Sir Thomas Wroth, Kt.

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Sir Thomas Wroth, Kt.

Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Death: October 9, 1573 (55)
Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Place of Burial: Somerset, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Wroth, Esq., MP and Jane Wroth
Husband of Mary Wroth and Mary Wroth
Father of Sir Thomas Wroth, Kt.; Sir Robert Wroth, Kt., MP; Mabel Hardres; Edward Wroth; John Wroth and 17 others
Brother of John Wroth; William Wroth; Oliver Wroth; Dorothy Lewknor and Elizabeth Brent
Half brother of Francis Goodere, MP and Anne Penruddock

Occupation: Knighted 2/1546/47; Member of Parliament for Middlesex 1544 and 1547-1552; Gentleman of the Bedchamber of member of the Privy Council for Edward VI; educated at St. John's College, Cambridge University; member of Gray's Inn (lawyer).
Managed by: Noah Tutak
Last Updated:

About Sir Thomas Wroth, Kt.

  • Sir Thomas Wrothe, Standard Bearer, Bailiff of the manor of Enfield, & of Ware [1],[2]
  • M, #85158, b. circa 1518, d. 9 October 1573
  • Father Robert Wrothe, Esq., Justice of the Peace for Middlesex [3] b. c 1489, d. 11 May 1535
  • Mother Jane Haute [3] b. c 1486, d. a 1546
  • Sir Thomas Wrothe, Standard Bearer, Bailiff of the manor of Enfield, & of Ware was born circa 1518 at of Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England; Age 17 in 1535; age 32 in 1551.[2] He married Mary Rich, daughter of Sir Richard Rich, 1st Lord Rich, Lord Chancellor of England, Speaker of the House of Commons and Elizabeth Jenkes, in 1538 at of Enfield, Middlesex, England; They had 7 sons (including Sir Robert; Thomas; John; Edward; & Richard) & 7 daughters (including Mabel, wife of Edward Aucher, Esq., & of Richard Hardres; Elizabeth, wife of George Mynne, Esq; & Judith, wife of Robert Burgoyne, Esq.).[1],[2] Sir Thomas Wrothe, Standard Bearer, Bailiff of the manor of Enfield, & of Ware died on 9 October 1573 at England.[2]
  • Family Mary Rich b. c 1522
  • Children
    • Mabel Wrothe+[4],[1],[2] b. c 1542, d. 1597
    • Judith Wrothe [5],[2] b. c 1544
    • Elizabeth Wrothe+[6],[2] b. c 1555, d. 14 Aug 1614
  • Citations
  • 1.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 51-52.
  • 2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 373.
  • 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 372.
  • 4.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 465.
  • 5.[S15] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, p. 82.
  • 6.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 392.
  • From:
  • _____________________
  • WROTH, Sir Thomas (1518-73), of Durants, Enfield, Mdx. and London.
  • b. 1518, o.s. of Robert Wroth† of Durants by Jane, da. of Sir Thomas Hawte. educ. St. John’s, Camb.; G. Inn 1536. m. 1538, Mary, da. of Sir Richard Rich†, 1st Baron Rich, 7s. inc. John, Richard and Robert I 7da. suc. fa. 1535. Kntd. 22 Feb. 1547.1
  • Gent. usher of the chamber to Prince Edward 1541-7; gent. of privy chamber 1547-9, principal gent. 1549-53; standard bearer of England Jan.-Nov. 1549; jt. lt. Waltham forest, Essex 1549-58; bailiff, manor of Enfield, Mdx. from 1550, manor of Ware, Herts. 1551-3; jt. ld. lt. Mdx. 1551, 1552, 1553; keeper of Syon House and steward of lordship of Isleworth, Mdx. 1552-3; steward, Elsing and Worcesters manors in Enfield, Mdx. 1553-9; master forester, Enfield chase 1553-9; steward, manor of Edmonton, Mdx. 1553-d.; j.p.q. Mdx. from c.1559, Essex from c.1561; keeper, manor of Elsing, Mdx. 1560-d.; special commr. to consult with ld. dep. on govt. of Ireland 1562; commr. to raise benevolence in Essex and Mdx. May 1564; woodward, Enfield chase 1564-6; custos rot. Mdx. by 1564.2
  • Biography
