Sir Rowland Hayward, Lord Mayor of London

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Sir Rowland Hayward, MP, Lord Mayor of London

Birthplace: Shropshire, England
Death: December 05, 1593 (71-79)
Saint Alphage,Cripplegate,London,Middlesex,England
Place of Burial: St. Alphage, London Wall
Immediate Family:

Son of George Hayward, MP and Margaret Whitbrooke
Husband of Dame Joan Hayward and Katherine Scott
Father of Elizabeth Knyvett; Susannah Townshend; Joan Thynne; Barton Hayward; Katherine Parker and 6 others
Brother of Catherine Hayward

Occupation: Sir, Lord Mayor of London
Managed by: Tracy F. Bennett
Last Updated:

About Sir Rowland Hayward, Lord Mayor of London by Pat Patterson (

Sir Rowland Hayward

b ca 1520 Shropshire, England, d 1593/4 London, Middlesex, England

Rowland Hayward (sometimes recorded Haward, or as here, Heyward), was born in Bridgnorth, Shropshire, where he later endowed a school. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1570-1571 and 1591; unfortunately, he succumbed to the plague just a couple of years after that second term. This excerpt from My Lord Mayor tells of his many offices. I would welcome hearing from anyone with more information on his life and his family. Sir Rowland comes into my family tree through the marriage of his daughter Alice to Richard Buller of Shillingham, Cornwall. Alice and Richard's daughter Katherine married James Parker, father of our Virginia immigrant Richard Parker.

From My Lord Mayor, by Valerie Hope, 1989

, out of print.

"The most outstanding and worthy Elizabethan lord mayor was Sir Rowland Heyward, also a Clothworker, from Shropshire. He was an active and successful merchant and financier, who loaned money to the Queen, sat as a member of parliament between 1572 and 1583 and was very active on parliamentary committees. He served for no less than thirtythree years as an alderman, was sheriff in 1563, Master of the Clothworkers in 1559 and lord mayor in 1570-1, the year in which Gresham's Royal Exchange was opened, and again in 1591 when he took over on the early death of John Allot. He was at various times governor of the Muscovy Company, governor of the Mineral and Battery Works, Justice of the Peace for Shropshire and Middlesex, president of Bridewell and Bethlem hospitals, president of St Bartholomew's, Surveyor General and Comptroller General of Hospitals. His most valuable work was in dealing with visitations of the plague, especially in the epidemic of 1563. Disease was one of the most serious problems the City authorities had to cope with in the Tudor period. At the very beginning, in 1485, Thomas Hill, lord mayor, died in office and was followed by Sir William Stokker who died four days later. Four other aldermen died in the same week. Plague recurred frequently in the sixteenth century and was particularly bad in 1556 when seven aldermen died during two months. In 1563 and in 1569 no mayoral feast was held because of plague. The authorities made all sorts of attempts to control it, quarantining sufferers in their houses, burning herbs in the street, killing dogs. In the outbreak of 1593-4 the Mayor, Cuthbert Buckle, and two ex-mayors, Wolstan Dixie and Rowland Heyward himself, were all victims.

"Sir Rowland's career epitomized all that was best in the sixteenth-century lord mayors. Most worked incredibly hard, not only during their year of office but throughout their lives as presidents and surveyors of hospitals, members of parliament, collectors of customs, treasurers, arbitrators. Their expert knowledge on commercial and financial affairs was invaluable to the Government. In 1588, the year of the Armada, for example, Richard Saltonstall, who had lived in the Netherlands and would become lord mayor in 1597, was consulted by Lord Burleigh on means of raising money in the continental market to finance defence measures against the threatened Spanish invasion. Their active promotion of trade 'and exploration and their spirit of adventure in these matters made them instrumental in the founding of the British Empire. Through their legacies they made a huge contribution to the care of the poor and sick and with the founding of schools they influenced the development of education all over the country. They rebuilt chapels and churches. They provided for road and bridge repairs, for the provision of water, for the cleansing of ditches. They founded hospitals and almshouses."

