Son of William de Lytton, of Knebworth and Audrey Booth
|Managed by:||Stanley Welsh Duke, Jr.|
About Sir Rowland Lytton, Knight
Having lately had an opportunity of seeing the ancient mansion of the Lytton family at Knebworth near Stevenage in Hertfordshire your topographical readers may not be displeased with some account of it Knebworth House is a large structure built of brick round a quadrangle of which the east front may be seen in Sir H Chauncey's.
History of Hertfordshire p 352 The approach to it is by iron gates in a court walled round corresponding with an arched gateway in the centre of a part of the front sided by imitations of embattled towers from which extend two unequal wings The north side is partly formed by a colonnade of seven light round arches on pillars opening to a garden and supporting a gallery 76 feet long by 14 wide floored with oak and as many windows over the arches The south side of this colonnade is lighted by windows corresponding with the rest of the quadrangle At the west end of this colonnade is a suite of rooms with modern sashes as is the greater part of the west side to the park In this side is a spacious hall fitted up in a later style with a gallery at the upper end and communicating with the kitchens and offices at the south west end In the west side is another gateway corresponding with the former sided by a tower in the staircase in the spandrel of whose door is the Lytton rebus a tun in an L Under a long window on this side is a tun richly flowered and over this window the Lytton arms Over the inside of the first or eastern gateway are the arms of Lytton quartering Booth Oke and Wayland
and the date 1563 which fixes it to Rowland Lytton great grandson to the first purchaser of this family Sheriff of Herts 1568 10 Elizabeth and afterwards knighted He died 1582 and was buried in the church
On the grand staircase are the portraits three quarters of Sir Rowland lieutenant of the county and commander of their troops at Tilbury 1588 and his lady Anne daughter of Oliver Lord St John Baron of Bletsoe He is represented in dark hair whiskers and peaked beard armed completely in plated armour almost to the knees on which appear flowered silk or linen drawers with red garters reaching to his black boots which just appear red sash and tassels to his sword In his right hand he holds a heavy tilting lance his left hand is akimbo his helmet stands on a table behind him Above behind his head are his arms quarterly Ermine on a chief indented gules 3 crowns or Lytton Sable on a fess azure between 6 trefoils 3 oak leaves gules Oke Argent 3 boars heads sable Booth Ermine a cross gules charged with 4 bezants Weyland Motto Hoc virtvtis opvs Crest a bittern in rushes and over it 1588 with another motto Before his face a tree with an inscription which as well as the second motto the height of the stairs prevented from being seen His lady is represented in her hair ruff black gown double gold chain supported by her left hand and in her right a silver ball On another staircase is a portrait of a man in red hair and enormous ruff his left hand on his belly By him is written A aetatis 23 1586 Below these is a three quarter portrait of Sir Watkin Williams Wynne in a tie wig brown coat laced waistcoat in his left hand An act for the more effectually preventing bribery and corruption of members to serve in Parliament On the landing place a whole length portrait of a man in his hair whiskers and falling beard black coat and mantle trunk hose roses to shoes standing on a red and white lozenge pavement his right hand on a table his left on his sword Behind him in the left corner is a view as seems of St Mark's Square at Venice In one of the rooms are high backed wooden chairs painted with RL in cipher and this coat 1 4 gules over a fret or a fess azure 2 3 azure In the gallery a whole length portrait of the last Mr Lytton leaning on his gun in a gold laced green coat ribbed stockings square toed high quartered shoes and tie wig a pointer running looking back to him At the right corner below Ferrers surdus & mutus pinxit 1 7 10 A whole length of a young gentleman in a similar style of composition seems of the same master A small head on board in armour with ruff and red hair superscribed Le dvc mateas davstriche Another small head on board of a lady in small cap and coronet ruff and standing cape with a double headed spread eagle pendent from her necklace A man with flowing hair in armour in a red gown with white sleeves under it A coat of arms of quarterly 1 4 Lytton Q 2 ermine in a canton sable a crescent azure 3 ermine on a chief indented azure 3 crowns Lytton On a shield of pretence gules an anchor or on a chief or 3 torteaux Crest a bird with wings extended sable Another small woman's head on board in a ruff small cap black and ermine gown and rich stomacher superscribed Chaterina d Holande A pedigree of the Lytton family by Peter le Neve