Thomas of Bayhall, Hardreshull & Exton de Culpeper (Colepeper), Sr.
|Also Known As:||"Culpepper/colepeper"|
|Birthplace:||Hardreshull, Bayhall, England|
|Death:||Died in Bayhall, Pembury, Kent, England|
Son of Sir John Culpeper of Hardreshull and Bayhall and Elizabeth de Culpeper
|Occupation:||Marshall & Sheriff of Kent|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Sir Thomas de Culpeper, of Hardreshull and Bayhall
He made a will on 26 Oct 1427.
(THOMAS COLPEPER, Knight, Sunday next before the Feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude the 7th year of the reign of Our Lord the King Henry VI after the conquest. My body to be buried in the Abbey of Begghame because that church is dedicated the Annunciation of Our Lady, in the place where my sepulture of "Alebastre" is made. I leave to Nicholas my son all my horses and to Elizabeth his wife my paternosters of gold and I leave to Jouet Topymoye if she is alive 5 marcs.
To John Bayhalle, Bastard, if he helps my executors 10 marcs. To Thomas Payn my ‘cuc’ 40s. To my ‘butiller’ 13s. 4d. My ‘Baker’ 13s. 4d. To Cristiane Brayley 13s. 4d., John Bosvyle 13s. 4d., John Coppyng 13s. 4d., my Parker 13s. 4d., John Dwale 13s. 4d. To each ‘garson’ 3s. 4d., to each ‘page’ and ‘hyne’ 20d., ‘a Malyne ma petite Chaumberer’ to her marriage and advancement 20s.
I leave to aid the church of Pepynbery to diverse good works 40s. To the high altar there 13s. 4d. To Sr. John Trot 20s. To the Abbot of Beggham 20s., to each chanon 3s. 4d., to each curate (curatour) of seven parishes nearest for Placebo, Dirige and Commendation and mass by note of Requiem 6s. 8d. To Five of the poorest men of the same parishes 5d. To the Abbot and Convent of Beggham each year for 7 years 10s. to hold my anniversary and the Anniversary of Joyouse (Joyce) my wife. I leave to Walter my son 200 marcs. To Nicholas my son 200 marcs. To Thomas Fitz (sic) 200 marcs. To John Copeper my son £40.
To Abbot and Convent of Begghame £35. 6. 8. To the church of Nuns of Mallyng 40s., the Priory church of Tonbregge 20s., the Friars of Aylesforde 20s., the Austyn Friars of Rye to hold my obit and anniversary 40s. I leave to the light of the Tapers of the schryne of Cantirbury 20s. I pray and charge John Colpeper and all my other sons by the blessing of God and of myself that they do not hinder my executors or my feoffees. I leave for the administration of my goods on the manor of Baghalle at my decease if need be £20. The Residue the one moiety to my sons and to Joyce my wife and the other moiety to the Abbey of Beghame on condition they find a chaplain to sing for the souls of me and Joyce my wife at the altar where our bodies lie for ten years as my executors and the abbot can agree.
Executors. Sire John Langdon, Bishop of Roucestre, John Chetham Abbot of Beghame, Walter and Nicholas my sons, Wm. Burgoyne, Roger Honyton, Wm. Bernes and Thomas Festynden and I give to the Bishop of Rochester for his diligence and labour 10 marcs and to each of the others 5 marcs.