From The Aldermen of Cripplegard Ward from A.D. 1276 TO A.D. 1900. Together with some account of the Office of Alderman, Alderman's Deputy and Common Council of the City of London. Compiled by John James Baddeley, Deputy for Cripplegate Ward Without, London. Published by J.J. Baddeley, Chapel Works, Moor Lane, E.C. and sold for the Benefit of the Funds of the Cripplegate Dispensary, Fore Street, Cripplegate. 1900.

ROWLAND HAYWARD. Clothworker. Elected 17 December, 1566. Sheriff 1563. Lord Mayor 1570 and 1591.

Rowland Hayward was son of George Hayward, of Bridgnorth, co. Salop. Elected Alderman of Farringdon Ward Without in September, 1560. Removed to Queenhithe Ward 26 September, 1564, to Cripplegate 1566, Lord Mayor 1570, in which year he was knighted; he removed to Lime Street Ward 23 October, 1571, remaining there until his death, 5 December, 1593. He served the office of Lord Mayor a second time, during September and October of the year 1591, upon the decease of Sir John Allot.

Hayward was one of the four Members of Parliament for London elected in 1572. This Parliament met at Westminster, and sat from 8 May, 1572, to 24 April, 1583, but there were four Sessions only in the eleven years. The Journals of the House of Commons mark him out as a Member of exceptional ability and distinction. He was prominent on Joint Committee of the Lords and Commons appointed to consider what was to be done with Mary Queen of Scots and equally so on the Commons' Committee for granting a subsidy, and on the numerous committees dealing with various branches of trade. He served the office February 17, 1572, a commission was entrusted to sir John White and sir Rolande Heywarde, aldermen of London, Thomas Wilson, master of the court of requests, David Lewys, chief judge of the admiralty court, and seven others "to ascertain what English property has been arrested in Spain since Dec. 28, 1568." Master of the Clothworkers' Company in 1559 and one of the twelve citizens appointed to attend as assistants to the Chief Butler at coronation of Queen Mary, 1553, and of Queen Elizabeth in 1558. He resided in Philip Lane, London Wall, adjoining to St. Alphage Church, being the site of Elsynge Spittle, which was conveyed to him for the sum of £x00 by Margery, daughter of Lord Williams and wife Lord Norrys.

In 1560 he was possessed of the Manor of Over Seile in Leicestershire, also in 1561 of the Manor of Appleby Parva, in the same county. In 1574 he held the Manor of Cheyneys Court, Chart Sutton, Kent. In 1583 the Manor of Hackney was conveyed to him, and in 1596 was disposed of by his executors to the Countess of Oxford. Queen Elizabeth held her Court and stayed at his house, at Hackney, on her way to Theobalds, in 1587. During his first Mayoralty Queen Elizabeth opened the Royal Exchange (on the 22 January, 1571). The Queens Majestie accompanied with Nobility, came to Sir Thomas Gresham's in Bishopsgate Street, where she dined, and after returning through Cornhill entered the Burse, which place she caused by an Herald to be proclaimed "the Royal Exchange."

He was elected President of St. Bartholomew's Hospital 30 August, 1572, and retained the office till his death. At a meeting of the whole of the Governors of the Royal Hospitals, held at Christ's Hospital in 1587 he was elected "Comptroller General of Hospitals." This appointment appears to have been confirmed by the Court of Aldermen. His daughter Joan married Sir John Thynne of Longleat (ancestor of the Marquis of Bath), her mother was a daughter of Sir Richard Gresham, Mayor 1537, and sister of Sir Thomas Gresham. When he relinquished the office of Lord Mayor the second time, although he must have been a very old man, he still continued most active as a magistrate, right up to the date of his death, which occurred at his Manor house at Hackney, 5 December, 1593. In his Will he requested that his "sinful carcase might be buried where his executors should think most convenient," and they chose the Church of St. Alphage, London Wall, which benefited considerably under his Will.

