About Thomas Bushrod
At a court held for York county, 26 Sugust, 1661. Present:
Nathaniel Bacon, Coll. George Reade, Major Thomas Beale,
Esqres; Lt. Coll. Wm. Barbar, Capt. Daniel Parke, Mr Edmund
Peeters, Capt. William Hay, Lt. Coll. H. Gooch, Capt. Robt. Bal-
Whereas, Mr Justinian Aylmer Cl hath this day exhibited a
Charge to the Court against Mr Thomas Bushrod, thereby in-
forming that the said Bushrod on Friday last used slanderous,
rude, contemptible and mutinous language against the Reverend
clergy in generall & Magistracy of this Colony, & especially
against Mr Philip Mallory and ye said Mr Aylmer, minister, and
Capt. Augustin Warner, Esqr., one of the Hoble Councill of
State, It is ordered that A warrant issue forthwith for ye said
Bushrods appearance to-morrow morning by reason of the Order
before ye Right Hoble Governr, Councillrs, and other magistrates
at Coll. Reades house, and yt ye said Mr. Aylmer, & also Mr
Thomas Iken be yen present yere.
Aug. 27, 1661.
Whereas, the 26th Instant, at a court held for York county, Mr
Justinian Alylmer Cl. did exhibit a charge against Mr Thomas
Bushrod, conteyning much mutenous, slanderous & abusive lan-
guage used by the said Bushrod, tending highly to the disturb-
ance of his Maiestyes peace in this Collony, & being of very
dangerous consquence both to Church and State, Whereupon a
warrant issued for resting the said Bushrod and causing him to
appear before this Court this day at Coll. Reade's house, who
accordingly appearing, and the said charge being proved by the
oath of Mr Thomas Iken (and what concerned not himselfe)
by said Aylmer's oath. It is ordered that ye sherr of Yorke
county take the said Bushrod into his custody and him with a
guard of six soldiers safely to conveigh to ye prison of Yorke
county, and there keepe him without Bayle or main prise till ye
next Qrter Court at James Citty, & then and there the first day
of the said Quarter Court to produce him to the Right Hoble his
Matyes Governr and Councill of State and ye Governrs Honr is
humbly desyred by the rest of the court to issue his warrant to
ye sheriffe accordingly.
Mr. Thomas Bushrod, after his comittment to ye sherr custody,
having this Day peticoned the Court that Bayle might be taken
for his appearance at next Quarter Court, the Court unani-
mously agreeth that the charge against him is of soe high and
dangerous a nature & concernment that hee is no way balyeable,
and therefore cannot grant his said peticon.
To the R. Hoble his Maties Governr, &c., of Virginia, Councellrs
of State, & worsll Comrs of Yorke County.
Justinian Aylmer Humbly presenteth That ffriday last, being
the 23th instant, being aboard ye shipp Elizabeth, now at ancor in
York River bargaining for a servant, Mr Thomas Bushrod*, being
yen also aboard, your petr having a long time shunned his abusive
discourse, at length, not well knowing how to avoyd it, heard
from him much scandalous reproachfull language, vizt, that
your petr was a lying knave, an ugly Rogue, & blind Rogue,
which how scandalous soever yor petr should rather have waved
then now have troubled yor Honrs. But ye said Bushrod, not
resting there, told yor petitioner that Mr Phillip Malory (that
Reverend divine), and yor petr were a Couple of Episcopall
knaves, and now yor petr thought himselfe bound for the vindi-
cation of the Reverend clergy in generall, & particularly yt wor-
thy gentleman, Mr Malory, from such slanderous & abusive lan-
guage to acquaint yor Honor with it.
Nor did the said Bushrod cease, but added yt the Quakers
should & would continue their meetings in despight of yor pe-
titioner or any other, that they would meet the Sonday following,
his wife should be there and challenged Capt. Augustine Warner,
Esqre (then also present), yor petr or any other to disturb their
meeting -- or words to that effect. By which your petrs conceives
church & State at once strooke at according to the usual prac-
tice of these dangerous persons the Quakers.