This is the Will of Master Thomas Colpeper Knight, made in the Feast of St. Margaret in the 3rd year of the reign of Our Lord the King Henry VI since the conquest charging his enfeoffees Wm. Bernes, Richd Ruyton, Sire Robert Clerk, Robert Sprynget in all lands and tenements in the Counties of Kent and Sussex who were enfeoffed by deed bearing dated in the Feast of the Annunciation of Our Lady 10th years of King Henry the Fourth (8 September 1407) and afterwards by a charter to certain feoffees Thomas Longle bishop of Durham, Wm. Cheyne justice, Walter et Nicholas Colpeper my sons, Wm. Bernes, Ric Ruyton and Robert Sprynget carrying the date the Feast of the Annunciation of our Lady in the 10th year of the King Henry the Fifth (25 March 1422) concerning the Manor of Bayhalle with all lands etc., which were of old time given by fine to John Colpeper my father and his heirs males in the parishes of Pepyngbery, Tonbregge and Tudele. I will and charge my said feoffees Thomas, William, Walter and Nicholas Wm. Bernes, Richard and Robert the said manor to go to my sons by partition in Gauylkynde.
And touching the Manor of Badeselle after the death of me Sr. Thos. Colpeper to go to Walter my son and his heirs males and in default to the heirs of me and Dame Joyce and then to my right heirs. And touching the Manor of Bernet in the parishes of Leghe, Penserst, Bitehergh and Tonbregge with the ‘molyne a brente’ of Gretenerssh, with all the lands and tenements called Scottegrove in the parish of Asshe, Gatewikemede in the parish of Otteforde, with the rents and farms in the parishes of Sele and Sevenoke, to Thomas my son and for default to Nicholas his brother and for default to the heirs male of me and Joyce my wife and in default to my right heirs.
And touching the lands etc of Coluerden, two windmills, Coluerden mede, the lands etc of Bokstede, Marsfelde, with all the lands etc in the parishes of Fernthe (Frant) and Wadeherst with the mill of Berkeleghe and three marcs of fee farm which the Sire de Ponynges pays for the lands called Hosilhothe, to Nicholas my son. In default to the heirs males of me and Joyce lately my wife. And I will that the said Nicholas shall have ‘en ennuatage’ all the lands etc which are of fee simple belonging to the Manor of Bayhalle which were bought by Walter Colpeper my uncle, John Colpeper my father or by me Sir Thos. Colpeper Knight, which were bought since the Fine was made and I charge my feoffes after my death to enfeoff the said Nicholas my son therein.
Touching the Manor of Wyggesele and lands of Hernden in the parishes of Sandherst and Newynden because the said manor of Wiggesele is of fee and was given and granted by deed indented at the marriage between Joyce my wife and me Sr. Thomas Colpeper and to the heirs males and in default to the right heirs of me the said Sr. Thomas, not withstanding that since our marriage I have made other feoffement to Wm. Bernes and others I will after my death the said Manor be granted by the feoffees as was arranged at our marriage.
Done at Bayhalle the year etc abovesaid. I Thomas Colpeper Knt, the Sunday next the Feast of the Purification of Our Lady the 7th year of the reign of King Henry VIth ordain: that Nicholas my son in his proper person shall go a pilgrimage to Norwich and there offer ‘a le Seint vicair on coer quest en mon chapel d’oor’ and that he have the cost of his expenses of my goods. That the same Nicholas make another Pilgrimage to the ‘Shryne’ of St. Thomas of Caunterbury in his proper person and there offer ‘vn roll d’oor’ and have for himself the costs and expenses.
I leave in the church in the Town of Pountose in Normandy where the body of Richard my son lies a chalys and a chaplain to sing there for his soul for a year. To Marion Chamberer my ‘hopland’ of Scarlet and furred with ‘Mesines’ and 20s. To Alison for her labour another ‘hopland’ with the fur and 13s. 4d. (Hopoland = a cloak).
To Nicholas my son a suitable bed such as his brother Walter had at his marriage. I will that Thomas Festynden have £10 on condition he find surety to pay to Cristian Braylez each year during her life 20s. To the Prior and Convent of Cumbwelle 100s.
I will that Thomas Peche farmer of Wiggessele be pardoned his debt of last year of 100s. My feoffees in a piece of land called Gatewikmede in Otteforde to sell and buy other land for Thomas my son.