Stow says there is a very good monument on the south wall of the choir of St. Alphage with the inscription:- "Here lieth the body of Sir Rowland Hayward, Knight, twice Lord Maior of this City of London, living an Alderman the space of thirty yeres; and (at his death) the ancientest Alderman in the said City. He lived beloved of all good Men, and died (in great Credit and Reputation) the fifth day of December Ann. Dom. 1593 and the 36 yere of our Soveraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth. He had two virtuous wives, and by them many happy children." This monument is still to be seen in the church.

Baddeley noted that Lime Street Ward seemed to be one of the most desirable wards in this era, with fewer removals than other wards.

An Overview of Rowland Hayward's Estate, by Shire: Value (annual) pounds.shillings.pence Property Parish

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE & BEDFORD 19. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Lavenden / Landen MIDDLESEX

  • 13. 6. 8 King's Place, Hackney
  • 9. 0. 0 Elsinge Spittell St Alphage or St Mary Aldermanbury, London
  • unspecified Phillipp Lane, London
  • 9. 0. 0 Wood Street & Bountinge Alley St Alphage, London
  • 4. 0. 0 Garlande Alley St Botolph w/out Bishopsgate
  • 2. 19. 0 ground & houses of Jhesus Steeple adj St Paul's Church, London
  • 1. 10. 0 Milke Street (Guildhall area) St Mary Magdalene, London

SHROPSHIRE (birthplace)

  • 6. 13. 4 manor or lordship of Cardington
  • 4. 12. 2 manor or lordship of Conde or Cownde
  • 4. 2. 0 manor or lordship of Doddington / Ditton / Earles Dytton Mortimer Cleobury
  • 3. 6. 8 manor or lordship of Rounde Acton Wenlock & Rounde Acton
  • 3. 6. 8 manor or lordship of Parva Wenlocke
  • 6. 13. 4 manor or lordship of manor or lordship of Tugford Burley
  • and manor or lordship of Longstaunton Tugford
  • & Staunton
  • 3. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Magna Dawley
  • 3. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Edgdon
  • 2. 10. 0 manor or lordship of Tiberton / Tibrighton
  • 1. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Stirchley
  • 1. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Heathe and Heathe Parke, adj:
  • 1. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Parva Dawley
  • 7. 0. 0 all tithes of Dudleston, Northwoode, Trenche, Elleston & Greeneyall
  • 2. 10. 0 demesne lands Lydlowes Hayes Cardington
  • unspecified farm or manor of Hudwicke
  • 2. 13. 4 Brierly, adj:
  • 1. 0. 0 Walcam Wood Stotesdon or Stoterton
  • 0. 13. 4 lands in the manor of Stretton

FLINT - see above

  • 7. 0. 0 all tithes of Dudleston, Northwoode, Trenche, Elleston & Greeneyall


  • 20. 0. 0 manor or lordship of Teremeneth or Stretmarcell
  • unspecified various lands le Poole, Buttington & Gilfeilde


  • unspecified meadow nr Temple Mille, Stratford Langthorne


  • 7. 0. 0 manors or lordships of Bemerton & Quidhampton
  • Total annual estate value = £ 139.16s.6d

Rowland's first wife was Joan Tillesworth; his second, Katherine Smythe.

  • Rowland m Joan c1560? (guestimate)
  • Joan (bap1658-d1612) m Sir John Thynne (1555-1604) of Longleat
  • Thomas Thynne m Maria Audley
  • other children of Joan and Sir John: Dorothy Thynne / another dau / another son
  • Susanna (dvp) m Sir Henry Townshend of Cound, Salop
  • Elizabeth m1 Richard Warren of Cleybury, Essex; m2 Thomas, Baron Knyvet of Escrick, Yorks (d1622)
  • Rowland m Katherine c 1578? (She married Sir John Scott after Rowland died.)
  • Alice m 1601 Sir Richard Buller (d1642) and had 14 children
  • Sir George died unmarried, age 28
  • Sir John (1591-1635, dsp) m Anne Sandys
  • Anne m Edward Crayford of Monicham Magna, Kent
  • Mary (d1662) m Warin St Leger (d1631) and had 13 children
  • Katherine m1 Richard Scott; m2 Sir Richard Sands
  • Amice

I have Stow's contemporaneous writeup of London, an authoritative source for the history of the city, and here cite a passage of interest in connection with Rowland Hayward's holdings.

