Sir Walter Strickland, of Sizergh

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Walter Strickland, Knight

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sizergh, Westmoreland, England
Death: Died in Kendal, Cumbria, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Thomas de Strickland, of Sizergh and Cecilia de Welles
Husband of Alice Warcop and Margaret Lathom
Father of Thomas de Strickland, MP and Walter de Strickland
Brother of John Strickland; Peter Strickland; William Strickland, Bishop of Carlisle; Thomas Strickland and Katherine de Strickland

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About Sir Walter Strickland, of Sizergh

amily and Education s. and h. of Sir Thomas Strickland† (c.1290-1376) of Sizergh by Cecily, da. and coh. of Robert Welles (1295-1320) of Hackthorpe, Westmld. and Isabel (d.1315), da. of Adam Periton of Ellington, Northumb.; bro. of Thomas Strickland I*. m. (1) by 1366, Margaret Lathom, niece of Ralph, Lord Dacre (1322-75), at least 5s. inc. Thomas II* and Walter†; (2) Alice (d. aft. 1411). Kntd. by Nov. 1384.1

Offices Held Collector of taxes, Westmld. Nov. 1377, Nov. 1382, Dec. 1384, Nov. 1392, of an aid on the marriage of Princess Blanche Dec. 1401.

Commr. of inquiry, Westmld. Feb. 1381 (alienation of lands of St. Mary’s chapel, Holme), Aug. 1386 (extortions); to suppress the insurgents of 1381, Mar., Dec. 1382; of array Sept., Dec. 1383, Mar., Aug. 1384,2 Dec. 1399, Sept. 1403; oyer and terminer May 1384 (poaching on the estates of William Strickland, parson of Rothbury).

Dep. sheriff, Westmld. 23 Sept. 1384-10 or 18 Oct. 1390, 2 Jan.-12 Nov. 1392.

J.p. Westmld. 9 May 1385-June 1390, 26 Nov. 1392-July 1401, 14 Mar. 1403-Dec. 1405.

Escheator, Westmld., Cumb. and Northumb. 14 Feb. 1390-2 Jan. 1392.

Biography The Stricklands were a family of considerable antiquity who took their name from the manor of Great Strickland in Westmorland, occupied by them from the early 13th century onwards. Through his marriage, in 1239, to Elizabet Deincourt, Sir William Strickland† had not only obtained the manor of Sizergh, near Kendal, which became the family seat, but had also gained possession of estates in Barton, Brigsteer, Hackthorpe, Helsington, Heversham, Hincaster, Howes, Lowther and Stainton, thus establishing himself and his descendants as prominent local landowners. Both he and his son, Sir Walter Strickland†, served as deputy sheriffs of Westmorland, representing the county on various occasions in Parliament. Sir Thomas Strickland continued this tradition in the next generation; and distinguished himself further by serving overseas in France and Ireland, as well as holding office briefly as a warden of the west march towards Scotland. His wife, Cecily Welles, was a niece of Adam, Lord Welles, so it was understandable that he should seek an equally prestigious marriage for his son and heir, Walter, the subject of this biography. In June 1362, the young man was betrothed to Margaret Lathom, a niece of Ralph, Lord Dacre, who took sureties of £200 from Sir Thomas as a guarantee of his good faith. In return, Dacre promised to pay 240 marks to the knight on the security of rents worth £20 a year from two of his Lancashire manors. The couple were married by 1366, when Sir Thomas conveyed certain property in Sedgwick to Margaret as her jointure. Walter had by then been summoned to appear before a royal commission of oyer and terminer as a result of his poaching activities in the parks of John Coupland’s widow, Joan, who accused him and others of stealing fish, timber and game. But although two commissions were set up to investigate her allegations, no serious attempt seems to have been made to punish the offenders.3