Proved 8 March 1428 at Slydon and administration granted to Walter Colpeper, Roger Honyton and Thos. Festynden executors and afterwards at Lambeth to Wm. Burgoyne and Nicholas Colpeper. (403b Chichele I).).
M.P. 1381-1382 and sheriff 1393-1394. Will proved at Lambeth. The following is an abstract from "The Sussex Colepepers" of Sir Thomas's will, partially translated:
Moy Thomas Colpeper Chr le dymenge procheyn deuant la feste de lez apostelez Simon et Jude l'an nre syr le Roy henry apres le conqueste vj et de son regne vij ordeyne mon testament.... En primez mon alme a dieu et mon corps desire sepelye en l'abbeye de Begghame p cause que l'esgisle est de l'annunciation nre dame en le lieu ou mon sepulture d'Alebastre est fait. Et ieo lise a Nicholas mon fitz toutz mes chiualx. Et a Elizabeth sa femme mez paternosterez de or. A Jouce Topemoye si ele soit en vie v marc. A John Bayhalle bastard x marcz. a Thomas Payne mon cuc xls. a mon Butiller 13s 4d. mon
Bakere 13s 4d. Christianne Braylez 13s 4d. John Bosvyle 13s 4d. John Coppyng 13s 4d. mon parkcr 13s 4d, John Devale 13s 4d. a chescun garson 3s 4d, a chescun page and hyne 20s. a Malyme ma petite chaumberer a son mariage 20s. l'eglise de Pepymbery 40s. al haute auter la 13s 4d. Sr John Trot 20s. al Abbot de Begghame 20s. a chescun Canon de mesme le lieu 3s 4d. To the Curates of the seven nearest parishes 6s 8d for masses and to publish my humble will. To five of the poorest of the same patishes 5d. To the Abbot ard Convent of Beghame 10s yearly to keep my anniversary and the anniversary of Joyouse my wife. To Walter my son 200 marcs "condicionel sil face lealement et naturelement son devoir en lez ventez pticions et liberations de mon chatel p tesmoinage de les autres compaignons et assossez. A Nicholas mon fitz 200 marcs pour son bon svices. A Thomas mon fitz 200 marcs sur tiel condicion d'estre paie sil supporte bien et naturelement a mon volunte de mon testament et a mez executours et enfeffeez. A John Colpeper mon fitz £40 (on same conditions as Thomas). To the Abbot and Convent of Beghame £35. 6. 8. To the Church of Nonaignez de Malling 40s. To the Church of the Priory of Tunbridge 20s. The brothers of Aylesford 20s. Al freres austynes de Rye pour tenir mon obit et anniversarie 40s. A lumer les Taperez de la Shryne de Canterbury 20s. Et ieo prie et charge John Colpeper et toutz mes autres fitz quils ne disturbent mes executors ne mes enfeffez de fermez. Goods in Manor of Bayhalle. If any person forfeit the condition half his legacy shall go "a mes fitz de moy et ioiouse ma femme" and of the other half, parcel to the Abbot and Convent of Beghme to find a chaplain to sing for the souls of me and Joyouse my wife at the altar where the bodies lie, and remainder to works of chnrity. Executors, Sire John Langdon leuesq de Roucester, John Chethm le Abbot de Beghm, Walter et Nicholas mez ffitz, William Burgoyne, Roger Honyton, William Bernes, et Thomas Festynden.
