Sir William Cokayne, Lord Mayor of London

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Sir William Cockayne (Cokayne), Lord Mayor of London

Birthdate: (65)
Birthplace: Rushton Hall, Leicestershire, , England
Death: October 20, 1626 (65)
His Home, Coombe Neville, Kingston, Surrey, England
Place of Burial: London, Middlesex, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of William Cokayne and Elizabeth Cokayne
Husband of Mary Cokayne
Father of Charles Cokayne, 1st Viscount Cullen; Anne Fermor; Abigail(Countess of Dover) Carey; Martha Bertie; Jane Sheffield and 2 others

Occupation: Merchant/Alderman/Financier, Lord Mayor of London
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir William Cokayne, Lord Mayor of London

  • 'Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and ..., Volume 3 edited by George Edward Cokayne
  • Pg. 163
  • 1. HENRY (CAREY), VISCOUNT ROCHFORD AND BARON HUNSDON, was, on 8 March 1527/8, cr. EARL OF DOVER, co. Kent. He was s. and H. of John, 3rd BARON HUSDON by Mary, da. of Leonard HYDE, of Hyde Hall and . . . . . He m., secondly, 6 July 1630, at St. Peter le Poor, London, 'Mary, widow of Sir William COKAYNE, sometime Lord Mayor of London', da. of Richard MORRIS, sometime Master of the Ironmongers' Company, London, by Maud, da. of John DABORNE of Guildford, Surrey. She, was bap. 10 May 1573, at St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, d. at Combe Nevill, in Kingston, co. Surrey, and was bur., from Cokayne house in old Brond street, London, 8 Jan. 1648/9, 'with her first husband in St. Paul's Cathedral; . . .
  • Pg. 317
  • 1. SIR THOMAS FANSILAWE, of Ware Park, Herts, s. and h. of Sir Henry F. of the same, by Elizabeth, da. of Thomas SMYTHE, of Ostenhanger, co. Kent, was b. about 1596; suc. his father, 12 March 1615/6; . . . . He m. secondly, 24 June 1629, at St. Peter le Poor, London, Elizabeth, sister of Charles, 1st VISCOUNT CULLEN [I.], 'da. of Sir William COKAYNE, of Rushton, co. Northampton, by Mary, da. of Richard MORRIS, sometime Master of the Ironmonger's Company, London'. He was bur. 30 March 1665, at Ware, aged 69. Admon. 23 Jun 1667, 29 May 1671 and 12 May 1674. His widow, who was b. at Cokayne House, Old Broad street, and bap. 2 April 1609, at St. Peter le Poor afsd., was bur. 27 Feb 1667/8, at Ware (b) Her will dat. 25 July 1667, pr. 14 May 1663. (maybe 1683)
  • ________________
  • 'A genealogical history of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct ... By Sir Bernard Burke
  • Pg. 126
  • By letters Patent, dated 11 August, 1642.
  • Lineage.
  • The Cockyns, Cockeyns, or Cockaynes were of importance in the co. of Derby soon after the Conquest, and were seated at Ashbourne, in that shire, where some magnificent monuments of the family still remain.
  • ROBERT COCKEYN, Esq., of Ashborne, living 1284 ( son of William Cockeyn, by Alice his wife, dau. of Hugh de Dalbury), by Elizabeth his wife, had two sons and three daus. The elder son,
    • WILLIAM COCKEYN, of Ashburne, in 1299, by Sarah, his wife, had issue, 1 JOHN, living at Ashburne, 1305, father of JOHN COCKAYNE, who, by Letitia his wife, was father of another JOHN COCKAYNE, a person of great distinction temp. EDWARD III. This last-named John Cockayne m. Cecilia Vernon, of the co. of Derby, and had two sons, viz.,
      • EDMUND, of whom presently.
      • John (Sir), of Bury Hatley, co. Bedford, ancestor of the family of COCKAYNE, OF COCKAYNE-HATLEY.
      • The elder son,
      • EDMUND COCKAINE, Esq., of Ashburne, m. Elizabeth, dau of Sir Richard de Herthull, of Pooley, co. Warwick, and had a son,
        • SIR JOHN COCKAINE, J.P., a commissioner of assay, M.P., who m. Isabel, dau. of Sir Hugh Shirley, ancestor of the Earl of Ferrers, and d. 1438, having had,
          • I. JOHN, who m. Anne, dau of Sir Richard Vernon, and was ancestor of the Cockaines, formerly of Ashburne, co. Derby.
          • II. WILLIAM, of whom presently.
          • III. Roger. IV. Reginald.
          • I. Ellen (or Alice), m. to Sir Ralph Shirley, Knt.
          • The 2nd son,
          • WILLIAM COCKAINE, was father of Thomas Cockaine, Esq. the father of Roger Cockaine, of Baddesley, co. Warwick, the father of WILLIAM COCKAINE, of London, skinner, and also merchant-adventurer in Muscovy, Spanish Portugal, and Eastland Companies, of which last he was a governor. This William m. Elizabeth, dau. of Roger Medcalfe, of Wensgale, and d. 18 November, 1599, leaving a son and heir,
