Historical records matching Stevenson Archer, Sr., US Congress
About Stevenson Archer, Sr., US Congress
Stevenson Archer (October 11, 1786 – June 26, 1848) was a United States Representative from Maryland, representing the sixth district from 1811 to 1817, and the seventh district from 1819 to 1821. His son Stevenson Archer and father John Archer were also U.S. Congressmen from Maryland.
Archer was born at Medical Hall, near Churchville, Maryland, and attended Nottingham Academy of Maryland, later graduating from Princeton College in 1805. He studied law, was admitted to the bar of Harford County, Maryland in 1808, and commenced practice the same year.
From 1809–1810, Archer served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates, and was later elected as a Democrat to the Twelfth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Montgomery. He was reelected to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses and served from October 26, 1811 until March 3, 1817. In Congress, Archer served as chairman of the Committee on Claims (Thirteenth Congress), and as a member of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy (Fourteenth Congress).
During the War of 1812, he was paymaster to the Fortieth Maryland Militia, and was appointed on March 5, 1817 by President James Madison as United States judge for the Territory of Mississippi, with powers of Governor, holding court at St. Stephens. Archer resigned within a year, and returned to Maryland to continue his law practice. He was elected again to the Sixteenth Congress, serving from March 4, 1819 until March 3, 1821, and, in Congress, served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy.
In 1823, Archer was appointed chief judge of the judicial circuit court of Baltimore and Harford Counties and Baltimore City. In 1844, Archer was appointed by Governor Thomas G. Pratt as chief justice of the Maryland Court of Appeals and served until his death at Medical Hall. He is interred in the Presbyterian Cemetery, Churchville.
Stevenson Archer, Sr., US Congress's Timeline
Churchville Presbyterian Church Cemetery Churchville Harford County Maryland