Ceste la condition et volunte de Monsr. Thoms Colpeper chiualer fait en la feste de seint Margarete l'an nre Syr le Roy Henry vj puis le conqueste tierce quil voile et charge q sez enfeffez William Bernes, Rics Ruyton, Sire Robert Clerk, Robert Sprynget queux furont et sount enfeffe auec autres q sount mortz come p chrtr de fee simple de toutz sez terres et tenementz en les countez de Kent et Sussex portant la Chrtr date done a la feste de la natiuite nre dame l'an nre Syr le Roy henry quarte apres le conqueste viij (8 Sept. 1407). Et apres est un chartre a Thomas longle Ieuesq de Durhm, William Cheyne justice, Walter et Nicholas Culpeper mes ffitz, Wm. Bernes, Ric. Ruyton, et Robert Sprynget portant le dct chre date Done en la feste del annunciation nre dame l'an nre Syr le Roy henry quinte xme (25 March 1422) De la sit ct mesons del manoir Bayhalle auec toutz les terres et tenementz que furont Auncien temps done p fine a iohn Colpeper mon pere et a sez heires maslez en Pepymbury, Tonbrigge et Tudele. The above feoffees are to receive the rents for two years to pay debts.
Touching the manor of Badeselle it is to remain to Walter my son and his heirs male, with remaindcr to the heirs male of myself and Joyce my wife.
Touching the manor of Bernet in Leghe, Penserst, Bitteberg and Tonbregge, writh the mill of Greenerssh and lands called Scottegrove in Asshe, Gatewicke mede in Otteford, and rents and farms in Sele and Sevenoaks, to Thomas my son and his heirs, remainder to Nicholas his brother, remainder to the heirs of me and Joyce lately my wife, remainder to my right heirs.
Touching the lands and tenements of Coluerdon, two windmills, Coluerdon mede, the lands and tenements of Bokstede and Marsfelde, lands in Fernth and Wadehurst, the mill of Beckeleghe, and 3 marcs of fee farm the Syr de Ponyngs pays for hasylholte, to Nicholas my son and his heirs male, remainder to the heirs of me aud Joyce lately my wife, "et voile q'le dit Nicholas en annuatage toutez les terres et tenementez rentez et seruiccs appurtenant a manoir de Bayhalle qi fueront purchase p Walter Colpeper mon oncle, John Colpeper mon piere ou p moy q sount depuis purchase q' le fine de Bayllalle fuit fait.
Touching the manor of Wyggesell and lands in Hernden in Sandherst and Newynden because Wyggesell was settled on me and my wife Joyce and our heirs on our marriage "p chartr endente," notwithstanding I have made anothor feoffment, I wish the original gift to stand good. "Moy Thomas Colpeper le dymenge prochein le Purification nre dame l'an de nre syr. le Roy Henry vj-vije." Nicholas my son to make pilgrimages with various specified offerings to Norwich and the shrine of St Thomas of Canterbury. To the Church of Pountose in Normandy where the body of Richard my son lies a chalice etc. To Maryon Chamberer mon hopland de scarlet and fur. To Alison another hopland. To Nicholas my son a suitable bed and apparel such as my son Waltor had at his marriage. Other bequests--Thomas Festynden to have £10 to pay Christian Brayley 20s a year for life--Thomas Pech farmer of Wyggsell to be pardoned a debt of 100s for last year.
Proved 8 March 1428 (viz 1428/9) at Slyndon, and administration granted to Walter Colepeper Roger Honyton and Thomas Festynden executors, and afterwards administration was granted at Lambeth to William Burgoyne and Nicholas Colepeper.
The date at which iron-working was begun on Oldlands is unknown, but it was perhaps by the 14th century when the Culpepers of Bayhall in Pembury, Kent, who had iron works near by at Tudeley, owned it. Iron was certainly founded at Buxted in 1492. The frequent changes of ownership in the 16th and early 17th centuries suggest commercial activities connected with the iron industry, either from direct exploitation of the estate or, more likely, through letting it to tenants. The increase in the purchase price, from £563 in 1576 to £2200 in 1609, may indicate that such financial speculation was justified.