Which hee humbly prsents for ye courts furyer pceedings
JUSTINIAN AYLMER, Cler.
- By a deposition taken shortly after, it would appear that Bushrod's
age was fifty-seven, and that he intermarried with the relict and execu-
trix of Thomas Hill. In February, 1661 [1662, Bushrod had so far
regained the favor of the Court as to be appointed, with Major Beale
and Lieutenant-Colonel Gooch, to divide the estate of William Hughes,
Thomas Iken, aged about 28 yeares, sworn, saith.
That the 23th of August instant, being aboard the shipp Eliza-
beth, now at Ancor in Yorke River, Mr Thomas Bushrod & Mr
Justinian Aylmer being also aboard, this depont did heare ye
said Bushrod challenge and dare the Magistrates to apprehend
the Quakers at yeir meetings, if they durst, & said they would
meet uppon Sonday following, and that his wife was usually at
yeir meetings if weather would permitt, and further said, let
them send yeir officers (speaking of ye Magistrates). This de-
pont hearing these discourses, told him that if the Sherr was
there hee would assist to apprehend them, uppon which hee used
revileing language to yor depont. Afterwards this depont leav-
ing the Cabbin, at his returne, heard ye said Bushrod call Mr
Aylmer ugly fellow in neglecting his duty of coming to his ye
said Bushrod's wife to reclaim hir, Mr Aylmer desyring him to
bring his wife to church, uppon yat he called Mr Aylmer blind
priest. I asked him if hee were not ashamed to abuse a gentle-
man in orders, hee replyed they were Anti Christs, & pceeded
from ye pope. And further this deponent saith, being sometimes
in and sometimes out of the Cabbin, while the company & dis-
course continued, he heard noe other words, but this, that ye said
Bushrod, talking to Capt. Augustine Warner, Esqre, said hee
would not meddle with him as a counsellr, but that hee ye said
Warner, was a Rogue & a dogg. And further saiy not.
Sworn in court 27th August, 1661.
Test : Tho : Ballard.
Justinian Aylmer, aged about 26 yeares, sworne, saith.
Uppon ffriday last, being the 23th of the instant month, yor
petitioner being aboard of ye shipp Elizabeth, about his occasions
coming to take his leave of Capt. Augustine Warner, Mr Thomas
Bushrod being then in hot discourse wth scurrilous speeches, wth
Mr Iken, & the said Capt. Warner, as soone as your petr come
in, after much abusive terms given to your petr, hee afterwards
began in these words, or such like, with Mr Phillip Malory, say-
ing that, that Malory must prsently have redress for a word
speaking, whereuppon yor deponent desyred him to forebeare
abusing of him, since hee was not here to Answear him. Where-
uppon the said Bushrod said hang you are a couple (or com-
pany) of Episcopall knaves. Afterward Mr. Iken said, phy, Mr
Bushrod, are you not ashamed to abuse gentlemen in orders, hee
Answered, hang you, they are Antochrists come from the pope,
&c. And some one of us, speaking of the Quakers, wch I take
to be Capt. Warner, producing a Letter that mentioned the set-
tlement of Church discipline in England, and that the Quakers
went to Racke, hereuppon the said Thomas Bushrod said that
that they should meet, and his wife should not come to church,
but would meet on Sonday, & bid either Capt. Warner or any
els come & take them, if they durst.
Sworne in court 27th August, 1661.
Teste : T. Ballard.
Thomas Bushrod came to Massachusetts and afterwards to Virginia. Her married Mary Hill, daughter of Capt. Thomas HIll. He married 2ndly Elizabeth ____, but left no children. Elizabeth Bushrod's daughter, Lydia, by a former husband was the wife of Major Edmund Chisman, one of Bacon's officers, and the family were Quakers.
Genealogies of Virginia Families, Volume III, Kenner Family, Page 260
Born 1604, was one of the justices of York county and a burgess in 1658 and 1659. He was a Quaker and in his will dated December 18, 1676, he forbids "common prayers to be read at his grave." He was a brother of Richard Bushrod, ancestor of Judge Bushrod Washington.
Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume I
IV--Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons