There were 200 acres of arable land, worth £5; 40 acres of ridded land (terra frissa), worth 13s. 4d.; 40 acres of meadow, worth 60s.; plots of several pasture, worth yearly in summer 55s.; the park, as for grazing in the summer, was worth 26s. 8d. There was a water-mill rented at £4; also a windmill, ruinous and decayed, worth 6s. 8d. The rent of the free tenants amounted to £26 13s. 4d.; the profits of the hallmotes, held twice a year, averaged about 10s. An enfeoffment of part of his estates had been made to him and his wife jointly; this included a messuage and plough-land and wood of 3 acres in Lathom, held of the prior of Burscough by the service of 3s. yearly.

After the death of Sir Robert de Lathom in 1324–5 it was found that he and his wife had held the manor of Hugh le Despenser as of the fee of Widnes, by the service of one knight and doing suit at the monthly court of Widnes. At this time there was at Knowsley a messuage worth 2s. a year; the lands were 116 acres arable, worth 6d. an acre, and 3 acres of meadow each worth 1s. 6d.; there was a park with herbage worth 20s. The water-mill and windmill were valued at 26s. 8d. The rents of the free tenants amounted to £30, and there were also pleas and perquisites of courts worth 13s. 4d. a year. Inq. p.m. (18 Edw. II), n. 72; Whalley Coucher, ii, 553. He had a wood 'which was called a park' in 1292, but claimed no right of warren; Plac. de quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 387. The mill is mentioned in an early grant to Burscough.

His heir was his son, Thomas de Lathom, then aged twenty-four years or more.

Sources

Parentalia Genealogical Memoirs Gen-Medieval Archives - 24 Jan 2005 posting of Therav3@aol.com re: Lathom and Huddleston: descents from Godard de Boiville 'Townships: Lathom', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3 (1907), pp. 247-258. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41329&strquery=adam millom Date accessed: 13 July 2012 'Townships: Knowsley', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3 (1907), pp. 157-168. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41314&strquery=lathom Date accessed: 13 July 2012

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Sir Robert de Lathom, Knight's Timeline

1240
1240
Latham, Yorkshire, England
1248
1248
Age 8
England
1272
1272
Age 32
Lancaster, Lancashire, , England
1280
1280
Age 40
Of, Latham, Lancashire, England
1288
1288
Age 48
Lathom, Lancastershire, England
1296
March 10, 1296
Age 56
Lancaster, Lancashire, England
1301
1301
Age 61
Lathom, Lancashire, England
1303
1303
Age 63
of, Whittle, Lancashire, England
1310
1310
Age 70
Of, Congleton, Cheshire, England