From The Survey of London by John Stow, 1598

Writing of Cripplesgate Ward:

Now for antiquities and ornaments in this ward to be noted: I find first, at the meeting of the corners of the Old Jurie, Milke street, Lad lane, and Aldermanburie, there was of old time a fair well with two buckets, of late years converted to a pump. How Aldermanbury street took that name many fables have been bruited, all which I overpass as not worthy the counting; but to be short, I say, this street took the name of Alderman's burie (which is to say a court), there kept in their bery, or court, but now called the Guildhall; which hall of old time stood on the east side of the same street, not far from the west end of Guildhall, now used. Touching the antiquity of this old Alderman's burie or court, I have not read other than that Richard Renery, one of the sheriffs of London in the 1st of Richard I, which was in the year of Christ 1189, gave to the church of St. Mary at Osney, by Oxford, certain ground and rents in Aldermanbery of London, as appeareth by the register of that church, as is also entered into the hoistinges of the Guildhall in London. This old bery court or hall continued, and the courts of the mayor and aldermen were continually holden there, until the new bery court, or Guildhall that now is, was built and finished; which hall was first begun to be founded in the year 1411, and was not fully finished in twenty years after. I myself have seen the ruins of the old court hall in Aldermanbery street, which of late hath been employed as a carpenter's yard, etc.

In this Aldermanbery street be divers fair houses on both the sides, meet for merchants or men of worship, and in the midst thereof is a fair conduit, made at the charges of William Eastfield, sometime mayor, who took order as well for water to be conveyed from Teyborne, and for the building of this Conduit, not far distant from his dwelling-house, as also for a Standard of sweet water, to be erected in Fleet street, all which was done by his executors, as in another place I have showed.

Then is the parish church of St. Mary Aldermanbury, a fair church, with a churchyard, and cloister adjoining; in the which cloister is hanged and fastened a shank-bone of a man (as is said), very great ... Pat's note: I omit this digression].

There lie buried in this church -- Simon Winchcombe, esquire, 1391; Robert Combarton, 1422; John Wheatley, mercer, 1428; Sir William Estfild, knight of the bath, mayor 1438, a great benefactor to that church, under a fair monument: he also built their steeple, changed their old bells into five tuneable bells, and gave one hundred pounds to other works of that church. Moreover, he caused the Conduit in Aldermanbury, which he had begun, to be performed at his charges, and water to be conveyed by pipes of lead from Tyborne to Fleet street, as I have said: and also from High Berie to the parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate, where the inhabitants of those parts incastellated the same in sufficient cisterns. John Midleton, mercer, mayor I472; John Tomes, draper, 1486; William Bucke, tailor, 1501; Sir William Browne, mayor x5o7; Dame Margaret Jeninges, wife to Stephen Jeninges, mayor 1515; a widow named Starkey, sometime wife to Modie; Raffe Woodcock, grocer, one of the sheriffs 1586; Dame Mary Gresham, wife to Sir John Gresham, 1538; Thomas Godfrey, remembrancer of the office of the first fruits, 1577.

Beneath this church have ye Gay spur lane, which runneth down to London wall, as is afore showed. In this lane, at the north end thereof, was of old time a house of nuns; which house being in great decay, William Elsing, mercer, in the year of Christ 1329, the 3rd of Edward III, began in place thereof the foundation of an hospital for sustentation of one hundred blind men; towards the erection whereof he gave his two houses in the parishes of St. Alphage, and our Blessed Lady in Aldermanbury, near Cripplegate. This house was after called a priory, or hospital, of St. Mary the Virgin, founded in the year 1332 by W. Elsing, for canons regular; the which William became the first prior there. Robert Elsing, son to the said William, gave to the hospital twelve pounds by the year, for the finding of three priests: he also gave one hundred shillings towards the inclosing of the new churchyard without Aldgate, and one hundred shillings to the inclosing of the new churchyard without Aldersgate; to Thomas Elsing, his son, eighty pounds, the rest of his goods to be sold and given to the poor. This house, valued £ 193.15s. 5d., was surrendered the eleventh of May, the 22nd of Henry VIII.[Pat's note: English reformation; the dissolution].

