Gen. Theodore W. Brevard, CSA

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Theodore Washington Brevard

Birthplace: Tuskegee, Macon, Alabama, United States
Death: Died in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States
Place of Burial: Saint Johns Episcopal Church Cemetery, Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Theodorus Washington Brevard, Sr. and Caroline E. Brevard
Husband of Mary Brevard
Father of Richard Call Brevard; Caroline Mays Brevard; Dr. Ephraim M Brevard; Jane Kirkman Darby; Jennie Brevard and 2 others
Brother of Ephraim A. Brevard; S.M. Brevard and Robert Joseph Brevard
Half brother of James Hopkins Brevard

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About Gen. Theodore W. Brevard, CSA

Theodore Washington Brevard

(not to be confused with his father, Theodorous)

see for additional photos and information

  • Birth name Theodore Washington Brevard, Jr.
  • Born August 26, 1835
  • Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Died June 20, 1882 (aged 46)
  • Tallahassee, Florida
  • Buried at St. John's Episcopal Church Cemetery
  • Allegiance Confederate States of America
  • Service/branch Confederate States Army
  • Years of service 1861 - 1865
  • Rank Brigadier General
  • Commands held 2nd Florida Infantry Battalion
  • 11th Florida Infantry Regiment
  • Other work Lawyer

Theodore Washington Brevard (August 26, 1835,[1] Tuskegee, AL– June 20, 1882, Tallahassee, FL[2]) was an American military officer best known for having served in the Confederate States Army. During his tenure with the Confederate army, he served in such ranks as Captain, Colonel and Brigadier-General. Brevard was captured by the forces of General George Custer and imprisoned at Johnson's Island. He later died in 1882.

Antebellum life

Theodore Washington Brevard, Jr. was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on August 26, 1835 and studied law at the University of Virginia.[2] He was admitted to the Florida bar in 1858, and later served in the state assembly.[2] In June 1860, Brevard was appointed adjutant and inspector-general for the state of Florida.[3] At the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, he resigned from this post to enter active service, feeling that "he was too young a man to hold a safe and easy position whiles others were in peril".[3]

Military career

Brevard organized the 11th Florida Regiment, which had its origins as a battalion.[3] After obtaining a commission, in the spring of 1861, Brevard assembled a company of volunteers which would later compose the 2nd Florida regiment.[4] The company was ordered to Fernandina Beach and drilled until thoroughly versed with military tactics. Being the first regiment that was ordered by the state of Virginia, it was labeled the representative regiment of Florida.[4]

Captain Brevard returned to Florida in the summer of 1862 after being commissioned to form a battalion of partisan rangers.[4] Six companies forming the second battalion soon enlisted, commanded by Captains Henry Bird, Andrew J. May, John Westcott[4] Walter J. Robinson[4] and Adam Ochus[4] under the command of Brevard, now in the rank of lieutenant-colonel.[4] Under General Joseph Finegan command, the battalion did effective work in south and east Florida and, on May 1864, was ordered to Virginia when the 4th Florida battalion, seven companies, the companies of Ochus and Robinson of Brevard's battalion and Captain Cullen Bradley's unattached company of Florida volunteers were assigned to the 11th Infantry under the command of Colonel Brevard.[4] The battalion took a gallant part in the fighting around Richmond and Petersburg, and were under-fire nearly all the time after reaching Richmond.[3] During the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road, Brevard learned of the death of his younger brother, Lieutenant Mays Brevard.[5]