            • ' SIR WILLIAM COCKAYNE, Knt., sheriff of London in 1609, and soon after an alderman of the same city. Upon the establishment made by King JAMES I. in the province of Ulster, in Ireland, anno 1612, a considerable tract of land was granted to the city of London, when about 300 artificers were despatched to commence and forward its plantation, of whom this William Cockayne was appointed first director and governor, and under his direction the city of Londonderry was founded, having obtained himself a considerable grant in the vicinity. He was knighted 8 June, 1616. In 1619, he served the office of lord mayor, and that year purchased the manor of Elmsthorpe, co. Leicester, from sir John Harrington. He m. Mary, dau. of Richard Morris, Esq., of London, by whom he had,
              • I. CHARLES, his successor.
              • II. William, d. s. p.
              • I. Mary, m. 22 April, 1620, to Charles Howard, 2nd Earl of Nottingham.
              • II. Anne, m. Sir Hatton Fermer, of Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, and was grandmother of William, created Lord Lempster, ancestor of George, Earl of Pomfret.
              • III. Martha, m. 1st, to John Ramsay, Earl of Holdernesse; and 2ndly, in February, 1625, to Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey.
              • IV. Elizabeth, m. 1st to Thomas, Viscount Fanshawe; and 2ndly, to Sir Thomas Rich, Bart., of Sunning, co. Berks.
              • V. Abigail, m. to John Carey, Earl of Dover, by whom she had an only dau. Mary, m. to William Heveningham, Esq., of Heveningham, co. Suffolk.
              • VI. Jane, d. unm.
            • 'Sir William Cockayne d. 20 October, 1626, and was s. by his elder son,
              • CHARLES COCKAYNE., Esq., of Rushton, co. Northampton, who was elevated to the peerage of Ireland, 11 August, 1642, in the dignity of VISCOUNT CULLEN. His lordship m. Lady Mary O'Brien, dau. and co-heir of Henry, 5th Earl of Thomond, by whom he had a dau. Elizabeth, and a son his successor,
  • _________________
  • Administrative history:
  • Artificial collection of records created by George Edward Cokayne concerning the Viscounts Cullen of Rushton and related families.
  • 'Rushton Hall was purchased from the Treshams in 1614 by Sir William Cokayne (d.1626) a London merchant and financier who became Lord Mayor. His son Charles lived at Rushton and was made Viscount Cullen in 1642. The 2nd Lady Cullen was a Restoration beauty who almost bankrupted the family. The 5th Lord Cullen (d.1802) was a noted race horse owner. The last Viscount died in 1810 and the estates were split between 10 co-heiresses, the daughters of the Hon. William Cokayne who married Barbara Hill of Rothwell. Mrs Cokayne (d.1838) later took the additional name Medlycott on becoming heiress to Thomas Medlycott of Cottingham. One of the daughters Mrs Mary Anne Adams had a son George Edward who took the name Cokayne. Others married into the Pery, Maunsell, Assheton and Austen families. George Edward Cokayne, the originator of this collection, was Clarenceux King of Arms and editor of The Complete Peerage. His son Sir Brien Cokayne was Governor of the Bank of England 1918-1920, and was created Lord Cullen of Ashbourne in 1920. Rushton Hall had been sold to William Williams Hope in 1828.
  • ____________________
  • 'Sir William Cokayne1
  • 'M, #3633, d. 20 October 1626
  • Last Edited=24 Dec 2008
  • ' Sir William Cokayne was the son of William Cokayne and Elizabeth Medcalfe.2 He married Mary Morris, daughter of Richard Morris and Maud Daborne, on 22 June 1596.3 He died on 20 October 1626.3 He was buried at St. Paul's Cathedral, The City, London, England.4
  • ' Sir William Cokayne purchased Rushton Hall, Northamptonshire, the principal seat of the family for over two centuries.3 He held the office of Lord Mayor of London from 1619 to 1620.1 He lived at Elmesthorpe Manor, Leicestershire, England.3 He lived at Rushton Hall, Northamptonshire, England.5 He lived at Cokayne House, Old Broad Street, London, England.1 He had an elder son and two elder daughters.3
  • 'Child of Sir William Cokayne
    • 1.Elizabeth Cokayne+6
  • 'Children of Sir William Cokayne and Mary Morris
    • 1.Anne Cokayne+7
    • 2.Mary Cokayne3 d. 6 Feb 1650/51
    • 3.Charles Cokayne, 1st Viscount Cullen+1 b. 4 Jul 1602, d. 1661
    • 4.Martha Cokayne+5 b. 26 May 1605, d. Jul 1641
    • 5.Abigail Cokayne+1 b. 26 Aug 1610, d. 10 Feb 1687/88
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IV, page 446. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 2.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003). Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 3.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 989.
  • 4.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume IV, page 445.
  • 5.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 516.
  • 6.[S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume III, page 286. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