Sir Thomas Strickland died shortly before June 1376, leaving Walter to inherit all the family estates. He thus acquired the advowson of the church at Lowther, and in the following year he agreed, under sureties of £100, either to present the living to one John Walker or else to pay 20 marks to his nominee. He inevitably encountered many problems as a landowner, not least because of the poaching and thefts of which he himself had once been guilty. In 1378, for example, he sued a group of local men for carrying off timber worth £20 from Sedgwick; and soon afterwards he was back in court to defend his title to land in Barton which had been claimed by the master of St. Nicholas’s hospital in York. His long and varied administrative career began at this time with his appointment as a collector of taxes in Westmorland. He first entered the House of Commons soon afterwards, in November 1380, and before long he was serving on a variety of royal commissions in the north-west. As we have already seen, at least three of his forebears had previously held office as deputy sheriff of Westmorland, and in September 1384 Walter assumed the post. He was, consequently, responsible for returning himself (in direct breach of the statute forbidding the election of sheriffs) to the Parliament which met in the following November. It seems unlikely that he had to exert much pressure on the local electors, who had chosen him once already after all, but he may well have had particular reasons for wanting a seat on this occasion. His friend and neighbour, William, Lord Windsor, had just died, naming him as one of his executors. The administration of Windsor’s estate was made particularly difficult by a number of factors, not least being the unusually heavy demands presented by the government for money still owing from the time of his military service in Ireland and France. Although the sentence of banishment and forfeiture passed against his wife, Alice Perrers (the unpopular and avaricious mistress of Edward III), by the Good Parliament of 1376 had been repealed, Windsor’s executors were none the less also found liable for certain sums of money and effects deemed to have been entrusted to him by her. Their problems were further complicated by a dispute between Alice and Windsor’s nephew, John (who was one of the executors), over the ownership of most of the deceased’s estates, which in turn prevented them from paying off any of his debts. On 1 Nov. 1384, a few days before the opening of Parliament, the recently knighted Sir Walter Strickland witnessed a deed conveying Windsor’s lordship of Egremont in Cumberland to John, and then proceeded to Westminster, where he could more effectively present the case of the trustees. Interestingly enough, the other representative for Westmorland was John Windsor’s kinsman, Robert Windsor, while Sir James Pickering*, who was also one of the executors, sat for Yorkshire. Their efforts were rewarded in May 1385 with the issue of a royal pardon excusing the executors from all debts save those arising from Lord Windsor’s service abroad, and the dispatch of a writ of supersedeas to the Exchequer, ordering a halt to proceedings. Unfortunately, as various petitions to the November Parliament of that year reveal, the authorities were slow to implement the writ, and for a while Strickland and his associates (who also included Sir William Melton*, then present in the Commons) faced the very real prospect of imprisonment. Matters had evidently improved by December, when John Windsor made Sir Walter a trustee of the estates in Westmorland and Lancashire which he intended to keep secure from the rapacious hands of his aunt.4

Sir Walter obtained a seat on the Westmorland bench in 1385, and continued to preoccupy himself with administrative affairs for the rest of his life. Once again, however, he found himself the victim of acute financial difficulties, largely because it was impossible to raise the farms, taxes and other levies demanded by the government in an area so badly affected by poverty, disease, and continuous harassment from across the border. In June 1391, seven leading figures in the north-west, including Hugh Salkeld I*, the deputy escheator of Northumberland, and Ralph, Lord Greystoke, were bound over to appear before the royal council to answer certain unspecified charges, probably concerning their accounts. Sir Walter, who was then in office as escheator of Cumberland, Westmorland and Northumberland, pledged bonds worth £500 as a guarantee of his own readiness to submit to interrogation. The reason for this inquiry cannot now be established, but it seems more than likely that Sir Walter acquitted himself well: certainly, on 16 Nov. following, royal letters close were sent to the Exchequer allowing a reduction in the sums charged to his account as escheator ‘because of devastation by the Scots’. Although Sir Walter was returned to Parliament for the last time in 1395, he remained active as a member of the Westmorland bench for another ten years. In October 1404 he headed the list of jurors who gave evidence at the inquisition post mortem held on the estates of William Parr (sometime husband of his niece, Elizabeth), but from then onwards the settlement of his own affairs took priority. His son and heir, Thomas II, had already proved a loyal and valued servant of the new Lancastrian regime, and was, indeed, first chosen to represent Westmorland in the Lower House at this time. In the following February, Sir Walter negotiated a marriage contract for him with Sir John Beetham*, whose daughter, Mabel, became his wife. Beetham’s share of the bargain involved the payment of £93 6s.8d. in five regular instalments, while Sir Walter undertook to settle land worth £20 upon the couple at once, and also to guarantee their title to all the other estates then in his possession. It was no doubt to establish this reversionary interest that he began a collusive suit for the recovery of the manor of Great Strickland some months later. He also conveyed property in Stainton and Hincaster to feoffees, probably with the same purpose in mind, for we know that Thomas’s son, Walter Strickland†, eventually inherited this land. Sir Walter had already made careful provision for his other offspring, most notably his third son and namesake, who was married in childhood to Isabel, the daughter and heir of John Olney, a wealthy landowner with property in London, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Leicestershire and Wiltshire. This Walter Strickland later became master of the hounds to Henry VI, and established himself as a figure of consequence in the south.5