In 1313 or 1314 Thomas Culpeper of Bayhall and his wife Margery acquired a messuage and 60 acres of land in Buxted from Ralph Marescot and in 1319 or 1320 another messuage and 50 acres in Buxted and Maresfield from Reynold Burgess. Culpeper was appointed forester of Rotherfield in Tonbridge chase in 1315, and in 1318, at the request of his patron, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, and others, Edward II granted to him the forestership of Ashdown and the keeping of Maresfield park. He was involved with Badlesmere in the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and was sentenced to death and executed at Winchelsea in 1322. His possessions were forfeited to the Crown, but the lands in Buxted and Maresfield were restored in 1324 to Margery, whose date of death is unknown. Their son and heir, Walter, died childless between 14 July 1359 and 20 July 1364, and the estate descended under an entail to Walter’s younger brother Sir John Culpeper. The John Culpeper, esquire, whom John of Gaunt appointed constable of Pevensey castle in 1372 and master forester of Ashdown chase in 1375, may have been a kinsman, possibly a younger son. By 1378 Sir John had been succeeded in the estate by his son Sir Thomas, who died late in 1428 or early in 1429. Sir Thomas devised it to a younger son Nicholas, who died late in 1434 or early in 1435. From Nicholas it descended to his daughter Joyce (d. 1486) and her husband Walter Lewknor (d. 1498), whose elder brother Richard Lewknor (d. 1503) held the manor of Buxted itself in 1483–4.
Walter’s and Joyce’s son and heir Humphrey Lewknor (d. by 1531) sold Oldlands at an unknown date to George Nevill, Lord Abergavenny (d. 1535), who sold it in 1533 to Edmund Pope of Little Horsted...
Name: Thomas Colepeper
Birth: 1356 in Hardreshull, Warwickshire, England
Death: BEF 1429
Change Date: 7 JUL 2005
Name Suffix:<NSFX> Sir
Thomas was Sheriff of Kent in 1393 and 1394, and High Sheriff of Kent in1395. For his service he was knighted. Thomas was a Member ofParliamentin 1381-1382. His Will was proved at Lambeth and the following is anabstract from "The Sussex Colepepers" (partially translated): The abovetoffees are to receive the rents for two years to pay debts." Translated"Touching the manor of Badeselle it is to remain to Walter my son and hisheirs male, with remainder to the heirs male of myself and Joyce my wife.
Touching the manor ofBernet in Leghe, Penserst, Bitteberg and Tonbregge,with the mill of Greenness and lands called Scottegrove in Asshe,Gatewicke mede in Otteford, and rents andfarms in Sele and Sevenoaks, toThomas my son and his heirs, remainder to Nicholas his brother, remainderto the heirs of me and Joyce lately my wife, remainder to my right heirs.
Touching the lands and tenements of Coluerdon, two windmills, Coluerdonmede, the lands and tenements of Bokstede and Marsfelde, lands inFernthand Wadehurst, the mill of Beckeleghe, and 3 marcs of fee farm the Syr dePonyngs pays for hasylholte, to Nicholas my son and his heirs male,remainder to the heirs of me aud Joyce lately my wife, "et voile q'le ditNicholas en annuatage toutez Les terres et tenementez rentez et seruiccsappurtenant a manoir de Bayhalle qi fueront purchase p Walter Colpepermon oncle, John Colpeper mon piere ou p moy q sount depuis purchase q' lefine de Bayllalle fuit fait.
Touching the manor of Wyggesell and lands in Hernden in Sandhurst andNewynden because Wyggesell was settled on me and my wife Joyce and ourheirs on our marriage "p chartr endente," notwithstanding I have madeanother feoffment, I wish the originalgift to stand good. "Moy ThomasColpeper le dymenge prochein le Purification nre dame l'an de nre syr. leRoy Henry vj-vije." Nicholas my son to make pilgrimages with variousspecified offerings to Norwich and the shrine of St Thomas of Canterbury.To the Church of Pountose in Normandy where the body of Richard my sonlies a chalice etc. To Maryon Chamberer mon hopland de scarlet and fur.To Alison another hopland. To Nicholas my son a suitable bed and apparelsuch as my son Waltor had at his marriage. Other bequests--ThomasFestynden to have 10 to pay
Christian Brayley 20s a year for life--Thomas Pech farmer of Wyggsell tobe pardoned a debt of 100s for last year. Proved 8 March 1428 (viz1428/9) at Slyndon, and administration granted to Walter Colepeper RogerHonyton and Thomas Festynden executors, and afterwards administration wasgranted at Lambeth to
William Burgoyne and Nicholas Colepeper.
