Tadukhipa

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Tadukhipa

Birthdate:
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Tushratta king of Mitanni and Juni, Queen of Mitanni
Wife of Amentotep IV AkenAton, Pharaoh of Egypt and Nebmaatre Amenhotep III, Pharaoh of Egypt
Sister of Kiya Tadukhepa Meryamon

Managed by: Private User
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About Tadukhipa

Tadukhipa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tadukhipa, in Hurrian language Tadu-Hepa, was the daughter of Tushratta, king of Mitanni (reigned c. 1382 BC–1342 BC) and his queen, Juni.

Relatively little is known about this princess of Mitanni. She is believed to have been born around Year 21 of the reign of Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III, (c. 1366 BC). Fifteen years later, Tushratta married his daughter to his ally Amenhotep III to cement their two states alliances in Year 36 of Amenhotep III's reign (1352 BC).[1] Amenhotep III died two years later (1350 BC), after serving thirty-eight years on the throne. His household was inherited by his son and heir Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten). The rest of her story is unknown.

Some scholars tentatively identify Tadukhipa with Kiya, a queen of Akhenaten.

Tadukhipa is referenced in seven of Tushratta's thirteen Amarna letters, of about 1350-1340 BC.

Forrás / Source:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadukhipa

Taduhepa [szerkesztés]

Megtekintett lap (+/-)

A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiából.

Taduhepa (i. e. 14. század) Mitanni hercegnője, Tusratta király és Juni királyné lánya; III. Amenhotep egyiptomi fáraó felesége. Nevének jelentése: „Hepa ajándéka”.

Élete [szerkesztés]

Taduhepa körülbelül tizenöt éves korában feleségül ment III. Amenhotep egyiptomi fáraóhoz – annak 36. uralkodási évében vagy valamivel előtte – az Egyiptom és Mitanni közti béke megszilárdítása zálogául. Az Amarna-levelek közt Tusratta több levele említi, a III. Amenhotephez írt EA23 és EA24, a Tijéhez címzett EA26, az Ehnatonnak írt EA27, EA28 és EA29.[1]

Egyik nagynénje, Giluhepa már korábban, a 10. uralkodási évben feleségül ment ugyanehhez a fáraóhoz. III. Amenhotep két évvel később meghalt, háremét fia, IV. Amenhotep (a későbbi Ehnaton) örökölte.[2] Taduhepát innentől nem említik.

Azonosítási kísérletek [szerkesztés]

Korábban feltételezték, hogy azonos Nofertitivel, Ehnaton főfeleségével, akinek neve jelentéséből („a szépség megérkezett”) úgy vélték, idegen származású.[3] Ez az elmélet már nem népszerű a tudósok körében, egyesek azonban Ehnaton egy másodfeleségével, Kiával azonosítják Taduhepát.[4] Ha ez igaz, még az is lehetséges, hogy ő volt Tutanhamon édesanyja.

Forrás / Source:

http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taduhepa


https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadukhepa

Tadukhipa, in the Hurrian language Tadu-Hepa, was the daughter of Tushratta, king of Mitanni (reigned ca. 1382 BC–1342 BC) and his queen Juni, and niece of Artashumara. Tadukhipa's aunt Gilukhipa (sister of Tushratta) had married Pharaoh Amenhotep III in his 10th regnal year. Tadukhipa was to marry Amenhotep III more than two decades later.[1]

Relatively little is known about this princess of Mitanni. She is believed to have been born around Year 21 of the reign of Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III, (c. 1366 BC). Fifteen years later, Tushratta married his daughter to his ally Amenhotep III to cement their two states alliances in Year 36 of Amenhotep III's reign (1352 BC). Tadukhipa is referenced in seven of Tushratta's thirteen Amarna letters, of about 1350-1340 BC.[2] Tushratta requested that his daughter would become a queen consort, even though that position was held by Queen Tiye.[3] The gifts sent to Egypt by Tushratta include a pair of horses and a chariot, plated with gold and inlaid with precious stones, a litter for a camel adorned with gold and precious stones, cloth and garments, jewelry such as bracelets, armlets and other ornaments, a saddle for a horse adorned with gold eagles, more dresses colored purple, green and crimson and a large chest to hold the items.[4] In return Amenhotep III never sent the golden statues he offered and after his death Tushratta sent some missives complaining about the lack of reciprocity.[5]

Marriage to Akhenaten Edit

Amenhotep III died shortly after Tadukhipa arrived in Egypt and she eventually married his son and heir Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten).[3]

Identified with Kiya or Nefertiti Edit

Some scholars tentatively identify Tadukhipa with Kiya, a queen of Akhenaten.[1] It has been suggested that the story of Kiya may be the source for the New Kingdom story called the Tale of Two Brothers. This fable tells the story of how the pharaoh fell in love with a beautiful foreign woman after smelling her hair. If Tadukhipa was later known as Kiya, then she would have lived at Amarna where she had her own sunshade and was depicted with the pharaoh and at least one daughter.[6]

Others such as Petrie, Drioton and Vandier have suggested that Tadukhipa was given a new name after becoming the consort of Akhenaten and is to be identified the famous queen Nefertiti.[6] This theory suggests that Nefertiti's name "the beautiful one has come" refers to Nefertiti's foreign origin as Tadukhipa. Seele, Meyer and others have pointed out that Tey, wife of Ay, held the title of nurse to Nefertiti, and that this argues against this identification. A mature princess arriving in Egypt would not need a nurse.[7]

References Edit

^ a b Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3 ^ William L. Moran, The Amarna Letters, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992, EA 23, pp. 61-62 ^ a b Tyldesley, Joyce. Chronicle of the Queens of Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2006. p. 124 ISBN 0-500-05145-3 ^ A. L. Frothingham, Jr., Archæological News, The American Journal of Archaeology and of the History of the Fine Arts, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1893), pp. 557-631 ^ Aldred, Cyril, Akhenaten: King of Egypt ,Thames and Hudson, 1991 (paperback), ISBN 0-500-27621-8 ^ a b Tyldesley, Joyce. Nefertiti: Egypt's Sun Queen. Penguin. 1998. ISBN 0-670-86998-8 ^ Cyril Aldred, The End of the El-'Amārna Period, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 43, (Dec., 1957), pp. 30-41 Read in another language

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