  • 7.[S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume II, page 143.
  • ________________________
  • 'Sir William Cockayne (Cokayne) (1561 – 20 October 1626), London, England, was a seventeenth-century London merchant, alderman, and, in 1619, Lord Mayor.
  • Life
  • 'He was second son of William Cokayne of Baddesley Ensor, Warwickshire, merchant of London, sometime governor of the Eastland Company, by Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Medcalfe of Meriden, Warwickshire; and was descended from William Cokayne of Sturston, Derbyshire, a younger son of Sir John Cokayne of Ashbourne in that county. Apprenticed at Christmas 1582 to his father, he was made free of the Skinners' Company by patrimony 28 March 1590. On his father's death, 28 November 1599, he succeeded to his business.
  • 'He was sheriff of London 1609, and alderman of Farringdon Without 1609–13, of Castle Baynard 1613–18, of Lime Street 1618–25, of Broad Street 1625 till his death.
  • Governor of Londonderry
  • 'In 1612, when the plantation of Ulster was begun, he was the first governor of the colonists, and under his directions the city of Londonderry was established.
  • On 8 June 1616 the king James I honoured him with his presence at dinner at his house in Broad Street (Cokayne House, exactly opposite St. Peter's Church), where he dubbed him a knight.
  • Mayor of London
  • 'During Cockayne's mayoralty (1619–20) King James visited St. Paul's Cathedral with a view to raising money to complete the spire, and was received by Cockayne in great state. A pageant entitled ‘The Triumphs of Love and Antiquity’ was performed; the entertainments, which started at Cockayne's house on Monday and Tuesday in Easter week 1620, terminated on Saturday with service for the lords of the privy council, when the marriage was celebrated between Charles, lord Howard, baron of Effingham, and Mary, Cockayne's daughter. The king frequently consulted him, both in council and privately.
  • The Cockayne project
  • 'In 1614, while serving as governor of the Eastland Company of English merchants, Cockayne devised a plan to dye and dress English cloth, England's main export at the time, before shipping it abroad. Cockayne convinced James I to grant him a monopoly on cloth exports as a part of this plan, intended to increase the profits of English merchants, Cockayne's in particular, while boosting royal customs duties through bypassing Dutch merchants. The scheme failed as the Dutch refused to purchase finished cloth, and the English cloth trade was depressed for decades as a result.
  • Later life
  • 'William Baffin was equipped for one of his northern voyages by him and others of the Merchant Adventurers' Company and, in his honour. a harbour in Greenland, called on the admiralty chart ‘Cockin's Sound,’ was named.
  • 'He purchased estates at Elmesthorpe, Leicestershire and Rushton which was later the residence of his descendants. He gave each of his numerous daughters £10,000. on marriage, leaving his son an annual rent roll of above £12,000. He died 20 October 1626, in his sixty-sixth year, at his manor house at Comb Nevill in Kingston, Surrey, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, where a monument was erected to him. His funeral sermon was preached by John Donne.
  • Family
  • 'He married Mary Morris on 22 June 1596 in London and they had issue:
    • Charles Cockayne, 1st Viscount Cullen
    • Anne Cockayne (b. 1604)
    • Martha Cockayne (1605–1641), who married Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey
    • Jane Cockayne (b. 1609)
    • Abigail Cockayne (1610–1687), who married John Carey, 2nd Earl of Dover
    • Mary Cockayne, who married Charles Howard, 2nd Earl of Nottingham
    • Other daughters married Sir Hatton Fermor, ancestor of the Earls of Pomfret; John Ramsay, created Earl of Holdernesse; Thomas Fanshawe, created Viscount Fanshawe; and Hon. James Sheffield, son of the Earl of Mulgrave.
  • 'His widow remarried, 6 July 1630, Henry Carey, 4th Baron Hunsdon, 1st Earl of Dover, and, dying 24 December 1648, was buried with her first husband at St. Paul's.
  • References
  • List of Lord Mayors of London
  • Astrid Friis. Alderman Cockayne's Project and the Cloth Trade. London: Milford, 1927.
  • J P Sommerville's 'The Rule of the Howards'
  • Joel D. Benson. Changes and Expansion in the English Cloth Trade in the Seventeenth Century: Alderman Cockayne's Project. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2002.
  • Attribution
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Cokayne, William". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900?. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  • ________________________
  • _________________