Capture and death

Upon the resignation of General Finegan, Brevard was made a brigadier-general and acted as such until 6 April 1865, when, while leading the 5th, 8th and 11th Florida regiments to break a flank movement of the enemy, they were captured by General George Custer's cavalry.[6] Brevard was sent to Washington and later to Johnson's Island where he was imprisoned until his release in August 1865.[5] Brevard died on June 20, 1882[1] in Tallahassee, Florida.[2] The Union army had not realized that they had captured General Brevard, they thought they had captured Colonel Brevard.[7] Despite Custer's habit of enumerating all of his battlefield prizes, no federal provost marshal had counted Brevard as a General.[7] Quite possibly, Brevard had no idea he was a General himself, as his March 28 commission to the post had not reached him due to the chaos of the retreat, and he may not have discovered that he was a general until the war was over.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Theodore Washington Brevard". Civil War Reference. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d Warner 1989, p. 35
  3. ^ a b c d Evans 2004, p. 162
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Evans 1899, p. 162
  5. ^ a b Evans 2004, p. 163
  6. ^ Dickinson, J.J. (1899). "Military History of Florida". In Evans, Cement Anslem. Confederate military history; a library of Confederate States history. 11. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing Co.. p. 160.
  7. ^ a b c Marvel 2006, p. 92


Evans, Clement (1899). Confederate military history: a library of Confederate States history, Volume 11. Confederate Pub. Co. Evans, Clement (2004). Confederate Military History: A Library of Confederate States History, Written by Distinguished Men of the South, Volume 11. The Minerva Group, Inc. pp. 504. ISBN 1-4102-1382-X. Marvel, William (2006). Lee's last retreat: the flight to Appomattox. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-5703-3. Warner, Ezra J. (1989). Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: LSU Press. pp. 420. ISBN 0-8071-0823-5.


Brigadier-General Theodore W. Brevard, then in the rank of major, was commanding a battalion in the department of Florida in 1862-63. This was at first a cavalry command, designated as Brevard's Partisan Rangers, and consisting of four companies. In the first months of 1861 Florida and South Carolina were considered the seat of war, and military commands were hurried in considerable numbers to Pensacola and Charleston. The latter city was the object of attack from 1862 to the close of the conflict. In Florida there was no important battle until Seymour's invasion in February, 1864. In a skirmish that occurred in the suburbs of Jacksonville on March 11, 1863, Major Brevard was commended for gallant conduct by General Finegan, who, in a report of a skirmish near Lake City on March 31st, says: "My orders were executed by Major Brevard with promptness, gallantry and discretion."

In December, 1863, Brevard's battalion (the First Florida) had been increased to five companies, and Major Brevard had been promoted to lieutenant-colonel. This battalion was in the brigade of Gen. Joseph Finegan and participated in the battle of Olustee, February 20, 1864, the most important battle fought in Florida during the war. It was for the time decisive of the fate of that State, completely thwarting the Federal scheme for its conquest and reconstruction.

When the Virginia campaign of 1864 opened, Finegan's brigade was sent to Richmond and participated in the battle of Cold Harbor, where it distinguished itself by recapturing, in a hand-to-hand conflict, the only part of the line where the Federals in their desperate charge made even the faintest show of success on that day, the most disastrous to Grant of his whole military career. In this battle Brevard led his battalion.

In August, 1864, he was promoted to colonel of the Eleventh Florida, and in December he had command of that regiment and of Bonaud's battalion. On March 22, 1865, he was commissioned brigadier-general, a promotion richly deserved. Soon after this came the close of the war.

Upon the restoration of peace General Brevard returned to Florida and strove to be as useful to his State under the new order of things as he had been when, as her valiant defender in the days of war, he braved the hardships and dangers of that fearful struggle which had so sorely tried the patience and endurance of the stoutest hearts. Up to the time of his death he enjoyed the love and esteem of his countrymen, and his memory is cherished by the people of Florida.

Civil War Confederate Brigadier General. The last General appointed to the Confederate side, he was a 1849 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, After the start of the Civil War , he raised "Brevard's Partisan Rangers" in 1861, and attained the rank of Major in 1863. Becoming Adjutant General to General Robert E. Lee, he was captured by the Union army at the Battle of Saylor's Creek in April 1865

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Gen. Theodore W. Brevard, CSA's Timeline

August 26, 1835
Tuskegee, Macon, Alabama, United States
August 29, 1860
Age 25
Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States
Age 25
Age 26
Age 27
February 25, 1864
Age 28
April 17, 1871
Age 35
Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States
June 20, 1882
Age 46
Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States