Sophie von Bayern und Sachsen

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Sophie von Bayern und Sachsen (von Winzenburg)

German: Sophi von Bayern und Sachsen (von Winzenburg), Danish: Adelhead
Also Known As: "Sophie von Winzeburg"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Winzenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
Death: March 25, 1160 (48-57)
Saxony, Germany
Place of Burial: Buried in the Church of the Monastery in Ballenstedt.
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Hermann I, Graf von Winzenburg and Hedwig von Weimar of Carniola and Istria
Wife of Albrecht I "The Bear", Margrave of Brandenburg
Mother of Otto I von Brandenburg, Markgraf; Christine Prinzessin von Sachsen; Gertrud|Sibylle von Brandenburg; Hermann I. Graf von Weimar-Orlamünde; Hedwig von Ballenstedt, Princess of Brandenburg and 8 others
Sister of Hermann II, Graf von Winzenburg; Heinrich III von Winzenberg, graf von Assel; Jutta of Winzenburg; Count Wolfgang of Winzenburg; Bishop Dietrich of Munster and 1 other
Half sister of Berthold II von Bogen; Adalbert III von Bogen; Hartwig von Bogen and Heilwig von Bogen

Occupation: Grevinne, Grevinna, Grevinne av Winsenburg
Managed by: Gábor Balogh
Last Updated:

About Sophie von Bayern und Sachsen

Countess Grevinne Sofie av Winzenberg

  • Daughter of Hermann I, Count of Winzenburg and Hedwig Windberg, of Assel
  • Sophie of Winzenburg (1105 in Winzenburg, near Hanover – 6 or 7 July 1160 in Brandenburg an der Havel)[1][2] was the first Margravine of Brandenburg.

Project MedLands, BRANDENBURG

ALBRECHT von Ballenstedt, son of OTTO "der Reiche" Graf von Ballenstedt & his wife Eilika of Saxony [Billung] ([1096/1100]-18 Nov 1170, bur Ballenstedt). The Annalista Saxo names "Adelbertum marchionem et filiam Adelheidem" as children of "Ottoni comiti de Ballenstidi" and his wife Eilika[72]. He succeeded his father in 1123 as Graf von Ballenstedt. Lothar von Süpplingenburg Duke of Saxony appointed him Herr der Mark Lausitz and Markgraf von Sachsen in 1123, in usurpation of the rights of Emperor Heinrich V who had granted the fief to Wiprecht Graf von Groitsch[73]. "Palatinus comes Willelmus, Marchio Adelbertus, comes Herimannus et frater eius Cunradus…" witnessed the charter dated 15 Jul 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property between "heredes comites Rodulfi…marchionis…prefati comitis filius Rodulfus…matre eius religiosa vidua Richarde…et fratre predicti pueri Udone iam milite facto et uxorato…" and the provost of Jechenburg[74]. Graf der Nordmark 1128. He was temporarily deprived of his titles, but rehabilated, by the emperor in 1133. He strongly opposed the Welf family in support of Konrad III King of Germany, who invested him as ALBRECHT Duke of Saxony in 1138 after refusing to enfeoff Heinrich "der Stolze" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] with the duchy[75]. After the death of Duke Heinrich, Albrecht hastened to Bremen where on 1 Nov 1139 he attempted to obtain recognition as duke of Saxony but was driven out of the town[76]. He was finally obliged to relinquish his claim to Saxony in 1142, as part of the compromise reached between the Welf family and King Konrad III, and returned to the Nordmark[77]. Pribislav-Heinrich Prince of the Hevelli appointed Albrecht his heir in Brandenburg, and he succeeded in 1140 as ALBRECHT "der Bär" Markgraf von Brandenburg, although he was obliged to defend the territory against Jaxa Prince of Köpenick in 1157[78]. Markgraf von Stade 1143. "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[79]. After a lengthy dispute with Heinrich "der Löwe" Welf Duke of Saxony over the inheritance of the counts of Plötzkau and Hermann von Winzenburg, Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany assigned the Plötzkauer inheritance to Markgraf Albrecht and the Winzenburger inheritance to Duke Heinrich at the diet of Würzburg in Oct 1153[80]. The document dated 17 Sep 1156 which established the duchy of Austria is witnessed by "…marchio Adelbertus de Staden…"[81]. Graf von Aschersleben 1156: "Adelbertus…comes Asscherslovensis" confirmed a donation to Kloster Ilsenburg by "domino Alberto et fratre suo Tiederico de Crozuch" by charter dated 28 Dec 1156[82]. In 1166, he joined the alliance of Saxon princes against Duke Heinrich, attacking the fortress of Althaldensleben 20 Dec 1166 with Ludwig II Landgraf of Thuringia and Wichmann Bishop of Magdeburg[83]. Markgraf Albrecht was one of the signatories of the alliance of Magdeburg 12 Jul 1167, which formalised the opposition to Duke Heinrich[84]. married (1124 after 7 Dec) SOPHIE von Winzenburg, daughter of HERMANN [I] Graf von Windberg, Ratelberg und Winzenburg, Markgraf von Sachsen & his second wife Hedwig (-25 Mar 1160, bur Lamspringe). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified, although it is indicated by the reference to her half-sister Beatrix in the following source. The Annales Palidenses record the death in 1160 of "domna Sophia marchionissa" and that of "soror eius Beatrix abbatissa Quidlingeburgensis octavo die…subsecuta"[85]. "Adelbertus, Brandenburgensis Marchio, et Otto Marchio, filius meus" donated property to Kloster Leitzlau, for the repose of "mee coniugis Sophie", by charter dated 1162[86].