  • Wroth was a gentleman of the chamber during the reign of Edward VI, his services being rewarded by numerous marks of royal favour, notably lavish grants of land. He signed the letters patent devising the crown to Lady Jane Grey and was sent to the Tower after Mary’s accession. He was soon released, but early in 1554 was suspected of complicity in the Duke of Suffolk’s rising. As a result he went into exile, remaining abroad, in Italy and Germany, for the rest of Mary’s reign. Just over a month after Elizabeth’s accession he set off for England. Edwin Sandys, who reported his departure from Strasbourg (he left 20 Dec. 1558) noted that he travelled with Sir Anthony Cooke and ‘other persons of distinction’. As the Middlesex election return is dated 29 Dec. he was presumably elected knight of the shire in absentia, though he would have been in England in time for the opening of the Parliament in 1559. It is likely that Wroth was among those MPs who pressed for a more radical religious settlement than the Queen would allow. On 29 Mar. the bill for the increase of tillage was committed to him, and he was a member of the succession committee 31 Oct. 1566. He was one of 30 Members summoned on 5 Nov. 1566 to hear the Queen’s message on the succession. Wroth was also put in charge of a small matter of privilege in this Parliament, his report on 23 Nov. 1566 being the occasion of his only known speech in the House.3
  • The failure of the Marian exiles and their supporters to secure a more complete reformation of the Church than that of 1559 may have weighed heavily on Wroth’s spirits. Late in 1559 Peter Martyr, writing from Zurich, complained to John Jewel that neither Wroth nor Sir Anthony Cooke had written to him. Jewel replied:
    • ... they are neither in the rank or position you suppose them to be, and in which all [our] Israel hoped they would be ... They have hitherto refrained from writing to you, not from any disinclination or forgetfulness of you, but [because they were really ashamed to write.] Both of them are now suffering most severely under an attack of ague.
  • Wroth served the government in a variety of capacities during the remaining years of his life. In November 1558 Sir Nicholas Throckmorton suggested that he should be sent to Germany to negotiate with the protestant princes. Elizabeth seems to have kept this advice in mind as, in July 1562, when there was concern about the course of the French civil war, Wroth was ordered to discuss with the German princes the possibility of raising an army to help the Huguenots. A month before, he had been appointed a special commissioner to consult with the lord deputy on the government of Ireland, though he did not arrive in Dublin until February 1564. In April the lord deputy, the 3rd Earl of Sussex, left for England and Wroth was nominated special assistant to Sir Nicholas Arnold, who was appointed lord justice during the deputy’s absence. But Wroth displeased the Queen:
    • We mislike so much of your remissness to satisfy us in this commission that except you can better answer to your doings we shall think it reason to cause you to make account thereof,
  • and was recalled in October.4
  • Wroth’s activities were not confined to the Continent and Ireland. In August 1559 he was one of the commissioners nominated to visit the dioceses of Ely and Norwich. In June 1563, he was appointed to a commission instructed to apprehend, examine and bring to trial persons suspected of murder, felony, counterfeiting or other serious crimes, and in February 1565, when another commission was nominated with the same terms of reference, he was again a member. In April 1565 he was among those Middlesex notables who received instructions to take special care in the ‘good assessing’ of the subsidy. In July 1569 he helped to muster the county. The Government’s confidence in him was reflected in his appointment as a commissioner to examine the circumstances attending the publication in England of the papal bull deposing Elizabeth. On 25 June 1570 the Council ordered him and the other commissioners to convey to the Tower John Felton, who was charged with having a copy of the printed bull, and with ‘speech with the Spanish ambassador’. Felton denying the accusations, the Council ordered him to be ‘brought to the place of torture and ... put in fear thereof’. If he still refused to confess he was to be made to ‘feel such smart and pains’ as the commissioners thought necessary. Wroth was given a rather less dramatic assignment in June 1573, a few months before his death, when he was one of six commissioners appointed to examine a man who was suspected of robbing New College, Oxford.5
