Thomas Drake, of Buckland

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Thomas Drake, of Buckland

Birthdate: (49)
Birthplace: Kent, England, United Kingdom
Death: April 4, 1606 (49)
Devon, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Edmund Drake, of Crowdale and Mary Elizabeth Drake
Husband of Elizabeth Drake
Father of Young Drake; Sir Francis Drake MP 1st Baronet; Elizabeth (Drake) Bamfield of Poltimore Manor and George Drake
Brother of Sir Francis Drake; Edward Drake, Jr.; Joseph Drake; John Drake and William Drake

Managed by: Woodman Mark Lowes Dickinson, OBE
Last Updated:

About Thomas Drake, of Buckland

  • Thomas Drake1
  • M, #130324, b. 1556, d. 4 April 1606
  • Last Edited=21 Jul 2012
  • Thomas Drake was born in 1556.2 He was the son of Edmund Drake.3 He married Elizabeth (?).4 He died on 4 April 1606.3
  • He lived at Buckland Monachorum, Devon, England.3
  • Children of Thomas Drake and Elizabeth (?)
    • Elizabeth Drake+1
    • Sir Francis Drake, 1st Bt.+3 d. 11 Mar 1637
  • Citations
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume 2, page 101. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
  • [S130] Wikipedia, online http;// Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  • [S82] Ashworth P. Burke, editor, Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 64th edition (London, U.K.: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1902), page 491. Hereinafter cited as Burkes Peerage and Baroentage, 64th ed.
  • [S82] Ashworth P. Burke, Burkes Peerage and Baroentage, 64th ed., page 490.
  • From:


Thomas Drake of Buckland Abbey was the brother of Sir Francis Drake. Thomas accompanied his brother Francis in his sea-faring adventures. Sir Francis Drake had no children, so his nephew became heir instead.

Sir Francis Drake came into possession of Sampford Manor and spent his honeymoon there. After Francis died the manor passed to Jonas Bodenham, an assistant to Francis Drake, under the objections by the family. The house was then acquired by Francis' brother Thomas who was Sir Francis Drake's heir. Both Francis and later Thomas continued to live at nearby Buckland Abbey, so Sampford may have served as an income manor for them.


  • Captain Sir Francis DRAKE
  • Born: ABT 1540, Buckland Abbey, Devon, England
  • Died: 28 Jan 1596/7, aboard DEFIANCE off Porto Bello
  • Father: Edmund DRAKE
  • Mother: Dau. MYLWAYE
  • Married 1: Mary NEWMAN
  • Married 2: Elizabeth SYDENHAM (m.2 Sir William Courtenay of Powderham) 1585
  • ' etc.
  • By Indenture dated 27 Jan 1595/6 he conveyed to William Strowde of Newenham co. Devon, esq., and Thomas Drake of Plymouth gent., his brother, the mansion house, barton and demesne of Buckland Monachorum and Shirlford and all else his estate in co. Devon except the manors of Yearcombe and Sampford Spyney, to the use of him the said Sir Francis Drake and the heirs of his body lawfully, begotten with contingent remainders in default of such issues to the said Thomas Drake and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten and the right heirs of the said Sir Francis. The said Sir Francis Drake of Buckland Monachorum, knt., General of her Majesty's Fleet now in service for the West Indies, made his will dated 27 Jan. 38 Eliz. (1595-6) bequeathing to his cousin Francis Drake, son of Richard Drake of Esher co. Surrey esq., Equerry of the Queen's Stable the manor of Yearcombe, on condition the said Francis and Richard pay Thomas Drake of Plymouth gent.,2,000 pound within two years of testator's death: if not paid then the said manor to testator's said brother Thomas Drake and his heirs for ever. .... etc.
  • From:


  • BAMPFIELD, Amias (c.1560-1626), of Poltimore and South Molton, Devon.
  • b. c.1560, 2nd s. but h. of Richard Bampfield of Poltimore by Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Sydenham†. educ. Exeter Coll. Oxf. 1575, aged 15; M. Temple 1576. m. Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Clifton of Barrington, Som., 6s. 2da. suc. fa. 1594. Kntd. 1603.
  • .... etc.
  • In 1602 Bampfield made a double marriage settlement for two of his children with Thomas Drake, the brother and heir of Francis Drake. His son and daughter, aged respectively 14 and 16, were to marry Drake’s daughter and son, each parent settling £660 on the other’s daughter. ... etc.
  • From:


  • DRAKE, Francis (c.1540-96), of Buckland Abbey and Yealmpton, Devon.
  • b. c.1540, s. of Edmund Drake. m. (1) 4 duly 1569, Mary Newman (d.1583), s.p.; (2) 1585, Elizabeth, da. of Sir George Sydenham of Combe Sydenham, s.p. Kntd. 4 Apr. 1581.
  • .... etc.
  • .... On his deathbed he made a new will appointing his brother and heir Thomas sole executor. Probate was granted on 17 May 1596.
  • .... etc.
  • From:


