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Stephanie Maria Veronika Juliane Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst (Richter)

Also Known As: "Stephany Julienne Richter"
Birthplace: Wien, Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Death: Died in Geneva, Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Johann Sebastian Richter and Ludmilla Richter
Ex-wife of Friedrich Franz Augustin Maria Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst
Mother of <private> Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Stephanie Julianne von Hohenlohe

Stephanie Maria Veronika Juliane Richter (1)

F, #327894, b. 16 September 1896, d. 13 June 1972

Last Edited=2 Feb 2009

Stephanie Maria Veronika Juliane Richter was born on 16 September 1896 at Vienna, Austria. (1) She married Friedrich Franz Augustin Maria Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, son of Chlodwig Karl Joseph Maria Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst and Maria Franziska Anna Theresia Hedwig Gräfin Esterházy von Galántha, on 12 May 1914 at London, England. (1)

She and Friedrich Franz Augustin Maria Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst were divorced in 1920. (1)

She died on 13 June 1972 at age 75 at Geneva, Switzerland. (1)

    Stephanie Maria Veronika Juliane Richter and Franz Salvator Erzherzog von Österreich were associated circa March 1914. (1) 

From 12 May 1914, her married name became zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst. (1)

Child of Stephanie Maria Veronika Juliane Richter and Franz Salvator Erzherzog von Österreich

Franz Josef Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst b. 5 Dec 1914 (1)


Stephanie Julianne von Hohenlohe, born Stephany Julienne Richter (16 September 1891 – 13 June 1972) was an Austrian princess by her marriage to the diplomat Prince Friedrich Franz von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, a member of the princely Hohenlohe family. She was born a commoner of Jewish family background.

A Hungarian national, she relocated to London after her divorce from the prince, where she is suspected of having acted as a spy for Germany during the 1930s. After her divorce from the prince, she developed close connections among the Nazi hierarchy, including Adolf Hitler. She also developed other influential relationships, including with Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, and promoted British support for Germany while living in London from 1932. The British, French and Americans all suspected her of being a spy for the German Government. During the 1930s, she was awarded the Gold Medal of the Nazi Party for her services.

Fleeing from Britain to San Francisco in 1939 after war was declared, the US put her under surveillance. After the attack on Pearl Harbor she was arrested by the FBI and interned in the United States as an enemy alien. She provided information to the Office of Strategic Services which was used in a 1943 report on the personality of Adolf Hitler. In May 1945 she was released on parole and returned to Germany, where she cultivated influential connections in post-war German society.

Early life

Stephanie Richter was born in Vienna, Austria to Ludmilla Kuranda (said to be Jewish) and Johann Sebastian Richter, purported to be a dentist or minor lawyer.[1] She was named after Crown Princess Stephanie of Austria-Hungary. (Note: A 2004 biography by Martha Schad says that Richter was the illegitimate daughter of two Jewish parents.)[3] In 1906, Stephanie Richter was enrolled in the ballet school of the Vienna Court Opera. As a young woman, she used her beauty, charm and sophistication to gain an entrée to Vienna's high society.

In her early twenties, Richter had an affair with the married Archduke Franz Salvator, Prince of Tuscany. He was the son-in-law of Emperor Franz Joseph I through his marriage to Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria.

Pregnant with Franz Salvator's child, she persuaded Friedrich Franz von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst (1879-1958), a German prince of the Hohenlohe family, that the baby was his. They married on 12 May 1914, giving her the title of "princess", which she used the rest of her life. Her son was born in Vienna on 5 December 1914, and named Franz Josef. (According to an FBI memo of October 1941, the Hohenlohe family had some doubts about whether the child was theirs, but acknowledged him.) His full name was Franz Josef Rudolf Hans Weriand Max Stefan Anton von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst.

Between world wars

Princess Stephanie returned to Britain in 1939, but after war was declared later that year she left the country, fearful of being arrested as a German spy. She traveled to the United States, returning to her former lover Fritz Wiedemann, then German Consul in San Francisco. On her arrival, the United States government placed her under security surveillance by the FBI.

In March 1941 she was detained for several days by U.S. immigration authorities. She created some relationship with Major Lemuel B. Schofield, the Director of the US Immigration and Naturalization Service in Washington, DC. He put her up in the Raleigh Hotel, where he also lived, and the two carried on an affair that lasted several months. She then lived with her mother and son in Alexandria, Virginia.

In October of that year, the FBI prepared a memo describing her as "extremely intelligent, dangerous and clever," and claiming that as a spy she was "worse than ten thousand men." Summarizing what was known about her, it recommended that her deportation not be further delayed, noting that the British and French, in addition to the United States intelligence community, suspected her of being a spy for Germany. She continued to stay in the US.

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the formal entry of the USA into World War II, the FBI arrested Princess Stephanie, interning her at a facility in Philadelphia, and later at a Texas camp for enemy aliens. During this period, she was interviewed by personnel of the newly formed Office of Strategic Services (OSS). She was paroled in May 1945.

It was not until 2005 that British intelligence MI6 and the US FBI declassified and released some of the documents from these years, which are now available to researchers. American files show that during her interrogation by the OSS she provided insights into the character of Adolf Hitler, which were used by Henry A. Murray, Director of the Harvard Psychological Clinic, and psychoanalyst Dr. Walter C. Langer, in preparing the 1943 OSS report entitled Analysis of the Personality of Adolph Hitler.

Postwar years

In the post-war era, Princess Stephanie returned to Germany, where she established new, influential connections. She worked with media executives such as Henri Nannen of Stern news magazine and Axel Springer, the owner of the Axel Springer AG publishing company. For the latter, she secured interviews with the United States presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Princess Stephanie zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst died in Geneva, Switzerland in 1972 and is buried there.

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Stephanie Julianne von Hohenlohe's Timeline

September 16, 1896
Vienna, Vienna, Austria
June 13, 1972
Age 75
Geneva, Genève, Geneva, Switzerland