Sir Walter died shortly before 15 Mar. 1408, leaving at least five sons by his first marriage, and a widow named Alice, who was evidently childless. It was then that she offered sureties of £200 to Thomas Strickland II and his wife as an earnest of her readiness to release certain property to them in return for the manor of Hackthorpe and other holdings in the surrounding area which constituted her dower. After her marriage to Thomas Warcop II*, in or just before 1411, she reached a further agreement with her stepson, permitting him to lease these estates at a rent of £20 13s.4d. a year.6

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421 Author: C.R. Notes 1. H. Hornyold, Stricklands of Sizergh, 35-39, 43-45; Recs. Kendale ed. Farrer and Curwen, i. 170; ii. 194; CCR, 1381-5, p. 589. Sir Walter did not marry Isabel Olney (as stated in Cumb. and Westmld. Antiq. and Arch. Soc. x. ped. facing p. 74). She was, in fact, the wife of his son, Walter. 2.Rot. Scot. ed. Macpherson etc. ii. 55, 58, 61, 67. 3. Hornyold, 8-19, 35-39, 43-45; CPR, 1364-7, pp. 202, 358. 4.Recs. Kendale, ii. 185; Later Recs. N. Westmld. ed. Curwen, 271; CPR, 1381-5, pp. 566-7; CCR, 1381-5, pp. 548, 589; 1385-9, pp. 84-85; Hornyold, 41; SC8/170/8493, 183/9111, 9124. 5.CCR, 1385-9, p. 270; 1389-92, p. 421; Recs. Kendale, i. 34; ii. 174, 194, 225; Peds. Plea Rolls ed. Wrottesley, 242. 6.Recs. Kendale, i. 170; ii. 194; Hornyold, 43-45.

Sizergh Castle, Cumbria, England

Added on 22 Jul 2008

From a booklet published by The National Trust in 1985, titled "Sizergh Castle, Cumbria".

Introduction

Sizergh in common with many other names in Cumbria, originates from the Scandinavian occupation in the 9th or 10th centuries. Anciently spelt Sigaritherge, Siritherde, Sigrittserh and in other variations, the first element represents a personal name, Sigarith, being often met with as the feminine form of Sigred, Sigar or Siric. The second element erg denotes a summer pastor or dairy farm.

With a large gift of other lands Sizergh was granted by Henry 2nd about 1170 to 1180 to Gervase Deincourt, a cadet of the great baronial family of that name settled at Blankney in Lincolnshire. It is situated within the parish of Helsington, but as a separate independent manor. These possessions continued in the Deincourt family for several generations until Elizabeth, great granddaughter of Gervase, became on the death of her brother the sole heiress, and conveyed them all in marriage to her husband, Sir William Strickland. This occurred in 1239, and from that date Sizergh became continuously the main residence of the Strickland family.

In an earlier times they were known as "de Castlecarrock", and there is little doubt but that they were descended from the Norman Family of Vaux (or de Vallibus), and therefore allied to the family of Gilles, son of Bueth, the original native chieftain holder of Gilsland, near Carlisle. In 1179 Walter de Castlecarrock married, moved to the manor of Great Strickland in north Westmorland acquired through his wife, and assumed the name "de Strikeland". The name Stercaland was common to several parts of Westmorland, meaning the pasture land of young cattle. This Walter was later knighted and was great grandfather to the William Strickland mentioned above.

The Stricklands of Sizergh

The Sizergh muniments present a very full account of the Stricklands, and the following is a brief extract showing their history from the time of their marriage with the Deincourt heiress.

