Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan

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Suleiman, II

Birthplace: Цариград, Турция
Death: Died in Одрин, Турция
Immediate Family:

Son of Ibrahim I, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Saliha Dilaşub Sultan
Half brother of Ümmü Gülsüm Sultan House of Osman; Peykân Sultan House of Osman; Atike Sultan House of Osman; Ayşe Sultan House of Osman; Gevherhan Sultan House of Osman and 2 others

Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan


Suleiman II (April 15, 1642 – June 22/23 1691) (Ottoman Turkish: سليمان ثانى Süleymān-i sānī) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691. The younger brother of Mehmed IV (1648–87), Suleiman II was born at Topkapı Palace in Constantinople and had spent most of his life in the kafes (cage), a kind of luxurious prison for princes of the blood within the Topkapı Palace (it was designed to ensure that none could organize a rebellion). His mother was a Serbian girl named Katrin Saliha Dilâşub Sultan.


Ottoman–Habsburg War

Immediately after assuming the throne, the Ottomans suffered a devastating defeat at the second Battle of Mohács. Unable to rule effectively himself, Suleiman II shrewdly appointed Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha as his Grand Vizier. Even so, when Russia joined an alliance of European powers, the Ottomans suffered the devastating Crimean campaigns.

Under Köprülü's leadership the Ottomans halted an Austrian advance into Serbia and crushed an uprising in Bulgaria until Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha was killed in the Battle of Slankamen by Austrian forces. Suleiman II died at Edirne Palace in 1691. He married Khadija, but died without issue.

Relations with the Mughal Empire

In the year 1688 the desperate Ottoman Sultan Suleiman II urgently requested for assistance against the rapidly advancing Austrians, during the Ottoman–Habsburg War however the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and his forces were heavily engaged in the Deccan Wars against the Marathas to commit any formal assistance to their desperate Ottoman allies.

О Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan (Русский)

Сюлейман II е 20-ия султан на Османската империя. Син на Ибрахим I, приемник на Мехмед IV. Починал в Одрин от хидропизия в 1691 г.

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Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan's Timeline

April 15, 1642
Цариград, Турция
Age 48
Одрин, Турция