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 15
  • Drake, Francis (1540?-1596) by John Knox Laughton
  • DRAKE, Sir FRANCIS (1540?–1596), circumnavigator and admiral, was born, according to local tradition, at Crowndale, near Tavistock, in a cottage which was still standing within living memory, and of which a picture is preserved in Lewis's ' Scenery of the Tamar and Tavy' (1823). The exact date of his birth has been much discussed, but the evidence is vague and contradictory. A passage in Stow's 'Annals' (p. 807) implies that he was born in 1545, but the legends on two portraits, apparently genuine, 'Anno Dom. 1581, Ætatis suæ 42,' and 'Anno Dom. 1594, Ætatis suæ 53' (Barrow, p. 5), seem to fix the date some years earlier. Equal uncertainty exists as to his parentage; but in the absence of more definite testimony we may accept a note added to the grant of arms in 1581, by Cooke, Clarenceux king of arms, that Drake had the right ' by just descent and prerogative of birth ' to bear the arms of his name and family—Argent, a wyvern gules—'with the difference of a third brother, as I am informed by Bernard Drake of [Ash] … chief of that coat-armour, and sundry others of that family, of worship and good credit' (Marshall, Genealogist, 1877, i. 210, quoting from Ashmole MS. 834, f. 37; Archæological Journal, xxx. 384, quoting from a manuscript in the College of Heralds). It appears also that his father's name was Robert (Nichols, Genealogist, viii. 478n.), which would seem to identify him with Robert, third son of the last John Drake of Otterton, and of his wife Agnes Kelloway (Burke, History of the Commoners, i. 580); brother, therefore, of John Drake of Exmouth, whose energy and success as a merchant, and as establishing his right to the estates of Ash, raised the family to a position of opulence and influence (Pole, Description of Devonshire, pp. 123, 154). In this success, however, Robert seems to have had but little share. Accounts, otherwise conflicting, agree in stating that Drake's father was in a comparatively humble way of life, though having some connection with, or dependence on, the rising house of Russell, whose heir, Francis, afterwards second earl of Bedford, was godfather to his eldest son. But of his life or circumstances we know nothing beyond what is told by his grandson (Sir Francis Drake, bart., in the preface to Drake Revived, 1626), who says that, having suffered in the state of persecution, he was 'forced to fly from his house near South Tavistock into Kent, and there to inhabit in the hull of a ship, wherein many of his younger sons were born. He had twelve in all; and as it pleased God to give most of them a being upon the water, so the greater part of them died at sea.' Camden, indeed, professing to relate only what he had learnt from Drake himself, says that the father was forced to fly on the passing of the Six Articles Act, in consequence of his having zealously embraced the reformed religion; that he earned his living by reading prayers to the seamen of the fleet in the Medway; and that he was afterwards ordained as vicar of the church at Upnor (Ann. Rer. Angl. ed. Hearne, 1717, ii. 351). But as Camden says elsewhere (Britannia, ed. Gibson, 1772, p. 160) that Drake was born at Plymouth, his claim to personal information is of very doubtful value; and the several points of his story, notwithstanding its general acceptance, are inaccurate or absurd. There never was a church at Upnor; the reading of prayers in the reign of Queen Mary would have been summarily put a stop to; and the whole Drake family not only embraced but, for the most part, largely profited by the change of religion. There is nothing in the younger Drake's statement which implies that the ' persecution ' was necessarily religious; and beyond this there is no evidence that we can depend on. Stow, however, has told us (Annals, p. 807) that the father was a sailor, and that his name was Edmond; and Dr. H. H. Drake, combining the two stories, seeks to identify him with the Edmond Drake who in 1560 was presented to the vicarage of Upchurch, and who died there in December 1566. The identification is supported by an entry in a contemporaneous manuscript, where Drake is described as ' son to Sir — Drake, vicar of Upchurch in Kent' (Vaux, p. xvi), but is not altogether conclusive.
  • .... etc.
  • .... Within a few days there were complaints of Doughty's conduct in the prize ; he was accused ot having appropriated objects of value ; and Drake, thinking apparently that the charge arose out of some private pique, sent Doughty for a time to the Pelican, appointing his own brother, Thomas, to the command of the prize, and himself staying with him. .... etc.
  • .... By neither wife had he any issue, and with suitable provision for his widow, the bulk of his very considerable property, including the manor of Buckland Monachorum, ultimately went to his youngest and only surviving brother Thomas, the companion of most of his voyages and adventures, in whose lineage the estate still is. Another brother, John, who was killed in the Nombre de Dios voyage, married Alice Cotton, to whom, in dying, he bequeathed all his property (Add. MS. 28016, ff. 68, 357); but apparently neither he nor any of the brothers, except Thomas, had any children. .... etc.
  • From:,_Francis_(1540%3F-1596)_(DNB00)


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Thomas Drake, of Buckland's Timeline

April 14, 1556
Kent, England, United Kingdom
September 26, 1588
Age 32
Devon, England
March 22, 1592
Age 35
Buckland, Devon, , England
April 4, 1606
Age 49
Devon, England, United Kingdom
Age 49