1258. The family were serving their country and Parliament in almost every generation from the first known return of 1258 until close of the 17th century; and still later the last in the male line was in this present century the first of his family to be elevated from the House of Commons in the Lords.

1306. Sir Water Strickland, sixth in descent from his de Castlecarrock progenitor, was made a Knight of the Bath for his services in Border warfare in 1306, on the occasion of the granting of knighthood to Edward, Prince of Wales - afterwards Edward 2nd. The following year he had a charter of free warren in all his lands in Westmoreland, and in 1332 he had licence to enclose his demesne lands at Sizergh forever and to make a park there. Though now disparked, Sizergh remained stocked with deer down to the 18th century. Sir Walter's only sister, Joan, had a grant from him of lands in Natland on her marriage to Robert de Wessington, the ancestor of the Washington's of Warton, in Lancashire, and from whom descended George Washington, the first President of the USA. This deed is amongst the early muniments at Sizergh.

1361. Like his father, Sir Thomas, for his zeal in the service of the Crown chiefly in Ireland and in France, had a further licence from the King in 1361 to impark his woods in Helsington, Levens and Hackthorpe containing 300 acres. In this generation came the first alliance with the owners of the Kendal Castle, when Katherine, only daughter of Sir Thomas, married John, the eldest son of Thomas de Ros of Kendal Castle. He died in his father's lifetime, and their daughter, Elizabeth, married Sir William del Parre, and eventually brought to that Family the marquis fee of the barony of Kendal, including the Castle.

1415. Following Sir Water, son of the last Sir Thomas, came another Sir Thomas who seems to have spent his whole life either attending to his Parliamentary duties or in his country's wars. At the battle of Agincourt he had the honour of bearing the banner of St George, the premier banner of England.

1448. During the Wars of the Roses the family were Yorkists, and on the accession of Edward IV Water Strickland, son of the last Sir Thomas, obtain a grant of general pardon, indemnifying him for any offences which he might have committed in his loyalty to that House. Earlier in 1448, he had entered into one of those curious and interesting indentures of military service with the Earl of Salisbury, whereby he engaged himself to serve the Earl, saving his legiance to the King, at home or overseas with a fully armed and accoutred body of men. His fee was to come out of the profits of the lordship of Penrith; and he undertook to surrender for reasonable reward any prisoner of standing, as also a third of any booty captured. It is believed that this document at Sizergh with the corresponding half of the bipartite indenture in the Public Record Office form the only known complete agreement surviving. With a few such undertakings in support of a powerful baron it is not surprising to find such a title as a "Warwick the kingmaker".

1464. Sir Thomas, in the next generation, renewed the alliance with the family of Parre by marrying Agnes, daughter of Sir Thomas Parre. The latter was grandfather of Katherine whose third and most important marriage to Henry VIII soon caused the Parres of Kendal to forsake their ancient heritage for the more exciting life of the Court.

1460 - 1569. There followed successively Sir Thomas, Knight of the Bath; Sir Water who married Katherine Neville, of Thornton Briggs, daughter of a cadet branch of the great baronial family living at Raby, and whose tomb is the earliest now known of the Stricklands in the Strickland Chapel in Kendal Church; and Walter whose muster roll book at Sizergh shows that when summoned for duty in defence of the border he rode out with a fully equipped company 290 strong, by far the largest number of anyone in the county. Pitch was in the lifetime of this will turn and of his widow Alice, nee Tempest, that all the Elizabethan part of the house was built, and the panelling installed.

1643. Next, following a Sir Thomas, Knight of the Bath, came Sir Robert, a zealous royalist who was implicated in the Yorkshire engagement. During his life and that of his son, Sir Thomas, the family fortunes were most grievously reduced through compositions and sequestrations for recusancy. This son, Sir Thomas, Knight banneret, was keeper of the privy purse to the Queen in the reign of Charles 2; and his second wife, Winifred Trentham, as a member of the household of Mary of Modena, consort of James 2, was present at the birth of the Prince of Wales in 1688. After the abdication in that year, refusing to desert the Royal Family, Sir Thomas and his wife accompanied them into a voluntary exile for the rest of their lives at the Court at St. Germain. Here Lady Strickland was governess to the young Prince, and a collection at Sizergh of Stuart personal relics and also a set of portraits of the Royal Family, given to her by the Queen, are a reminder of those difficult times.

