Thomas Gardner, of Salem

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Thomas Gardner, of Salem

Birthdate:
Birthplace: of, Dorchester, Dorset, England
Death: before November 29, 1682
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Gardner, "Old Planter" and 1st wife of Thomas Gardner
Husband of Hannah Gardner and Elizabeth Gardner
Father of Lieut. Thomas Gardner; Bethia Gardner and Abigail Gardner
Brother of George Gardner, of Salem; Richard Gardner, of Nantucket; Capt. John Gardner, of Nantucket; Samuel Gardner, of Salem; Joseph Gardner, of Salem and 3 others

Occupation: General store merchant, cordwainer
Managed by: Erica Howton
Last Updated:

About Thomas Gardner, of Salem

Thomas Gardner

  • born say 1614, of Dorchester, Dorset, England
  • died before 29:9:1682 (29 Nov 1682) Salem, Essex, Massachusetts (per Moriarity)
  • Parents: Thomas Gardner (d 1674) & his unknown 1st wife
  • m. (1) Hannah? Hapscott? m. (2) Elizabeth Horne, daughter of John Horne of Salem

Children

Suggested from the Salem Vital Records, but needing confirmation from other records. Hannah was the mother of Mary, and possibly of Thomas; the remainder were children of Thomas's second wife, Elizabeth.

  1. Mary, bp 2 Apr 1643/4 [might be a bit too old for she who m. Habbcuck Turner 30 Apr 1670]
  2. Thomas, "son of Thomas," 25 May 1645 [most likely candidate for he who m. Mary Porter 22 Apr 1669]
  3. Abigail, bp 20 Apr 1651
  4. Bethia, bp 26 Mar 1654/5
  5. (possibly) Jonathan ["son of T."] bp 12 Jun 1664

biographical notes

From Thomas Gardner: Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626 1674) and Some of His Descendants, Giving Essex County, Massachusetts, and Northern New England Lines to the Eighth Generation and Nantucket Lines Through the Fourth Generation (Google eBook). Frank Augustine Gardner Essex Institute, 1907 - 343 pages.  Page 21:

Thomas Gardner Sen'r of Salem sold to his brother George Gardner, living at Hartford in Connecticut, a parcel of land in Salem that was jointly laid out together with his as likewise a parcel of land bought "betwixt us" of Mr. Hilliard Veren Sen'r "joyningto ye aforesaid land," also all meadow there to belonging with all timber privileges. Dated July 22-1678.

He lived in a house which was situated on the easterly side of a lane running along the eastern boundary of the lot on which the meeting-house stood. This lane is called at the present time (1901) Higginson Square. The northern boundary of the lot was thirty-four feet from the Main Street.IT This estate was occupied by his widow after his death, and later by his son David."

He kept a general merchandise store, as we learn from the inventory of his estate which covers ten pages.

Among the articles sold were shoes, and he is called shoemaker and "cord winder" in the records. He also owned a " ketch " which he used in the cod-fishing industry.

He died in 1682, and the "worshipfull William Browne and Bartholomew Gedney Esq. and afliftants, Granted power of the adminiftration, of all & singular, the chattells goods & eftate of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceafed who dyed intestate unto Mrs. Elizabeth the relict & widdow, of the said Thomas Gardner, & to his Sonn Mr. Thomas Gardner, whoe are to bring an inventorye of the eftate soe farr as they cann" etc. They gave bonds to the amount of 500 pounds.

The following document was presented to the court on the 28th 9th mo. 1682:

"Wheareas Mr Thomas Gardner, is returned to this court, and joyned with his mother in law Mrs Elizabeth Gardner, administrator to the eftate of his father Mr. Tho: Gardner deceased his eftate & both bound in 500 pounds bond, to adminifter according to law ct. & it fufficiently appeering, to this court, that the said Thomas Gardner did object agst his ftanding any further obliged, by bond then to returne, an inventory to this court, which accordingly he haue don upon his oath given (together with the sd Elizabeth) : this court doe free the said, Thomas Gardner, from his said bond Oct."|

Citations

  • * County Court Records (Ipswich Court), September Term, 1676. t Town Records.
  • I JSssex Registry of Deeds, book 4, leaf 154. § County Court Pa pers, book 26, leaf 122.
  • II Essex Registry of Deeds, book 5, leaf 6.
  • If Essex Registry of Deeds, book 8, leaf 174; and book 11, leaf 183. ** Essex Registry of Deeds, book 17, leaf 127. 25

Genealogical Notes

G. Andrews Moriarty, "Hannah, First wife of Thomas Gardner Jr of Salem, Mass.," in The American Genealogist, 26:108- writes:

"Thomas Gardner, Jr., of Salem... was born about 1615 and first occurs in the Salem records on 18:5:1637. He died prior to 29:1682. Married first, about 1641/2, Hannah ____, and their first child, Mary, was baptized in the first Church at Salem on 2:2:1643. Hannah died after 12:8mo:1644..."