The monuments that were in this church defaced: -- Thomas Cheney, son to William Cheney; Thomas, John, and William Cheney; John Northampton, draper, mayor 1381; Edmond Hungerford; Henry Frowike; Joan, daughter to Sir William Cheney, wife to William Stoke; Robert Eldarbroke, esquire, 1460; Dame Joan Ratcliffe; William Fowler; William Kingstone; Thomas Swineley, and Helen his wife, etc. The principal aisle of this church towards the north was pulled down, and a frame of four houses set up in place: the other part, from the steeple upward, was converted into a parish church of St. Alphage; and the parish church which stood near unto the wall of the city by Cripplesgate was pulled down, the plot thereof made a carpenter's yard, with saw-pits. The hospital itself, the prior and canons' house, with other lodgings, were made a dwelling-house; the churchyard is a garden plot, and a fair gallery on the cloister; the lodgings for the poor are translated into stabling for horses.

In the year 1541, Sir John Williams, master of the king's jewels, dwelling in this house on Christmas even at night about seven of the clock, a great fire began in the gallery thereof, which burned so sore, that the flame firing the whole house, and consuming it, was seen all the city over, and was hardly quenched, whereby many of the king's jewels were burnt, and more embezzled (as was said).* Sir Rowland Heyward, mayor, dwelt in this Spittle, and was buried there 1593; Richard Lee, alias Clarenciaux king of arms, I597.

Now to return to Milk street, so called of milk sold there, [as is supposed], there be many fair houses for wealthy merchants and other; amongst the which I read, that Gregory Rokesley, chief assay master of the king's mints, and mayor of London in the year 1275, dwelt in this Milk street, in a house belonging to the priory of Lewes in Sussex, whereof he was tenant at will, paying twenty shillings by the year, without other charge: such were the rents of those times.

  • Footnote: The Lord William of Thame was buried in this church, and so was his successor in that house, Sir Rowland Heyward.


Family and Education b. c.1520, 1st s. of George Hayward† of Bridgnorth, Salop by Margaret, da. of John Whitbrooke. educ. Bridgnorth free sch. m. (1) Joan, da. and coh. of William Tyllesworth, goldsmith, of London, at least 8ch.; (2) Catherine, aged 16, da. of (Sir) Thomas Smythe I of Westenhanger Castle, Kent, 2s. 4da. Kntd 1570.1

Offices Held

Master, Clothworkers’ Co. 1559-60; merchant adventurer 1564; common councilman, London bef. 1560; auditor 1556-8, alderman 1560-93, sheriff 1563-4; ld. mayor 1570-1, 1591; j.p. Mont., Salop from c.1573, Mdx. from c.1583.

Gov. mineral and battery works 1560, Muscovy Co. 1567, 1568, 1569, 1574, 1577, 1580, 1584, 1587.

President of Bridewell 1561; auditor gen. of hospitals 1566; president, St. Bartholomew’s 1572-d.; chairman of commission to reform Newgate 1574; surveyor gen. of hospitals 1580, comptroller gen. 1581.2

Biography By 1552 Hayward was trading at Antwerp. Returning to England by the time of Mary’s coronation he became a merchant adventurer importing fustian, camlets and buckram, dealing in silk, and exporting cloth. In 1564-5, and again in 1587, he championed the protests of London clothworkers and merchants against unrestricted Hanseatic export of unfinished cloths. Active on behalf of the Muscovy Company, of which he was a charter assistant at its foundation in 1555, he was instrumental in efforts to extend trade with Russia and Persia, notably through the 1577-8 attempt to discover a north-east passage. He was a promoter of the third slaving voyage of John Hawkins in 1567 and of Fenton’s disastrous voyage to the Far East in 1581. He contributed to a loan of £1,000 to the city for wheat in 1560, and was one of those from whom the Queen in 1560-1 borrowed £30,000, first at 10% then at 12% interest, in addition lending her privately nearly £7,000 between 1569 and 1571. When in 1575 the Queen borrowed £30,000 from the city, Hayward advocated, unsuccessfully, that £100,000 should be raised from abroad. He was closely associated with the opening of the Royal Exchange, represented the city in discussions with Cecil, and helped to audit the burse accounts.3

