Sir Stamford Raffles

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Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles

Birthdate: (44)
Birthplace: On ship 'Ann', off coast, Port Morant, St Thomas Parish, Jamaica
Death: Died in Mill Hill, England, United Kingdom
Cause of death: Apoplexy
Place of Burial: Hendon, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Captain Benjamin Raffles and Ann Lyde
Husband of Olivia Mariamne Devenish and Sophia Hull
Father of Leopold Stamford Raffles; Charlotte Raffles; Stamford Marsdon Raffles; Ella Sophia Raffles and Flora Nightingall Raffles
Brother of Ann Raffles; Harriet Raffles; Leonora Raffles; Elizabeth Raffles; Mary Ann Raffles and 2 others

Managed by: George J. Homs
Last Updated:

About Sir Stamford Raffles

Sir Stamford Raffles's family

  • Comments on article: InfopediaTalk
  • Sir Stamford Raffles (b. 6 July 1781, off Port Morant, Jamaica - d. 5 July 1826, Middlesex, England) founder of Singapore island, was the son of a ship's master, Captain Benjamin Raffles. Raffles married twice. His first wife was Olivia Mariamne nee Devenis; she bore him no children. After her death, he married Sophia Hull. Of the five children from his second marriage, Ella Sophia alone survived infancy. No progeny survived them.


  • Father: Captain Benjamin Raffles (b. 1739 - d. 1797?) was the ship's master of the Ann which was at the time of Raffles' birth involved in the lucrative British slave trade centred on the Caribbean. Raffles strongly disagreed with slave trading and would not have seen eye to eye with his father's occupation. However, the senior Captain had incurred great debt despite the profitability in such a trade. By 1782, the Ann was sold off, indicating some measure of losses by the Captain. It is believed the Captain passed away early in young Raffle's life as the family had difficulty in financing for Raffles' education. Captain Raffles had only one other sibling, a half-brother William Raffles through his father Thomas Raffles' second marriage. Thomas Raffles had been a clerk at the Prerogative Office, Doctor's Commons.
  • Mother: Anne Lyde (d. 1824)


  • There is no record of children by his first wife, Olivia Mariamne, although some suggest that she bore him children who died soon after she did. Raffles' second wife, Sophia Hull, according to records, bore him five children as follows:
  • (1) Charlotte (b. 15 February 1818 - d. 14 January 1822, Bencoolen) born at sea on the journey to England from Bencoolen but died before reaching the age of four, succumbing to same illness that had taken her younger brother only 10 days earlier. She seemed to have gained the name of his last possible patron, the Duchess of Somerset, Charlotte. Although an elderly woman, Raffles seemed smitten by the Duchess according to Pearson and had written endless notes on his voyage out to Bencoolen. The journey on the Lady Raffles would be the last that Raffles would have contact with Duchess Charlotte as she died soon after. The Javanese prince Raden named the child a local name - Tunjung Segera, translated as "Lotus of the Sea" or "Lily of the Ocean". She was supposedly a gifted child who at the age of 3 could speak English, Malay and Hindustani, translating one language into another.
  • (2) Leopold Stamford (b. 12 March 1819, Penang - d. 4 July 1821, Bencoolen) died at aged 2 yrs 4 mths from possible case of cholera.
  • (3) Stamford Marsden (b. 25 May 1820, Bencoolen - d. 3 January 1822, Bencoolen) nicknamed "Marco Polo", died aged 1 yr 7 mths of enteritis
  • (4) Ella Sophia (b. 27 May 1821, Bencoolen - d. 5 May 1840, England). She returned to England in March 1822 with nurse Mary Grimes, Raffles having lost all their surviving children then. However, Ella too died tragically, on the eve of her marriage to John Sumner, eldest son of the Bishop of Winchester.
  • (5) Flora Nightingall (b. 19 September 1823, Bencoolen - d. 28 November 1823, Bencoolen) died at aged two months.
  • Of the five children, Ella Sophia alone survived infancy but died close to her 19th birthday. Sir Stamford Raffles died on 5 July 1826, the day before his 45th birthday. Lady Sophia died on 12 December 1858, aged 72 in England.
  • Raffles was survived by his second wife Sophia Hull and daughter Ella, and predeceased by his other four children in Bencoolen.
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Sir Stamford Raffles's Timeline

July 6, 1781
Port Morant, St Thomas Parish, Jamaica
February 15, 1818
Age 36
born at sea
March 12, 1818
Age 36
May 25, 1820
Age 38
Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia
Age 39
Benkulu, Benkulu, Indonesia
September 19, 1823
Age 42
Bengkulu, Indonesia
July 5, 1826
Age 44
Mill Hill, England, United Kingdom
Hendon, Greater London, England, United Kingdom