From Savage:

THOMAS, Salem, merch. prob. eldest 8. of Thomas of the same, b. no doubt in Eng. rec. of the cb. 1639, freem. 2 June 1641, was a selectman, d. 1684. Hannah, prob. his w. is, by Felt, ins. among ch. mem. of 1649. Bapt. of his ch. were Mary, 2 Apr. 1643; Thomas, 25 May 1645, wh. d. 1695; Eliz. 22 Apr. 1649 ; Abigail, 20 Apr. 1651; Bethia, 26 Mar. 1654 ; Hannah, 24 Jan. 1658; and Jonathan, 12 Oct. 1662. Perhaps Mr. Farmer had, from Felt, names of sev. other ch. but some, I believe, were brs. and sis. of his. ----Savage

ii. THOMAS GARDNER, b. 1618, England (Source: (1) Barney (Eliza Starbuck) Genealogical Record, a 1594-page holograph document in the possession of the Nantucket Historical Assoc., #222 & 223., (2) Thomas Gardner Planter and Some of His Descendants, compiled and arranged by Frank A Gardner, MD, 1731, Essex Institute, Salem, Mass.); d. 1682 (Source: Thomas Gardner Planter and Some of His Descendants, compiled and arranged by Frank A Gardner, MD, 1731, Essex Institute, Salem, Mass); m. (1) HANNAH (MNU) GARDNER; m. (2) ELIZABETH HORNE.

Massachusetts (Colony). Quarterly Courts (Essex County). Records and files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts. (Salem, Massachusetts: The Essex Institute, 1911-1925, 1975), pp. 370:

"Administration upon the estate of Mr. Thomas Gardner, was granted on Oct. 25, 1682, by the Worshipful William Browne and Bartholmew Gedney, to Elizabeth, the widow, and his son Mr. Thomas Gardner, who were ordered to bring in an inventory to the next Court."

Citations

  • "Thomas Gardner", in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), 734.

Children of Thomas Gardner and unknown first wife: 1) Thomas, b. "say" 1614 [based on Thomas and brother George being granted land in 1637, so both born by 1616, but Thomas is given double share in father's will, indicating he is older, so born about 1614], m. (1) by 1643 "--- Hapscott[?]", m. (2) Elizabeth Horne.

G. Andrews Moriarty, in "Hannah, First Wife of Thomas Gardner Jr. of Salem, Mass.," in The American Genealogist, 26:108</ref> says, without citing a source, that this Thomas Gardner "Jr" died before 29:9:1682 (29 Nov 1682).

Children

Suggested from the Salem Vital Records, but needing confirmation from other records. Hannah was the mother of Mary, and possibly of Thomas; the remainder were children of Thomas's second wife, Elizabeth.

  1. Mary, bp 2 Apr 1643/4 [might be a bit too old for she who m. Habbcuck Turner 30 Apr 1670]
  2. Thomas, "son of Thomas," 25 May 1645 [most likely candidate for he who m. Mary Porter 22 Apr 1669]
  3. Abigail, bp 20 Apr 1651
  4. Bethia, bp 26 Mar 1654/5
  5. (possibly) Jonathan ["son of T."] bp 12 Jun 1664

Sources

  1. Great Migration Begins, pp 733-734

GEDCOM Note

[Category: Salem, Massachusetts]

{Puritan Great Migration}. Note: Do not merge the Gardner family of Roxbury with the Gardner family of Salem. If there is a connection between these two families, it is England, not in America.

Biography

There is a baptismal record of Thomas Gardner son of Thomas on 8 Mar 1617 in Sherborne, Dorset, England. Dorset History Centre; Dorchester, England; Dorset Parish Registers; Reference: PE/SH:RE1/1 </ref> Thomas Gardner. Great Migration Begins, pp 733-734; Thomas, b say 1615 (adult 1637 when he received a grant from Salem [STR 1:52]; eldestson with a double share in his father's will); m1 by 1643 ____ Hapscott[?] (TAG 26:108, 30:157-58); m2 by an unknown date Elizabeth Horne, daughter of John Horne (TAG 26:108, 30:158-99).</ref> arrived in 1624 aboard the ship Zouch Phoenix “Ships from Dorset”, settling in Cape Ann and removing to Salem by 1626. Thomas was first mentioned in the Town Records of Salem in 1637 when "it is ordered that Tho. Garner Junor shall have 5 acres of land for a great Lot." Over the course of his life, he received many land grants from the town.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem,Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 21</ref> Thomas became a member of the First Church in Salem in 1639. He was admitted as Freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony on Jun. 2, 1641.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 21</ref>