  • Wroth, who was assessed at £100 for the subsidy of 1571, was a wealthy man when he died. His father had left him lands in Middlesex and Somerset, but it was his own service to Edward VI that established the family fortunes. Between 1550 and he obtained grants of ten manors, four in Essex, three in Middlesex, two in Sussex and one in Somerset. When he died, 9 Oct. 1573, he had lands in five counties. In his will dated 5 Oct. 1573, proved 26 Apr. 1575, he bequeathed £400 in cash to each of his four unmarried daughters and £500 to each of his six younger sons. His wife received a life interest in four manors, which were to revert after her death to his heir Robert, who received a direct grant of some of his other lands and the reversion of the remainder. His executors were his brother William, two friends, Peter Osborne and William Clerke, and a cousin, James Morice. The preamble to his will repudiated good works as a means to salvation, and he made no charitable bequests.6
  • From:
  • _______________
  • WROTH, Thomas (1518-73), of Durants, Enfield, Mdx. and London.
  • Family and Education
  • b. 1518, only son of Robert Wroth, and half-brother of Francis Goodere.
  • educ. St. John’s, Camb., Gray's Inn, adm. 1536.
  • m. 1538, Mary, daughter of Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, 7 sons including John†, Richard† and Robert†, 7 daughters
  • Succeeded father 11 May 1535.
  • Knighted 22 Feb. 1547.[2]
  • Offices Held
  • Gentleman usher, the chamber to Prince Edward 1541-7;
  • Gentleman, the privy chamber 1547-9, principal gentleman 1549-53;
  • standard bearer Jan.-Nov. 1549,
  • Commissioner of relief, Middlesex 1550,
  • Commissioner of goods of churches and fraternities 1553,
  • Commissioner of subsidy 1563,
  • Commissioner of musters 1569,
  • Commissioner of benevolence, Essex, Middlesex 1564,
  • Commissioner of ecclesiastical causes 1572;
  • other commissions 1540-70;
  • bailiff, manors of Enfield 1550-d., Ware, Hertfordshire 1551-3;
  • jt. ld. lt. Middlesex 1551, 1552, 1553;
  • keeper, Syon house and steward, lordship of Isleworth, Middlesex 1552-3;
  • steward, manors of Elsing and Worcesters in Enfield 1553-9, Edmonton, Middlesex 1553-d.;
  • master forester, Enfield chase 1553-9, woodward 1564-6;
  • j.p.q. Middlesex 1558/59-d., Essex 1561-d.;
  • keeper, manor of Elsing 1560-d.;
  • special commissioner to consult with ld. dep. on govt. of Ireland 1562;
  • custos rot. Middlesex by 1564-d.[3]
  • Biography
  • In October 1536 the wardship of Thomas Wroth was granted to Cromwell who had been a friend of his father. He was then 18 years old and negotiations for his marriage opened in the following year with an offer by Sir Brian Tuke of one of his daughters. This came to nothing, but in 1538 Cromwell sold the marriage to Sir Richard Rich for 300 marks and Wroth married Rich’s third daughter Mary. In April 1540 he was granted livery of the lands which had descended to him from his father: a month later he increased this substantial inheritance by purchasing lands in Hertfordshire and Middlesex from Cromwell and Rich, the commissioners for the sale of crown lands. After the fall of Cromwell he obtained a lease of the minister’s manor of Highbury, Middlesex, and in 1544 he bought a manor in Hertfordshire.[4]
  • Wroth was appointed a gentleman usher to Prince Edward in October 1541 and began a career in the royal service which presumably accounts for his earlier appearances in Parliament and for his knighthood. In 1547 he was sent north to congratulate the Protector Somerset on the victory at Pinkie and two years later he was appointed standard bearer during the minority of Sir Anthony Browne. On the fall of Somerset he was promoted to be one of the four principal gentlemen of the privy chamber, of whom at least two were to be continually attendant upon the King: their salaries were raised from £50 to £100 ‘in consideration of the singular care and travail that they should have about his majesty’s person’.
  • Besides his duties about the King he was employed on special commissions for the better execution of penal laws, for the recovery of outstanding debts to the crown and for the reform of the revenue courts. He was rewarded for his services by appointment to a number of offices in the administration of crown lands and by the grant of four manors in Essex, three in Middlesex, one in Somerset and two in Sussex; the reversion to two monastic houses, which he also received, he re-sold within two or three years.[5]