1700 - 1950. Their son Water was allowed to return to England where he lived quietly at the much impoverished family home, and became the progenitor of two parallel lines, both of whom have left their mark on Sizergh. Thomas Peter was his eldest son, and his son Charles brought for a time renewed prosperity to the family by his marriage to a wealthy heiress from Lancashire, Cecilia Towneley. Through her mother she brought in the estates of Standish, near Wigan, and of Borwick near Carnforth; but both estates have now gone out of the family's possession. Cecilia lived in an age where change for the sake of change was an obsession, and it was during her lifetime that many alterations were made that one cannot but now deplore. In 1938 the last surviving male descendant of the above Thomas Peter Strickland died. He had, however, a younger brother, Jarrard, who was succeeded in this branch line by a second Jarrard. The latter, after his cousins death, married as her second husband Cecilia Towneley, and lived at Sizergh until his stepson came of age. From this Jarrard descended the late Sir Gerald Strickland, G.C.M.G. (afterwards first and last baron Strickland of Sizergh), who in 1896, finding the estate once more in financial difficulties and wishful to preserve it in the Strickland family, relieved his cousin of his liabilities in exchange for the latter's further interest in the estate. Sir Gerald, in a varied life as Colonial administrator, Dominion governor, Member of Parliament in England, Prime Minister in Malta, and finally a member of the House of Lords, married as his first wife Lady Edeline Sackville, daughter of the 7th Earl de la Warr. Having no surviving male issue, he settled the estate in 1931 subject to the existing liabilities upon his eldest daughter and her husband, Mr Henry and the Honourable Mrs Hornyold-Strickland. They, with their son Lieutenant-Commander T. Hornyold-Strickland, made a gift in 1950 of the estate, including the house and contents, and other rejoining lands, to the National Trust. Mrs T Hornyold-Strickland and one of her six children still live at Sizergh.


Family and Education s. and h. of Sir Thomas Strickland† (c.1290-1376) of Sizergh by Cecily, da. and coh. of Robert Welles (1295-1320) of Hackthorpe, Westmld. and Isabel (d.1315), da. of Adam Periton of Ellington, Northumb.; bro. of Thomas Strickland I*. m. (1) by 1366, Margaret Lathom, niece of Ralph, Lord Dacre (1322-75), at least 5s. inc. Thomas II* and Walter†; (2) Alice (d. aft. 1411). Kntd. by Nov. 1384.1

Offices Held Collector of taxes, Westmld. Nov. 1377, Nov. 1382, Dec. 1384, Nov. 1392, of an aid on the marriage of Princess Blanche Dec. 1401.

Commr. of inquiry, Westmld. Feb. 1381 (alienation of lands of St. Mary’s chapel, Holme), Aug. 1386 (extortions); to suppress the insurgents of 1381, Mar., Dec. 1382; of array Sept., Dec. 1383, Mar., Aug. 1384,2 Dec. 1399, Sept. 1403; oyer and terminer May 1384 (poaching on the estates of William Strickland, parson of Rothbury).

Dep. sheriff, Westmld. 23 Sept. 1384-10 or 18 Oct. 1390, 2 Jan.-12 Nov. 1392.

J.p. Westmld. 9 May 1385-June 1390, 26 Nov. 1392-July 1401, 14 Mar. 1403-Dec. 1405.

Escheator, Westmld., Cumb. and Northumb. 14 Feb. 1390-2 Jan. 1392.