Markgraf Albrecht & his wife SOPHIE von Winzenburg had thirteen children

  • 1. OTTO ([1126/28]-7 Mar 1184, bur Kloster Lehnin). The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[87]. "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[88]. He succeeded his father in 1170 as OTTO I Markgraf von Brandenburg.
  • 2. HEDWIG ([1124/35]-end Mar 1203, bur Kloster Altzelle). The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Hetwigem filiam Alberti marchionis de Saxonis" as wife of "Otho Misnensis marchio"[89]. The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[90]. A 13th century genealogy refers to a daughter of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio" as wife of "marchioni de Missin"[91]. married ([1144/47]) OTTO von Wettin, son of KONRAD I "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen ([1125]-18 Feb 1190, bur Kloster Altzelle). He succeeded in 1156 as OTTO "der Reiche" Markgraf von Meissen.
  • 3. HERMANN (-19 Oct 1176). A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[92]. "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[93]. Markgraf von Sachsen 1153. He succeeded in 1156 as Graf von Orlamünde, although it is unclear on what basis this territory was awarded to him. "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[94].
  • 4. daughter . The Vincentii Pragensis Annales record the marriage in 1155 of "Wladizlaus dux" and "filiam marchionis Alberti de Saxonia"[95]. married ([1152/55]) VLADISLAV of Bohemia, son of SOBĚSLAV I UDALRICH Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Adelheid of Hungary (-1165).
  • 5. SIEGFRIED before 1138-[24 Oct/15 Nov] 1184, bur Bremen Cathedral). The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[96]. A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[97]. Canon of the Franciscans at Magdeburg in 1164. His election to the bishopric of Bremen, engineered by his father in 1168, was a direct challenge to the authority of Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony, but he was prevented from assuming the position by Duke Heinrich[98]. Bishop of Brandenburg 1173 until 1180. Elected Archbishop of Bremen end 1179, installed in 1180.
  • 6. daughter The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. married (1155) DYPOLD Duke of Moravia, son of VLADISLAV I Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Richinza [Richsa] von Berg (-14/15 Aug 1167).
  • 7. HEINRICH ([1139/40]-after 18 Apr 1176). "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[99]. Canon of St Sebastian at Magdeburg 1151, provost in 1161 and 1176.
  • 8. daughter A 13th century genealogy refers to a daughter of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio" as "abbatissa in monasterio Chutilinburch"[100]. Abbess of Quedlinburg after 1160. According to Grote[101], the abbess of Quedlinburg from 1160 to 1161 was named Meregard, although he does not specify her origin.
  • 9. ALBRECHT ([1131/40]-after 6 Dec 1172). A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[102], specifying that Albrecht died without sons. "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[103]. He succeeded as Graf von Ballenstedt. "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[104]. married (end 1157) as her second husband, ADELHEID von Meissen, repudiated wife of SVEND III Erikssen "Grade" King of Denmark, daughter of KONRAD I "der Grosse" Graf von Wettin, Brehna, Camburg und Eilenburg, Markgraf der Ober- und Niederlausitz & his wife Luitgard von Elchingen (-after 6 Dec 1172). The Genealogica Wettinensis names (in order) "Odam et Bertam abbatissam Gerbestadensem, Agnetam Quidelingenburgensem abbatissam, quarta…Gerdrudis…quinta Adela…sexta Sophia" as the six daughters of "Conradus Misnensis et Orientalius marchio [filius Thiemonis]" & his wife, specifying that Adela married firstly "regi Danorum Suenoni" and secondly "Albertus comes Alberti marchionis filius"[105]. A 13th century genealogy names "Adelam" as daughter of "marchio Conradus" and her first husband as "regi Dacie" and her second "de Saxonia[106].