  • Although Wroth signed the letters patent of 7 June 1553 devising the crown to Jane Grey and also attended the King on his deathbed, he took no part in the attempt to force the King’s supposed will upon the country. He helped to proclaim Mary Queen in Cheapside on 19 July but a week later he was sent to the Tower: he was not held in prison for long and on 9 Oct. 1553 he was granted a general pardon. Early in the following year he was suspected of complicity in the rising of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk. He was approached by the conspirators and although he refused to join them Stephen Gardiner advised his arrest.
  • He fled overseas, arriving at Padua with Sir John Cheke in July 1554, and remained abroad for the rest of the reign, first in Italy and from 1555 at Strasbourg. In August 1556 a messenger from the Queen arrived to recall him to England, but Wroth managed to hide from him and when the messenger had left he applied to the magistrate of Strasbourg for a residence permit. This was renewed in 1557, when he declared that he was an exile for the sake of religion, and again in 1558. Directly the news of Mary’s death reached him Wroth set out for home, leaving Strasbourg on 20 Dec. 1558.[6]
  • The ascendancy which Wroth and other exiles had hoped for in the England of Elizabeth was not vouchsafed them. Wroth recovered few of his lost offices and became a country gentleman rather than a courtier until his death on 9 Oct. 1573.[7]
  • Ref Volumes: 1509-1558
  • Author: Helen Miller
  • Notes
  • 1. Hatfield 207.
  • 2. Aged 17 and more at fa.’s death, C142/57/7, 33, and 32 or thereabouts at Gardiner’s trial in 1551, Foxe, Acts and Mons. vi. 148. PCC 36 Hogen, 16 Pyckering; D. O. Pam, Protestant Gentlemen: the Wroths of Enfield and Loughton (Edmonton Hundred Hist. Soc. occasional ppr. n.s. xxv), passim; DNB; C142/171/97.
  • 3. W. C. Richardson, Ct. Augmentations, 470; LP Hen. VIII, xvi, xvii, xxi; APC, ii-iv passim; CPR, 1549-51 to 1569-72 passim; Somerville, Duchy, i. 612-13; CSP Dom. 1547-80, p. 40; CSP Ire. 1509-73, pp. 230, 246.
  • 4. LP Hen. VIII, xi, xii, xiv-xvi, xix; M. L. Robertson, ‘Cromwell’s servants’ (Univ. California Los Angeles Ph.D. thesis, 1975), 593.
  • 5. LP Hen. VIII, xxi; W. K. Jordan, Edw. VI, ii. 20; Lit. Rems. Edw. VI, 224, 403, 469, 499-501; Rep. R. Comm. of 1552 (Archs. of Brit. Hist. and Culture iii), pp. xxvi, 76, 82; Richardson, 198; Elton, Tudor Rev. in Govt. 230; VCH Mdx. ii. 30-31; iii. 103; iv. 114.
  • 6. Jordan, ii. 519; Chron. Q. Jane and Q. Mary (Cam. Soc. xlviii), 100, 182, 184; Grey Friars Chron. (Cam. Soc. liii), 81; Pam, 6; CPR, 1553-4, p. 436; D. M. Loades, Two Tudor Conspiracies, 27, 263; CSP For. 1553-8, p. 112; Cam. Misc. x(2) 116-19; C. H. Garrett, Marian Exiles, 345-6; Zurich Letters 1558-79 (Parker Soc.), 3-6.
  • 7. C142/171/97.
  • From:
  • ___________________
  • WROTH, John (d. aft. July 1616), of London.
  • yr. s. of Sir Thomas Wroth of Durants, Enfield, Mdx. by Mary, da. of Richard Rich†, 1st Baron Rich; bro. of Richard and of Robert I. m.
  • From:
  • __________________
  • WROTH, Richard (d.1596), of Enfield, Mdx.
  • 2nd s. of Sir Thomas Wroth, and bro. of Robert I and John. educ. St. John’s, Camb. 1553. unm.
  • From:
  • __________________________
  • WROTH, Robert I (c.1539-1606), of Durants, Enfield, Mdx. and Loughton, Essex.
  • b. c.1539, 1st s. of Sir Thomas Wroth and bro. of John and Richard. educ. St. John’s Camb. ‘impubes’ 1552; G. Inn 1559. m. Susan, da. and h. of John Stonard of Loughton, 4s. inc. Robert II. suc. fa. 1573, fa.-in-law 1579. Kntd. 1597.2
  • From:
  • _______________________

3. Hon Mary Rich, mar. c. 1539/40 Sir Thomas Wrothe, of Enfield, co. Middlesex (b. 1516; d. 9 Oct 1573), 1st son and heir of Robert Wrothe, of Enfield, co. Middlesex, by his wife Jane Haute, dau. of Thomas Haute, of Haute Court, co. Kent, and had issue,_17th_century)

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Sir Thomas Wroth, Kt.'s Timeline

Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Age 22
Probably Durants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Age 24
Durrants, Middlesex, England
Age 24
Probably Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Age 28
Probably Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Age 30
Barking, Essex, England, United Kingdom
Age 30
Durrants, Middlesex, England
Age 32
Of Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Age 34
Of Durrants, Enfield, Middlesex, England
Age 36
Durrants, Middlesex, England