Marriage 1 Alianora Green b: ABT 1340 in Exton, Rutland, England
Married: 1378 in Bayhall, Pembury, Kent
Thomas Colepeper b: 1380 in Exton, Rutland
John Colepeper b: 1381 in Exton, Rutland, England
Nicholas Colepeper b: ABT 1385
Eleanor Colepeper b: 1390 in Bayhall, Pembury, Kent, England
Walter Colepeper b: ABT 1398 in Of, Goudhurst, Kent, England
Marriage 2 Joyce Baynard b: ABT 1358 in Of Bayhall, Pembury, Kent, England
Married: 1397 in Bayhall, Pembury, Kent
Nicholas Colepeper b: ABT 1400 in Of, Goudhurst, Kent, England
Richard Colepeper b: ABT 1404 in Of, Goudhurst, Kent, England
Thomas Colepeper b: ABT 1402 in Of, Goudhurst, Kent, England
Walter Colepeper b: ABT 1398 in Of, Goudhurst, Kent, England
- Sir Thomas Colepeper, Sheriff of Kent1,2,3,4,5,6,7
- M, #26638, b. circa 1335, d. 1428
- Father Sir John Colepeper, Sheriff of Kent6 b. c 1308, d. a 1376
- Mother Elizabeth Hardreshull6 b. c 1312
- Sir Thomas Colepeper, Sheriff of Kent was born circa 1335 at of Hardreshull, Warwickshire, England. He married Eleanor Greene, daughter of Sir Nicholas Green, Steward of Higham Ferrers & Glatton and Joan de Brus, before 1378; They had 1 son (Sir John) & 1 daughter (Eleanor, wife of Sir Reynold Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham of Sterborough).2,5,6 Sir Thomas Colepeper, Sheriff of Kent married Joyce Cornerde, daughter of Thomas Cornerde, before 1405; They had 4 sons (Walter; Nicholas; Thomas; & Richard).6 Sir Thomas Colepeper, Sheriff of Kent died in 1428; He married (2) before 1405 to Joyce Cornerde, widow of John Vyne, Esq., & daughter of Thoms Cornerde. They had 4 sons (Walter; Nicholas; Thomas; & Richard).6
- Family 1 Eleanor Greene b. c 1360
- Sir John Colepepper+ d. 1460
- Eleanor Culpepper+1,2,3,4,5,6,7 b. c 1383, d. bt 1 Jan 1422 - 9 Jul 1422
- Family 2 Joyce Cornerde
- Nicholas Colepeper d. a 1434
- Sir Thomas Colepeper
- Walter Colepeper+ b. c 1405, d. 24 Nov 1462
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 430.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 524.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 550-551.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 125-126.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 270.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 542-543.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 66-67.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p887.htm#i26638
- Juliana CROMWELL
- Born: ABT 1381, probably Whitney, Herefordshire, England
- Father: Ralph CROMWELL (Sir)
- Mother: Maud BERNAKE
- Married: John CULPEPPER (b. ABT 1381 - d. 1460) (son of Thomas Culpepper and Maud Green)
- 1. Catherine CULPEPPER (m. John Harrington of Exton)
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CROMWELL.htm#Juliana CROMWELL1
Sir Thomas de Culpeper, of Hardreshull and Bayhall's Timeline
Hardreshull, Bayhall, England
Exton, Rutland, , England
Pembury, Kent, UK
Goudhurst, Kent, , England
Goudhurst, Kent, , England
Exton, Rutland, , England
Goudhurst, Kent, , England