Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan

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Suleiman, II

Lithuanian: Suleimanas II, Osmanų imperijos sultonas
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Цариград, Турция
Death: Died in Одрин, Турция
Cause of death: Hidropedikardas (širdiplėvės vandenė).
Immediate Family:

Son of Ibrahim I, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Saliha Dilaşub Sultan
Husband of Siujliun Kadin; Ivaz Kadin; Behzat Kadin; Hatice Kadin; Zeyneb Kadin and 1 other
Half brother of Bajezidas; Džihangiras; Selimas; Atike Sultan House of Osman; Bidžan and 13 others

Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suleiman_II

Suleiman II (April 15, 1642 – June 22/23 1691) (Ottoman Turkish: سليمان ثانى Süleymān-i sānī) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691. The younger brother of Mehmed IV (1648–87), Suleiman II was born at Topkapı Palace in Constantinople and had spent most of his life in the kafes (cage), a kind of luxurious prison for princes of the blood within the Topkapı Palace (it was designed to ensure that none could organize a rebellion). His mother was a Serbian girl named Katrin Saliha Dilâşub Sultan.

Reign

Ottoman–Habsburg War

Immediately after assuming the throne, the Ottomans suffered a devastating defeat at the second Battle of Mohács. Unable to rule effectively himself, Suleiman II shrewdly appointed Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha as his Grand Vizier. Even so, when Russia joined an alliance of European powers, the Ottomans suffered the devastating Crimean campaigns.

Under Köprülü's leadership the Ottomans halted an Austrian advance into Serbia and crushed an uprising in Bulgaria until Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha was killed in the Battle of Slankamen by Austrian forces. Suleiman II died at Edirne Palace in 1691. He married Khadija, but died without issue.

Relations with the Mughal Empire

In the year 1688 the desperate Ottoman Sultan Suleiman II urgently requested for assistance against the rapidly advancing Austrians, during the Ottoman–Habsburg War however the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and his forces were heavily engaged in the Deccan Wars against the Marathas to commit any formal assistance to their desperate Ottoman allies.

Apie Suleimanas II, Osmanų imperijos sultonas (Lietuvių)

Suleimanas II (1642 balandžio 15 – 1691 liepos 22/23) – Osmanų imperijos sultonas, valdęs Otmanų imperijos stagnacijos metu.

Biografija

Jis gimė Konstantinopolyje ir didžiąją dalį gyvenimo praleido kafes - prabangiame kalėjime, kur visi karališko kraujo princai buvo laikomi saugantis jų maišto bei galimo perversmo. Iki įsteigiant kafes, naujam sultonui saugantis perversmo buvo įprasta išžudyti visus brolius, įskaitant kūdikius, neretai dešimt ir daugiau vienu metu. Tačiau tuomet vienaip ar kitaip praradus patį sultoną jį nebebūdavo kuo pakeisti. Kafes saugiau įkalindavo kitus sosto pretendentus, perkeliant juos ten vos pasiekus brandą. Tačiau kalėjimas menkai tesuteikdavo sultonui reikalingų žinių bei patirties.

Suleimano II motina buvo serbų kilmės Katrin[1] Saliha Dilâşub Sultan.

Suleimano II valdymo metu Turija patyrė didelius karo pralaimėjimus Mohács mūšyje (1687) ir vėliau 1687 bei 1689 Krymo žygiuose. Nesugebėdamas deramai valdyti pats, Suleimanas valdovu bei karvedžiu buvo paskyręs vizirį Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha kuris pasiekė pergalių Bulgarijoje, kol buvo nukautas mūšyje.

Suleimanas II buvo vedęs, žinomas žmonos vardas (Khadija), tačiau įpėdinių jis nepaliko.

О Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan (русский)

Сюлейман II е 20-ия султан на Османската империя. Син на Ибрахим I, приемник на Мехмед IV. Починал в Одрин от хидропизия в 1691 г.

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Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan's Timeline

1642
April 15, 1642
Цариград, Турция
1691
1691
Age 48
Одрин, Турция
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