Civic Duties and Other Court Documents

In 1649, he along with his brothers, George, Samuel and Joseph, were ordered to survey and measure from the meeting house to a meadow along the river Westerly from Salem and were allowed a portion of the meadow"for theire paynes."<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants:Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 22</ref> In 1670, he was chosen to serve on the "Jury of Trials" and in the following year, he was a member of the Grand Jury.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 22</ref> In 1671, Thomas bought a dwelling house from John and Hannah Buttolph which bordered land owned by Joseph Gardner and Samuel Gardner.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, EssexInstitute, 1907; page 22</ref> On May 3, 1672, Thomas Gardner, "cordwinder," bought of John Grafton and Seeth, his wife (sister of Thomas Gardner, Jr.) for 10 pounds, a piece of land containing 26 rods.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 23</ref> There are many land transactions made by Thomas Gardner, Junior (see the Essex Registry of Deeds, books 3 & 4) as well as appearing in the County Court Papers as a witness to land records and administration of wills. Thomas Gardner, Junior, made his home on a lane known as Higginson Square which was situated on the east side just off the Main Street. The estate was occupied by his widow after his death and later by his son,David.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 24</ref> Thomas kept a merchandise store and the 10 pages of inventory made athis death show that he also sold shoes which would account for his being referred to as "shoemaker" and "cordwinder" in the records. He also owned a ketch which he used in the cod-fishing industry.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 25</ref>

The Death of Lieut. Thomas Gardner, Junior.

Thomas died in 1682<ref>County Court Records, Case No. 25.</ref> and the "worshipfull William Browne and Bartholomew Gedney Esq. and assistants, Granted power of the administration of all & singular, the chattels goods & estate of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased who dyed intestate unto Mrs. Elizabeth the relict & widow of the said Thomas Gardner & to his Sonn Mr. Thomas Gardner, whoe are to bring an inventorye of the estate soe farr as they cann" etc. They gave bonds to the amount of 500 pounds.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 25</ref> The following document was presented to the court on the "28th, 9mo. 1682:" "Whereas Mr. Thomas Gardner is returned to this court, and joined with his mother in law Mrs. Elizabeth Gardner, administrator to the estate of his father Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased his estate & both bound in 500 pounds bond, to administer according to law ct. & it sufficiently appeering, to this court, that the said Thomas Gardner did object agst his standing any further obliged, by bond then to returne an inventory to this court, which accordingly he have don upon his oath given (together with the sd Elizabeth): this court doe free the said Thomas Gardner from his said bond ct."<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some ofDescendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 25</ref> As the estate was found to be "insolvent & not sufficient fully to satisfy the creditors" the following action was taken, "And this court doe desire & Impower Mr. John Hathorne & Mr. Hilliard Veren that as Elizabeth ye relict & administratrix of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, may stand in need of necessary supply for time to com till the court doe setle the estate or take further order she may by the advice of the aforenamed Hathorne & Veren, have releife & necessary supply out of the said estate."<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 26</ref> The inventory, as mentioned, contained a large quantity of dry goods, books, clothes, etc., and included his dwelling house and land and hisketch, totaling 464:11:00. Debts were enumerated amounting to 439:05:00 and funeral expenses 22:05:00. The inventory was sworn to in court at Salem on "28, 9mo. 1683" before Hilliard Veren, Clerk and was witnessed by Jno Pilgrim and Wm. Hirst.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674) and Some ofDescendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 26</ref>

Thomas Gardner Family

Thomas married twice. His first wife was named Hannah<ref>G. Andrews Moriarty, in "Hannah, First Wife of Thomas Gardner Jr. of Salem, Mass.," in The American Genealogist, 26:108 says, without citing a source, that this Thomas Gardner "Jr" died before 29:9:1682 (29 Nov 1682).</ref> and she is found in the records when she united with the First Church in Salem in 1649. Their children were; Mary, Thomas, Eliza or Elizabeth, Abigail, Bethia, Hannah and Jonathan.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626; Salem, 1626-1674)and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907;page 27</ref> His second wife was named Elizabeth and it is believed that her maidenname was Horne. Their children were; David, Susanna and Dorcas. Elizabeth, widow of Thomas, died intestate and although she lived in the home once owned by her husband, she did not own it at the time of her death as no real estate was included in the inventory, returned by John Horne and Henry West. The estate was settled on April. 15, 1695.<ref>Gardner, Frank Augustine. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, 1623-1626;Salem, 1626-1674) and Some of Descendants: Salem, Massachusetts, Essex Institute, 1907; page 27</ref>

Sources

<references />

See also:

  • Salem Town Records
  • First Church of Salem records
  • Felt's Annals, v. I., p. 173
  • Records of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • NEHGR, v. III, p. 188
  • Essex Registry of Deeds, books 3, 4 & 7
  • County Court Papers, book 25, 26, 27
  • Essex Probate Records, books 303, leaf 102 & book 305, leaf 8
view all

Thomas Gardner, of Salem's Timeline

1614
1614
Dorchester, Dorset, England
1645
March 25, 1645
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
1676
March 26, 1676
Salem
1682
November 29, 1682
Age 68
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts
????