Solomon Sibley, Judge

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Solomon Sibley, Judge

Birthplace: Sutton, Worcester, MA
Death: Died in Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, United States
Place of Burial: Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Wayne, MI
Immediate Family:

Son of Reuben Sibley; Reuben Sibley and Ruth Sibley
Husband of Sarah Whipple Sproat
Father of Ebenezer Sproat Sibley, Col; Catherine Trowbridge; Henry Hastings Sibley, Governor, Maj. General (USA); Alexander Hamilton Sibley; Sarah Alexandrine Sibley and 4 others
Brother of Nathaniel Sibley

Occupation: Judge, Congressman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Solomon Sibley, Judge

Detroit Mayor. Served as the Mayor of Detroit, Michigan, in 1806. Also served as a Member of the Northwest Territory Legislature in 1799, United States District Attorney for Michigan from 1815 to 1824, Delegate to the United States Congress from Michigan Territory from 1820 to 1823, and Justice of the Michigan Territorial Supreme Court from 1824 to 1827.

Solomon Sibley (October 7, 1769 – April 4, 1846) was an American politician and jurist in the Michigan Territory who became the first mayor of Detroit.

Contents [hide] 1 Early life: 1769–1815 2 Congressional delegate: 1815–1823 3 Michigan Supreme Court: 1824–1837 4 Retirement and personal life: 1837–1846 5 References 6 External links Early life: 1769–1815

Sibley was born in Sutton, Massachusetts,[1] and after completing preparatory studies, he graduated from the College of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (now Brown University) at Providence in 1794.[2] He studied law, was admitted to the Bar in 1795 and began a practice in Marietta, Ohio, which was then part of the Northwest Territory.[2] He soon moved to Cincinnati and then moved again to Detroit, Michigan in 1797, shortly after the British handed over the fort in 1796.[1] When he arrived, Sibley was one of only two lawyers in Detroit. Being a pioneer lawyer was a physically challenging profession, often requiring long travel by horseback through wilderness over Indian trails in all types of weather to attend the territorial courts in Cincinnati, Marietta, or Chillicothe, Ohio.

In December, 1798, Detroit elected a delegate to the legislature of the Northwest Territory. This, the first election in Michigan under United States control, was held in a Detroit tavern. Although Sibley was elected, his opponent, James May, claimed he had won by providing liquor for the voters. Despite the protestation, Sibley represented Wayne County in the first legislature of the Northwest Territory, commencing his term in January 1799.[3]

Sibley was instrumental in passing the legislation in 1802 by which Detroit was incorporated as a town. Sibley was elected first as Chairman of the Board of Trustees, and then under the first city charter of 1806 as the first mayor of Detroit.[2] During the War of 1812, Sibley commanded a company of riflemen in defense of Detroit, though the British attack was successful and William Hull surrendered the fort. After the war, Sibley served as Auditor of Public Accounts for the Michigan Territory from 1814 to 1817.

Congressional delegate: 1815–1823[edit] Sibley was appointed as the first United States Attorney for the Michigan Territory by U.S. President James Madison, serving from 1815 to 1823.[2] When William Woodbridge resigned on August 9, 1820 as territorial Delegate to the 16th United States Congress, Sibley was elected to fill the vacancy.[2] Sibley won re-election to the 17th Congress, serving in total from November 20, 1820 to March 3, 1823. Sibley continued to serve as U.S. Attorney, and thus held concurrent legislative and executive positions. During this period, Sibley was also commissioned, along with Lewis Cass, to negotiate the August 29, 1821, Treaty of Chicago with the Ottawa, Potawatomi, and Chippewa, in which the tribes ceded most of their territory south of the Grand River.

Michigan Supreme Court: 1824–1837[edit] Sibley was not a candidate for re-election to Congress in 1822.[2] In 1824, he was appointed as one of three justices on the Michigan Territorial Supreme Court by U.S. President James Monroe,[2] becoming the sixth Territorial Justice. From 1827 until 1837, when he had to resign due to deafness, Sibley was Chief Justice of the court.

Retirement and personal life: 1837–1846[edit] Sibley married Sarah Whipple Sproat Sibley (1782–1851), the only daughter of Colonel Ebenezer Sproat, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. They had eight children, one of whom, Henry Hastings Sibley (b. 1811), was a territorial delegate from Wisconsin Territory, 1848–1849 and from Minnesota Territory, 1849–1853 and the first Governor of Minnesota, 1858–1860.[2] A second son, Alexander H. Sibley (b. 1817), was the president of the Silver Islet Mining Company which operated a silver mine in Ontario. A daughter, Catherine Whipple Sibley, married Charles Christopher Trowbridge, mayor of Detroit in 1834 and unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Michigan in 1837.[4]

Sibley died in Detroit and is interred in Elmwood Cemetery there.[2] Upon his death, many members of the Bar wore a badge of mourning for 30 days. Shortly after his death, his widow Sarah built the Sibley House on Jefferson, which still stands.[5]

"Solomon Sibley". Elmwood Cemetery. Retrieved September 7, 2010.

^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i "SIBLEY, Solomon, (1769–1846)". US Congress. Retrieved September 7, 2010. Jump up ^ Paul Leake (1912), History of Detroit: a chronicle of its progress, its industries, its institutions, and the people of the fair city of the Straits, Volume 2, The Lewis Publishing Company, pp. 437–440 Jump up ^ The early bench and bar of Detroit from 1805 to the end of 1850, 1907, p. 187 Jump up ^ "Sibley House". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved September 10, 2010.

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Solomon Sibley, Judge's Timeline

October 7, 1769
Sutton, Worcester, MA
June 6, 1805
Age 35
Marietta, Washington, OH
February 1806
Age 36
Age 38
February 20, 1811
Age 41
Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, United States
February 20, 1811
Age 41
Detroit, Wayne, MI
October 17, 1817
Age 48
Detroit, Wayne, MI
July 25, 1820
Age 50
Age 52