Biography The Stricklands were a family of considerable antiquity who took their name from the manor of Great Strickland in Westmorland, occupied by them from the early 13th century onwards. Through his marriage, in 1239, to Elizabet Deincourt, Sir William Strickland† had not only obtained the manor of Sizergh, near Kendal, which became the family seat, but had also gained possession of estates in Barton, Brigsteer, Hackthorpe, Helsington, Heversham, Hincaster, Howes, Lowther and Stainton, thus establishing himself and his descendants as prominent local landowners. Both he and his son, Sir Walter Strickland†, served as deputy sheriffs of Westmorland, representing the county on various occasions in Parliament. Sir Thomas Strickland continued this tradition in the next generation; and distinguished himself further by serving overseas in France and Ireland, as well as holding office briefly as a warden of the west march towards Scotland. His wife, Cecily Welles, was a niece of Adam, Lord Welles, so it was understandable that he should seek an equally prestigious marriage for his son and heir, Walter, the subject of this biography. In June 1362, the young man was betrothed to Margaret Lathom, a niece of Ralph, Lord Dacre, who took sureties of £200 from Sir Thomas as a guarantee of his good faith. In return, Dacre promised to pay 240 marks to the knight on the security of rents worth £20 a year from two of his Lancashire manors. The couple were married by 1366, when Sir Thomas conveyed certain property in Sedgwick to Margaret as her jointure. Walter had by then been summoned to appear before a royal commission of oyer and terminer as a result of his poaching activities in the parks of John Coupland’s widow, Joan, who accused him and others of stealing fish, timber and game. But although two commissions were set up to investigate her allegations, no serious attempt seems to have been made to punish the offenders.3

Sir Thomas Strickland died shortly before June 1376, leaving Walter to inherit all the family estates. He thus acquired the advowson of the church at Lowther, and in the following year he agreed, under sureties of £100, either to present the living to one John Walker or else to pay 20 marks to his nominee. He inevitably encountered many problems as a landowner, not least because of the poaching and thefts of which he himself had once been guilty. In 1378, for example, he sued a group of local men for carrying off timber worth £20 from Sedgwick; and soon afterwards he was back in court to defend his title to land in Barton which had been claimed by the master of St. Nicholas’s hospital in York. His long and varied administrative career began at this time with his appointment as a collector of taxes in Westmorland. He first entered the House of Commons soon afterwards, in November 1380, and before long he was serving on a variety of royal commissions in the north-west. As we have already seen, at least three of his forebears had previously held office as deputy sheriff of Westmorland, and in September 1384 Walter assumed the post. He was, consequently, responsible for returning himself (in direct breach of the statute forbidding the election of sheriffs) to the Parliament which met in the following November. It seems unlikely that he had to exert much pressure on the local electors, who had chosen him once already after all, but he may well have had particular reasons for wanting a seat on this occasion. His friend and neighbour, William, Lord Windsor, had just died, naming him as one of his executors. The administration of Windsor’s estate was made particularly difficult by a number of factors, not least being the unusually heavy demands presented by the government for money still owing from the time of his military service in Ireland and France. Although the sentence of banishment and forfeiture passed against his wife, Alice Perrers (the unpopular and avaricious mistress of Edward III), by the Good Parliament of 1376 had been repealed, Windsor’s executors were none the less also found liable for certain sums of money and effects deemed to have been entrusted to him by her. Their problems were further complicated by a dispute between Alice and Windsor’s nephew, John (who was one of the executors), over the ownership of most of the deceased’s estates, which in turn prevented them from paying off any of his debts. On 1 Nov. 1384, a few days before the opening of Parliament, the recently knighted Sir Walter Strickland witnessed a deed conveying Windsor’s lordship of Egremont in Cumberland to John, and then proceeded to Westminster, where he could more effectively present the case of the trustees. Interestingly enough, the other representative for Westmorland was John Windsor’s kinsman, Robert Windsor, while Sir James Pickering*, who was also one of the executors, sat for Yorkshire. Their efforts were rewarded in May 1385 with the issue of a royal pardon excusing the executors from all debts save those arising from Lord Windsor’s service abroad, and the dispatch of a writ of supersedeas to the Exchequer, ordering a halt to proceedings. Unfortunately, as various petitions to the November Parliament of that year reveal, the authorities were slow to implement the writ, and for a while Strickland and his associates (who also included Sir William Melton*, then present in the Commons) faced the very real prospect of imprisonment. Matters had evidently improved by December, when John Windsor made Sir Walter a trustee of the estates in Westmorland and Lancashire which he intended to keep secure from the rapacious hands of his aunt.4