Graf Albrecht & his wife ADELHEID had [three] children

  • a) ADELHEID The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 1183. m MEINHARD von Görz Conte di Istria, son of MEINHARD [I] Graf von Görz & his second wife Elisabeth von Schwarzenburg (-before 1193).
  • b) GERTRUD (-after 1194). The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Gerdrudem, Waltheri de Arnestein coniugem" as the daughter of "Albertus comes Alberti marchionis filius" & his wife[107]. “Walterus de Arnestein” donated “advocatiam x mansorum in villa Salbecke” to Magdeburg St. Maria, for the souls of “conjugis meæ Gertrudis filiique mei Wichmanni [monk at Magdeburg St. Maria]”, by charter dated “V Kal Jun” 1194[108]. m WALTER [III] von Arnstein, son of WALTER [II] von Arnstein & his wife Ermengarde --- (-after 1199).
  • c) daughter Her parentage and marriage are shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[109]. The primary source which confirms this information has not yet been identified. It is not known whether it is based on an actual source or is speculative. m FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Beichlingen, son of FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Beichlingen & his wife Heleburg von Gleichen (-Dec 1189).]
  • 10. ADELHEID (-before 2 Jan 1162, bur Lamspringe). "Adelbertus Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to "ecclesiam in villa Apuldere", for the soul of "filie Adelheitis, quo sepulta est in ecclesia…Lamesprinhe" and with the consent of "filiis Theoderico", by charter dated 12 Jun 1162[110]. Nun at Lamspringe.
  • 11. DIETRICH ([before 1132/40]-after 5 Sep 1183). "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[111]. "Adelbertus Brandenburgensis Marchio" donated property to "ecclesiam in villa Apuldere", for the soul of "filie Adelheitis, quo sepulta est in ecclesia…Lamesprinhe" and with the consent of "filiis Theoderico", by charter dated 12 Jun 1162[112]. Graf von Werben 1170. "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[113]. "Theodericus…comes de Wirben" confirmed the donations of property to Magdeburg Unser Liebe Frau made by "beate memorie pater meus Albertus Brandenburgensis marchio" by charter dated to [1171][114]. Vogt of Kloster Goseck 1176. "Bernhardus dux Angarie et Westfalie et comes de Aschersleve" confirmed the donation to Kloster Obernkirchen by "frater noster Theodericus comes de Werbene" by charter dated end-Sep 1181[115]. married ([1150]) MECHTILD of Thuringia, son of LUDWIG I Landgraf of Thuringia & his wife Hedwig von Gudensberg. The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Cecilia…Iutha…Adelheidis…Mechtildis" as the four daughters of "Ludewicus lantgravius" & his wife Hedwig, specifying that Mechtild married "comiti Dieterico de Werben fratri ducis Bernhardi"[116].

Graf Dietrich & his wife MECHTILD had one child:

  • a) DIETRICH (-after 1171). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 1171.
  • 12. BERNHARD (1140-Bernburg 9 Feb 1212, bur Ballenstedt St Nikolai). The Cronica Principum Saxonie names (in order) "Ottonem, Bernardum ducem Saxonie, Sifridum episcopum Brandenburgensem, postea archiepiscopum Bremensem et Hadewigem [uxor] Otto marchio Misenensis" as children of "Albertus Ursus"[117]. A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[118]. "Adelbertus…marchio Brandenburgensis" donated property to the convent at Magdeburg, with the consent of "filiorum meorum Heinrici canonici sancti Mauritii in Magdaburg, Ottonis marchionis, Hermanni, Adelberti, Theoderici et Bernhardi comitum", by charter dated [end May/early Jun] 1151[119]. Graf von Aschersleben und Graf von Anhalt 1170. "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[120]. "Bernhardus…comes in Aschersleve" confirmed possessions of Marienthal, by charter dated 1174[121]. Herzog von Westfalen und Engern 1179. He was installed as BERNHARD Duke of Saxony at Gelnhausen 13 Apr 1180.
  • 13. EILIKA The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.

Sophie of Winzenburg, by Wikipedia

Life

Sophie was a daughter of Count Herman I of Winzenburg and his first wife, who was a Countess of Everstein. She donated an oxgang of farmland near Wellen to the monastery at Leitzkau and later another oxgang near Wolmirsleben. In 1158, she accompanied her husband on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

Death

Her sister, Beatrix, was abbess of Quedlinburg Abbey. Sophie and Beatrix both died in 1160. Some sources suggest that Sophie died on 25 March, other name 6 or 7 July. She was buried in the church of the monastery in Ballenstedt.

Sources

  • Das Private Internet-Portal für das Land Brandenburg
  • a b c d genealogie-mittelalter.de: Sophie von Winzenburg Gräfin von Ballenstedt. Abgerufen am 21. Februar 2010.
  • Karlheinz Deschner: Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums 8,Rowohlt, 2006 ISBN 978-3499616709, S.417
  • Münzfund bei Aschersleben
view all 21

Sophie von Bayern und Sachsen's Timeline

1107
1107
Winzenburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
1126
March 11, 1126
Dresden, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
1127
1127
Dresden, Dresden, Sachsen
1128
1128
Brandenburg, Germany
1129
1129
Dresden, Dresden Government Region, Saxony, Germany
1130
1130
Orlamünde, Weimar-Orlamünde, Deutschland(HRR)
1131
1131
Fehrbellin, Brandenburg, Germany
1132
1132
Breman, Germany
1134
1134
Brandenburg, Germany