Sir Timothy Featherstonehaugh, Knight

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Sir Timothy Featherstonehaugh, Knight

Also Known As: "Featherstone"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, UK
Death: October 22, 1651 (70-71)
Chester, Cheshire or Abbey Gate, Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, UK (Beheaded)
Place of Burial: Kirkoswald Church, Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Fetherstonhaugh and Dorothy Fetherstonhaugh
Husband of Bridgett Featherstonehaugh (Patrickson)
Father of Jane Kirkbride (Feathersonhaugh); Dorothy Hutchinson (Feathersonhaugh) and Thomas Fetherstonhaugh
Brother of Anne Fetherstonhaugh; Frances Fetherstonhaugh; Dorothy Stanley and Alice Fetherstonhaugh

Occupation: Royalist (supporter of Charles ll)
Managed by: Pamela Jean Gassman
Last Updated:

About Sir Timothy Featherstonehaugh, Knight

53. TIMOTHY12 Featherstonehaugh, Sir, Knt., Kirkoswald (HENRY11, ALBANY10, ALEXANDER9, NICHOLAS8, ALEXANDER7, ALEXANDER6, ALEXANDER5, THOMAS4, THOMAS3, RALPH2, ELIAS/Helias1)244,245 was born 1600 in Kirkoswald, Northumberland, England, and died October 22, 1651 in Kirkoswald, Northumberland, England (Beheaded at Abbey Gate)246. He married Bridget Patrickson February 08, 1614/15 in Kirkoswald, Northumberland, England247.

Notes for TIMOTHY Featherstonehaugh, Sir, Knt., Kirkoswald: Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh, Knight of Kirkoswald raised a troop of horse for King Charles I and fought for King Charles II at the Battle of Worcester. He was beheaded by Cromwell's part on October 22, 1651.

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n the Featherstone Society's "Featherstone Family News" letter, Volume 1, Issue 10, Summer 1999, in an article submitted by Tony Jones (member no. 11) entitled "Royalist or Roundhead," Tony gives an account of Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh, grandson of Albany Fetherstonhaugh of Featherstone Castle. He states that Sir Timothy's father, Henry, was a younger son and who founded the branch of the family who settled at Kirkoswald in Cumberland and who are still there. Timothy is said to have been a member of Grays Inn in 1620 and was knighted at Whitehall in 1628.

Sir Timothy is said to have been a strong royalist supporter, a cause which almost led the family into penury/poverty, because he financially contributed an amount of 10,000 pounds, and raised a company of 300 foot soldiers to join King Charles I at York in 1642. Tony sites that the "Dictionary of National Biography" says that in 1644, he was sent by the King and Lord Digby to Ireland to appy for troops to relieve Cumberland. Elizabeth and Hans Meier in their book "The Featherstones of England: A Family History" have him back in England as part of the defence of Carlisle under Sir Thomas Glenham in 1644-1645.

In 1649, King Charles I was executed. In January 1651, Charles II was crowned King at Scone and during the first half of the year fought a messy campaign against Cromwell in Scotland. The article by Tony goes on to state that King Charles II marched south with Cromwell in August of 1651 and that he was in Penrith by August 8th, at Wigan on August 15th, and reached Warrington on August 16th. At Wigan on the night of August 26th 1651, the parliamentarians are said to have attacked Sir Timothy's forces and he was captured. He was court martialled at Chester, found guilty and, despite pleading that he had been given quarter for his life, was beheaded there in front of the Abbey gate on October 22, 1651. A monument to him, was raised by his grandson Thomas, and is located in the chancel of Kirkoswald Church.

Tony also states in his article that two of Sir Timothy's sons were with the King's forces and marched with him to Worcestor. The elder [son], Henry aged 27, was knighted on the field before both [sons of Sir Timothy] were killed in the battle of September 3, 1651, which was the end of Charles II's campaign.

In July 1651, Tony says; two of Sir Timothy's surviving sons petitioned for, and were granted, positions as pages to the Queen in order "to lessen the charges of their mother, who was brought very low by the late times." It is said, that these appointments and a present of a portrait of [King] Charles I are the only recompense received by the family for their faithful service to the crown.

notes

The statement made in the Sheaf (3rd S. I., p. 47) that Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh (not Featherstonhaugh) was beheaded at Chester, 22 October, 1651, is quite correct. If W. B. D. will refer to the Dictionary of National Biography he will find a list of all the authorities on the subject. Fetherstonhaugh took part in the battle of Wigan Lane, 26 Aug. 1651, where he was taken prisoner, and 'bfter trial by Court Martial at Chester, he was beheaded in that oity, despite his plea that he had quarter given him.

A list of the Names of the Officers at a Court Martial holden at Chester, on the 1st of October, for Trial of the Earl of Derby, Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh, and Captain Benbow. Colonel Humphry Mackleworth. President.

The Sentence of the Court againet Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh was as follows :— 1. Resolved upon the question, "That Sir ■ Timothy Fetherstonhaugh is likewise guilty of the breach of the said Act of Parliament of the 12th of August last past, & so of High Treason against the Commonwealth of England, & is therefore worthy of death." 2. Resolved, &c., " That the said Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh, as a Traitor to the Commonwealth of England, & as an abetter, encourager, & assister, of the declared traitor and enemy thereof, shall be put to death, by severing his head from his body, at some remarkable and convenient place in the City of Chester, upon Wednesday, the 22d of this instant October."

In Whitelocr's Memorials, p. 486, he writes that he received letters on November 1, 1651, notifying that Sir Timothy Fetherston (sic) was executed in the Market-place, Chester, according to the sentence of the Court Martial, and used only a few prayers out of the Common Prayer Book.

Ormerod, generally so accurate, gives the date of the execution as Monday, 20 October, 1652. (Helsby's Ormerod I., 247.) Mr. Fenwick in his History of Chester, page 226, says that Featherstonehaugh (sic) died by the hands of the public executioner in the Market-place in Chester on the first November following, and not on the 22nd October as sentenced. I should much like to know Mr. Fenwick's authority for this date. It is difficult to see how Whitelocke could receive letters in London announcing the execution on the same day that it took place.

Bibliography:

  1. The Dictionary of National Biography
  2. The Featherstones of England: A Family History by Elizabeth and Hans W Meier
  3. The English Civil War, by Peter Yound and Richard Holmes

Sources

  1. The Cheshire Sheaf (Google eBook)

Francis Sanders, William Ferguson Irvine, J. Brownbill. Deesider Magazine, 1896 - Cheshire (England). Page 38

links

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Sir Timothy Featherstonehaugh, Knight's Timeline

1580
1580
Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, UK
1628
February 23, 1628
Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom
1629
May 14, 1629
Dacre, Cumberland, England
1631
April 28, 1631
Cumberland, England
1651
October 22, 1651
Age 71
Chester, Cheshire or Abbey Gate, Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, UK
1651
Age 71
Kirkoswald Church, Kirkoswald, Cumbria, England, UK