Hayward’s tenure of office as president of St. Bartholomew’s hospital was long. The surgeons there dedicated to him and others the earliest extant edition of Vicary’s Profitable Treatise of the Anatomy of Man’s Body. Hayward helped, as late as 1593, to choose the site of a new plague hospital. He also served as commissioner of sewers in 1566, and for reprisal against the goods of Spanish subjects in 1572-3. Father of the city by 1586, he was active in preparations against Spanish attacks in 1588-9. In his later days, as surveyor of the Bridgehouse estate, he had much to do with the disposal of city property, while in 1591, on the death of the lord mayor, he took on the office for the remainder of the term. As late as 1593 he was helping to decide what bills the city should present to Parliament.4

As senior MP for London in 1572, he was particularly active on committees concerning London, trade and industry. During the first session of the Parliament he was appointed to committees on Mary Queen of Scots (12 May), weights and measures (23 May), foreign artisans in the city of London (24 May) and kerseys (28 June). He spoke on three occasions during this session, on 21 May supporting a bill to forbid the use of wood to smelt iron within 20 miles of London. Hayward quoted figures to show how the price of fuel had risen ‘within them 30 years’: billets of wood from 4s.8d. a thousand to between 10s. and 25s., a load of coal from 9s., to 20s.30s., or 40s. His other two speeches were on wax (10 June) and on a motion that corporate towns should appoint a chamberlain to look after the affairs of their orphans (10 June). During the second session of the Parliament he was appointed to the committee to examine Peter Wentworth (8 Feb.), and to committees concerning the subsidy (10 Feb.), the poor (11 Feb.), cloth (16 Feb., 9 Mar.), beer (17 Feb.), leather (18 Feb.), wine (21 Feb.), the reciprocal treatment of foreigners (24 Feb.), braggers and drovers (28 Feb.), assize of wood within the city of London (3 Mar.), and artisans (8 Mar.). On 8 Mar. he was one of those chosen to discuss with the Lords which private bills were ‘fittest to be expedited’, and on 13 Mar. he was appointed to hear the counsel of the goldsmiths.

In 1581 he was in hot water over another bill aimed at controlling the manufacture of iron near London. Appointed to the committee on 28 Jan., he introduced another bill of his own on the subject without the permission of the committee. A demand for his punishment failed on a motion by the Speaker (16 Feb.). His other committees in 1581 concerned the subsidy (25 Jan.), paving the streets near Aldgate (9 Feb.), a private bill (20 Feb.), wool (23 Feb.) and London merchants (2 Mar.). On 8 Mar. two bills were delivered to him concerning Erith and Plumstead marshes, and a rent charge to the bishop of Coventry and his successors. Both committees were reported by Hayward the next day. He was paid his wages, 4s. a day for attendance and 1s. a day for boat hire, in addition to £6 13s.4d. a session for his scarlet Parliament robe.5

Hayward bought a good deal of property, some ex-monastic, in 1553, and his subsidy assessments show the extent of his landed wealth. He had 13 manors in Shropshire, two in Wiltshire, one on the border of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, and one in Montgomeryshire. His extensive London property included Garland Alley in St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, and houses, orchards and gardens in Wood Street, Bunting Alley and Milk Street. From 1563 he lived at Elsinge Spital and 20 years later he bought from Sir Henry Carey†, 1st Baron Hunsdon, a manor in Hackney, to serve him as a country residence. It was there that he was visited by the Queen in 1583 and 1587. He died 5 Dec. 1593, and was buried at St. Alphage, London Wall, where a monument was erected. In his will, dated 17 Nov. 1592 and proved 4 Mar. 1594, he directed that, according to the custom of London, his personal property should be divided into three parts, one for his wife, another for his children and a third for legacies. The overseers, including Thomas Owen and William Sebright, received £10 apiece. Charitable bequests included weekly loaves for the poor; a grant of land towards the relief of the sick and aged; the repair of St. Alphage; and an endowment of £20 a year for his old school at Bridgnorth.6

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603 Authors: W.J.J. / P. W. Hasler Notes

This biography is based on W. Jay, ‘Sir Rowland Hayward’, Trans. London and Mdx. Arch. Soc. n.s. vi. 509-27.

