Sir Simon de Fraser, IV

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Sir Simon de Fraser, IV

Also Known As: "11799", "Fraser"
Birthplace: Oliver Castle,Tweedmuir,Peebleshire,Scotland
Death: Died in London, Middlesex, England
Cause of death: Beheaded
Immediate Family:

Son of Simon Fraser, III and Grizzle Anne Fraser
Husband of Maria Fraser and Beatrix Fraser
Father of nn Partner of Thomas de Somerville; Sir Simon Fraser of Brotherton, Sheriff of Kincardine and Margaret de la Hay, of Oliver Castle
Brother of Andrew Fraser

Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Sir Simon de Fraser, IV

Sir Simon Fraser, the gallant patriot, and the friend and companion of Wallace, who was executed at London by Edward I., with circumstances of shocking barbarity. By this marriage the Hays obtained the valuable barony of Neidpath, and other lands on Tweedside, which remained in their possession until the year 1686.

Sir Simon Fraser of Oliver and Neidpath, Knight Banneret fought in the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Early life

Simon Fraser was born in Peebleshire (now Tweeddale), where the Clan Fraser was dominant and held power as the Lords of Oliver Castle.

Wars of Independence

For a time he fought alongside Andrew Moray, and after that man's death, William Wallace. He led the Scottish victory at the Battle of Roslin alongside John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (also known as "Red Comyn"). Consequently the English King, Edward I, marched north through Stirling taking Perth. As Edward approached Dunfermline, the Bishop of St Andrews and the bishop of Glasgow along with Red Comyn met his army and submitted. Simon refused to swear fealty to the English King and did not attend. This defiance would later lead to his execution.

In 1304, Fraser fought with William Wallace at Happrew and was defeated.

Later Fraser fought for King Robert I of Scotland. He escaped from the King's defeat at the Battle of Methven, but was captured in 1306 at a subsequent engagement at Kirkencliff near Stirling by Sir Thomas de Multon and Sir John Jose. Fraser was sent to London, and hanged, drawn and quartered in September 1306. His head was impaled on a spike on London Bridge, as were those of his brother, John Fraser, and William Wallace.


Sir Simon Fraser of Oliver acquired the Bisset Lands around Beauly when he won the hand of its heiress, a young Bissett. King Alexander III granted the right of the "Lordship of Loveth, vulgo Morich," in the Aird, in 1253, and the corresponding lands, to Simon Fraser of Lovat, either his son or cousin, from whom the Clan Fraser claims descent. Sir Simon held other lands in Kincardineshire, which were given to his eldest son (or cousin), Sir Alexander Fraser of Cowie. It is from Alexander that the Frasers of Philorth descend. The next century in 1336, Thomas Fraser of the Frasers of Muchalls, gained the estates of Stonywood and Muchalls in Kincardineshire, and soon erected a towerhouse stronghold overlooking the North Sea; it is not clear whether this towerhouse was an expansion of an earlier structure on the site. This towerhouse was further greatly expanded in the early 17th century, and became known as Muchalls Castle.

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Sir Simon de Fraser, IV's Timeline

Oliver Castle,Tweedmuir,Peebleshire,Scotland
Age 20
Age 23
Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire, Scotland
Age 25
Oliver Castle, Tweedmuir, Peebles Shire, Scotland
Age 45
London, Middlesex, England