William was made a Free of the Skinners Company by patrimony on Mar. 28th. 1590. He was knighted on 8th June 1616.Sir William purchased Rushton Hall, Northamptonshire from the Treshams in 1644, the principal family seat for over 2 centuries.In 1619 Sir William lived in Cockayne House, Old Broad St., London.He was Lord Mayor of London 1619/20. He lived in Elmesthorpe Manor, Leicestershire, and also Rushton Hall. He was both a merchant (skinner) and financier, An alternate date for his marriage is June 22nd 1626. In 1614, whilst serving as an alderman, City of London, and as Governor of the EAstland company of english Merchants, he devised a plan to fye and dress English cloth, England's main export at the time, before shipping it abroad. He convinced James 1st. to grant him a monopoly on cloth exports, as part of this plan; which was to increase the profits of English merchants, his own in particular, while boosting Royal customs duties through by-passing Dutch merchants. The plan proved a failure, as the Dutch refused to purchase finished cloth. The English cloth trade was depressed for decades, as a result. He gave each of his daughters 10000.00 pounds. on their marriage.He left his son a rent roll of $12000.00 pounds per year. A monument at St. Paul's records his death at age 66, on 20th. Oct.1626, however under the copy of his funeral address by Dr. Donne, the month was given as December. His burial at St. Paul's Cathedral was recorded on the parish registers of St. Peter le Poor, London.

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Sir William Cokayne, Lord Mayor of London's Timeline

Rushton Hall, Leicestershire, , England
July 4, 1602
Age 41
May 1, 1604
Age 43
Rushton, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom
May 16, 1605
Age 44
London, England, christened on 28 May 1605
Age 44
Age 48
- 1619
Age 58
London, England
October 20, 1626
Age 65
Kingston, Surrey, England
Age 65
London, Middlesex, UK