1. Vis. London (Harl. Soc. cix, cx), 105; Vis. Salop (Harl. Soc. xxviii), 235 2. A. B. Beaven, Aldermen, i. 253; ii. 36; T. S. Willan, Early Hist. Russia Co. 285-6; CPR, 1558-60, pp. 353-4; 1560-3, p. 112; 1563-6, p. 178; 1566-9, p. 274; N. Moore, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, ii. 589. 3. O. de Smedt, De Engelse Natie de Antwerpen 1496-1582 (Antwerp 1954), ii. 481-2; SP12/6/52; 20/63; Tudor Econ. Docs. ed. Tawney and Power, i. 246; ii. 150-1; Willan, Muscovy Merchants, 102; G. Unwin, Studies in Econ. Hist. 202-3; CSP Dom. 1547-80, pp. 275, 316, 505, 511; 1581-90, p. 411; APC, vii. 277 seq.; viii. 54, 55, 57, 59; xv. 277; Hakluyt’s Voyages (1903-5), ii. 307; iii. 93, 109, 253; E. Lipson, Econ. Hist. England, ii. 236; J. A. Williamson, Sir John Hawkins, 129; DNB (Fenton, Edward); Sel. Charters Trading Cos. ed. Carr (Selden Soc. xxviii), 19; CPR, 1558-60, pp. 353-4; 1560-3, p. 112; 1566-9, p. 274. 4. Beaven, i. 253; ii. 36; Jay, 510, 512, 513, 584-5, 517, 519, 520, 521; Regs. Stationers Co. of London 1554-1640, ed. Arber, i. 480; CPR, 1553-4, pp. 73-4; 1558-60, p. 29; N. Moore, Hist. St. Bartholomew’s Hosp. ii. 589; CSP Dom. 1547-80, p. 435; 1581-90, p. 644; R. R. Sharpe, London and the Kingdom (1894), i. 508-14; Archaeologia, xl. 395 seq. 5. D’Ewes, 206, 214, 223, 224, 241, 247, 248, 251, 252, 255, 262, 288, 294, 298, 300, 303, 304; Trinity, Dublin, Thos. Cromwell’s jnl. ff. 32, 60, 61; CJ, i. 94, 97, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 110, 112, 115, 119, 120, 124, 128, 129, 130, 132. 6. CPR, 1553-4, pp. 478-9; 1558-60, pp. 10, 135, 368; 1560-3, pp. 57, 148, 200, 201, 499, 553; APC, xxiv. 310 seq.; Willan, Muscovy Merchants, 103; London and Mdx. Arch. Soc. 1896-1908, iii. 203; N. and Q. ser. 7, ii. 165; Jay, 510, 519, 521, 522; D. Lysons, Environs of London (1595), ii. 455; E351/542, ff. 43, 91v; E. A. Mann, Brooke House, Hackney, 8-10, 25; CSP Dom. 1595-7, p. 238; PCC 24 Dixy.

Marriage 1 Katherine J SMYTHE b: Abt 1559 in Weston Hanger,Kent,England

Children: Alice HAYWARD b: Abt 1579 in Shillingham, Cornwall, England

view all 19

Sir Rowland Hayward, Lord Mayor of London's Timeline

Shropshire, England
Age 25
Probably London, Middlesex, England
Age 29
Of, London, Middlesex, England
Age 35
London, Middlesex, England
Age 55
Age 59
London, Middlesex, England
Age 61
Shillingham, Cornwall, England
Age 62
Kent, England
Age 67
Kent, UK