Sir Walter obtained a seat on the Westmorland bench in 1385, and continued to preoccupy himself with administrative affairs for the rest of his life. Once again, however, he found himself the victim of acute financial difficulties, largely because it was impossible to raise the farms, taxes and other levies demanded by the government in an area so badly affected by poverty, disease, and continuous harassment from across the border. In June 1391, seven leading figures in the north-west, including Hugh Salkeld I*, the deputy escheator of Northumberland, and Ralph, Lord Greystoke, were bound over to appear before the royal council to answer certain unspecified charges, probably concerning their accounts. Sir Walter, who was then in office as escheator of Cumberland, Westmorland and Northumberland, pledged bonds worth £500 as a guarantee of his own readiness to submit to interrogation. The reason for this inquiry cannot now be established, but it seems more than likely that Sir Walter acquitted himself well: certainly, on 16 Nov. following, royal letters close were sent to the Exchequer allowing a reduction in the sums charged to his account as escheator ‘because of devastation by the Scots’. Although Sir Walter was returned to Parliament for the last time in 1395, he remained active as a member of the Westmorland bench for another ten years. In October 1404 he headed the list of jurors who gave evidence at the inquisition post mortem held on the estates of William Parr (sometime husband of his niece, Elizabeth), but from then onwards the settlement of his own affairs took priority. His son and heir, Thomas II, had already proved a loyal and valued servant of the new Lancastrian regime, and was, indeed, first chosen to represent Westmorland in the Lower House at this time. In the following February, Sir Walter negotiated a marriage contract for him with Sir John Beetham*, whose daughter, Mabel, became his wife. Beetham’s share of the bargain involved the payment of £93 6s.8d. in five regular instalments, while Sir Walter undertook to settle land worth £20 upon the couple at once, and also to guarantee their title to all the other estates then in his possession. It was no doubt to establish this reversionary interest that he began a collusive suit for the recovery of the manor of Great Strickland some months later. He also conveyed property in Stainton and Hincaster to feoffees, probably with the same purpose in mind, for we know that Thomas’s son, Walter Strickland†, eventually inherited this land. Sir Walter had already made careful provision for his other offspring, most notably his third son and namesake, who was married in childhood to Isabel, the daughter and heir of John Olney, a wealthy landowner with property in London, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Leicestershire and Wiltshire. This Walter Strickland later became master of the hounds to Henry VI, and established himself as a figure of consequence in the south.5

Sir Walter died shortly before 15 Mar. 1408, leaving at least five sons by his first marriage, and a widow named Alice, who was evidently childless. It was then that she offered sureties of £200 to Thomas Strickland II and his wife as an earnest of her readiness to release certain property to them in return for the manor of Hackthorpe and other holdings in the surrounding area which constituted her dower. After her marriage to Thomas Warcop II*, in or just before 1411, she reached a further agreement with her stepson, permitting him to lease these estates at a rent of £20 13s.4d. a year.6

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421 Author: C.R. Notes 1. H. Hornyold, Stricklands of Sizergh, 35-39, 43-45; Recs. Kendale ed. Farrer and Curwen, i. 170; ii. 194; CCR, 1381-5, p. 589. Sir Walter did not marry Isabel Olney (as stated in Cumb. and Westmld. Antiq. and Arch. Soc. x. ped. facing p. 74). She was, in fact, the wife of his son, Walter. 2.Rot. Scot. ed. Macpherson etc. ii. 55, 58, 61, 67. 3. Hornyold, 8-19, 35-39, 43-45; CPR, 1364-7, pp. 202, 358. 4.Recs. Kendale, ii. 185; Later Recs. N. Westmld. ed. Curwen, 271; CPR, 1381-5, pp. 566-7; CCR, 1381-5, pp. 548, 589; 1385-9, pp. 84-85; Hornyold, 41; SC8/170/8493, 183/9111, 9124. 5.CCR, 1385-9, p. 270; 1389-92, p. 421; Recs. Kendale, i. 34; ii. 174, 194, 225; Peds. Plea Rolls ed. Wrottesley, 242. 6.Recs. Kendale, i. 170; ii. 194; Hornyold, 43-45.

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Sir Walter Strickland, of Sizergh's Timeline

1325
1325
Sizergh, Westmoreland, England
1367
1367
Age 42
Westmorland, England
1371
1371
Age 46
Sizergh, , Westmoreland, England
1407
August 1407
Age 82
Kendal, Cumbria, England